NR 408.06(2)(a) (a) The other area has an equal or higher nonattainment classification than the area in which the source is located.
NR 408.06(2)(b) (b) Emissions from the other area contribute to a violation of a national ambient air quality standard in the nonattainment area in which the proposed new or modified source would be constructed.
NR 408.06(3) (3) The total annual tonnage of emissions of any applicable air contaminant allowed from the proposed new source, or net emissions increase from the modification, shall be offset by an equal or greater reduction, as applicable, in the actual emissions of the air contaminant from the same or other sources.
NR 408.06(4) (4) In meeting the requirements of sub. (3) for ozone nonattainment areas classified under section 182 of the Act (42 USC 7511a), the ratio of total actual emission reductions of VOCs, and nitrogen oxides where applicable, to the net emissions increase for the same air contaminant class shall be as follows:
NR 408.06(4)(a) (a) In any rural transport or marginal nonattainment area for ozone: at least 1.1 to 1.
NR 408.06(4)(b) (b) In any moderate nonattainment area for ozone: at least 1.15 to 1.
NR 408.06(4)(c) (c) In any serious nonattainment area for ozone: at least 1.2 to 1.
NR 408.06(4)(d) (d) In any severe nonattainment area for ozone: at least 1.3 to 1.
NR 408.06(4)(e) (e) In any extreme nonattainment area for ozone: at least 1.5 to 1.
NR 408.06(5) (5) Within an ozone transport region, for any area designated as ozone attainment, unclassifiable, or rural transport or marginal nonattainment, the ratio of total actual emissions reductions of VOCs, and nitrogen oxides where applicable, to the net emissions increase for the same air contaminant class shall be at least 1.15 to 1.
NR 408.06(6) (6) A major modification which has a significant net emissions increase of VOCs, or nitrogen oxides where applicable, which is located in an extreme nonattainment area for ozone will be considered to comply with the offset requirements under s. NR 408.05 if the owner or operator of the source elects to offset the proposed emissions increase of VOCs, and nitrogen oxides where applicable, by a greater reduction in actual emissions from other discrete operations, units or pollutant emitting activities within the source at an internal offset ratio at least 1.3 to 1.
NR 408.06(7)(a)(a) Emissions reductions achieved by shutting down an existing source or curtailing production or operating hours below baseline levels may be generally credited if:
NR 408.06(7)(a)1. 1. The reductions are surplus, permanent, quantifiable and federally enforceable.
NR 408.06(7)(a)2. 2. The area has a U.S. environmental protection agency approved state implementation plan, except as provided in par. (b).
NR 408.06(7)(a)3. 3. The source notifies the department in writing prior to the date the shut down or curtailment occurs. The notification shall include documentation of the type and quantity of emission reduction credit to be generated.
NR 408.06(7)(a)4. 4. The shutdown or curtailment occurs on or after the date specified for this purpose in the state implementation plan, and if the date specified is on or after the date of the most recent emissions inventory used in the plan's demonstration of attainment. The department may consider a prior shutdown or curtailment to have occurred after the date of its most recent emissions inventory, if the inventory explicitly includes as current existing emissions the emissions from the previously shut down or curtailed sources. However, no credit is available for shutdowns which occurred prior to August 7, 1977.
NR 408.06(7)(b) (b) The emission reductions described in par. (a) may be credited in the absence of a U.S. environmental protection agency approved state implementation plan only if the shutdown or curtailment occurs on or after the date the construction permit application is filed or if the applicant can establish that the proposed new source is a replacement for the shut down or curtailed source, and the cutoff date provisions of par. (a) 4. are observed.
NR 408.06(8) (8) No emissions reduction credit may be allowed for reductions in any organic compound specifically excluded from the definition of “VOC" in s. NR 400.02 (162).
NR 408.06(9) (9) Credit for an emissions reduction may be claimed to the extent that the department has not relied on it in issuing any permit under ch. NR 405, 406, 407 or this chapter or the state has not relied on it in demonstrating attainment or reasonable further progress. Incidental emissions reductions which are not otherwise required under the Act or chs. NR 400 to 499 may be creditable as emissions reductions for such purposes if the emissions reductions meet the applicable requirements of subs. (1) and (2).
NR 408.06(10) (10) The total increase in emissions, in tons per year, resulting from a major modification that must be offset in accordance with this section shall be determined by summing the difference between the allowable emissions after the modification and the actual emissions before the modification for each emissions unit.
NR 408.06 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1993, No. 449, eff. 6-1-93; am. (4) (intro.), (a), (5), Register, December, 1996, No. 492, eff. 1-1-97; am. (2) (intro.), (a) and (8), Register, October, 1999, No. 526, eff. 11-1-99; CR 03-118: cr. (10) Register June 2007 No. 618, eff. 7-1-07; CR 10-050: cr. (1) (cm) Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10; CR 13-070: am. (1) (a) Register July 2014 No. 703, eff. 8-1-14.
NR 408.07 NR 408.07Source impact analysis. The applicant for a permit under this chapter shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the department that all of the following conditions are met:
NR 408.07(1) (1) The emissions offsets required under s. NR 408.06, when considered in conjunction with the proposed emissions increase, will have a net air quality benefit in the affected area, as required under s. NR 408.06 (1) (d).
NR 408.07(2) (2) The emissions from the proposed new major source or major modification, when considered in conjunction with the emissions offsets required under s. NR 408.06, will not contribute to nonattainment in, or interfere with maintenance by, any other state with respect to any national primary or secondary ambient air quality standard.
NR 408.07(3) (3) The emissions from the proposed new major source or major modification, when considered in conjunction with the emissions offsets required under s. NR 408.06, will not interfere with measures required to be included in the applicable implementation plan for any other state under a program for the prevention of significant deterioration or for the protection of visibility.
NR 408.07 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1993, No. 449, eff. 6-1-93; am. (intro.), Register, December, 1996, No. 492, eff. 1-1-97.
NR 408.08 NR 408.08Additional conditions for approval. For the department to approve a permit required or allowed under s. 285.60, Stats., and this chapter the following criteria shall be met:
NR 408.08(1) (1) All major sources owned or operated by the owner or operator of the proposed source, or by any entity controlling, controlled by, or under common control with the owner or operator, in the state are subject to emission limitations and are in compliance, or on a schedule for compliance, with all applicable emissions limitations and standards under the Act and chs. NR 400 to 499.
NR 408.08(2) (2) By means of an analysis of alternative sites, sizes, production processes and environmental control techniques for proposed new or modified stationary source, the owner or operator of the proposed stationary source or modification can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the department that the benefits of the proposed source significantly outweigh the environmental and social costs imposed as a result of its location, construction or modification.
NR 408.08(3) (3) The administrator has not determined that the applicable implementation plan is not being adequately implemented for the nonattainment area in which the proposed stationary source or modification is to be constructed in accordance with the requirements of part D of title I of the Act (42 USC 7501 to 7515).
NR 408.08 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1993, No. 449, eff. 6-1-93; am. (3), Register, December, 1996, No. 492, eff. 1-1-97; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, December, 1996, No. 492.
NR 408.09 NR 408.09Permit application review; public participation.
NR 408.09(1)(1) The department shall notify all applicants within 20 days as to the completeness of the construction permit application or any deficiency in the application or information submitted. In the event of a deficiency, the date of receipt of the application shall be the date on which the department received all required information.
NR 408.09(2) (2) Within 205 business days after receipt of a complete application, the department shall:
NR 408.09(2)(a) (a) Make a preliminary determination as to whether construction should be approved, approved with conditions or disapproved.
NR 408.09(2)(b) (b) Make available in at least one location in each area in which the proposed source would be constructed a copy of all materials the applicant has submitted, a copy of the preliminary determination, and a copy or summary of other materials, if any, considered in making the preliminary determination.
NR 408.09(2)(c) (c) Notify the public, by advertisement in a newspaper of general circulation in each area in which the proposed source would be constructed, of the application, the preliminary determination, a description of the amount and location of emission reductions that will offset the emissions increase from the new source, or significant net emissions increase from the modification; the determination of lowest achievable emission rate; and the opportunity for comment at a public hearing as well as for written public comment.
NR 408.09(2)(d) (d) Send a copy of the notice of the opportunity for public comment to the applicant, the administrator of the U.S. environmental protection agency, region 5, and officials and agencies having jurisdiction over the location where the proposed construction would occur, including any other state or local air pollution control agencies, the chief executives of the city and county where the source would be located, any comprehensive regional land use planning agency, and any state, federal land manager or Indian governing body whose lands may be affected by emissions from the source or modification.
NR 408.09(2)(e) (e) Provide opportunity for a public hearing for interested persons to appear and submit written or oral comments on the air quality impact of the source, alternatives to it, the control technology required and other appropriate considerations.
NR 408.09(2)(f) (f) Consider all written comments submitted within a time specified in the notice of public comment and all comments received at any public hearings in making a final decision on the approvability of the application. The department shall make all comments available for public inspection in the same locations where the department earlier made available preconstruction information relating to the proposed source or modification.
NR 408.09(2)(g) (g) Make a final determination as to whether construction should be approved, approved with conditions or disapproved.
NR 408.09(2)(h) (h) Notify the applicant in writing of the final determination and make the notification available for public inspection at the same locations where the department earlier made available preconstruction information and public comments relating to the source.
NR 408.09 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1993, No. 449, eff. 6-1-93; am. (2) (intro.), Register, August, 2000, No. 536, eff. 9-1-00.
NR 408.10 NR 408.10Source obligation.
NR 408.10(1) (1) Any owner or operator who constructs or operates a stationary source or modification not in accordance with the application submitted under this chapter or with the terms of any approval to construct, or any owner or operator of a stationary source or modification subject to this chapter who commences construction after June 1, 1993 without applying for and receiving approval as described in this chapter, shall be subject to enforcement action and penalties as provided in ch. NR 494.
NR 408.10(2) (2) The approval to construct or modify a stationary source shall become invalid 18 months after the date a construction permit is issued by the department unless the permit specifies otherwise. The department may extend the 18 month period upon a satisfactory showing that an extension is justified unless otherwise specified in the construction permit.
NR 408.10(3) (3) The approval to construct does not relieve any owner or operator of the responsibility to comply fully with applicable provision of chs. NR 400 to 499 or any other requirements under local, state or federal law.
NR 408.10(4) (4) At the time that a particular source or modification becomes a major source or major modification solely by virtue of a relaxation in any enforceable limitation which was established after August 7, 1980, on the capacity of the source or modification otherwise to emit a pollutant, such as a restriction on hours of operation, then the requirements of ss. NR 408.04 to 408.09 and this section shall apply to the source or modification as though construction has not yet commenced on the source or modification.
NR 408.10(5) (5) For a project involving existing emissions units at a major stationary source, which does not have a PAL, in circumstances where the calculated difference between projected actual emissions using the method specified in s. NR 408.02 (28s) (b) 1. and 2., and baseline actual emissions does not exceed the level that is considered to be significant for the air contaminant, the owner or operator shall do the following as applicable:
NR 408.10(5)(a) (a) Before beginning actual construction of the project, document and maintain a record of all of the following:
NR 408.10(5)(a)1. 1. A description of the project.
NR 408.10(5)(a)2. 2. Identification of the emissions unit or units whose emissions of a regulated NSR air contaminant could be affected by the project.
NR 408.10(5)(a)3. 3. The calculation of the net emissions increase under s. NR 408.02 (23) (a) that was used to determine that the project is not a major modification for any regulated NSR air contaminant, including the baseline actual emissions, the projected actual emissions, the amount of emissions excluded under s. NR 408.02 (28s) (b) 2. and an explanation why the amount was excluded, and any netting calculations, if applicable.
NR 408.10(5)(b) (b) If the emissions unit is an existing electric utility steam generating unit, before beginning actual construction, provide a copy of the information in par. (a) to the department. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to require the owner or operator of the unit to obtain any determination from the department before beginning actual construction.
NR 408.10(5)(c) (c) If the owner or operator excludes emissions from the calculation of projected actual emissions under s. NR 408.02 (28s) (b) 2. and the difference between projected actual emissions and baseline actual emissions exceeds the level that is considered to be significant for the air contaminant prior to the exclusion of emissions from the calculation of projected actual emissions under s. NR 408.02 (28s) (b) 2., before beginning actual construction, provide a copy of the information in par. (a) to the department. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to require the owner or operator of the unit to obtain any determination from the department before beginning actual construction.
NR 408.10(5)(d) (d) Monitor the emissions of any regulated NSR air contaminant that could increase as a result of the project and that is emitted by any emissions unit identified in par. (a) 2. and calculate and maintain a record of the annual emissions, in tons per year on a calendar year basis, for a period of 5 years following resumption of regular operations after the change, or for a period of 10 years following resumption of regular operations after the change if the project increases the design capacity or potential to emit of that regulated NSR air contaminant at the emissions unit.
NR 408.10(5)(e) (e) If the unit is an existing electric utility steam generating unit, submit a report to the department within 60 days after the end of each year during which records must be generated under par. (d) setting out the unit's annual emissions during the calendar year that preceded submission of the report.
NR 408.10(5)(f) (f) If the unit is an existing unit other than an electric utility steam generating unit, submit a report to the department if the annual emissions, in tons per year, from the project identified in par. (a), exceed the baseline actual emissions, as documented and maintained pursuant to par. (d), by a significant amount, as defined in s. NR 408.02 (32) for that regulated NSR air contaminant, and if the emissions differ from the preconstruction projection that was provided to the department pursuant to par. (c). The report shall be submitted to the department within 60 days after the end of the year. The report shall contain all of the following:
NR 408.10(5)(f)1. 1. The name, address and telephone number of the major stationary source.
NR 408.10(5)(f)2. 2. The annual emissions as calculated pursuant to par. (a) 3.
NR 408.10(5)(f)3. 3. Any other information that the owner or operator wishes to include in the report, e.g., an explanation as to why the emissions differ from the preconstruction projection.
NR 408.10(6) (6) The owner or operator of the source shall make the information required to be documented and maintained pursuant to sub. (5) available for inspection, upon request, by the department or the general public.
NR 408.10 History History: Cr. Register, May, 1993, No. 449, eff. 6-1-93; am. (4), Register, December, 1996, No. 492, eff. 1-1-97; CR 03-118: cr. (5) and (6), Register June 2007 No. 618. eff. 7-1-07.
NR 408.11 NR 408.11Plant-wide applicability limitations (PALs).
NR 408.11(1)(1)Applicability.
NR 408.11(1)(a)(a) This section applies to any existing major stationary source which wishes to operate under a PAL. The department may approve the use of a PAL for any existing major stationary source if the source and its application for a PAL meets all of the requirements in this section.
NR 408.11(1)(b) (b) The department may not allow a PAL for VOC or NOX for any major stationary source located in an extreme ozone nonattainment area.
NR 408.11(1)(c) (c) Any physical change in or change in the method of operation of a major stationary source that maintains its total source-wide emissions below the PAL level, meets the requirements in this section, and complies with the PAL permit:
NR 408.11(1)(c)1. 1. Is not a major modification for the PAL regulated air contaminant.
NR 408.11(1)(c)2. 2. Does not have to be approved under this chapter.
NR 408.11(1)(c)3. 3. Is not subject to the provisions in s. NR 408.10 (4).
NR 408.11(1)(d) (d) Except as provided under par. (c) 3., a major stationary source shall continue to comply with all applicable federal or state requirements, emission limitations and work practice requirements that were established prior to the effective date of the PAL.
NR 408.11(2) (2)Definitions. The following definitions apply to terms used in this subsection for the purpose of developing and implementing PALs consistent with this section.
NR 408.11(2)(a) (a) “Allowable emissions" has the meaning given in s. NR 408.02 (2), except as this definition is modified according to both of the following:
NR 408.11(2)(a)1. 1. The allowable emissions for any emissions unit shall be calculated considering any emission limitations that are enforceable as a practical matter on the emissions unit's potential to emit.
NR 408.11(2)(a)2. 2. An emissions unit's potential to emit shall be determined using the definition in s. NR 408.02 (28), except that the words “or enforceable as a practical matter" should be added after “federally enforceable".
NR 408.11(2)(b) (b) “Major emissions unit" means either of the following:
NR 408.11(2)(b)1. 1. Any emissions unit that emits or has the potential to emit 100 tons per year or more of the PAL regulated air contaminant in an attainment area.
NR 408.11(2)(b)2. 2. Any emissions unit that emits or has the potential to emit the PAL regulated air contaminant in an amount that is equal to or greater than the major source threshold for the PAL regulated air contaminant as defined by the Act for nonattainment areas.
NR 408.11 Note Note: In accordance with the definition of major stationary source in section 182 (c) of the Act, an emissions unit would be a major emissions unit for VOC if the emissions unit is located in a serious ozone nonattainment area and it emits or has the potential to emit 50 or more tons of VOC per year.
NR 408.11(2)(c) (c) “PAL effective date" means the date of issuance of the PAL permit except that, in the case of an increased PAL, “PAL effective date" means the date any emissions unit that is part of the PAL major modification becomes operational and begins to emit the PAL regulated air contaminant.
NR 408.11(2)(d) (d) “PAL effective period" means the period beginning with the PAL effective date and ending 10 years later.
NR 408.11(2)(e) (e) “PAL major modification" means, notwithstanding s. NR 408.02 (20) and (23), any physical change in, or change in the method of operation of the PAL source that causes it to emit the PAL regulated air contaminant at a level equal to or greater than the PAL.
NR 408.11(2)(f) (f) “PAL permit" means the construction permit issued by the department that establishes a PAL for a major stationary source.
NR 408.11(2)(g) (g) “PAL regulated air contaminant" means the regulated NSR air contaminant for which a PAL is established at a major stationary source.
NR 408.11(2)(h) (h) “Significant emissions unit" means an emissions unit that emits or has the potential to emit a PAL regulated air contaminant in an amount that is equal to or greater than the significant level, as defined in s. NR 408.02 (32) or in the Act, whichever is lower, for that PAL regulated air contaminant, but less than the amount that would qualify the unit as a major emissions unit.
NR 408.11(2)(i) (i) “Small emissions unit" means an emissions unit that emits or has the potential to emit the PAL regulated air contaminant in an amount less than the significant level for that PAL regulated air contaminant, as defined in s. NR 408.02 (32) or in the Act, whichever is lower.
NR 408.11(3) (3)Permit application requirements. As part of a permit application requesting a PAL, the owner or operator of a major stationary source shall submit all of the following information to the department for approval:
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.