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100.177(3) (3) Every contract for center services shall clearly and conspicuously disclose the identity and location of the center facilities available to the buyer. The contract shall disclose the general nature of each major facility and service that will be available including any conditions or restrictions on their use. The disclosures under this subsection may be made on a separate sheet provided to the buyer at the time the buyer signs the contract. If a facility or service is replaced by an equal or superior facility or service, the center is deemed in compliance with this subsection.
100.177(4) (4) Every contract for fitness center services shall provide that performance of all of the agreed upon facilities and services will be available for the buyer's use on a specified date no later than 6 months after the date the contract is signed by the buyer.
100.177(5) (5) Every contract for fitness center services shall be for a specified length of time not exceeding 2 years and shall clearly disclose the full price of the buyer's contractual obligation including any interest or other charges.
100.177(5m) (5m) Every contract for weight reduction center services shall be for a specified length of time not exceeding 2 years exclusive of any weight maintenance program. If the contract for weight reduction center services includes a weight maintenance program, the contract for weight reduction center services shall be for a specified length of time not exceeding 3 years. The contract for weight reduction center services shall clearly disclose the full price of the buyer's contractual obligation including any interest or other charges.
100.177(6) (6) Every contract for fitness center service shall contain:
100.177(6)(a) (a) A caption printed in boldface uppercase type of not less than 10-point size entitled "CANCELLATION AND REFUNDS".
100.177(6)(b) (b) A provision under the caption stating: "Right to Cancel. You are permitted to cancel this contract until midnight of the 3rd operating day after the date on which you signed the contract. If the facilities or services that are described in the contract are not available at the time you sign the contract, you have until midnight of the 3rd operating day after the day on which you received notice of their availability, to cancel the contract. If within this time period you decide you want to cancel this contract, you may do so by notifying .... (the seller) by any writing mailed or delivered to .... (the seller) at the address shown on the contract, within the previously described time period. If you do so cancel, any payments made by you, less a user fee of no more than $3 per day of actual use, will be refunded within 21 days after notice of cancellation is delivered, and any evidence of any indebtedness executed by you will be canceled by .... (the seller) and arrangements will be made to relieve you of any further obligation to pay the same."
100.177(6m) (6m) Every contract for weight reduction center service shall contain:
100.177(6m)(a) (a) A caption printed in boldface uppercase type of not less than 10-point size entitled "CANCELLATION AND REFUNDS".
100.177(6m)(b) (b) A provision under the caption stating: "Right to Cancel. You are permitted to cancel this contract until midnight of the 3rd operating day after the date on which you signed the contract. If the facilities or services that are described in the contract are not available at the time you sign the contract, you have until midnight of the 3rd operating day after the day on which you received notice of their availability, to cancel the contract. If within this time period you decide you want to cancel this contract, you may do so by notifying.... (the seller) by any writing mailed or delivered to.... (the seller) at the address shown on the contract, within the previously described time period. If you do so cancel, any payments made by you, less the value of services already provided to you, will be refunded within 21 days after notice of cancellation is delivered, and any evidence of any indebtedness executed by you will be canceled by.... (the seller) and arrangements will be made to relieve you of any further obligation to pay the same."
100.177(7) (7) If, at the time of execution of the center services contract, the facilities and services described in the contract are available for the buyer's use, the contract may include the written notice that the facilities and services are available as required by subs. (6) and (6m).
100.177(8) (8) No contract may require the buyer to pay more than $25 or 10% of the total contract price, whichever is less, prior to the date on which the customer receives written notice that the facilities and services described in the contract are available for full use by the buyer.
100.177(9) (9) No contract for fitness center services may require a buyer who exercises the contractual right to cancel to pay more than a $3 user fee per day of actual use of facilities and services by the buyer during the cancellation period. No contract for weight reduction center services may require a buyer who exercises the contractual right to cancel to pay more than the value of services provided before cancellation.
100.177(10) (10) Any right of action or defense arising out of a contract for center services that the buyer has against the seller is preserved against any assignee of or successor to the contract.
100.177(11) (11)
100.177(11)(a)(a) Every contract for center services shall provide that if any of the facilities or services described in the contract become unavailable or are no longer fully operational, before full receipt of the services and use of facilities for which the buyer contracted, the buyer is liable for only that portion of the total consideration proportional to the elapsed time portion of the contract at the time of the unavailability. The buyer is entitled to a refund of any other funds already paid.
100.177(11)(b) (b) A buyer has the option, in lieu of the proportional refund provided in par. (a), to choose to complete the unused portion of the contract including any renewal periods at the price disclosed in accordance with sub. (5) at another location which is owned, controlled, affiliated with or operated by the seller. Any such modification of the contract must be made in writing and may only modify the terms of the contract required under sub. (3) concerning the unavailable or no longer fully operational facilities or services.
100.177(11)(c) (c) Nothing in this subsection shall restrict a center's ability to:
100.177(11)(c)1. 1. Perform regular maintenance or make prompt equipment repairs.
100.177(11)(c)2. 2. Make improvements to the facilities or services.
100.177(11)(c)3. 3. Replace a facility or service with a superior facility or service.
100.177(12) (12) Every contract for center services shall provide that if the buyer is unable to make use of or receive the center services contracted for because of death or disability, the buyer is liable for only that portion of the total consideration proportional to the elapsed time portion of the contract at the time of the death or disability.
100.177(13) (13)
100.177(13)(a)(a) Subject to sub. (8), no center may collect or by contract require a buyer to pay more than $100 for center services before the buyer receives or has the opportunity to receive those services unless the center establishes, for each center location, proof of financial responsibility as described in par. (b).
100.177(13)(b)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 3., a center may establish proof of financial responsibility required under par. (a) by maintaining an established escrow account approved by the department for all amounts received from buyers in advance of the receipt of services or by maintaining any of the following commitments approved by the department in an amount not less than $25,000, subject to subd. 2.:
100.177(13)(b)1.a. a. A bond.
100.177(13)(b)1.b. b. A certificate of deposit.
100.177(13)(b)1.d. d. An irrevocable letter of credit.
100.177(13)(b)2. 2. The commitment described in subd. 1. shall be established in favor of or made payable to the state, for the benefit of any buyer who does not receive a refund under sub. (11) (a). The center shall file with the department any agreement, instrument or other document necessary to enforce the commitment against the center or any relevant 3rd party, or both.
100.177(13)(b)3. 3. For 6 or more weight reduction centers owned or operated under the same trade name, the amount of the financial commitment under pars. (a) and (b) for those weight reduction centers is not required to exceed a total of $150,000. For a weight reduction center that submits to the department evidence satisfactory to the department that the weight reduction center collected a total of $50,000 or more but less than $100,000 from buyers of its center services in the previous calendar year, the amount of the financial commitment under pars. (a) and (b) is not required to exceed $10,000. For a weight reduction center that submits to the department evidence satisfactory to the department that the weight reduction center collected less than a total of $50,000 from buyers of its center services in the previous calendar year, the amount of the financial commitment under pars. (a) and (b) is not required to exceed $5,000.
100.177(14) (14) Any contract for center services is unenforceable against the buyer and is a violation of this section if:
100.177(14)(a) (a) The buyer entered into the contract in reliance upon any false, fraudulent, deceptive or misleading information, representation, notice or advertisement.
100.177(14)(b) (b) The contract does not comply with the requirements of this section.
100.177(14)(c) (c) The seller fails to perform in accordance with the contractual provisions under this section.
100.177(14)(d) (d) The contract contains a provision in which the buyer agrees to waive the requirements of this section.
100.177(15) (15)
100.177(15)(a)(a) The department shall investigate violations of this section or s. 100.178 (2) or (4). The department may on behalf of the state:
100.177(15)(a)1. 1. Bring an action for temporary or permanent injunctive or other relief in any court of competent jurisdiction for any violation of this section or s. 100.178 (2) or (4). The court may in its discretion, upon entry of final judgment, award restitution when appropriate to any person suffering loss because of violations of this section if proof of such loss is submitted to the satisfaction of the court.
100.177(15)(a)2. 2. Bring an action in any court of competent jurisdiction for the recovery of civil forfeitures against any person who violates this section or s. 100.178 (2) or (4) in an amount not less than $100 nor more than $10,000 for each violation.
100.177(15)(am) (am) The department may bring an action in circuit court to recover on a financial commitment maintained under sub. (13) against a center or relevant 3rd party, or both, on behalf of any buyer who does not receive a refund due under sub. (11) (a).
100.177(15)(b) (b) In addition to the remedies otherwise provided by law, any person injured by a violation of this section may bring a civil action for damages under s. 100.20 (5). Any person injured by a breach of a contract for center services may bring a civil action to recover damages together with costs and disbursements, including reasonable attorney fees, and such other equitable relief as may be determined by the court.
100.177 History History: 1977 c. 276; 1987 a. 385; 1991 a. 247; 1993 a. 239; 1995 a. 27; 1997 a. 111 s. 26; Stats. 1997 s. 100.177.
100.178 100.178 Fitness center staff requirements.
100.178(1) (1) In this section:
100.178(1)(b) (b) Notwithstanding s. 93.01 (3), "department" means the department of health services.
100.178(1)(c) (c) "Fitness center" has the meaning given under s. 100.177 (1) (c).
100.178(1)(d) (d) "Institution of higher education" has the meaning given under s. 39.32 (1) (a).
100.178(2) (2) A fitness center shall do any of the following:
100.178(2)(a) (a) At all times during which the fitness center is open and its facilities and services are available for use, have present on the premises of the fitness center at least one employee who has satisfactorily completed a course or courses in basic first aid and basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation taught by an individual, organization, or institution of higher education approved by the department and at least one employee who has current proficiency in the use of an automated external defibrillator achieved through instruction provided by an individual, organization, or institution of higher education that is approved under s. 46.03 (38) to provide such instruction.
100.178(2)(b) (b) Ensure that each of its employees, within 90 days after hire, satisfactorily completes at least one course in basic first aid and basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation taught by an individual, organization, or institution of higher education approved by the department and has current proficiency in the use of an automated external defibrillator achieved through instruction provided by an individual, organization, or institution of higher education that is approved under s. 46.03 (38) to provide such instruction.
100.178(4) (4) A fitness center shall post a notice or notices on its premises stating the requirements of sub. (2) and the penalty for a violation of sub. (2) under s. 100.177 (15) (a). The notice shall comply with the rules promulgated by the department under sub. (5) (d).
100.178(5) (5) The department shall promulgate rules establishing all of the following:
100.178(5)(a) (a) The minimum standards for the qualifications and training of an individual, including an individual associated with an organization or institution of higher education, who teaches basic first aid or basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation to fitness center employees under sub. (2).
100.178(5)(b) (b) The minimum hours of instruction and general content of the basic first aid and basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation courses taught to fitness center employees under sub. (2).
100.178(5)(c) (c) Procedures governing the department's approval of individuals, organizations and institutions meeting the standards established under pars. (a) and (b).
100.178(5)(d) (d) Specifications for the notice required under sub. (4) including:
100.178(5)(d)1. 1. Dimensions.
100.178(5)(d)2. 2. Print size or type.
100.178(5)(d)3. 3. The location or locations where the notice must be posted on the fitness center premises.
100.178(7) (7) A violation of sub. (2) or (4) is subject to s. 100.177 (15) (a). This subsection or s. 100.177 (15) (a) does not preclude a person injured as a result of a violation of this section from pursuing any other available equitable or legal relief.
100.178 History History: 1987 a. 385; 1995 a. 27 s. 9126 (19); 1997 a. 111 s. 27; Stats. 1997 s. 100.178; 2007 a. 20 s. 9121 (6) (a); 2007 a. 104.
100.178 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 174, Wis. adm. code.
100.18 100.18 Fraudulent representations.
100.18(1) (1) No person, firm, corporation or association, or agent or employee thereof, with intent to sell, distribute, increase the consumption of or in any wise dispose of any real estate, merchandise, securities, employment, service, or anything offered by such person, firm, corporation or association, or agent or employee thereof, directly or indirectly, to the public for sale, hire, use or other distribution, or with intent to induce the public in any manner to enter into any contract or obligation relating to the purchase, sale, hire, use or lease of any real estate, merchandise, securities, employment or service, shall make, publish, disseminate, circulate, or place before the public, or cause, directly or indirectly, to be made, published, disseminated, circulated, or placed before the public, in this state, in a newspaper, magazine or other publication, or in the form of a book, notice, handbill, poster, bill, circular, pamphlet, letter, sign, placard, card, label, or over any radio or television station, or in any other way similar or dissimilar to the foregoing, an advertisement, announcement, statement or representation of any kind to the public relating to such purchase, sale, hire, use or lease of such real estate, merchandise, securities, service or employment or to the terms or conditions thereof, which advertisement, announcement, statement or representation contains any assertion, representation or statement of fact which is untrue, deceptive or misleading.
100.18(2) (2)
100.18(2)(a)(a) In advertising or otherwise representing the sale or furnishing of any property or services combined with or conditioned on the purchase of any other property or services described in such advertisement or other representation, it is deceptive for a retailer to:
100.18(2)(a)1. 1. Fail to state the price or amount which must be paid for the property or services included in such sale, along with any other condition to the receipt of such property or services, if the advertisement or representation does not refer to the price of the property or services as the "regular price". The price or amount which must be paid shall be set forth clearly, conspicuously and in such manner that the total price or amount to be paid may be readily ascertained.
100.18(2)(a)2. 2. Sell the property or services at more than the regular price or fail to state any other condition to the receipt of the property or services included in the sale, if the advertisement or representation refers to the price of the property or services as the "regular price".
100.18(2)(a)3. 3. Mark up the regular price of the property or services which must be purchased.
100.18(2)(a)4. 4. Substitute property or services of inferior value or quality for the property or services which must be purchased.
100.18(2)(b) (b) This subsection does not apply to advertisements or representations concerning custom-made property.
100.18(2)(c) (c) In this subsection, "regular price" means the lowest price for the same quantity and quality of product or the same services, at which the seller or advertiser of the product or services openly and actively sold the product or services in the geographic trade area of the advertisement or representation during the seller's or advertiser's most recent and regular 30-day course of business.
100.18(3) (3) It shall be deemed deceptive advertising, within the meaning of this section, for any person, firm or corporation, engaged in the business of buying or selling new or secondhand furs, wearing apparel, jewelry, furniture, pianos, phonographs, or other musical instruments, motor vehicles, stocks, or generally any form of property, real, personal or mixed, or in the business of furnishing any kind of service or investment, to advertise such articles, property or service for sale or purchase, in any manner indicating that the sale or purchase is being made by a private party or householder not engaged in such business. And every such firm, corporation or association, engaged in any such business, in advertising goods, property or service for sale or purchase, shall affirmatively and unmistakably indicate and state that the seller or purchaser is a business concern and not a private party.
100.18(3m) (3m) It is deceptive advertising to represent the retailing of merchandise to be a selling-out or closing-out sale if the merchandise is not of a bankrupt, insolvent, assignee, liquidator, adjuster, trustee, personal representative, receiver, wholesaler, jobber, manufacturer, or of any business that is in liquidation, that is closing out, closing, or disposing of its stock, that has lost its lease or has been or is being forced out of business, or that is disposing of stock on hand because of damage by fire, water, or smoke. This subsection does not apply to any "closing-out sale" of seasonal merchandise or any merchandise having a designated model year if the person conducting the sale is continuing in business.
100.18(5) (5) Any person, firm, corporation or association engaged in any business mentioned in sub. (3), or in any other kind of business, whether conducting such business in a store, business block, residence or other building, shall at all times keep a conspicuous sign posted on the outside of his or her establishment and another conspicuous sign in the salesroom, which sign shall clearly state the name of the association, corporation or individual who actually owns said merchandise, property or service which is being offered to the public and not the name of any other person; provided, however, that the exterior sign shall not be required where the seller has no control over the exterior of the premises where such business is conducted.
100.18(6) (6) All advertising which shows or in any manner relates to the price at which motor fuel is offered for sale at retail, except multiple gallon computers attached to or forming a part of any dispensing equipment shall show only (a) the single gallon unit price including all applicable taxes in one amount or (b) the single gallon product price, the taxes applicable thereto, and the total single gallon unit price including all applicable taxes. In any such advertising, all numerals which represent either price or taxes shall be of the same type and size except that fractions of a cent shall be shown in figures one-half the height, width and prominence of the whole numbers.
100.18(8) (8) Every wholesaler and every other person selling or distributing motor fuel in this state shall keep posted in a conspicuous place, most accessible to the public at his or her place of business, and on every pump from which delivery is made directly into the fuel tank attached to a motor vehicle, a placard showing the net selling price per gallon of all grades of motor fuel and the amount of all taxes per gallon thereon. On pumps or other dispensing equipment from which motor fuel is sold and delivered directly into fuel supply tanks attached to motor vehicles, such posting shall be in figures not less than one inch high, except that no such placard shall be required on a computer pump whereon the total net selling price per gallon including all taxes is legibly shown on its face. Except for sales to drivers of motor vehicles used by physically disabled persons under s. 100.51 (5), all sales shall be made at the posted price. Delivery slips shall also show the net selling price per gallon of all grades of motor fuel and the amount of all taxes per gallon thereon. If the wholesaler or person has more than one place of business in this state, the wholesaler or person shall post that placard at all of his or her places of business. All prices posted shall remain in effect for at least 24 hours after they are posted. It shall be considered deceptive advertising to advertise or represent in any manner the price of motor fuel offered for sale at retail to be less than the price so posted on each pump.
100.18(9) (9)
100.18(9)(a)(a) It is deemed deceptive advertising, within the meaning of this section, for any person or any agent or employee thereof to make, publish, disseminate, circulate or place before the public in this state in a newspaper or other publication or in the form of book, notice, handbill, poster, bill, circular, pamphlet, letter, sign, placard, card, label or over any radio or television station or in any other way similar or dissimilar to the foregoing, an advertisement, announcement, statement or representation of any kind to the public relating to the purchase, sale, hire, use or lease of real estate, merchandise, securities, service or employment or to the terms or conditions thereof which advertisement, announcement, statement or representation is part of a plan or scheme the purpose or effect of which is not to sell, purchase, hire, use or lease the real estate, merchandise, securities, service or employment as advertised.
100.18(9)(b) (b) This section does not apply to the owner, publisher, printer, agent or employee of a newspaper or other publication, periodical or circular, or of a radio or television station, who in good faith and without knowledge of the falsity or deceptive character thereof, publishes, causes to be published or takes part in the publication of such advertisement.
100.18(9m) (9m) It is deemed deceptive advertising to misrepresent the nature of a local energy resource system under s. 101.175.
100.18(10) (10)
100.18(10)(a)(a) It is deceptive to misrepresent the nature of any business by use of the words manufacturer, factory, mill, importer, wholesaler or words of similar meaning, in a corporate or trade name or otherwise.
100.18(10)(b) (b) It is deceptive to represent the price of any merchandise as a manufacturer's or wholesaler's price, or a price equal thereto, unless the price is not more than the price which retailers regularly pay for the merchandise. The effective date of this subsection shall be January 1, 1962.
100.18(10m) (10m) It is deceptive or misleading advertising for a person who sells new motor vehicles to compare new motor vehicle selling prices, including the offered prices or the actual sale prices, to the manufacturer's suggested retail price for that vehicle unless it is clearly and conspicuously disclosed that the latter price is a manufacturer's suggested retail price and may not represent actual sale prices.
100.18(10r) (10r) It is deceptive and misleading for a person who is conducting business in a community or region from a location outside that community or region to use the name of the community or region, or other description of the community or region, in the corporate or trade name of the business or in any other information that is published if the use of the name or description of the location creates the misrepresentation that the business is located in the community or region.
100.18(11) (11)
100.18(11)(a)(a) The department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection shall enforce this section. Actions to enjoin violation of this section or any regulations thereunder may be commenced and prosecuted by the department in the name of the state in any court having equity jurisdiction. This remedy is not exclusive.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)