CHAPTER 110
MOTOR VEHICLES
110.001   Definitions.
110.01   Definitions.
110.015   Facsimile signature.
110.05   Inspection of human service vehicles.
110.06   Rules; school bus presale inspection; penalties.
110.063   Inspection of motor buses.
110.064   Motor buses used for pupil transportation.
110.065   Traffic academy.
110.07   Traffic officers; powers and duties.
110.075   Motor vehicle inspection.
110.08   State operator's license examiner system.
110.09   Background investigations of certain persons.
110.10   Ignition interlock device program.
110.20   Motor vehicle emission inspection and maintenance program.
110.21   Education and training related to motor vehicle emissions.
110.215   Motor vehicle emission control equipment grant program.
110.22   Repaired salvage vehicle inspector training.
110.001 110.001 Definitions. In this chapter:
110.001(1) (1) “Department" means department of transportation.
110.001(1m) (1m) “Law enforcement officer" has the meaning given in s. 967.02 (5).
110.001(2) (2) “Secretary" means secretary of transportation.
110.001 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1993 a. 25.
110.01 110.01 Definitions. Words and phrases defined in chs. 340 to 349 have the same meaning in this chapter unless a different meaning is expressly provided or the context clearly indicates a different meaning.
110.01 History History: 1975 c. 120.
110.015 110.015 Facsimile signature. The secretary and division administrators of the department of transportation, through their authorized employees, may execute or affix their signature, by facsimile signature with a stamp, reproduction print or other similar process to all licenses, notices, orders, administrative letters, contracts, permits, offers to purchase, appraisals, certifications of records, service of legal papers or process on the administrators, and other legal instruments under the statutes which the secretary and division administrators are authorized or required to administer.
110.05 110.05 Inspection of human service vehicles.
110.05(1) (1) The department shall adopt and enforce such rules as the department deems necessary in the interests of the safety of persons being transported to cover the design, construction, equipment, inspection and operation of human service vehicles.
110.05(2) (2) The owner of the human service vehicle shall have the vehicle inspected at least annually by the department or a certified law enforcement officer for compliance with the requirements of s. 110.075, ch. 347 and any rules promulgated under this section.
110.05(3) (3) Vehicles required to be inspected under sub. (2) which were in service prior to March 28, 1984, need only be in compliance with the requirements of ch. 347, 1981 stats.
110.05(4) (4) Any person violating this section, or rules promulgated pursuant thereto, may be required to forfeit not less than $50 nor more than $200.
110.05 History History: 1983 a. 175 ss. 2, 25.
110.05 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Trans 301, Wis. adm. code.
110.06 110.06 Rules; school bus presale inspection; penalties.
110.06(2)(2) The secretary shall adopt and enforce such rules as he or she deems necessary in the interests of safety to cover the design, construction, inspection and operation of school buses. Such rules may, but need not, be uniform for each type of bus designated in s. 340.01 (56) (a) and (am).
110.06(3) (3)
110.06(3)(a)(a) Any person intending to purchase a motor vehicle to be used as a school bus shall prior to purchase give the seller notice in writing of the intended use.
110.06(3)(b) (b) Prior to the use of a motor vehicle as a school bus, the seller shall obtain a presale inspection of the vehicle by the department verifying compliance with the rules relating to design and construction prescribed by the department under sub. (2). A copy of the presale inspection report shall be provided to the purchaser at the time of delivery.
110.06(3)(c) (c) The seller of any such vehicle who fails to obtain a presale inspection prior to delivery shall be liable to the purchaser for all repairs and improvements required by the department to bring the vehicle into compliance with the rules relating to design and construction prescribed by the department under sub. (2) for a period of one year after the delivery.
110.06(3)(d) (d) Notwithstanding par. (b), the purchaser may agree to obtain the presale inspection provided that notice of the agreement is included in the offer to purchase and is agreed to by the seller. The seller is liable for any repairs and improvements necessary to comply with the rules relating to design and construction prescribed by the department under sub. (2).
110.06(3)(e) (e) Any person violating par. (b) shall forfeit $100 for the first offense and $200 for the 2nd and each subsequent offense.
110.06(4) (4) Violations of those orders, determinations and rules pertaining to chs. 115 to 118, 120, 121 and 341 to 349 shall be punished as provided by s. 341.04 (3) and those pertaining to ch. 194 as provided by s. 194.17.
110.06(5) (5) The orders, determinations and rules made by the secretary are subject to review in the manner provided in ch. 227.
110.06 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. Trans 131 and 300, Wis. adm. code.
110.063 110.063 Inspection of motor buses.
110.063(1) (1) The department shall promulgate and enforce such rules as the department deems necessary in the interests of the safety of persons being transported to cover the design, construction, equipment, inspection and operation of motor buses.
110.063(2) (2)
110.063(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (c), the owner of the motor bus shall have it inspected annually by the department for compliance with the requirements of s. 110.075 and ch. 347 and rules promulgated thereunder and any rules promulgated under this section.
110.063(2)(b) (b) The department shall specify by rule a fee for the inspection required under this subsection equal to the cost of the inspection.
110.063(2)(c) (c) Paragraph (a) does not apply to a motor bus which is operated by an urban mass transit system, as defined in s. 85.20 (1) (L), if all of the following conditions are satisfied:
110.063(2)(c)1. 1. The urban mass transit system regularly inspects the motor bus at least annually.
110.063(2)(c)2. 2. The urban mass transit system submits the record of inspection of the motor bus to the department annually for examination.
110.063(2)(c)3. 3. Review of the record of inspection of the motor bus by the department indicates that the motor bus is in compliance with the requirements of s. 110.075 and ch. 347 and rules promulgated thereunder and any rules promulgated under this section.
110.063(3) (3) Any person who violates this section or rules promulgated under this section may be required to forfeit not less than $50 nor more than $200.
110.063 History History: 1987 a. 235.
110.063 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. Trans 300 and 330, Wis. adm. code.
110.064 110.064 Motor buses used for pupil transportation.
110.064(1)(1)
110.064(1)(a)(a) Notwithstanding s. 340.01 (56) (b) 4., no motor bus operated under contract as provided in s. 121.55 (1) (a) or (d) may be used for the purpose of transporting pupils to or from a public or private school as provided in s. 340.01 (56) (a) 1. and no motor bus otherwise operated on a special route for the purpose of transporting pupils to or from a public or private school as provided in s. 340.01 (56) (a) 1. may be used for that purpose unless the motor bus satisfies safety and operation standards specified by the department under par. (b).
110.064(1)(b) (b) The department shall promulgate and enforce a rule requiring that a motor bus under par. (a) satisfy safety standards providing an equivalent level of safety as the safety standards specified by the department for a school bus having the same gross vehicle weight rating and operation standards specifying that the rear door of a motor bus under par. (a) may not be used for the entry or exit of pupils, except in an emergency, except that the department may not promulgate a rule which is in conflict with federal law, which requires the motor bus to be painted in accordance with s. 347.44 (1), or which requires the motor bus to be equipped with flashing red or flashing red and amber warning lights as specified in s. 347.25 (2).
110.064(2) (2) Any person who violates this section or rules promulgated under this section may be required to forfeit not less than $50 nor more than $200.
110.064 History History: 1987 a. 235; 2013 a. 96.
110.064 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. Trans 300 and 330, Wis. adm. code.
110.065 110.065 Traffic academy. The secretary may establish and operate an academy for the training of state, county and local traffic patrol officers and other related personnel and make rules and regulations for the conduct thereof. The secretary shall establish and periodically revise a reasonable scale of tuition charges. The tuition for personnel other than employees of the department shall be paid by their respective departments or governing bodies and shall be deposited in the appropriation account under s. 20.395 (5) (dh). The secretary shall consult appropriate state, county and local authorities concerning the establishment and operation of the academy and the determination of tuition charges. State agencies shall cooperate with the secretary in providing information and instructional services for the academy.
110.065 History History: 1977 c. 29 s. 1654 (1), (7) (a), (c); 1997 a. 27.
110.07 110.07 Traffic officers; powers and duties.
110.07(1) (1)
110.07(1)(a)(a) The secretary shall employ not more than 399 traffic officers. The state traffic patrol consists of the traffic officers, the person designated to head them whose position shall be in the classified service and, if certified under s. 165.85 (4) (a) 1. as qualified to be a law enforcement officer, the division administrator who is counted under s. 230.08 (2) (e) 12. and whose duties include supervising the state traffic patrol. The division administrator may not be counted under this paragraph. Members of the state traffic patrol shall:
110.07(1)(a)1. 1. Enforce and assist in the administration of this chapter and chs. 194, 218, 341 to 349 and 351, and ss. 23.33, 23.335, 125.07 (4) (b), 125.085 (3) (b), 167.31 (2) (b) to (d) and 287.81 and ch. 350 where applicable to highways, or orders or rules issued pursuant thereto.
110.07(1)(a)2. 2. Have the powers of sheriff in enforcing the laws specified in subd. 1. and orders or rules issued pursuant thereto.
110.07(1)(a)3. 3. Have authority to enter any place where vehicles subject to this chapter, ss. 167.31 (2) (b) to (d) and 287.81 and chs. 194, 218 and 341 to 350 are stored or parked at any time to examine such vehicles, or to stop such vehicles while en route at any time upon the public highways to examine the same and make arrests for all violations thereof.
110.07(1)(b) (b) All municipal judges, judges, district attorneys and law enforcement officers shall assist in enforcing this chapter, ss. 167.31 (2) (b) to (d) and 287.81 and chs. 194, 218 and 341 to 351, and orders or rules issued pursuant thereto and shall report to the department the disposition of every uniform traffic citation issued for cases involving those chapters.
110.07(2) (2) The traffic officers employed pursuant to this section shall constitute a state traffic patrol to assist local enforcement officers wherever possible in the regulation of traffic and the prevention of accidents upon the public highways.
110.07(2m) (2m) In addition to the primary powers granted by subs. (1) and (2), any officer of the state traffic patrol shall have the powers of a peace officer under s. 59.28, except that the officer shall have the arrest powers of a law enforcement officer under s. 968.07, regardless of whether the violation is punishable by forfeiture or criminal penalty. A state traffic officer shall at all times be available as a witness for the state but may not conduct investigations for crimes under chs. 939 to 948 other than crimes relating to the use or operation of vehicles. The primary duty of a state traffic officer shall be the enforcement of chs. 340 to 351 or of any other law relating to the use or operation of vehicles upon the highway. No state traffic officer shall be used in or take part in any dispute or controversy between employer or employee concerning wages, hours, labor or working conditions; nor shall any such officer be required to serve civil process. The department may assign state traffic officers to safeguard state officers or other persons.
110.07(3) (3) The secretary may employ inspectors who may not wear the uniform of the state patrol, whose duties shall be to enforce and assist in administering ss. 23.33, 23.335, and 346.63, this chapter and chs. 194, 218, 340 to 345 and 347 to 351, the inspection requirements of s. 121.555 (2) (b) and the requirements under s. 346.45 (4) for vehicles being used to transport hazardous materials. Such inspectors, in the performance of these duties, shall have the powers and authority of state traffic officers. For the purpose of death, disability and retirement coverage, such inspectors shall be subject to ch. 40 as is the state traffic patrol. Subject to sub. (5), the secretary may clothe and equip inspectors as the interest of public safety and their duties require.
110.07(4) (4) In addition to the primary powers granted by sub. (3), any inspector shall have the powers of a peace officer under s. 59.28, except that the inspector shall have the arrest powers of a law enforcement officer under s. 968.07, regardless of whether the violation is punishable by forfeiture or criminal penalty. An inspector shall at all times be available as a witness for the state but may not conduct investigations for crimes under chs. 939 to 948 other than crimes relating to the use or operation of vehicles. The primary duty of an inspector shall be the enforcement of the provisions specified in sub. (3). No inspector may be used in or take part in any dispute or controversy between employer or employee concerning wages, hours, labor or working conditions; nor may an inspector be required to serve civil process. The department may assign inspectors to safeguard state officers or other persons.
110.07(5) (5)
110.07(5)(a)(a) In this subsection, “bulletproof garment" means a vest or other garment designed, redesigned, or adapted to prevent bullets from penetrating through the garment.
110.07(5)(b) (b) Upon request of an officer of the state traffic patrol under sub. (1) or inspector under sub. (3), the department shall make available to the traffic officer or inspector a bulletproof garment that may be used in the performance of his or her duties under this section. The department shall equip a traffic officer or inspector with a bulletproof garment as soon as practicable after receipt of the request from the traffic officer or inspector under this paragraph.
110.07(6) (6) The division administrator who is counted under s. 230.08 (2) (e) 12. and whose duties include supervising the state traffic patrol shall be designated superintendent of the state traffic patrol, if he or she is certified under s. 165.85 (4) (a) 1. as qualified to be a law enforcement officer.
110.07 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also Trans 327, Wis. adm. code.
110.07 Annotation While it is clear that ss. 110.07 and 110.075 authorize the traffic officers of the state patrol and DOT to make stops and inspections and perhaps arrests for equipment violations, nothing in these statutes limits local law enforcements officers' powers to do so. A city police officer is a traffic officer under s. 340.01 (70), and because s. 110.075 provides that any traffic officer can stop and inspect vehicles for violations of ch. 110 or rules issued pursuant to ch. 110, and because s. 349.02 (2) permits a police officer to enforce a city ordinance violation upon a reasonable basis to believe a violation has occurred, a city officer had authority to make a stop for violation of an ordinance adopting a safety rule. State v. Bailey, 2009 WI App 140, 321 Wis. 2d 350, 773 N.W.2d 488, 08-3153.
110.075 110.075 Motor vehicle inspection.
110.075(1) (1) No person shall drive or move, or cause or knowingly permit to be driven or moved, on any highway any vehicle or combination of vehicles which is not in conformity with the requirements of this section.
110.075(2) (2) When directed by any traffic officer or motor vehicle inspector, the operator of any motor vehicle shall stop and submit such motor vehicle to an inspection and such tests as are necessary to determine whether it meets the requirements of this section, or that its equipment is not in proper adjustment or repair, or in violation of the equipment provisions of ss. 110.05, 110.06, 110.063 and 110.064, ch. 347, or rules issued pursuant thereto. Such inspection shall be made with respect to the brakes, lights, turn signals, steering, horns and warning devices, glass, mirrors, exhaust system, windshield wipers, tires, and other items of equipment designated by the secretary.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 35 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before July 20, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 20, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-20-17)