101.937(4) (4)Private cause of action. Any person suffering pecuniary loss because of a violation of any rule promulgated under sub. (1) or order issued under sub. (3) (a) may sue for damages and shall recover twice the amount of any pecuniary loss, together with costs, and, notwithstanding s. 814.04 (1), reasonable attorney fees.
101.937(5) (5)Penalties.
101.937(5)(a)(a) Any person who violates any rule promulgated under sub. (1) or any order issued under sub. (3) (a) shall forfeit not less than $25 nor more than $5,000. Each violation and each day of violation constitutes a separate offense.
101.937(5)(b) (b) Any person who intentionally violates any rule promulgated under sub. (1) or order issued under sub. (3) (a) shall be fined not less than $25 nor more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than one year in the county jail or both. Each violation and each day of violation constitutes a separate offense.
101.937 History History: 2001 a. 16 ss. 2541, 3003 to 3007; 2005 a. 45.
101.94 101.94 Manufactured home and mobile home manufacturers, distributors and dealers: design and construction of manufactured homes and mobile homes.
101.94(1)(1) Mobile homes manufactured, distributed, sold or offered for sale in this state shall conform to the code promulgated by the American national standards institute and identified as ANSI 119.1, including all revisions thereof in effect on August 28, 1973, and further revisions adopted by the department and the department of health services. The department may establish standards in addition to those required under ANSI 119.1. This subsection applies to units manufactured or assembled after January 1, 1974, and prior to June 15, 1976.
101.94(2) (2) No person may manufacture, assemble, distribute or sell a manufactured home unless the manufactured home complies with 42 USC 5401 to 5425 and applicable regulations.
101.94(7) (7) The department shall hear and decide petitions brought under this subchapter in the manner provided under s. 101.02 (6) (e) to (i) and (8) for petitions concerning property.
101.94(8) (8)
101.94(8)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (c), a person who violates this subchapter, a rule promulgated under this subchapter or an order issued under this subchapter shall forfeit not more than $1,000 for each violation. Each violation of this subchapter constitutes a separate violation with respect to each manufactured home or with respect to each failure or refusal to allow or perform an act required by this subchapter, except the maximum forfeiture under this subsection may not exceed $1,000,000 for a related series of violations occurring within one year of the first violation.
101.94(8)(b) (b) Any individual or a director, officer or agent of a corporation who knowingly and willfully violates this subchapter in a manner which threatens the health or safety of a purchaser may be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both.
101.94(8)(c) (c) A person who violates s. 101.935, a rule promulgated under s. 101.935 or an order issued under s. 101.935 may be required to forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $250 for each violation. Each day of continued violation constitutes a separate violation.
101.95 101.95 Manufactured home manufacturers regulated. The department shall by rule prescribe the manner by which a manufacturer shall be licensed for the manufacture, distribution or selling of manufactured homes in this state, including fees for the licensing of manufacturers.
101.95 History History: 1973 c. 116; 1983 a. 27 ss. 1375t, 2200 (25); 1999 a. 53; 2005 a. 45.
101.951 101.951 Manufactured home dealers regulated.
101.951(1) (1) No person may engage in the business of selling manufactured homes to a consumer or to the retail market in this state unless first licensed to do so by the department as provided in this section.
101.951(2) (2)
101.951(2)(a)(a) Application for a license or a renewal license shall be made to the department on forms prescribed and furnished by the department, accompanied by the license fee required under par. (bm).
101.951(2)(b)1.1. The department shall, by rule, establish the license period under this section.
101.951(2)(b)2. 2. The department may promulgate rules establishing a uniform expiration date for all licenses issued under this section.
101.951(2)(bm) (bm) Fees for licensing of persons under this section shall be established by the department by rule under s. 101.19.
101.951(3) (3) The department shall issue a license only to a person whose character, fitness and financial ability, in the opinion of the department, are such as to justify the belief that the person can and will deal with and serve the buying public fairly and honestly, will maintain a permanent office and place of business in this state during the license year and will abide by all of the provisions of law and lawful orders of the department.
101.951(5) (5) A licensee shall conduct the licensed business continuously during the license year.
101.951(6) (6) The department may deny, suspend or revoke a license on any of the following grounds:
101.951(6)(a) (a) Proof of unfitness.
101.951(6)(b) (b) A material misstatement in the application for the license.
101.951(6)(c) (c) Filing a materially false or fraudulent income or franchise tax return as certified by the department of revenue.
101.951(6)(d) (d) Willful failure to comply with any provision of this section or any rule promulgated by the department under this section.
101.951(6)(e) (e) Willfully defrauding any retail buyer to the buyer's damage.
101.951(6)(f) (f) Willful failure to perform any written agreement with any retail buyer.
101.951(6)(g) (g) Failure or refusal to furnish and keep in force any bond required.
101.951(6)(h) (h) Having made a fraudulent sale, transaction or repossession.
101.951(6)(i) (i) Fraudulent misrepresentation, circumvention or concealment, through any subterfuge or device, of any of the material particulars or the nature thereof required hereunder to be stated or furnished to the retail buyer.
101.951(6)(j) (j) Use of fraudulent devices, methods or practices in connection with compliance with the statutes with respect to the retaking of goods under retail installment contracts and the redemption and resale of such goods.
101.951(6)(k) (k) Having indulged in any unconscionable practice relating to the business of selling manufactured homes to a consumer or to the retail market.
101.951(6)(m) (m) Having sold a retail installment contract to a sales finance company, as defined in s. 218.0101 (34) (a), that is not licensed under ss. 218.0101 to 218.0163.
101.951(6)(n) (n) Having violated any law relating to the sale, distribution or financing of manufactured homes.
101.951(7) (7)
101.951(7)(a)(a) The department of safety and professional services may, without notice, deny the application for a license within 60 days after receipt thereof by written notice to the applicant, stating the grounds for the denial. Within 30 days after such notice, the applicant may petition the department of administration to conduct a hearing to review the denial, and a hearing shall be scheduled with reasonable promptness. The division of hearings and appeals shall conduct the hearing. This paragraph does not apply to denials of applications for licenses under s. 101.02 (21).
101.951(7)(b) (b) No license may be suspended or revoked except after a hearing thereon. The department of safety and professional services shall give the licensee at least 5 days' notice of the time and place of the hearing. The order suspending or revoking such license shall not be effective until after 10 days' written notice thereof to the licensee, after such hearing has been had; except that the department of safety and professional services, when in its opinion the best interest of the public or the trade demands it, may suspend a license upon not less than 24 hours' notice of hearing and with not less than 24 hours' notice of the suspension of the license. Matters involving suspensions and revocations brought before the department of safety and professional services shall be heard and decided upon by the department of administration. The division of hearings and appeals shall conduct the hearing. This paragraph does not apply to licenses that are suspended or revoked under s. 101.02 (21).
101.951(7)(c) (c) The department of safety and professional services may inspect the pertinent books, records, letters and contracts of a licensee. The actual cost of each such examination shall be paid by such licensee so examined within 30 days after demand therefor by the department, and the department may maintain an action for the recovery of such costs in any court of competent jurisdiction.
101.951(8) (8) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not less than $25 nor more than $100 for each offense.
101.952 101.952 Manufactured home salespersons regulated.
101.952(1)(1) No person may engage in the business of selling manufactured homes to a consumer or to the retail market in this state without a license therefor from the department. If a manufactured home dealer acts as a manufactured home salesperson the dealer shall secure a manufactured home salesperson's license in addition to the license for engaging as a manufactured home dealer.
101.952(2) (2)
101.952(2)(a)(a) Applications for a manufactured home salesperson's license and renewals thereof shall be made to the department on such forms as the department prescribes and furnishes and shall be accompanied by the license fee required under par. (bm). The application shall include the applicant's social security number. In addition, the application shall require such pertinent information as the department requires.
101.952(2)(b)1.1. The department shall, by rule, establish the license period under this section.
101.952(2)(b)2. 2. The department may promulgate rules establishing a uniform expiration date for all licenses issued under this section.
101.952(2)(bm) (bm) Fees for licensing of manufactured home salespersons shall be established by the department by rule under s. 101.19.
101.952(3) (3) Every licensee shall carry his or her license when engaged in his or her business and display the same upon request.
101.952(5) (5) The provision of s. 218.0116 relating to the denial, suspension and revocation of a motor vehicle salesperson's license shall apply to the denial, suspension and revocation of a manufactured home salesperson's license so far as applicable, except that such provision does not apply to the denial, suspension or revocation of a license under s. 101.02 (21) (b).
101.952(6) (6) The provisions of ss. 218.0116 (9) and 218.0152 shall apply to this section, manufactured home sales practices and the regulation of manufactured home salespersons, as far as applicable.
101.952 History History: 1999 a. 9, 53, 186; 2005 a. 45; 2011 a. 146.
101.953 101.953 Warranty and disclosure.
101.953(1) (1) A one-year written warranty is required for every new manufactured home sold, or leased to another, by a manufactured home manufacturer, manufactured home dealer or manufactured home salesperson in this state, and for every new manufactured home sold by any person who induces a resident of the state to enter into the transaction by personal solicitation in this state or by mail or telephone solicitation directed to the particular consumer in this state. The warranty shall contain all of the following:
101.953(1)(a) (a) A statement that the manufactured home meets those standards prescribed by law or administrative rule of the department of administration or of the department of safety and professional services that are in effect at the time of the manufacture of the manufactured home.
101.953(1)(b) (b) A statement that the manufactured home is free from defects in material and workmanship and is reasonably fit for human habitation if it receives reasonable care and maintenance as defined by rule of the department.
101.953(1)(c)1.1. A statement that the manufactured home manufacturer and manufactured home dealer shall take corrective action for defects that become evident within one year from the delivery date and as to which the manufactured home owner has given notice to the manufacturer or dealer not later than one year and 10 days after the delivery date and at the address set forth in the warranty; and that the manufactured home manufacturer and manufactured home dealer shall make the appropriate adjustments and repairs, within 30 days after notification of the defect, at the site of the manufactured home without charge to the manufactured home owner. If the manufactured home dealer makes the adjustment, the manufactured home manufacturer shall fully reimburse the dealer.
101.953(1)(c)2. 2. If a repair, replacement, substitution or alteration is made under the warranty and it is discovered, before or after expiration of the warranty period, a statement that the repair, replacement, substitution or alteration has not restored the manufactured home to the condition in which it was warranted except for reasonable wear and tear, such failure shall be considered a violation of the warranty and the manufactured home shall be restored to the condition in which it was warranted to be at the time of the sale except for reasonable wear and tear, at no cost to the purchaser or the purchaser's assignee notwithstanding that the additional repair may occur after the expiration of the warranty period.
101.953(1)(d) (d) A statement that if during any period of time after notification of a defect the manufactured home is uninhabitable, as defined by rule of the department, that period of time shall not be considered part of the one-year warranty period.
101.953(1)(e) (e) A list of all parts and equipment not covered by the warranty.
101.953(2) (2) Action by a lessee to enforce the lessee's rights under this subchapter shall not be grounds for termination of the rental agreement.
101.953(3) (3) The warranty required under this section shall apply to the manufacturer of the manufactured home as well as to the manufactured home dealer who sells or leases the manufactured home to the consumer, and shall be in addition to any other rights and privileges that the consumer may have under any instrument or law. The waiver of any remedies under any law and the waiver, exclusion, modification or limitation of any warranty, express or implied, including the implied warranty of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, is expressly prohibited. Any such waiver is void.
101.953(4) (4) The transfer of a manufactured home from one manufactured home owner to another during the effective period of the warranty does not terminate the warranty, and subsequent manufactured home owners shall be entitled to the full protection of the warranty for the duration of the warranty period as if the original manufactured home owner had not transferred the manufactured home.
101.953 History History: 1999 a. 9, 53, 185; 2011 a. 32.
101.954 101.954 Sale or lease of used manufactured homes. In the sale or lease of any used manufactured home, the sales invoice or lease agreement shall contain the point of manufacture of the used manufactured home, the name of the manufacturer and the name and address of the previous owner of the manufactured home.
101.954 History History: 1999 a. 9, 53.
101.955 101.955 Jurisdiction and venue over out-of-state manufacturers.
101.955(1)(1) The importation of a manufactured home for sale in this state by an out-of-state manufacturer is considered an irrevocable appointment by that manufacturer of the department of financial institutions to be that manufacturer's true and lawful attorney upon whom may be served all legal processes in any action or proceeding against such manufacturer arising out of the importation of such manufactured home into this state.
101.955(2) (2) The department of financial institutions upon whom processes and notices may be served under this section shall, upon being served with such process or notice, mail a copy by registered mail to the out-of-state manufacturer at the nonresident address given in the papers so served. The original shall be returned with proper certificate of service attached for filing in court as proof of service. The service fee shall be $4 for each defendant so served. The department of financial institutions shall keep a record of all such processes and notices, which record shall show the day and hour of service.
101.955 History History: 1999 a. 9, 53.
101.957 101.957 Nonjudicial resolution of manufactured housing industry disputes. The department, by rule, shall establish an alternative dispute resolution program for the timely resolution of any dispute that concerns a defect in a manufactured home, or in the installation of a manufactured home, reported to the department within one year of the date on which the manufactured home was installed and that occurs between parties, each of which is a manufacturer of manufactured homes, manufactured home salesperson, manufactured home dealer, or installer. The rules may require the parties to submit to an alternative dispute resolution program before bringing an action in another forum. This section does not affect the rights of any consumer to commence an action or the rights of any person to commence an action against a consumer.
101.957 History History: 2005 a. 45.
101.96 101.96 Manufactured home installation regulated.
101.96(1)(1) Installation standards.
101.96(1)(a)(a) Promulgation of standards. The department shall, by rule, establish installation standards for the safe installation of manufactured homes in this state. In promulgating rules under this paragraph, the department shall consider the recommendations of the manufactured housing code council under s. 101.933.
101.96(1)(b) (b) Enforcement of standards. The department shall, by rule, establish a method for ensuring compliance with the rules promulgated under par. (a). The department shall require inspections of manufactured home installations by 3rd-party inspectors licensed by the department. The department shall, by rule, establish criteria for the licensure of 3rd-party inspectors that include a requirement that an individual may not serve as a 3rd-party inspector if the individual is, is employed by, or is an independent contractor of any of the following:
101.96(1)(b)1. 1. A manufactured home manufacturer who was directly involved in the sale of the particular manufactured home.
101.96(1)(b)2. 2. A manufactured home salesperson who was directly involved in the sale of the particular manufactured home.
101.96(1)(b)3. 3. An installer who was directly involved in the sale of the particular manufactured home.
101.96(2) (2)Manufactured home installers.
101.96(2)(a)(a) License required; exceptions; liability. Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, beginning on January 1, 2007, no person may act as an installer in this state unless the person is a licensed installer or employs one or more licensed installers to generally supervise each of the person's installations of manufactured homes in this state. This requirement does not apply to an individual who installs a manufactured home on his or her own property for his or her personal use or to an individual who installs a manufactured home under the general supervision of a licensed installer. A licensed installer is liable for all acts and omissions related to the installation of each individual who performs an installation under the licensed installer's general supervision.
101.96(2)(b) (b) License eligibility. The department may issue an installer's license only to an individual to whom all of the following apply:
101.96(2)(b)1. 1. The individual is at least 18 years old.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)