Register July 2016 No. 727
Chapter NR 404
AMBIENT AIR QUALITY
NR 404.01   Applicability; purpose.
NR 404.02   Definitions.
NR 404.03   Air quality control regions.
NR 404.04   Ambient air quality standards.
NR 404.05   Ambient air increments.
NR 404.06   Measurement of ambient air quality.
NR 404.07   Interpretation of air quality data with respect to air standards.
NR 404.08   Guidelines for application of air standards.
Ch. NR 404 Note Note: Chapter NR 155 as it existed on March 31, 1972 was repealed and a new chapter NR 155 was created, Register, March, 1972, No. 195, effective April 1, 1972. Chapter NR 155 was renumbered chapter NR 404, Register, July, 1985.
Ch. NR 404 Note Note: Air standards are definitions of the characteristics of ambient air quality which, in terms of present day knowledge, need to be maintained in order to protect the public health and welfare and our environment from adverse effects of air pollution.
Ch. NR 404 Note The purpose of air standards should be viewed as goals or objectives to be achieved by these and other rules of the department, by regional implementation plans, and by enforcement programs of both state and local governments as population, industrial activity and land use changes.
Ch. NR 404 Note The standards are meaningful for pollution control when applied to achieve and maintain desired air quality as expressed by the standards.
Ch. NR 404 Note Because of variation in population, transportation, and industrial densities, in addition to variation in terrain and meteorology, equal air quality may not be achieved throughout a region or area.
Ch. NR 404 Note These standards conform to national ambient air quality standards. They are subject to review as knowledge of the effects of air pollution on health, plant and animal life, property, visibility, and our environment increases.
Ch. NR 404 NoteThese standards are promulgated pursuant to ch. 285, Stats., which directs the department of natural resources to undertake a comprehensive program to manage and protect the state's air resources. These rules are one part of that program.
NR 404.01 NR 404.01Applicability; purpose.
NR 404.01(1) (1)Applicability. The air standards of this chapter apply to the entire state without exception. The ambient air increments of this chapter apply to all attainment areas of the state.
NR 404.01(2) (2)Purpose. This chapter is adopted under ss. 285.11, 285.13 and 285.21, Stats., to establish geographic air regions, air standards and ambient air increments, to specify the methods to be used to measure air quality and to interpret air quality data and to establish guidelines for the application of air standards.
NR 404.01 History History: Cr. Register, September, 1986, No. 369, eff. 10-1-86; corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, December, 1996, No. 492.
NR 404.02 NR 404.02Definitions. The definitions contained in ch. NR 400 apply to the terms used in this chapter. In addition, the following definitions apply to the terms used in this chapter:
NR 404.02(3) (3) “Equivalent method" means a monitoring method which has been designated as an equivalent method by the department and which has been published in a list by the department under s. NR 404.06 (4) (a).
NR 404.02(4) (4) “Monitoring method" means a method for sampling and analyzing or for continuously monitoring a discrete parcel of ambient air for an air contaminant. Monitoring methods include reference methods and equivalent methods.
NR 404.02(5) (5) “Primary air standard" means the level of air quality which provides protection for public health with an adequate margin of safety.
NR 404.02(6) (6) “Quality assurance system" means the system of activities which provides evidence that the quality control systems are performing adequately.
NR 404.02(7) (7) “Quality control system" means the system of activities which are used to control the quality of ambient monitoring or air emissions data, including all activities involved in the collection, processing and analysis of such data.
NR 404.02(8) (8) “Reference method" means a method of sampling and analyzing the ambient air for an air pollutant that is specified as a reference method in 40 CFR part 50, Appendices A to N, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.04 (2), a method that has been designated as a reference method in accordance with 40 CFR part 53, or a method that has been so designated by the department. It does not include a method for which a reference method designation has been canceled in accordance with 40 CFR 53.11 or 53.16.
NR 404.02(9) (9) “Secondary air standard" means the level of air quality which may be necessary to protect public welfare from unknown or anticipated adverse effects.
NR 404.02(10) (10) “Suspended particulate matter" means any solid or liquid particle dispersed and suspended in air which is capable of being trapped on the filter of a high volume air particulate sampler.
NR 404.02 History History: Cr. Register, March, 1972, No. 195, eff. 4-1-72; cr. (intro.), Register, August, 1981, No. 308, eff. 9-1-81; renum. from NR 155.01, r. (5) to (7), renum. (4) to (5) and am., am. (1) to (3), cr. (4) and (6) to (13), Register, July, 1985, No. 355, eff. 8-1-85; renum. from NR 404.01 and am. (intro.), r. (3) and (5), renum. (4) to (13) to be (3), (4), NR 400.02 (64), (5) to (10), Register, September, 1986, No. 369, eff. 10-1-86; cr. (4m) and (11), am. (8), Register, December, 1988, No. 396, eff. 1-1-89; am. (intro.), (4m), (8) and (11), renum. (1) to be NR 400.02 (5s) and am., Register, May, 1992, No. 437, eff. 6-1-92; am. (4m), (8) and (11), Register, December, 1995, No. 480, eff. 1-1-96; am. (intro.), Register, October, 1999, No. 526, eff. 11-1-99; CR 03-066: renum. (2) to be NR 400.02 (19m), am. (8) Register May 2005 No. 593, eff. 6-1-05; CR 07-082: cr. (4e) Register September 2009 No. 645, eff. 10-1-09; CR 10-050: renum. (4e), (4m) to be NR 400.02 (123e), (123s) and am. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10; CR 07-082: r. (11) Register November 2011 No. 671, eff. 12-1-11.
NR 404.03 NR 404.03Air quality control regions. The following air quality control regions, which include counties in Wisconsin, have been designated:
NR 404.03(1) (1)Interstate air quality control regions.
NR 404.03(1)(a)(a) The Duluth (Minnesota) — Superior (Wisconsin) Interstate Air Quality Control Region includes the counties of Ashland, Bayfield, Burnett, Douglas, Iron, Price, Rusk, Sawyer, Taylor, and Washburn in Wisconsin, and the counties of Aitkin, Carlton, Cook, Itasca, Koochicing, Lake, and St. Louis in Minnesota.
NR 404.03(1)(b) (b) The Southeast Minnesota — La Crosse (Wisconsin) Interstate Air Quality Control Region includes the counties of Barron, Buffalo, Chippewa, Clark, Crawford, Dunn, Eau Claire, Jackson, La Crosse, Monroe, Pepin, Pierce, Polk, St. Croix, Trempealeau, and Vernon in Wisconsin, and the counties of Blue Earth, Brown, Dodge, Faribault, Fillmore, Freeborn, Goodhue, Houston, LeSueur, Martin, Mower, Nicollet, Olmsted, Rice, Sibley, Steele, Wabasha, Waseca, Watonwan, and Winona in Minnesota.
NR 404.03(1)(c) (c) The Metropolitan Dubuque Interstate Air Quality Control Region includes Grant county in Wisconsin and Clayton, Dubuque, and Jackson counties in Iowa.
NR 404.03(1)(d) (d) The Rockford (Illinois) — Janesville-Beloit (Wisconsin) Interstate Air Quality Control Region includes Rock county in Wisconsin, and Boone, DeKalb, Ogle, Stephenson, and Winnebago counties in Illinois.
NR 404.03(2) (2)Intrastate air quality control regions.
NR 404.03(2)(a)(a) The Lake Michigan Intrastate Air Quality Control Region consists of the counties of Brown, Calumet, Door, Fond du Lac, Green Lake, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Marinette, Marquette, Menominee, Oconto, Outagamie, Shawano, Sheboygan, Waupaca, Waushara, and Winnebago. For purposes of applying rules and regulations the Lake Michigan Air Region is divided into 2 subregions. Winnebago, Outagamie and Brown counties constitute subregion I. Calumet, Door, Fond du Lac, Green Lake, Kewaunee, Manitowoc, Marinette, Marquette, Menominee, Oconto, Shawano, Sheboygan, Waupaca, and Waushara counties constitute subregion 2.
NR 404.03(2)(b) (b) The Southeastern Wisconsin Intrastate Air Quality Control Region consists of the counties of Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Walworth, Washington and Waukesha.
NR 404.03(2)(c) (c) The Southern Wisconsin Intrastate Air Quality Control Region consists of the counties of Columbia, Dane, Dodge, Green, Iowa, Jefferson, Lafayette, Richland and Sauk.
NR 404.03(2)(d) (d) The North Central Wisconsin Intrastate Air Quality Control Region consists of the counties of Adams, Forest, Florence, Juneau, Langlade, Lincoln, Marathon, Oneida, Portage, Vilas and Wood.
NR 404.03 History History: Cr. Register, March, 1972, No. 195, eff. 4-1-72; r. and recr. Register, July, 1985, No. 355, eff. 8-1-85; renum. from NR 404.02, Register, September, 1986, No. 369, eff. 10-1-86.
NR 404.04 NR 404.04Ambient air quality standards.
NR 404.04(1) (1)Applicability of air standards. The air standards apply to the entire state without exception.
NR 404.04(2) (2)Sulfur oxides.
NR 404.04(2)(a)(a) Primary standard. The primary standard for sulfur oxides, measured as sulfur dioxide, is 0.075 ppm — maximum 1-hour concentration. The 1-hour primary standard is met at an ambient air quality monitoring site when the 3-year average of the annual (99th percentile) of the daily maximum 1-hour average concentrations is less than or equal to 0.075 ppm, as determined by the methodology of 40 CFR part 50, Appendix T, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.04 (7m).
NR 404.04(2)(b) (b) Secondary standard. The secondary standard for sulfur oxides, measured as sulfur dioxide, is: 0.5 ppm — maximum 3-hour average concentration, not to be exceeded more than once per year.
NR 404.04(4) (4)Carbon monoxide: primary and secondary standards. The primary and secondary standards for carbon monoxide are:
NR 404.04(4)(a) (a) 10 milligrams per cubic meter (9 ppm) — maximum 8-hour average concentration, not to be exceeded more than once per year.
NR 404.04(4)(b) (b) 40 milligrams per cubic meter (35 ppm) — maximum 1-hour concentration, not to be exceeded more than once per year.
NR 404.04(5) (5)Ozone: primary and secondary standards. The primary and secondary standards for ozone are:
NR 404.04(5)(a) (a) 0.12 ppm (235 micrograms per cubic meter) — maximum 1-hour average concentration. The 1-hour ozone standards are attained when the expected number of days per calendar year with maximum hourly average concentrations above the designated level is equal to or less than one, as determined by the methodology of 40 CFR part 50, Appendix H, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.04 (4).
NR 404.04(5)(b) (b) 0.08 ppm — maximum 8-hour concentration. The 8-hour ozone standards are attained when the arithmetic mean of the fourth highest daily maximum 8-hour concentration at an ambient air quality monitoring site is less than or equal to 0.08 ppm, as determined by the methodology of 40 CFR part 50, Appendix I, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.04 (4m).
NR 404.04(5)(c) (c) 0.075 ppm — maximum 8-hour concentration. The 8-hour primary and secondary ozone ambient air quality standards are attained at an ambient air quality monitoring site when the 3-year average of the annual fourth-highest daily maximum 8-hour average ozone concentration is less than or equal to 0.075 ppm, as determined in accordance with 40 CFR part 50, Appendix P, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.04 (6t).
NR 404.04 Note Note: The Department promulgated the 1-hour and the 8-hour ozone standards, in pars. (a) and (b), respectively, in response to actions by the US EPA. Since the US EPA did not repeal these standards when it promulgated the 8-hour standard reflected in par. (c), the Department has retained them consistent with its statutory obligation under s. 285.21 (1) (a), Stats.
NR 404.04(6) (6)Nitrogen dioxide.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.