Tax 2.90 Note Note: Section Tax 2.90 interprets ss. 71.63 and 71.66 (3), Stats.
Tax 2.90 History History: Cr. Register, January 1963, No. 85, eff. 2-1-63; r. and recr. (12), cr. (15), Register, March, 1966, No. 123 eff. 4-1-66; am. (2), (14) and (15), Register, July, 1978, No. 271, eff. 8-1-78; am. (1), (4), (5), (8), (12), (13) and (15), Register, July, 1989, No. 403, eff. 8-1-89; CR 13-012: r. (6) Register August 2013 No. 692, eff. 9-1-13.
Tax 2.91 Tax 2.91 Withholding; fiscal year taxpayers.
Tax 2.91(1)(1) Except as provided in sub. (2), amounts withheld pursuant to ss. 71.64 and 71.67, Stats., in any calendar year shall be allowed as a credit for the taxable year beginning in the calendar year. If more than one taxable year begins in a calendar year, the amount shall be allowed as a credit for the last taxable year beginning in that calendar year.
Tax 2.91(2) (2) Any employee who reports income for taxation to the state of Wisconsin on a taxable year other than the calendar year shall be allowed as a credit for the fiscal year amounts withheld by his or her employer in the fiscal year, provided the employer, on or before the end of the first month following the close of the fiscal year, shall voluntarily furnish the employee with 2 legible copies and the department of revenue with one legible copy of a written statement, adapted to the fiscal year, but otherwise consistent with the written statement referred to in ss. 71.65 (1) and 71.71 (1), Stats., and the employee files a copy of the statement along with the fiscal year return.
Tax 2.91 Note Note: Section Tax 2.91 interprets ss. 71.64, 71.65 (1), 71.67 and 71.71 (1), Stats.
Tax 2.91 History History: Cr. Register, March, 1963, No. 87, eff. 4-1-66; am. Register, February, 1975, No. 230, eff. 3-1-75; am. Register, July, 1989, No. 403, eff. 8-1-89.
Tax 2.92 Tax 2.92 Withholding tax exemptions.
Tax 2.92(1) (1) An employee may claim the same number of withholding exemptions for Wisconsin as are allowable for federal withholding purposes. The maximum number of federal exemptions allowable is computed by completing a federal form W-4, "Employee's Withholding Allowance Certificate." An employee claiming the same number of exemptions for both state and federal purposes is not required to complete a form WT-4, "Employee's Wisconsin Withholding Exemption Certificate." An employee who claims a different number of withholding exemptions for Wisconsin than for federal withholding purposes shall provide his or her employer with a completed form WT-4.
Tax 2.92(2) (2) An employee who had incurred no Wisconsin income tax liability for the preceding taxable year and anticipates no liability for a current taxable year shall be exempt from withholding if the employee provides his or her employer with a completed form WT-4, "Employee's Wisconsin Withholding Exemption Certificate" which shows a claim for total exemption. For this purpose, a tax liability is "incurred" if the employee had for the preceding year, or anticipates for the current year, a net Wisconsin income tax due, i.e., gross tax less personal exemptions on a Wisconsin return. If an employee is married, the Wisconsin marital property laws for tax computation shall be considered in determining if the employee may claim this exemption.
Tax 2.92(3)(a)(a) Effective April 1, 1979, an employee may enter into a written agreement with his or her employer to withhold a lesser amount of tax than indicated in the withholding tax tables, if the employee determines the lesser amount approximates the employee's anticipated income tax liability for the year. Form WT-4A, "Wisconsin Employee Withholding Agreement", shall be used for this purpose and a completed copy of the form shall be sent by the employee to the department within 10 days after it is filed with the employer. If the employee fails to notify the department within the required 10 days, he or she shall be subject to a penalty of $10, as provided by s. 71.83 (1) (a) 5., Stats.
Tax 2.92(3)(b) (b) The agreement between the employee and employer shall be renewed each year. For calendar year taxpayers, the agreement expires on April 30 of the year immediately following the year in which it was entered into. For fiscal year taxpayers, the agreement expires 4 months following the close of the fiscal year in which entered into. To renew the agreement, an employee shall provide a new form WT-4A to his or her employer and submit a copy of the completed form to the department as provided in par. (a). If a new form WT-4A is executed before the expiration dates described in this paragraph, it shall supersede the previous agreement.
Tax 2.92(3)(c) (c) If the department determines that an agreement is incomplete, incorrect, or would result in an insufficient amount of tax being withheld, the department may void the agreement by notification to the employer and employee.
Tax 2.92(3)(d) (d) Section 71.83 (1) (b) 4., Stats., provides that any employee who enters into an agreement with the intent to defeat or evade the proper withholding of tax, shall be subject to a penalty equal to the difference between the amount required to be withheld and the amount actually withheld for the period that the incorrect agreement was in effect.
Tax 2.92(3)(e) (e) Under s. 71.83 (2) (a) 5., Stats., any employee who willfully supplies an employer with false or fraudulent information regarding an agreement with the intent to defeat or evade the proper withholding of tax may be imprisoned not more than 6 months or fined not more than $500, plus the costs of prosecution, or both.
Tax 2.92 Note Note: Forms WT-4 and WT-4A may be obtained by mail request to Wisconsin Department of Revenue, P.O. Box 8903, Madison, WI 53708.
Tax 2.92 Note Note: Section Tax 2.92 interprets ss. 71.66 and 71.83 (1) (a) 5. and (b) 4. and (2) (a) 5., Stats.
Tax 2.92 History History: Cr. Register, November, 1977, No. 263, eff. 12-1-77; am. (1) and (2), cr. (3), Register, September, 1983, No. 333, eff. 10-1-83; am. (1), (2) and (3) (c), Register, July, 1989, No. 403, eff. 8-1-89; correction in (3) (a), (d), (e) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register November 2011 No. 671.
Tax 2.93 Tax 2.93 Withholding from wages of a deceased employee and from death benefit payments.
Tax 2.93(1) (1) General. Section 71.64 (1) (a), Stats., requires employers to withhold Wisconsin income tax from payments of wages "to an employee". Various types of payments are made to the estate or to beneficiaries of a deceased employee which resulted from the deceased person's employment. The department shall follow the federal internal revenue service's policy in determining whether withholding of income tax is required from these payments.
Tax 2.93(2) (2)Payments subject to withholding. An uncashed check originally received by a decedent prior to the date of death and reissued subsequently to the decedent's personal representative shall be subject to withholding of Wisconsin income tax.
Tax 2.93(3) (3)Payments not subject to withholding. The following types of payments to a decedent's personal representative or heir shall not be subject to withholding of Wisconsin income tax:
Tax 2.93(3)(a) (a) Payments representing wages accrued to the date of death but not paid until after death.
Tax 2.93(3)(b) (b) Accrued vacation and sick pay.
Tax 2.93(3)(c) (c) Termination and severance pay.
Tax 2.93(3)(d) (d) Death benefits such as pensions, annuities and distributions from a decedent's interest in an employer's qualified stock bonus plan or profit sharing plan, as provided in s. 71.63 (6) (j), Stats.
Tax 2.93 Note Note: Section Tax 2.93 interprets ss. 71.63 (6) (j) and 71.64 (1) (a), Stats.
Tax 2.93 History History: Cr. Register, February, 1978, No. 266, eff. 3-1-78; am. (1) and (3) (d), Register, July, 1989, No. 403, eff. 8-1-89.
Tax 2.935 Tax 2.935 Reduction of delinquent interest rate under s. 71.82 (2) (d), Stats.
Tax 2.935(1) (1) Procedures. The secretary may reduce the delinquent interest rate from 18% to 12% per year when the secretary determines the reduction fair and equitable, if the person from whom delinquent taxes are owing:
Tax 2.935(1)(a) (a) Requests the reduction in writing, addressed to the Wisconsin Department of Revenue, Delinquent Tax Collection System, P.O. Box 8901, Madison, WI 53708.
Tax 2.935(1)(b) (b) Clearly indicates why it is fair and equitable for the rate of interest to be reduced. Information regarding one or more of the factors under sub. (2) may be indicated.
Tax 2.935(1)(c) (c) Is current in all return and report filings and tax payments for all matters other than the delinquencies for which interest reduction is being sought.
Tax 2.935(1)(d) (d) Pays the withholding taxes, reduced amount of interest and any penalties associated with them within 30 days of receiving notice from the department of the reduction.
Tax 2.935(2) (2)Factors for secretary's consideration. In determining whether an interest rate reduction is fair and equitable, the secretary may consider the following factors:
Tax 2.935(2)(a) (a) The taxpayer's prior record of reporting and payment to the department.
Tax 2.935(2)(b) (b) The taxpayer's financial condition.
Tax 2.935(2)(c) (c) If the taxpayer is a natural person, any circumstances which may have prevented payment such as death, imprisonment, hospitalization or other institutionalization.
Tax 2.935(2)(d) (d) Any unusual circumstances which may have caused the taxpayer to incur the delinquency or prevent its payment.
Tax 2.935(2)(e) (e) Any other factor which the secretary believes pertinent.
Tax 2.935(3) (3)Determination not appealable. The secretary's determination under this rule is not appealable.
Tax 2.935 Note Note: Section Tax 2.935 interprets s. 71.82 (2) (d), Stats.
Tax 2.935 History History: Cr. Register, February, 1979, No. 278, eff. 3-1-79; am. (1) (intro.), Register, September, 1983, No. 333, eff. 10-1-83.
Tax 2.94 Tax 2.94 Tax-sheltered annuities.
Tax 2.94(1) (1) General.
Tax 2.94(1)(a)(a) Payments for a tax-sheltered annuity purchased for an employee by a public school system or by an exempt educational, charitable or religious organization, which are excludable from the employee's gross income in the year of payment under section 403 (b) of the Internal Revenue Code, are also excludable in the year of payment for Wisconsin income tax purposes.
Tax 2.94 Note Note: The exclusion from gross income as provided in sub. (1) (a) is effective January 1, 1965, when Wisconsin adopted the Internal Revenue Code as the basis for computing Wisconsin taxable income. Payments prior to January 1, 1965, were taxable for Wisconsin income tax purposes.
Tax 2.94(1)(b) (b) All benefits paid under tax sheltered annuity contracts, including withdrawals, death benefits or annuities, are included in federal taxable income when received. The Wisconsin treatment is described in subs. (2) and (3).
Tax 2.94(2) (2)Milwaukee city and county employee and state teachers retirement systems. Normal retirement benefits received from systems enumerated in s. 71.05 (1) (a), Stats., are exempt as provided by that section. The exemption is limited to payments from the accounts of those persons who were members of any of the systems on December 31, 1963, or who were retired from any of the systems on or before December 31, 1963. However, benefits received from tax-sheltered annuity deposits described in sub. (1) administered by these systems do not qualify for the exclusion from Wisconsin taxable income provided by s. 71.05 (1) (a), Stats. Tax-sheltered annuity benefits shall be included in gross income for Wisconsin income tax purposes as they are for federal income tax purposes, except as provided in sub. (3).
Tax 2.94(3) (3)State teachers retirement system.
Tax 2.94(3)(a)(a) Tax-sheltered annuity benefits received by retired teachers on and after January 1, 1974, shall be included in taxable income. No subtraction modification from federal adjusted gross income may be allowed, except as provided in par. (b).
Tax 2.94(3)(b) (b) If a school system purchased a tax-sheltered annuity for an employee prior to January 1, 1965, and the employee paid a Wisconsin income tax on the tax-sheltered annuity deposit which was used to pay the 1964 annuity premium, a subtraction modification under s. 71.05 (6) (b) 3., Stats., shall be allowed for the tax-sheltered annuity benefits received on or after January 1, 1974, which are included in federal adjusted gross income and upon which the employee previously paid a Wisconsin income tax. The allowable subtraction modification is the amount of deposit on which the Wisconsin tax was previously paid less that portion, if any, of the tax-sheltered annuity benefits excludable from Wisconsin taxable income because of receipt prior to January 1, 1974.
Tax 2.94 Note Examples: In each example below, assume the employee is a taxpayer who files tax returns on a calendar year basis.
Tax 2.94 Note 1) An employee made a deposit of $200 for the purchase of a tax-sheltered annuity in 1964, and this amount was included in Wisconsin taxable income. When the employee retires after December 31, 1973, a subtraction modification under s. 71.05 (6) (b) 3., Stats., is permitted for the first $200 of tax-sheltered annuity benefits received. All subsequent benefits are taxable with no subtraction modification allowed.
Tax 2.94 Note 2) An employee made a deposit of $300 for the purchase of a tax-sheltered annuity in 1964, and this amount was included in Wisconsin taxable income. The employee retired prior to January 1, 1974, and $120 of the benefits received were not included in Wisconsin taxable income. A subtraction modification under s. 71.05 (6) (b) 3., Stats., is permitted for the next $180 ($300 - $120) received after December 31, 1973. All subsequent benefits are taxable with no subtraction modification allowed.
Tax 2.94 Note 3) An employee made a deposit of $160 for the purchase of a tax-sheltered annuity in 1964, and this amount was included in Wisconsin taxable income. The employee retired prior to January 1, 1974, and treated $200 of the benefits as nontaxable for Wisconsin income tax purposes. All the benefits received after December 31, 1973, are taxable with no subtraction modification allowed.
Tax 2.94 Note Note: Section Tax 2.94 interprets s. 71.05 (1) (a), Stats.
Tax 2.94 History History: Cr. Register, April, 1978, No. 268, eff. 5-1-78; r. (1) (a) and (3) (b), renum. (1) (b), (c) and (3) (c) to be (1) (a), (b) and (3) (b) and am. (a) and (3) (b), am. (2) and (3) (a), Register, June, 1991, No. 426, eff. 7-1-91.
Tax 2.95 Tax 2.95 Reporting of installment sales by natural persons and fiduciaries.
Tax 2.95(1) (1) General. The Wisconsin tax treatment of installment sales by natural persons and fiduciaries is determined under the Internal Revenue Code in effect under s. 71.01 (6), Stats. Installment sales may be made of either real or personal property. Because for Wisconsin purposes, at the time of the sale, the seller may be either a resident or nonresident, and the property may be realty or personalty, tangible or intangible, and may be located within or without Wisconsin, special situations that are not addressed in the Internal Revenue Code may arise which affect the reporting of the sale.
Tax 2.95(2) (2)Situs of income. Under s. 71.04 (1) (a), Stats., all income or loss of resident individuals shall follow the residence of the individual. A nonresident's income or loss derived from the sale of real property or tangible personal property follows the situs of the property. Interest income of a nonresident and income from the sale of intangible personal property follows the individual's residence.
Tax 2.95(3) (3)Taxation of proceeds from installment sale of intangible personal property.
Tax 2.95(3)(a)(a) Resident seller. If the seller is a Wisconsin resident, the portions of each installment payment that represent gain and interest income from the sale which are received while the seller is a resident of this state are taxable by Wisconsin. If the resident seller abandons Wisconsin domicile and establishes residence in another state, neither the gain nor interest payments received while a nonresident is taxable by Wisconsin.
Tax 2.95(3)(b) (b) Nonresident seller. If the seller is not a Wisconsin resident, the portions of each installment payment that represent gain and interest income from the sale are not taxable by Wisconsin. If the seller subsequently becomes a Wisconsin resident after the sale, the portion of each installment payment received after becoming a Wisconsin resident representing gain is not taxable by Wisconsin, but the portion representing interest on the installment note is taxable by Wisconsin.
Tax 2.95(4) (4)Taxation of proceeds from installment sale of real property or tangible personal property. Upon the sale of real property or tangible personal property reported under the installment method:
Tax 2.95(4)(a) (a) Wisconsin property.
Tax 2.95(4)(a)1.1. If the property is located in Wisconsin and the seller is a Wisconsin resident, the portion of each installment payment that represents gain and interest income from the sale is taxable by Wisconsin.
Tax 2.95(4)(a)2. 2. If the property is located in Wisconsin and the seller is not a Wisconsin resident, the portion of each installment payment that represents gain is taxable by Wisconsin. Interest income of a nonresident is not taxable by Wisconsin.
Tax 2.95(4)(b) (b) Out-of-state property. For property located outside Wisconsin which is sold in taxable year 1975 or thereafter:
Tax 2.95(4)(b)1. 1. If the sale occurs while the seller is a Wisconsin resident and the seller is a Wisconsin resident at the time installment payments are received, the portions of each of these installment payments that represent gain and interest income from the sale are taxable by Wisconsin. However, if the seller no longer is a Wisconsin resident when installment payments are received, the portions of each of these installment payments that represent gain and interest income from the sale are not taxable by Wisconsin.
Tax 2.95(4)(b)2. 2. If the sale occurs while the seller is not a Wisconsin resident and the seller is a Wisconsin resident at the time installment payments are received, the portion of each of the installment payments that represents gain is not taxable by Wisconsin, but interest income from the sale is taxable. However, if the seller is not a Wisconsin resident at the time installment payments are received, the portions of each of these installment payments that represent gain and interest income from the sale are not taxable by Wisconsin.
Tax 2.95 Note Note: For taxable years prior to 1975, s. 71.07 (1), Stats., provided that for Wisconsin income taxation purposes, income or loss derived from the sale of real property or tangible personal property followed the situs of the property. Interest income and income or loss from the sale of intangible personal property followed the individual's residence. Therefore, if real property or tangible personal property which was located outside Wisconsin was sold on the installment method prior to taxable year 1975:
Tax 2.95 Note 1) The portion of each installment payment that represents gain is not taxable by Wisconsin regardless of whether the seller is a resident or nonresident of Wisconsin at the time payments are received, regardless of whether the payments are received in 1975 or in any subsequent year.
Tax 2.95 Note 2) The portion of each installment payment that represents interest income is taxable by Wisconsin if the seller is a Wisconsin resident at the time payments are received. If the seller is a nonresident of Wisconsin at the time payments are received, the interest portion is not taxable by Wisconsin.
Tax 2.95(5) (5)Taxation of proceeds from sale of installment obligation. If the sale of an installment obligation, i.e., an individual's right to unpaid installments from the sale of property, occurs while the seller is a Wisconsin resident, gain or loss on the sale is taxable by Wisconsin. Internal Revenue Code section 453B provides that any gain or loss resulting from the disposition of an installment obligation shall be considered as resulting from the sale or exchange of the property in respect of which the installment obligation was received. Therefore, if the sale of an installment obligation occurs while the seller is not a Wisconsin resident, gain or loss on the sale is taxable by Wisconsin where the installment obligation resulted from the sale of real property or tangible personal property located in Wisconsin.
Tax 2.95 Note Example: In 1990 an Illinois resident sells Wisconsin real estate for $140,000. The adjusted basis of the property is $70,000 which results in a gross profit percentage of 50%. The seller receives a down payment of $40,000 and an installment note of $100,000 for the balance. In 1991, after receiving a $60,000 payment on the principal plus interest of $4,000, the installment obligation is sold for $45,000. The seller's Wisconsin taxable income from these transactions is as follows: - See PDF for table PDF
Tax 2.95 Note Note: Section Tax 2.95 interprets ss. 71.01 (6) and 71.04 (1) (a), Stats.
Tax 2.95 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1979, No. 277, eff. 2-1-79; r. and recr. (2) and (5) (b) 2.a. and b., am. (4) (a) and (b), (5) (b) 1.a., Register, September, 1983, No. 333, eff. 10-1-83; r. and recr. (1), r. (2), (3) (a), 5. (b) 1. (intro.), a. and b., renum. (3) (b) to be (2) and am., renum. (4) to be (3) and am., renum. (5) (intro.) (a) to be (4) (intro.) (a.), renum. (5) (b) 2. (intro.) a. and b. to be (4) (b) (intro.) 1. and 2. and am., renum. (6) to be (5) and am., Register, March, 1991, No. 423, eff. 4-1-91.
Tax 2.955 Tax 2.955 Credit for taxes paid to other states.
Tax 2.955(1)(1) Definition. In this section, "state" means the 50 states of the United States and the District of Columbia, but does not include the commonwealth of Puerto Rico or the several territories organized by Congress.
Tax 2.955(2) (2)Credits allowable.
Tax 2.955(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in sub. (3), an income tax credit may be claimed by a Wisconsin resident individual, estate, or trust for any net minimum tax or income tax paid to another state upon income of the individual, estate or trust taxable by that state.
Tax 2.955(2)(b) (b) Except as provided in sub. (3), an income tax credit may be claimed by a Wisconsin resident shareholder in a tax-option (S) corporation for any net minimum tax, income tax, or franchise tax paid by that shareholder to another state on or measured by income of the tax-option (S) corporation.
Tax 2.955(3) (3)Credits not allowed. An income tax credit may not be allowed for:
Tax 2.955(3)(a) (a) Income tax paid to Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan or Minnesota on personal service income earned in these states included under a reciprocity agreement.
Tax 2.955 Note Note: Refer to s. Tax 2.02 for information concerning reciprocity.
Tax 2.955(3)(b) (b) Minimum tax or income tax paid to another state on income considered neither taxable income for Wisconsin tax purposes nor a tax preference item in the computation of the Wisconsin minimum tax.
Tax 2.955(3)(c) (c) Minimum tax paid to a state which does not classify the minimum tax as an income tax.
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Published under authority of s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is alwaycurrent. The date shown on each chapter is the date the chapter was last published.