Register July 2015 No. 715
Chapter NR 512
FEASIBILITY REPORTS FOR LANDFILLS
NR 512.01   Purpose.
NR 512.02   Applicability.
NR 512.03   Definitions.
NR 512.04   Initial site report.
NR 512.05   General submittal requirements.
NR 512.06   Procedural requirements.
NR 512.07   General facility information.
NR 512.08   Land use information.
NR 512.085   Alternative geotechnical investigation program.
NR 512.09   Site-specific geotechnical information.
NR 512.10   Subsurface data analysis.
NR 512.11   Data presentation.
NR 512.12   Waste and leachate characterization.
NR 512.13   Constraints on landfill development.
NR 512.14   Proposed preliminary design.
NR 512.15   Identification of soil borrow sources.
NR 512.16   Environmental review.
NR 512.17   Need and design capacity.
NR 512.18   Evaluation of alternatives to land disposal.
NR 512.19   Noncompliance with plans or orders.
Ch. NR 512 Note Note: Corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, August, 1997, No. 500.
NR 512.01 NR 512.01Purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to help ensure that efficient, nuisance-free and environmentally acceptable solid waste management procedures are practiced in this state and to outline the requirements regarding feasibility reports for new landfills or expansions of existing landfills. The purpose of the feasibility report is to determine whether a proposed property has potential for use as a landfill and to identify any conditions which the applicant shall address in the plan of operation. This chapter is adopted under ch. 289, Stats., and s. 227.11, Stats.
NR 512.01 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385, eff. 2-6-88; am., Register, June, 1996, No. 486, eff. 7-1-96.
NR 512.02 NR 512.02Applicability.
NR 512.02(1) (1) Except as otherwise provided, this chapter governs all landfills as defined in s. 289.01 (20), Stats., except landfills regulated under ch. NR 503, hazardous waste facilities as defined in s. 291.01 (8), Stats., and regulated under chs. NR 660 to 679; metallic mining operations for nonferrous minerals as defined in s. 293.01 (9), Stats., and regulated under ch. NR 182; and metallic mining operations for ferrous minerals as defined in s. 295.41 (26), Stats., including mining wastes and mining waste sites as defined in s. 295.41 (30) and (31), Stats., and regulated under subch. III of ch. 295, Stats.
NR 512.02(2) (2) This chapter does not apply to the design, construction or operation of industrial wastewater facilities, sewerage systems and waterworks treating liquid wastes approved under s. 281.41, Stats., or permitted under ch. 283, Stats., nor to facilities used solely for the disposal of liquid municipal or industrial wastes which have been approved under s. 281.41, Stats., or permitted under ch. 283, Stats., except for facilities used for the disposal of solid waste.
NR 512.02 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385, eff. 2-6-88; correction in (1) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, May, 1994, No. 461; am. (1), Register, June, 1996, No. 486, eff. 7-1-96; correction in (1) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2006 No. 612; CR 13-057: am. (1) Register July 2015 No. 715, eff. 8-1-15.
NR 512.03 NR 512.03Definitions. The terms used in this chapter are defined in s. NR 500.03.
NR 512.03 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385, eff. 2-6-88.
NR 512.04 NR 512.04Initial site report. Any applicant intending to establish a new landfill or expand an existing landfill shall obtain an initial site report opinion from the department prior to submitting a feasibility report.
NR 512.04 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385, eff. 2-6-88; am., Register, June, 1996, No. 486, eff. 7-1-96.
NR 512.05 NR 512.05General submittal requirements. An applicant proposing to construct a new landfill or expand an existing landfill shall submit a feasibility report and related materials in accordance with s. NR 500.05 and this chapter. The feasibility report shall address all department review comments on the initial site report and any applicable pre-feasibility report. If the applicant requests any exemptions to the locational criteria and performance standards listed in s. NR 504.04, justification for the request shall be provided in the narrative section of the feasibility report. Applicants proposing an alternative design to the requirements contained in ss. NR 504.05, 504.06, 504.07, 504.08 and 504.09 shall include an analysis that predicts whether the proposed landfill will meet or exceed the performance standards of s. NR 504.04 (4) (d) regarding groundwater quality.
NR 512.05 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385, eff. 2-6-88; am. Register, June, 1996, No. 486, eff. 7-1-96.
NR 512.06 NR 512.06Procedural requirements. An applicant shall comply with all applicable procedural requirements of ss. 289.21 to 289.32, Stats.
NR 512.06(1) (1)Local approvals. An applicant shall submit a written request including the standard notice developed under s. 289.22 (2), Stats., to each affected municipality for the specification of all applicable local approval requirements under s. 289.22 (1m), Stats. An applicant subject to s. 289.33, Stats., shall apply for all applicable local approvals specified by a municipality under s. 289.22 (1m), Stats., at least 120 days prior to submitting the feasibility report to the department. If the municipality either fails to respond within 15 days after the receipt of the written request from the applicant or indicates that there are no applicable local approval requirements, the applicant may submit the feasibility report 135 days after receipt by the municipality of the written request from the applicant or 120 days after receipt of the response from the municipality indicating that there are no local approval requirements, whichever occurs first. The feasibility report shall contain a copy of all requests for the specification of applicable local approvals, responses from affected municipalities regarding any applicable local approvals, the standard notice, and follow up applications for any applicable local approvals to document that this requirement has been met.
NR 512.06(2) (2)Submission of reports. An applicant shall submit a feasibility report to the department in accordance with ss. 289.21 to 289.29, Stats. At the same time, the applicant shall submit a copy of the initial site report, the department's initial site report opinion, any applicable pre-feasibility report and the feasibility report to each participating municipality under s. 289.33 (6) (b), Stats. The applicant shall notify the department of when and to whom the specified copies were submitted.
NR 512.06(3) (3)Completeness. Within 60 days after a feasibility report is submitted, the department shall determine whether or not the feasibility report is complete. The department shall determine the completeness of the feasibility report by determining whether or not the items specified in the department's initial site report opinion letter and the minimum requirements of this chapter have been met. If the report is incomplete, the department shall notify the applicant in writing and specify the information which shall be submitted in an addendum before the feasibility report can be deemed complete. If the report is complete, the department shall publish a class I public notice in accordance with s. 289.25 (3), Stats., and issue a preliminary determination stating whether or not an environmental impact statement is required. The department may require the applicant to submit additional information after determining that the feasibility report is complete if the department establishes that the feasibility of the proposed landfill cannot be determined without the additional information.
NR 512.06 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385, eff. 2-6-88; am. (1), (2), (3), Register, June, 1996, No. 486, eff. 7-1-96.
NR 512.07 NR 512.07General facility information. The feasibility report shall identify the project title; name, address and phone number of the primary contacts including the proposed landfill's owner, operator and any consultants; present property owner; proposed landfill location by quarter-quarter section; total acreage of the property and proposed limits of filling; proposed landfill life, design capacity and date of closure; municipalities and industries to be served; anticipated waste types and characteristics; anticipated volumes of each major waste stream and any seasonal fluctuations taking into account waste reduction, reuse, recycling, composting and the recovery of energy from solid waste; anticipated cover frequency; mode of operation; proposed sub-base, base and final grades; preliminary design concepts; need for the landfill; the alternatives to land disposal, including any proposed waste reduction and recovery services; and how the proposed facility relates to any applicable solid waste management plan approved under s. 289.10, Stats.
NR 512.07 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385, eff. 2-6-88; renum. from NR 512.08 and am., Register, June, 1996, No. 486, eff. 7-1-96; am., Register, August, 1997, No. 500, eff. 9-1-97; am. Register, September, 1998, No. 513, eff. 10-1-98.
NR 512.08 NR 512.08Land use information. The feasibility report shall include a discussion of land uses at the proposed landfill location and surrounding area. Relevant land use information contained in the initial site report may be referenced in the feasibility report. However, a thorough discussion of any changes in land uses since the submittal of the initial site report which may have an impact on the suitability of the property for waste disposal or on groundwater quality shall be included. The report shall address all areas where land use may affect or be affected by the proposed landfill. At a minimum, this will be the area within one mile of the proposed limits of filling. If the landfill owner proposes to accept municipal solid waste or other putrescible waste, the report shall include any information or bird study requested by the federal aviation administration or by the department concerning any airport whose runway end is within 5 miles of the proposed limits of filling.
NR 512.08 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1988, No. 385, eff. 2-6-88; renum from NR 512.09 and am., r. (1) to (4), Register, June, 1996, No. 486, eff. 7-1-96.
NR 512.085 NR 512.085Alternative geotechnical investigation program. The applicant may propose an alternative geotechnical investigation program to the department prior to initiating the geotechnical investigations required for a feasibility report that are identified in ss. NR 512.09 and 512.10. A proposal shall include a detailed description of the proposed alternative program, detailed explanations of the rationale for the proposed differences between the code requirements in s. NR 512.09 or 512.10 and the proposed alternative program, and the anticipated benefits of the proposed alternative program. The department shall respond in writing and may accept the program as submitted, identify deficiencies in the proposed alternative program that must be addressed, or may reject the program. The program may not be implemented prior to receipt of written review by the department. The feasibility report shall include documentation of any alternative geotechnical investigation accepted by the department and justification for any reductions to the requirements in ss. NR 512.09 and 512.10. Formal approval of an accepted alternative geotechnical program shall be made in the department's feasibility determination.
NR 512.085 History History: CR 05-020: cr. Register January 2006 No. 601, eff. 2-1-06.
NR 512.09 NR 512.09Site-specific geotechnical information. The applicant shall perform laboratory and field investigations to define the physical characteristics of the proposed landfill's location. At a minimum these investigations shall include the following specified requirements unless an alternative geotechnical investigation program under s. NR 512.085 specifically addressing these requirements, or a portion thereof, was accepted in writing by the department before the geotechnical investigation program for the feasibility report was initiated. Should the applicant identify minor discrepancies between the following specified requirements and the content of the feasibility report prior to its submittal to the department, the applicant may choose to identify those minor discrepancies in a separate letter to the department, including an explanation for them, and either propose a time table for providing that information or justify why it is not necessary to submit that specific information and request the necessary exemptions. The department shall respond to a letter in writing either accepting the explanation and requested approach or indicating that the discrepancies need to be addressed prior to issuing feasibility completeness.
NR 512.09(1) (1)Borings. As specified in Table 1, borings sufficient to define sub-surface conditions shall be drilled both inside and outside the proposed limits of filling.
NR 512.09(1)(a) (a) At a minimum, borings shall be drilled in 10 separate locations for the first 5 or less acres of the proposed fill area. Two borings shall be drilled for each additional 5 or less acres of proposed fill area. The borings shall be located on a grid pattern. All borings shall be located in or within 300 feet of the proposed limits of filling.
NR 512.09(1)(b) (b) Borings shall extend a minimum of 25 feet below the anticipated sub-base grade. If the boring is located outside the proposed limits of filling, the applicable sub-base grade is the elevation of the bottom of the proposed base liner nearest to the borehole.
NR 512.09(1)(c) (c) If regional information suggests that bedrock is within 50 feet of the lowest elevation of the proposed sub-base grades, one boring shall be extended at least 5 feet into bedrock. Every attempt shall be made to locate this boring outside the proposed limits of filling. Bedrock drilling shall be performed in accordance with ch. NR 141 and s. NR 507.05.
NR 512.09 Note Note: Bedrock is defined in s. NR 500.03 (18).
NR 512.09(1)(d) (d) Samples shall be collected and retained and boring logs shall be prepared in accordance with ss. NR 507.05 and 507.14.
NR 512.09(1)(e) (e) Borings not converted to wells shall be abandoned in accordance with ss. NR 507.08 and 141.25.
NR 512.09(2) (2)Wells. As specified in Table 1, wells sufficient to define the hydrogeologic and groundwater quality conditions shall be installed. At a minimum, this includes:
NR 512.09(2)(a) (a) Installing observation wells to adequately define the water table surface and horizontal hydraulic gradients. At a minimum, 5 water table observation wells shall be installed for the first 5 or less acres of disposal area and one additional observation well for each additional 5 or less acres of disposal area. The observation wells shall be constructed so that the water table intersects the well screens at all times during the year.
NR 512.09(2)(b) (b) A piezometer shall be installed adjacent to a water table observation well at 2 separate locations to create well nests for the first 5 or less acres of disposal area. One additional piezometer for each additional 10 or less acres of disposal area shall be installed to create additional well nests. For every 20 acres of disposal area at least one well nest shall be placed within the proposed limits of filling.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.