:   (CLEARINGHOUSE RULE )
An order of the Chiropractic Examining Board to repeal Chir 10.03 (Note); to amend Chir 4.04 (3), ch. Chir 10 (title), 10.015 (1) (a) (intro.), 10.02 (intro.), 10.03, and 11.02 (4); and to create Chir 1.02 (4) and 10.023, relating to delegation of services to health care professionals.
Analysis prepared by the Department of Safety and Professional Services.
Statutes interpreted:
Statutory authority:
Sections 15.08 (5) (b) and 227.11 (2) (a), Stats.
Explanation of agency authority:
Section 15.08 (5) (b), Stats., provides that examining boards, such as the Chiropractic Examining Board, “shall promulgate rules for its own guidance and for the guidance of the trade or profession to which it pertains, . . .”
Section 227.11 (2) (a), Stats., sets forth the parameters of an agency’s rule-making authority, stating an agency “may promulgate rules interpreting provisions of any statute enforced or administered by the agency. . .but a rule is not valid if the rule exceeds the bounds of correct interpretation.”
Related statute or rule:
Plain language analysis:
The proposed rules make the following changes to reflect the provisions of 2017 Wisconsin Act 180, relating to a chiropractor’s authority to delegate adjunctive services and x-ray services to certain health care professionals:
Adds the definition of “health care professional” under s. 446.01 (1v), Stats., to the definitions in ch. Chir 1.
Revises ss. Chir 4.04 (3) and 10.03 to reflect s. 446.025 (1) (a), Stats., which provides no person may provide x−ray services on behalf of a chiropractor in connection with the practice of chiropractic unless the person is a chiropractic radiological technician and is under the direct supervision of a chiropractor licensed under ch. 446, Stats.
Creates s. Chir 10.023 to, as required under s. 446.02 (7) (c), Stats., establish standards and procedures a chiropractor must use to verify a health care professional has adequate education, training, and experience to perform a delegated adjunctive service safely.
As use of the term “health care professionals” in s. Chir 11.02 (4) is no longer appropriate based on its statutory definition, the proposed rules replace it with the term “healthcare providers.
Summary of, and comparison with, existing or proposed federal regulation:
Comparison with rules in adjacent states:
Illinois: Illinois statutes (Section 54.2, Medical Practice Act) allow physicians, including chiropractic physicians, to delegate authority to certain individuals:
Physicians may delegate patient care tasks to a physician assistant, licensed practical nurse, registered professional nurse, advanced practice nurse, or other licensed person practicing within the scope of their license.
In an office or practice setting and within a physician-patient relationship, a physician may delegate patient care tasks or duties to an unlicensed person who possesses appropriate training and experience provided a health care professional practicing within the scope of their license is on site to provide assistance.
A physician may not delegate any patient care task or duty that is statutorily or by rule mandated to be performed by a physician.
Iowa: Rules of the Iowa Board of Chiropractic address the delegation of chiropractic services to a chiropractic assistant (645 IAC 43.12):
A supervising chiropractic physician must ensure at all times that a chiropractic assistant has the necessary training and skills to competently perform a delegated service.
A supervising chiropractic physician may delegate services to a chiropractic assistant that are within the scope of practice of the chiropractic physician.
A chiropractic physician may not delegate any of the following services:
Services outside the chiropractic physician’s scope of practice.
Initiation, alteration, or termination of chiropractic treatment programs.
Chiropractic manipulation and adjustments.
Diagnosis of a condition.
A supervising chiropractic physician must ensure a chiropractic assistant is informed of the supervisor and chiropractic assistant relationship and is responsible for all services performed by the chiropractic assistant.
Michigan: Michigan statutes allow a chiropractor to delegate to a licensed or unlicensed individual who is otherwise qualified by education, training, or experience the performance of selected acts, tasks, or functions where the acts, tasks, or functions fall within the scope of practice of the chiropractor's profession and will be performed under the chiropractor's supervision. A chiropractor may not delegate an act, task, or function if the act, task, or function, under standards of acceptable and prevailing practice, requires the level of education, skill, and judgment required of the chiropractor (Section 333.16215, Public Health Code).
Minnesota: Minnesota statutes specify grounds for the Board of Chiropractic Examiners to refuse to grant or revoke, suspend, condition, limit, restrict, or qualify a license to practice chiropractic. These provisions permit a doctor of chiropractic to employ, supervise, or delegate functions to a qualified person who may or may not be required to obtain a license or registration to provide health services if that person is practicing within the scope of the license or registration or delegated authority (Section 148.10, Subdivision 1, Chiropractic Practice Act).
Links to Admin. Code and Statutes in this Register are to current versions, which may not be the version that was referred to in the original published document.