NR 811.16 NR 811.16Special requirements for dug wells and springs.
NR 811.16(1)(1) The department may approve dug wells and springs only when it is not feasible to develop a drilled well.
NR 811.16(2) (2) Dug wells and springs are considered to be groundwater under the direct influence of surface water and shall be provided with treatment meeting the requirements of ss. NR 810.30, 810.31, 810.33, 810.34, 810.35, 810.36, 810.37, 810.38, 810.39 and 810.40.
NR 811.16(3) (3) Dug wells and springs shall be housed in a permanent watertight concrete structure which terminates a minimum of 24 inches above the ground surface, which prevents the entry of surface water, and meets the construction requirements of s. NR 811.12 (8).
NR 811.16(4) (4) Discharge piping for dug wells and springs may not be placed through the sides of the concrete casing.
NR 811.16(5) (5) The supplier of water shall have control of the area around the dug well or spring for a distance approved by the department.
NR 811.16(6) (6) Dug well and spring collector pumping stations shall have a watertight concrete floor. All openings in the floor shall be curbed and protected against the entrance of foreign material. The entrance hatch in the floor shall be located adjacent to the inside of the well perimeter, have a curb at least 4 inches high, have the edge of a gasketed, watertight cover extending down over the curb at least 2 inches, and be kept locked when not in use. The structure shall be vented through a vent pipe installed through the floor in accordance with the requirements of s. NR 811.64 (8).
NR 811.16 History History: CR 09-073: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 811.17 NR 811.17Special requirements for infiltration lines.
NR 811.17(1)(1) The department may approve infiltration lines only when it is not feasible to develop a drilled well.
NR 811.17(2) (2) Infiltration lines are considered to be groundwater under the direct influence of surface water and shall be provided with treatment meeting the requirements of ss. NR 810.30, 810.31, 810.33, 810.34, 810.35, 810.36, 810.37, 810.38, 810.39 and 810.40.
NR 811.17(3) (3) The supplier of water shall have control of the area around the infiltration lines for a distance approved by the department.
NR 811.17 History History: CR 09-073: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 811.18 NR 811.18Special requirements for sandstone wells. The requirements of this section apply to wells drilled in formations commonly referred to as sandstones in Wisconsin. This includes the St. Peter sandstone, the Upper Cambrian sandstones, and the Lake Superior sandstone. All of the following requirements shall be met:
NR 811.18(1) (1) The minimum depth of the grouted casing shall be 60 feet. The grouted casing shall be installed to a depth of 10 feet below the anticipated pumping water level, except in cases when the department determines that this requirement is not necessary to meet the requirements of this chapter.
NR 811.18(2) (2) If the sandstone is overlain by creviced limestone or shale formations, the grouted casing shall be installed a minimum of 15 feet into firm sandstone. The department shall be contacted for the required depth of grouted casing for locations where this type of construction will be required. Wells constructed to utilize aquifers beneath the Maquoketa shale shall be cased and grouted to beneath the depth of the Maquoketa shale.
NR 811.18(3) (3) If the depth of unconsolidated material is more than 60 feet, the grouted casing shall be seated in firm sandstone if the sandstone is the upper rock formation.
NR 811.18(4) (4) If the depth of unconsolidated material is less than 60 feet and the sandstone is the upper rock formation, the department shall be contacted for the required depth of grouted casing.
NR 811.18 History History: CR 09-073: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 811.19 NR 811.19Special requirements for limestone or dolomite wells. This section applies to wells drilled in formations commonly referred to as limestones and dolomites in Wisconsin. This includes the Niagara dolomite, the Galena-Platteville dolomite and the Prairie du Chien dolomite. When an acceptable sandstone aquifer can be utilized, construction of limestone or dolomite wells should be avoided. The following requirements apply to wells located in limestone and dolomite aquifers which are not overlain by consolidated shale or sandstone formations.
NR 811.19(1) (1) At a minimum, continuous disinfection, and possibly detention, shall be provided when the department determines that additional protection is necessary.
NR 811.19(2) (2) Continuous disinfection shall be provided for wells with less than 60 feet of grouted casing.
NR 811.19(3) (3) If the depth of unconsolidated material overlying the limestone is 60 feet or greater for a minimum radius of one-half mile and there is no record of sinkholes, quarries, improperly constructed wells, or outcrops within that area, the minimum depth of grouted casing shall be 60 feet. The casing shall be installed to a depth of 10 feet below the anticipated pumping water level unless the department waives this requirement after finding it unnecessary in meeting the requirements of this chapter.
NR 811.19(4) (4) If the depth of unconsolidated material is more than 60 feet and only 60 feet of grouted casing is required by the department, the casing shall be seated in firm limestone.
NR 811.19(5) (5) If the depth of unconsolidated material is less than 60 feet at the well site or within one-half mile of the well site, the department shall be contacted to determine the required minimum depth of grouted casing. An inner casing size of at least 12 inches in diameter shall be required to permit the installation of a grouted liner at a future date if the water from the well shows evidence of contamination. The department may waive the casing size requirement if it is demonstrated that it is unnecessary to meet the requirements of this chapter. In such cases, a minimum of 100 feet of grouted casing is usually required and, where conditions dictate, considerably more than 100 feet shall be required.
NR 811.19 History History: CR 09-073: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 811.20 NR 811.20Special requirements for granite wells. The department shall be contacted for specific case-by-case constructional requirements for all proposed developments of wells in Precambrian igneous and metamorphic rock commonly referred to as “granite". At a minimum, continuous disinfection and possibly detention, shall be provided when the department determines that additional protection is necessary.
NR 811.20 History History: CR 09-073: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
subch. III of ch. NR 811 Subchapter III — Source Development — Surface Water
NR 811.21 NR 811.21General requirements. Surface water sources include all lakes, rivers and streams. The source of water selected as a surface water supply shall be from the best available source which is practicable. The source shall provide the highest quality water reasonably available which, with appropriate treatment and adequate safeguards, will meet the drinking water standards in ch. NR 809. The department's office of energy should be contacted to initiate pre-application consultation regarding chapter 30 permitting. Any proposal which would result in a diversion from the Great Lakes basin requires department approval in accordance with s. 281.346, Stats.
NR 811.21(1) (1)Quality. An investigative study shall be made of the factors, both natural and man made, which may affect water quality. The study shall include:
NR 811.21(1)(a) (a) Determining possible future uses of the water body.
NR 811.21(1)(b) (b) Determining degree of control of the watershed by the water user.
NR 811.21(1)(c) (c) Assessing degree of hazard to the water supply by agricultural, industrial, recreational, shipping and residential activities in the watershed, and by accidental spillage of materials that may be harmful or detrimental to the treatment process.
NR 811.21(1)(d) (d) Assessing all waste discharges, point source and non-point source, and activities that could impact the water supply. The location of each waste discharge shall be shown on a scale map.
NR 811.21(1)(e) (e) For lakes, an analysis of the area water currents and for streams, an analysis of streamflows, and their potential impact on water quality.
NR 811.21(1)(f) (f) Obtaining samples that are representative of the proposed intake structure based on depth and location. Parameters that may be subject to seasonal variation shall be taken for a period of up to one year or over a sufficient period of time to assess such variation. Testing shall include turbidity, pH, alkalinity, hardness, bromide, total organic carbon, color, taste and odor, ammonia, microbiological organisms, heavy metals including lead and copper, volatile organics, synthetic organics, inorganics, and radiological characteristics of the water. The microbiological testing shall satisfy the Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule requirements found in ss. NR 809.33 to 809.335. The source water shall meet the surface water quality standards in ch. NR 102.
NR 811.21(2) (2)Quantity. The quantity of the water at the source shall:
NR 811.21(2)(a) (a) Be adequate in conjunction with water from other existing sources to meet the maximum 20 year projected water demand of the service area as shown by calculations based on a one in 50 year drought or the extreme drought of record and should include multiple year droughts.
NR 811.21(2)(b) (b) Provide a reasonable reserve for anticipated growth.
NR 811.21(2)(c) (c) Be adequate to provide ample water for other legal users of the source in accordance with ss. 30.18, 31.02, 281.35, and 281.41, Stats., and ch. NR 142.
NR 811.21(3) (3)Location. The inlet for the intake shall not be located:
NR 811.21(3)(a) (a) Within 1000 feet of boat launching ramps, marinas, docks, or floating fishing piers which are accessible by the public.
NR 811.21(3)(b) (b) In areas subject to excessive siltation or in areas subject to receiving immediate runoff from wooded sloughs or swamps.
NR 811.21(3)(c) (c) Within 1000 feet of a wastewater treatment plant outfall outlet.
NR 811.21(4) (4)Minimum treatment. The design of the treatment processes, equipment, and structures shall depend on an evaluation of the nature and quality of the particular water to be treated.
NR 811.21(4)(a) (a) The design of the water treatment plant must consider the worst conditions that are projected to occur during the life of the facility.
NR 811.21(4)(b) (b) Filtration preceded by appropriate pretreatment shall be provided for all surface waters.
NR 811.21(4)(c) (c) Disinfection shall be provided for all surface waters.
NR 811.21(4)(d) (d) Additional treatment may be required by the department based on raw water sampling and other water quality factors.
NR 811.21 History History: CR 09-073: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 811.22 NR 811.22Intakes. Intake structures shall provide for all of the following:
NR 811.22(1) (1) Velocity of flow .25 to .50 feet per second through the inlet structure so that frazil ice will be held to a minimum.
NR 811.22(2) (2) Withdrawal of water from the depth of the best water quality or the capability to draw from more than one level or more than one location if water quality varies with depth or location or both.
NR 811.22(3) (3) Inspection manholes every 1,000 feet for pipe sizes large enough to permit visual inspection.
NR 811.22(4) (4) Adequate protection against rupture by dragging anchors, ice, and other activity.
NR 811.22(5) (5) Locations referenced by permanent monuments or latitude and longitude as measured by a Global Positioning System (GPS).
NR 811.22(6) (6) A diversion device capable of keeping large quantities of fish or debris from entering an intake structure where shore wells are not provided.
NR 811.22(7) (7) Control of nuisance organisms where necessary in accordance with s. NR 811.232.
NR 811.22 History History: CR 09-073: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 811.23 NR 811.23Shore wells.
NR 811.23(1) (1) Shore well structures shall comply with all of the following:
NR 811.23(1)(a) (a) Have motors and electrical controls located above grade and above flood level.
NR 811.23(1)(b) (b) Be accessible for operation and service.
NR 811.23(1)(c) (c) Be designed to prevent flotation.
NR 811.23(1)(d) (d) Be equipped with a minimum of 2 removable or traveling screens or an equivalent means of screening before the pump suction well. Systems with only one screen shall be provided with a bypass.
NR 811.23(1)(e) (e) Provide chlorination or other chemical addition facilities for raw water transmission mains.
NR 811.23(1)(f) (f) Have the intake piping valved with provisions for backflushing and testing for leaks, where practical.
NR 811.23(1)(g) (g) Have provisions for controlling surges.
NR 811.23(1)(h) (h) Have sloped bottoms.
NR 811.23(2) (2) The requirements in sub. (1) may be waived by the department on a case-by-case basis if it is demonstrated that they are not necessary to fulfill the other requirements of this chapter.
NR 811.23 History History: CR 09-073: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 811.231 NR 811.231Off-Stream raw water storage.
NR 811.231(1) (1)Definition. In this section, “off-stream raw water storage reservoir" is defined as a facility into which water is pumped during periods of good quality and high stream flow for future release to the treatment facilities.
NR 811.231(2) (2)Construction. Off-stream raw water storage reservoirs shall be constructed to assure all of the following:
NR 811.231(2)(a) (a) Water quality is protected by controlling runoff into the reservoir.
NR 811.231(2)(b) (b) Dikes are structurally sound and protected against wave action and erosion.
NR 811.231(2)(c) (c) Intake structures meet the requirements of s. NR 811.22.
NR 811.231(2)(d) (d) Point of influent flow is separated from the point of withdrawal.
NR 811.231(2)(e) (e) Water is regularly circulated to prevent stagnation.
NR 811.231(2)(f) (f) The reservoir is surrounded by a fence and unauthorized access is prevented.
NR 811.231(2)(g) (g) The reservoir is covered, where practical.
NR 811.231(2)(h) (h) The requirements of s. NR 811.47 (7) are met if the reservoir is to be used as a pre-sedimentation basin.
NR 811.231 History History: CR 09-073: cr. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10.
NR 811.232 NR 811.232Intake chemical treatment. If the department determines that chemical treatment is warranted for taste and odor control or the control of zebra and other mussels and other nuisance organisms in an intake, the following requirements shall be met:
NR 811.232(1) (1) Chemical treatment shall be installed in accordance with subch. VI and plans and specifications shall be approved by the department prior to installation.
NR 811.232(2) (2) Solution piping and diffusers shall be installed within the intake pipe or in a suitable carrier pipe. Provisions shall be made to prevent dispersal of chemicals into the water environment outside the intake. Diffusers shall be located and designed to protect all intake structure components.
NR 811.232(3) (3) A spare solution line shall be installed to provide redundancy and to facilitate the use of alternate chemicals, where practicable.
NR 811.232(4) (4) A sample line out to the intake shall be provided which will allow for collecting raw water samples unless the chemical control system will be shut off for periods sufficient to collect raw water samples at the shore well.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.