103.01 103.01 Hours of labor; definitions. In ss. 103.01 to 103.03:
103.01(1) (1)
103.01(1)(a)(a) "Employer" means every person having control or custody of any employment or place of employment.
103.01(1)(b) (b) "Employer" includes the state, its political subdivisions and any office, department, independent agency, authority, institution, association, society or other body in state or local government created or authorized to be created by the constitution or any law, including the legislature and the courts.
103.01(2) (2) "Employment" means any trade, occupation or process of manufacture, or any method of carrying on such trade or occupation in which any person may be engaged, or for any place of employment.
103.01(3) (3) "Place of employment" means any manufactory, mechanical or mercantile establishment, beauty parlor, laundry, restaurant, confectionary store, or telegraph or telecommunications office or exchange, any express or transportation establishment or any hotel.
103.01 History History: 1971 c. 228 s. 44; 1975 c. 94; 1983 a. 189; 1985 a. 297 s. 76; 1989 a. 225.
103.02 103.02 Hours of labor. No person may be employed or be permitted to work in any place of employment or at any employment for such period of time during any day, night or week, as is dangerous or prejudicial to the person's life, health, safety or welfare. The department shall investigate, ascertain, determine and fix such reasonable classification, and promulgate rules fixing a period of time, or hours of beginning and ending work during any day, night or week, which shall be necessary to protect the life, health, safety or welfare of any person, or to carry out the purposes of ss. 103.01 to 103.03. The department shall, by rule, classify such periods of time into periods to be paid for at regular rates and periods to be paid for at the rate of at least one and one-half times the regular rates. Such investigations, classifications and orders shall be made as provided in s. 103.005 and the penalties under s. 103.005 (12) shall apply to and be imposed for any violation of ss. 103.01 to 103.03. Such orders shall be subject to review in the manner provided in ch. 227. Section 111.322 (2m) applies to discharge or other discriminatory acts arising in connection with any proceeding under this section.
103.02 History History: 1971 c. 228 s. 43; 1975 c. 94; 1989 a. 228; 1995 a. 27.
103.02 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DWD 274, Wis. adm. code.
103.02 Annotation Chapter 103 does not provide the exclusive remedy for enforcement of claims under this section. Claims may be enforced by a private action brought under s. 109.03 (5). German v. DOT, 223 Wis. 2d 525, 589 N.W.2d 651 (Ct. App. 1998), 98-0250.
103.02 AnnotationAffirmed. 2000 WI 62, 235 Wis. 2d 576, 612 N.W.2d 50, 98-0250.
103.02 Annotation A violation of the public policy expressed by this section is grounds for a wrongful discharge action. Wilcox v. Niagra of Wisconsin Paper Corp. 965 F.2d 355 (1992).
103.02 Annotation Wisconsin requires time spent donning and doffing safety gear to be compensated at the minimum wage or higher, and that this time counts toward the limit after which the overtime rate kicks in. Wisconsin law is not preempted by federal law. Spoerle v. Kraft Foods Global, Inc. 614 F.3d 427 (2010).
103.025 103.025 Hours of labor; compensatory time.
103.025(1) (1) In this section:
103.025(1)(a) (a) "Compensatory time" means hours during which an employee is not working, which are not counted as hours worked during the workweek or other work period classified by the department by rule promulgated under s. 103.02 for purposes of calculating overtime compensation, and for which the employee is compensated at the employee's regular rate of pay.
103.025(1)(b) (b) "Employee" has the meaning given in s. 104.01 (2).
103.025(1)(c) (c) "Overtime compensation" means the compensation required to be paid for hours worked during periods that the department has classified, by rule promulgated under s. 103.02, as periods to be paid for at the rate of at least 1.5 times an employee's regular rate of pay.
103.025(2) (2) An employer described in s. 103.01 (1) (b) may provide an employee, in lieu of overtime compensation, compensatory time off as permitted under 29 USC 207 (o), as amended to April 15, 1986.
103.025 History History: 1993 a. 144.
103.03 103.03 Violations; penalty. The employment of any person in any employment or place of employment at any time other than the permissible hours of labor shall be prima facie evidence of a violation of this section. Every day for each person employed, and every week for each person employed, during which any employer fails to observe or to comply with any order of the department, or to perform any duty enjoined by ss. 103.01 to 103.03, shall constitute a separate offense.
103.03 History History: 1975 c. 94; Stats. s. 103.03.
103.04 103.04 Labor and industry review commission.
103.04(1)(1) The commission shall issue its decision in any case where a petition for review is filed under ch. 102 or 108 or s. 66.191, 1981 stats., or s. 40.65 (2), 106.52 (4), 106.56 (4), 111.39, 303.07 (7) or 303.21.
103.04(2) (2) Notwithstanding s. 227.11, the commission may not promulgate rules except that it may promulgate its rules of procedure.
103.04(3) (3) The commission may employ professional and other persons to assist in the execution of its duties.
103.04 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1981 c. 278 s. 6; 1981 c. 334 s. 25 (2); 1983 a. 122; 1983 a. 191 s. 6; 1985 a. 182 s. 57; 1987 a. 403 s. 256; 1989 a. 31; 1991 a. 295; 1995 a. 27 s. 3651; Stats. 1995 s. 103.04; 1999 a. 82.
103.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also LIRC, Wis. adm. code.
103.05 103.05 Hiring reporting system; state directory of new hires.
103.05(1)(1) The department shall establish and operate a hiring reporting system that includes a state directory of new hires. All requirements under the reporting system shall be consistent with federal laws and regulations that relate to the reporting of newly hired employees for support collection purposes, as part of the state location service under s. 49.22 (2), or any other purposes specified in 42 USC 653a (h).
103.05(2) (2)
103.05(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), every employer that employs individuals in the state shall provide to the department information about each newly hired employee.
103.05(2)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to an employer that employs individuals in this state and in at least one other state, if the employer has designated, to the secretary of the federal department of health and human services, a state other than this state for the purpose of providing the information required under par. (a). An employer under this paragraph shall notify the department of its designation of another state to the secretary of the federal department of health and human services.
103.05(3) (3) The department shall specify all of the following:
103.05(3)(a) (a) The information that employers must provide under sub. (2) (a).
103.05(3)(b) (b) A number of different ways in which employers may report the information required under sub. (2) (a), including paper and electronic means.
103.05(3)(c) (c) A timetable for the actions and procedures required under the reporting system, including the reporting required under sub. (2) (a).
103.05(4) (4)
103.05(4)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), no person may use or disclose information obtained under this section except in the administration of the program under s. 49.22 or a program specified in 42 USC 653a (h).
103.05(4)(b) (b) The department may, to the extent permitted under federal law, disclose information obtained under this section to the department of revenue for the purposes of locating persons, or the assets of persons, who have failed to file tax returns, who have underreported their taxable income or who are delinquent taxpayers, identifying fraudulent tax returns or providing information for tax-related prosecutions.
103.05(5) (5)
103.05(5)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), and subject to par. (c), an employer that violates any provision of this section, or any rule promulgated under this section, may be required to forfeit up to $25 for each employee concerning whom a violation has occurred.
103.05(5)(b) (b) Subject to par. (c), an employer may be required to forfeit up to $500 for a failure to supply the information under sub. (2) (a) about an employee, or for supplying false or incomplete information under sub. (2) (a) about an employee, as a result of a conspiracy between the employer and the employee to not supply the information or to supply false or incomplete information.
103.05(5)(c) (c) The department shall provide an employer with notice of any violation for which a penalty may be imposed under par. (a) or (b), and with an opportunity to correct the violation, before imposing any penalty under par. (a) or (b).
103.05(5)(d) (d) The department shall deposit all moneys received under this subsection in the appropriation account under s. 20.445 (1) (gd).
103.05(6) (6) If the department determines that the hiring reporting system established under this section will be operational on or before January 1, 1998, the department shall publish a notice in the Wisconsin Administrative Register before that date that states that the system shall begin operating on January 1, 1998.
103.05 History History: 1997 a. 27, 237.
103.05 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DWD 142, Wis. adm. code.
103.06 103.06 Worker classification compliance.
103.06(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
103.06(1)(a) (a) "Business day" means any day on which the offices of the department are open.
103.06(1)(b) (b) "Employee" means any of the following who is employed by an employer:
103.06(1)(b)1. 1. For purposes of compliance with the requirement specified in sub. (3) (a) 1., an employee, as defined in s. 103.001 (5).
103.06(1)(b)2. 2. For purposes of compliance with the requirement specified in sub. (3) (a) 2., an employee, as defined in s. 102.07.
103.06(1)(b)3. 3. For purposes of compliance with the requirement specified in sub. (3) (a) 3., an employee, as defined in rules promulgated under s. 103.05.
103.06(1)(b)4. 4. For purposes of maintaining records under sub. (3) (a) 4. as required under rules promulgated under s. 103.02, an employee, as defined in s. 103.001 (5).
103.06(1)(b)5. 5. For purposes of maintaining records under sub. (3) (a) 4. as required under rules promulgated under s. 104.04, an employee, as defined in s. 104.01 (2).
103.06(1)(b)6. 6. For purposes of listing deductions from wages under sub. (3) (a) 4. as required under s. 103.457, an employee, as defined in s. 103.001 (5).
103.06(1)(b)7. 7. For purposes of compliance with the requirement specified in sub. (3) (a) 5., an employee, as defined in s. 108.02 (12).
103.06(1)(c) (c) "Employer" means any of the following that is engaged in the work described in s. 108.18 (2) (c):
103.06(1)(c)1. 1. For purposes of compliance with the requirement specified in sub. (3) (a) 1., an employer, as defined in s. 103.001 (6).
103.06(1)(c)2. 2. For purposes of compliance with the requirement specified in sub. (3) (a) 2., an employer, as defined in s. 102.04.
103.06(1)(c)3. 3. For purposes of compliance with the requirement specified in sub. (3) (a) 3., an employer, as defined in rules promulgated under s. 103.05.
103.06(1)(c)4. 4. For purposes of maintaining records under sub. (3) (a) 4. as required under rules promulgated under s. 103.02, an employer, as defined in s. 103.01 (1).
103.06(1)(c)5. 5. For purposes of maintaining records under sub. (3) (a) 4. as required under rules promulgated under s. 104.04, an employer, as defined in s. 104.01 (3).
103.06(1)(c)6. 6. For purposes of listing deductions from wages under sub. (3) (a) 4. as required under s. 103.457, an employer, as defined in s. 103.001 (6).
103.06(1)(c)7. 7. For purposes of compliance with the requirement specified in sub. (3) (a) 5., an employer, as defined in s. 108.02 (13).
103.06(2) (2)Worker classification compliance; duties of department. For purposes of promoting and achieving compliance by employers with the laws specified in sub. (3) (a) through the proper classification of persons performing services for an employer as employees and nonemployees, the department shall do all of the following:
103.06(2)(a) (a) Educate employers, employees, nonemployees, and the public about the proper classification of persons performing services for an employer as employees and nonemployees.
103.06(2)(b) (b) Receive and investigate complaints alleging violations of the requirements specified in sub. (3) (a), or investigate any such alleged violations on its own initiative, and, if the department finds that an employer is in violation of a requirement specified in sub. (3) (a), order the employer to stop work and pay a forfeiture as provided under sub. (5).
103.06(2)(c) (c) Refer complaints of misclassification of employees as nonemployees to other state or local agencies that administer laws whose enforcement depends on the proper classification of employees.
103.06(2)(d) (d) Cooperate with other state or local agencies in the investigation and enforcement of laws whose enforcement depends on the proper classification of employees.
103.06(2)(e) (e) Appoint attorneys licensed to practice in this state as appeal tribunals to conduct hearings and issue decisions under sub. (6) (b).
103.06(3) (3)Compliance requirements.
103.06(3)(a)(a) For purposes of ensuring that an employer is properly classifying the persons performing services for the employer as employees and nonemployees, the department may require an employer to prove all of the following:
103.06(3)(a)1. 1. That the employer is maintaining records identifying all persons performing work for the employer, including the name, address, and social security number of each of those persons.
103.06(3)(a)2. 2. That the employer is maintaining worker's compensation coverage for its employees as required under s. 102.28 (2).
103.06(3)(a)3. 3. That the employer has provided to the department the information required under s. 103.05 with respect to each newly hired employee of the employer.
103.06(3)(a)4. 4. That the employer is maintaining records of the hours worked by its employees, the wages paid to those employees, any deductions from those wages, and any other information that the employer is required to keep under rules promulgated under s. 103.02 or 104.04, and is listing deductions from wages as required under s. 103.457.
103.06(3)(a)5. 5. That the employer is in compliance with ch. 108.
103.06(3)(b) (b) Any agreement between an employer and employee purporting to waive or modify any requirement under par. (a) is void.
103.06(4) (4)Compliance investigations.
103.06(4)(a)(a) The department may conduct investigations to ensure compliance with the requirements specified in sub. (3) (a). In conducting an investigation, the department may do any of the following:
103.06(4)(a)1. 1. Enter and inspect any place of business or place of employment and examine and copy any records that the employer is required to keep under rules promulgated under s. 103.02 or 104.04; any books, registers, payroll records, records of wage withholdings, records of work activity and hours of work, and records or indicia of the employment status of persons performing work for the employer; and any other records relating to compliance with the requirements specified in sub. (3) (a).
103.06(4)(a)2. 2. Determine the identity and activities of any person performing work at any location where the work described in s. 108.18 (2) (c) is being performed.
103.06(4)(a)3. 3. Interview and obtain statements in writing from any employer or person performing work or present at any location where the work described in s. 108.18 (2) (c) is being performed with respect to the names and addresses of persons performing work for the employer, the payment of wages to and hours worked by those persons, and any other information relating to the remuneration of those persons and the nature and extent of services performed by those persons.
103.06(4)(b) (b) The department may conduct the activities under par. (a) 1. to 3. at any location where the work described in s. 108.18 (2) (c) is performed by or for an employer. In addition, the department may conduct the activities specified under par. (a) 1. at any other location where the records specified in par. (a) 1. are maintained by an employer or an agent of an employer.
103.06(4)(c) (c) If in the course of an investigation of an employer the department determines that there is reason to believe that the employer is not the prime contractor of the work being performed by or for the employer, the department shall seek to determine the identity of the prime contractor. If the department identifies any person other than the employer that it believes to be the prime contractor of the work being performed, the department, for informational purposes, shall serve on that person copies of any notices or orders served on the employer under sub. (5) with respect to the work. Failure of the department to serve a copy of a notice or order under sub. (5) on a person believed to be a prime contractor does not relieve the employer from any liability arising out of the notice or order or impair the department from pursuing any remedy relating to the notice or order.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)