NR 716.03 NR 716.03 Definitions. In this chapter:
NR 716.03(1) (1) “Batch of samples" means a group of samples collected during one discrete sampling event and stored and transported in a single shipping container, regardless of the number of samples in the group.
NR 716.03(2) (2) “Equipment blank" means a sample of water which, prior to use, is known to be free of contaminants, and which is processed through the sampling equipment in the field in the same manner as the actual water sample to determine if field procedures introduce contaminants into the samples. This is also known as a “rinse blank" or a "field equipment blank."
NR 716.03(3) (3) “Immunoassay" means a test for the presence or concentration of a substance that relies on the reaction of one or more antibodies with the substance.
NR 716.03(4) (4) “Investigative waste" means all solid and liquid wastes and contaminated environmental media resulting from activities conducted during a site investigation, immediate action, interim action, remedial action, or a monitoring or sampling event at a site or facility. Investigative wastes include soil from drill cuttings; drilling fluids; contaminated water from construction, purging, development and sampling of monitoring wells; and wash waters used during sampling or decontamination activities.
NR 716.03(6) (6) “Piezometer" has the meaning specified in s. NR 141.05 (30).
NR 716.03 Note Note: Section NR 141.05 (30) defines “piezometer" as “a groundwater monitoring well, sealed below the water table, installed for the specific purpose of determining either the elevation of the potentiometric surface or the physical, chemical, biological or radiological properties of groundwater at some point within the saturated zone or both."
NR 716.03(7) (7) “Potentiometric surface" has the meaning specified in s. NR 141.05 (31).
NR 716.03 Note Note: Section NR 141.05 (31) defines “potentiometric surface" to mean “an imaginary surface representing the total head of groundwater and is the level to which water will rise in a well."
NR 716.03(8) (8) “Replicate sample" has the meaning specified in s. NR 149.03 (70).
NR 716.03 Note Note: Section NR 149.03 (70) defines “replicate sample" to mean" 2 or more substantially equal aliquots analyzed independently for the same parameter." This is also known as a “duplicate."
NR 716.03(8m) (8m) “Responsible parties" means, in this chapter, those parties defined under s. NR 700.03 (51) as well as those parties identified under s. NR 716.02 (1).
NR 716.03(9) (9) “Temperature blank" has the meaning specified in s. NR 149.03 (15) (c).
NR 716.03 Note Note: Section NR 149.03 (15) (c) defines “temperature blank" to mean “a sample container, of at least 40 ml. capacity, filled with water and transported with each shipment of collected samples to determine the temperature of other samples in the shipment on arrival at a laboratory."
NR 716.03(10) (10) “Trip blank" means a sample of reagent grade water which is used to determine possible contamination of samples from volatile organic chemicals while in transit to and from the laboratory.
NR 716.03(11) (11) “Water table observation well" has the meaning specified in s. NR 141.05 (46).
NR 716.03 Note Note: Section NR 141.05 (46) defines “water table observation well" to mean “any groundwater monitoring well, in which the screen or open borehole intersects a water table, which is installed for the specific purpose of determining either the elevation of the water table or the physical, chemical, biological or radiological properties of groundwater at the water table or both."
NR 716.03 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1994, No. 460, eff. 5-1-94; correction in (10) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, January, 2001, No. 541; CR 12-023: am. (2), r. (5), am. (8), cr. (8m), am. (9), (10) Register October No. 694, eff. 11-1-13.
NR 716.05 NR 716.05 General.
NR 716.05(1)(1) When site–specific or facility–specific information indicates that soil, sediment, groundwater, surface water, air or other environmental media at a site or facility may have become contaminated, persons identified under sub. NR 716.02 (1) shall conduct a site investigation consistent with this chapter. Unless sub. (2) is applicable, responsible parties shall use the factors in s. NR 708.09 (1) (a) to (n) and (2) (a) to (c) to determine whether or not a site investigation is necessary.
NR 716.05(2) (2) A site investigation is not required of the responsible parties at a site or facility, if:
NR 716.05(2)(a) (a) After notification to the department of a hazardous substance discharge in accordance with ch. NR 706, the department determines that no further action is required of the responsible parties, based on the factors in s. NR 708.09 (1) and (2).
NR 716.05(2)(b) (b) After completion of an immediate action, the department determines that no further action is required of the responsible parties, based on the factors in s. NR 708.09 (1) and (2).
NR 716.05 Note Note: The appropriate review fee specified in ch. NR 749 must accompany any request for the department to review a specific document.
NR 716.05 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1994, No. 460, eff. 5-1-94; am. (2) (a), Register, February, 1997, No. 494, eff. 3-1-97; emerg. am. (1), eff. 5-18-00; am. (1), Register, January, 2001, No. 541, eff. 2-1-01; correction in (1) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, January, 2001, No. 541; CR 12-023: am. (1) Register October No. 694, eff. 11-1-13.
NR 716.07 NR 716.07 Site investigation scoping. Prior to conducting the field component of a site investigation required under s. NR 716.05, responsible parties shall evaluate all of the following relevant items, considering the location of the site or facility, to ensure that the scope and detail of the field investigation are appropriate to the complexity of the site or facility:
NR 716.07(1) (1) History of the site or facility, including industrial, commercial or other land uses that may have been associated with one or more hazardous substance discharges at the site or facility.
NR 716.07(2) (2) Knowledge of the type of contamination and the amount of the contamination.
NR 716.07(3) (3) History of previous hazardous substance discharges or environmental pollution.
NR 716.07(4) (4) Environmental media affected or potentially affected by the contamination.
NR 716.07(5) (5) Location of the site or facility, and its proximity to other sources of contamination.
NR 716.07(6) (6) Need for permission from property owners to allow access to the site or facility and to adjacent or nearby properties.
NR 716.07(7) (7) Potential or known impacts to receptors, including public and private water supplies; buildings and other cultural features; and utilities or other subsurface improvements. This evaluation shall include mapping the location of all water supply wells within a 1,200- foot radius of the outermost edge of contamination.
NR 716.07(8) (8) Potential for impacts to any of the following:
NR 716.07(8)(a) (a) Species, habitat or ecosystems sensitive to the contamination.
NR 716.07(8)(b) (b) Wetlands, especially those in areas of special natural resource interest as designated in s. NR 103.04.
NR 716.07(8)(c) (c) Outstanding resource waters and exceptional resource waters as defined in ss. NR 102.10 and 102.11.
NR 716.07(8)(d) (d) Sites or facilities of historical or archaeological significance.
NR 716.07 Note Note: Information on sites or facilities of historical or archeological significance may be found at the following State Historical Society websites:
NR 716.07 NoteWisconsin National Register of Historic Places: http://preview.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=Nrc:id-4294966367,N:4294966612&dsNavOnly=N:4294966362
NR 716.07 NoteOffice of the State Archeologist: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/archaeology/osa/.
NR 716.07(9) (9) Potential interim and remedial actions applicable to the site or facility and the contamination.
NR 716.07(10) (10) Immediate or interim actions already taken or in progress, including any evaluations made of whether an interim action is needed at the site or facility.
NR 716.07(11) (11) Any other items, including climatological conditions and background water or soil quality information, that may affect the scope or conduct of the site investigation.
NR 716.07(12) (12) The need to gather data to determine the hydraulic conductivity of materials where contaminated groundwater is found.
NR 716.07 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1994, No. 460, eff. 5-1-94; emerg. cr. (12), eff. 5-18-00; cr. (12), Register, January, 2001, No. 541, eff. 2-1-01; CR 12-023: renum. (8) (b) to (e) to (8) (a) to (d), am. (12) Register October No. 694, eff. 11-1-13.
NR 716.09 NR 716.09 Site investigation work plan.
NR 716.09(1) (1) General. Unless otherwise directed by the department, in cases where a site investigation is required under s. NR 716.05, responsible parties shall submit a work plan to the department within 60 days of receiving notification that a site investigation is required, describing the intended scope and conduct of a field investigation. One paper copy and one electronic copy of the plan shall be submitted to the department, unless otherwise directed by the department, in accordance with s. NR 700.11 (3g).
NR 716.09 Note Note: Guidance for Electronic Submittals for the GIS Registry outlines how electronic copies should be submitted in the Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF) on optical disk media. This guidance can be accessed at http://dnr.wi.gov/files/PDF/pubs/rr/RR690.pdf.
NR 716.09(2) (2)Contents. The work plan shall include all of the following information, unless otherwise directed by the department:
NR 716.09(2)(a) (a) Site name, address, and location by quarter–quarter section, township, range and county, and the location information specified in s. NR 716.15 (5) (d).
NR 716.09 Note Note: Section NR 716.15 (5) (d) requires submittal of Wisconsin Transverse Mercator (WTM) coordinates.
NR 716.09(2)(b) (b) Name and address of the responsible party or parties, and name and address of all consultants or contractors involved in the response action.
NR 716.09(2)(c) (c) Site location map, consisting of the applicable portion of a 1:24,000-scale topographic quadrangle published by the United States geological survey with the name of the quadrangle indicated, and a site layout map to approximate scale depicting the layout of buildings, roads, discharge location and other relevant features of the site.
NR 716.09(2)(d) (d) Information gathered during scoping of the project, including the applicable items in s. NR 716.07.
NR 716.09(2)(e) (e) Basic information on the physiographical and geological setting of the site necessary to choose sampling methods and locations, including:
NR 716.09(2)(e)1. 1. The existing topography, including prominent topographic features.
NR 716.09(2)(e)2. 2. The surface water drainage patterns and significant hydrologic features, such as surface waters, springs, surface water drainage basins, divides, wetlands and whether the site lies within a floodplain or floodway.
NR 716.09(2)(e)3. 3. Texture and classification of surficial soils.
NR 716.09(2)(e)4. 4. General nature and distribution of geologic materials, including the thickness and type of unconsolidated materials and the type and nature of bedrock.
NR 716.09(2)(e)5. 5. General hydrogeologic information.
NR 716.09(2)(e)6. 6. Potential hazardous substance migration pathways.
NR 716.09(2)(f) (f) Sampling and analysis strategy to be used during the field investigation, including:
NR 716.09(2)(f)1. 1. A description of the investigative techniques to be used to characterize the site or facility.
NR 716.09(2)(f)2. 2. Identification on a site layout map of the locations, both planimetric and vertical, from which samples of environmental media will be obtained. Where locations cannot be specified in advance, the work plan shall include a description of the strategy to be used for determining these locations in the field.
NR 716.09(2)(f)3. 3. A description of sampling methods to be used, including methods for collecting, preserving and delivering samples, and leak detection methods.
NR 716.09(2)(f)4. 4. An itemization of the parameters for which samples will be analyzed, as well as the analytical methods to be used and their method detection limits.
NR 716.09(2)(f)5. 5. A description of quality control and quality assurance procedures to be used per sampling method, including the items specified in s. NR 716.13.
NR 716.09(2)(f)6. 6. A description of the procedures to be used to prevent cross-contamination among samples.
NR 716.09(2)(f)7. 7. A description of the type of investigative wastes that will be generated during the site investigation and how they will be collected, stored, transported and treated or disposed of.
NR 716.09(2)(f)8. 8. A discussion of how the sampling and analysis results will be related to results of any previous investigations at the site or facility, and how the results will be used to determine the degree and extent of the contamination and the selection of a remedial action option including, where appropriate, natural attenuation.
NR 716.09(2)(g) (g) A description of other procedures to be used for site management, including erosion control and repair of structural, soil, or ground disturbance.
NR 716.09(2)(h) (h) A schedule for conducting the field investigation and reporting the results to the department.
NR 716.09(3) (3)Department review of submitted work plans.
NR 716.09(3)(a)(a) The department may instruct responsible parties to proceed without departmental review of work plans submitted under this section.
NR 716.09(3)(b) (b) Responsible parties that are not instructed to proceed under par. (a) shall wait before initiating the field investigation until the department has approved or conditionally approved the work plan, except that if the department has not reviewed the work plan within 30 days after its receipt by the department, the responsible parties shall proceed with the field investigation.
NR 716.09(3)(c) (c) If the department disapproves a work plan submitted under this section, the department shall provide to the responsible parties, in writing, the basis for disapproval and a deadline for providing a revised work plan.
NR 716.09(3)(d) (d) The lack of a response from the department, after the department's receipt of a work plan, may not be construed to mean that the department has approved the work plan.
NR 716.09 Note Note: The department will only provide an approval if a review was requested, and the appropriate fee was submitted.
NR 716.09 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1994, No. 460, eff. 5-1-94; r. and recr. (1), r. (3) (e), Register, April, 1995, No. 472, eff. 5-1-95; CR 12-023: am. (1), (2) (a), (f) 3., 5., 8., (g), (3) (b) Register October No. 694, eff. 11-1-13.
NR 716.11 NR 716.11 Field investigation.
NR 716.11(1) (1) Responsible parties shall conduct a field investigation as part of each site investigation required under this chapter, unless the department directs otherwise.
NR 716.11(2) (2) The field investigation shall be conducted in accordance with a work plan approved or conditionally approved by the department, unless the department has directed the responsible parties to proceed with a field investigation without department review of the investigation work plan.
NR 716.11(2g) (2g) The field investigation shall be initiated within 90 days of submittal of the work plan.
NR 716.11(2r) (2r) In cases where the responsible party pays a fee for department review of the work plan, the field investigation shall be initiated within 60 days after department approval of the work plan.
NR 716.11 Note Note: The intent of this subsection is to be able to measure that progress is being made toward conducting a site investigation. Initiation may include preparatory measures to conducting the actual fieldwork.
NR 716.11(3) (3) The purposes of the field investigation shall be to:
NR 716.11(3)(a) (a) Determine the nature, degree and extent, both areal and vertical, of the hazardous substances or environmental pollution in all affected media.
NR 716.11(3)(b) (b) Provide sufficient information to permit evaluation of interim options pursuant to ch. NR 708, and remedial action options pursuant to ch. NR 722, and to permit a determination to be made regarding whether any of the interim or remedial action options require a treatability study or other pilot-scale study.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.