Register December 2011 No. 672
Chapter SPS 378
SCHOOLS AND OTHER PLACES OF INSTRUCTION
SPS 378.001   Scope.
SPS 378.01   Exits.
SPS 378.02   Fire escapes.
SPS 378.03   Stairways.
SPS 378.04   Exit doors.
SPS 378.05   Classrooms; floor space.
SPS 378.06   Seats and desks.
SPS 378.07   Fire extinguishers.
SPS 378.08   Fire alarms.
SPS 378.09   Heating plants.
SPS 378.10   Sanitary equipment.
Ch. SPS 378 Note Note: Chapter Ind 163 was renumbered chapter ILHR 78 under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474; chapter ILHR 78 was renumbered chapter Comm 78 under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1., Stats., and corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, May, 1998, No. 509. Chapter Comm 78 was renumbered chapter SPS 378 under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 1., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 378.001 SPS 378.001 Scope. Under this classification are included all public, parochial and private schools, colleges, universities, academies, seminaries, libraries, museums and art galleries; including all buildings or parts of buildings used for the purpose of acquiring knowledge.
SPS 378.001 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 378.01 SPS 378.01 Exits.
SPS 378.01(1)(1) Every building more than one story in height shall have at least 2 exits from each floor. If there are more than 2 classrooms between the end of the building and the nearest exit, an additional exit shall be provided at the end of the building.
SPS 378.01(2) (2) The exits herein required shall be either stairways, or fire escapes, or horizontal exits (s. SPS 375.14). But in every non-fire-resistive building more than 2 stories in height, at least one exit shall be a fire escape or an outside covered incombustible stairway or horizontal exit, unless the inside stairways are enclosed with fire-resistive partitions and doors (ss. SPS 375.08 to 375.11).
SPS 378.01(3) (3) In buildings 2 or more stories in height, all basement stairways shall be enclosed with one-hour fire-resistive partitions and fire-resistive doors as specified in s. SPS 375.08.
SPS 378.01(4) (4) The storage of material below stairways or stair landings is prohibited.
SPS 378.01 History History: 1-2-56; renum. and am., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474; correction in (2), (3) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 378.02 SPS 378.02 Fire escapes. Fire escapes hereafter constructed shall be stairway fire escapes as described in ss. SPS 375.14 to 375.23; on buildings which accommodate more than 100 persons above the first floor, such fire escapes shall be "B" type fire escapes. Existing stairway fire escapes will be accepted if strongly and properly built and in good condition. Ladders are not accepted as exits under any condition.
SPS 378.02 History History: 1-2-56; renum. and am., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474; correction made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 378.03 SPS 378.03 Stairways.
SPS 378.03(1)(1) Inside stairways at a steeper angle than 45º with the horizontal are not accepted as exits.
SPS 378.03(2) (2) Every stairway which serves as an exit, shall lead to a separate exit door.
SPS 378.03(3) (3) All stairways and steps of more than 3 risers shall have at least one handrail. Stairways and steps which are 5 feet or more in width, or which are open on both sides, shall have a handrail on each side. Rails shall be not less than 2 feet 6 inches vertically above nose of treads or 3 feet above platform.
SPS 378.03 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 378.04 SPS 378.04 Exit doors. Exit doors shall be as required in s. SPS 375.24 but no revolving door shall be considered as an exit from a building in this classification.
SPS 378.04 Note Note: Single doors are better than double doors for school buildings.
SPS 378.04 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474; correction made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 378.05 SPS 378.05 Classrooms; floor space.
SPS 378.05(1) (1) The minimum floor space for recitation or classrooms shall be 18 square feet per person.
SPS 378.05(2) (2) Rooms used only for study purposes shall have a minimum floor space of 15 square feet per person.
SPS 378.05(3) (3) In colleges or universities, classrooms seated with tablet arm chairs or seats without desks shall have a minimum floor space of 10 square feet per person.
SPS 378.05(4) (4) No greater number of persons than the number thus established shall be permitted in any classroom.
SPS 378.05 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 378.06 SPS 378.06 Seats and desks.
SPS 378.06(1)(1) Seats, chairs and desks (except those used by teachers) in class, recitation, or study rooms seating more than 50 persons shall be securely fastened to the floor, or not less than 4 seats (or 2 seats and 2 desks) shall be fastened together.
SPS 378.06(2) (2) Assembly hall seats and aisles shall conform to the requirements for assembly halls (ss. SPS 377.08 to 377.10).
SPS 378.06 History History: 1-2-56; renum. and am., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474; correction in (2) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 378.07 SPS 378.07 Fire extinguishers.
SPS 378.07(1)(1) In all buildings not provided with interior standpipes, standard chemical fire extinguishers (s. SPS 375.27) shall be provided in the proportion of one extinguisher to each 2500 square feet of floor area or fraction; but there shall be at least one fire extinguisher on each floor. All fire extinguishers shall be prominently exposed to view and always accessible.
SPS 378.07(2) (2) In addition to the fire extinguishers required for general protection, there shall be at least one extinguisher of appropriate size and type in each laboratory, kitchen, shop, or other vocational room.
SPS 378.07 History History: 1-2-56; renum. and am., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474; correction in (1) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 378.08 SPS 378.08 Fire alarms.
SPS 378.08(1)(1) Every building 2 stories or more in height shall be provided with a proper alarm system complying with s. SPS 375.29.
SPS 378.08(2) (2) A hand-operated alarm if permanently installed and so arranged that it can be operated from any story, including the basement, may be used in school buildings not more than 2 stories in height and having not more than 2 standard size classrooms on the second floor.
SPS 378.08 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474; correction in (1) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register December 2011 No. 672.
SPS 378.09 SPS 378.09 Heating plants.
SPS 378.09(1)(1) In every building, all heating plants including the breeching and fuel rooms, shall be enclosed in a separate room having a 2-hour fire-resistive floor. The walls and ceiling shall be of one-hour fire-resistive construction, or better.
SPS 378.09(2) (2) All openings shall be protected with self-closing fire-resistive doors.
SPS 378.09(3) (3) This requirement shall not apply to buildings where jacketed stoves or school room heaters are permitted.
SPS 378.09 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74.
SPS 378.10 SPS 378.10 Sanitary equipment. Separate toilets shall be provided for each sex in connection with all schools, as required by ss. Ind 52.62 and 56.16, 1956.
SPS 378.10 History History: 1-2-56; renum., Register, September, 1974, No. 225, eff. 10-1-74; correction made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, June, 1995, No. 474.
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