118.305(6)(a)5. 5. Instruction in documenting and reporting incidents of physical restraint.
118.305(6)(a)6. 6. A requirement that the trainee demonstrate proficiency in administering physical restraint.
118.305(6)(b) (b) The governing body shall ensure that all of the following apply in each school that it operates in which physical restraint is used:
118.305(6)(b)1. 1. At least one covered individual has received training in the use of physical restraint under par. (a).
118.305(6)(b)2. 2. The school maintains a record of the training received by the covered individual under par. (a), including the period during which the training is considered valid by the entity that trained the covered individual.
118.305(6)(c) (c) A covered individual who has not received training in the use of physical restraint under par. (a) may use physical restraint on a pupil at school only in an emergency and only if a covered individual who has received training in the use of physical restraint under par. (a) is not immediately available due to the unforeseen nature of the emergency.
118.305(7) (7)Construction. Nothing in this section prohibits a covered individual from doing any of the following at school if the pupil is not confined to an area from which he or she is physically prevented from leaving:
118.305(7)(a) (a) Directing a pupil who is disruptive to temporarily separate himself or herself from the general activity in the classroom to allow the pupil to regain behavioral control and the covered individual to maintain or regain classroom order.
118.305(7)(b) (b) Directing a pupil to temporarily remain in the classroom to complete tasks while other pupils participate in activities outside the classroom.
118.305(7)(c) (c) Briefly touching or holding a pupil's hand, arm, shoulder, or back to calm, comfort, or redirect the pupil.
118.305 History History: 2011 a. 125; 2013 a. 168 s. 20; 2015 a. 55.
118.31 118.31 Corporal punishment.
118.31(1)(1) In this section, "corporal punishment" means the intentional infliction of physical pain which is used as a means of discipline. "Corporal punishment" includes, but is not limited to, paddling, slapping or prolonged maintenance of physically painful positions, when used as a means of discipline. "Corporal punishment" does not include actions consistent with an individualized education program developed under s. 115.787 or reasonable physical activities associated with athletic training.
118.31(2) (2) Except as provided in sub. (3), no official, employee or agent of a school board may subject a pupil enrolled in the school district to corporal punishment.
118.31(3) (3)Subsection (2) does not prohibit an official, employee or agent of a school board from:
118.31(3)(a) (a) Using reasonable and necessary force to quell a disturbance or prevent an act that threatens physical injury to any person.
118.31(3)(b) (b) Using reasonable and necessary force to obtain possession of a weapon or other dangerous object within a pupil's control.
118.31(3)(c) (c) Using reasonable and necessary force for the purpose of self-defense or the defense of others under s. 939.48.
118.31(3)(d) (d) Using reasonable and necessary force for the protection of property under s. 939.49.
118.31(3)(e) (e) Using reasonable and necessary force to remove a disruptive pupil from a school premises or motor vehicle, as defined in s. 125.09 (2) (a) 1. and 4., or from school-sponsored activities.
118.31(3)(f) (f) Using reasonable and necessary force to prevent a pupil from inflicting harm on himself or herself.
118.31(3)(g) (g) Using reasonable and necessary force to protect the safety of others.
118.31(3)(h) (h) Using incidental, minor or reasonable physical contact designed to maintain order and control.
118.31(4) (4) Each school board shall adopt a policy that allows any official, employee or agent of the school board to use reasonable and necessary force for the purposes of sub. (3) (a) to (h). In determining whether or not a person was acting within the exceptions in sub. (3), deference shall be given to reasonable, good faith judgments made by an official, employee or agent of a school board.
118.31(5) (5) Except as provided in s. 939.61 (1), this section does not create a separate basis for civil liability of a school board or their officials, employees or agents for damages arising out of claims involving allegations of improper or unnecessary use of force by school employees against students.
118.31(6) (6) Nothing in this section shall prohibit, permit or otherwise affect any action taken by an official, employee or agent of a school board with regard to a person who is not a pupil enrolled in the school district.
118.31(7) (7) Nothing in this section abrogates or restricts any statutory or common law defense to prosecution for any crime.
118.31 Note NOTE: This section was created by 1987 Wis. Act 303. Section 1 of that act is entitled "Legislative findings and purpose".
118.32 118.32 Strip search by school employee. Any official, employee or agent of any school or school district is prohibited under s. 948.50 from conducting a strip search of any pupil.
118.32 History History: 1983 a. 489; 1987 a. 332 s. 64.
118.325 118.325 Locker searches. An official, employee or agent of a school or school district may search a pupil's locker as determined necessary or appropriate without the consent of the pupil, without notifying the pupil and without obtaining a search warrant if the school board has adopted a written policy specifying that the school board retains ownership and possessory control of all pupil lockers and designating the positions of the officials, employees or agents who may conduct searches, and has distributed a copy of the policy to pupils enrolled in the school district.
118.325 History History: 1997 a. 329.
118.33 118.33 High school graduation standards; criteria for promotion.
118.33(1)(1)
118.33(1)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (d), (e), (em), and (es), a school board may not grant a high school diploma to any pupil unless the pupil satisfies the requirement under sub. (1m) (a) and has earned:
118.33(1)(a)1. 1. In the high school grades, all of the following:
118.33(1)(a)1.a. a. At least 4 credits of English including writing composition.
118.33(1)(a)1.b. b. At least 3 credits of social studies including state and local government.
118.33(1)(a)1.c. c. At least 3 credits of mathematics. The school board shall award a pupil up to one mathematics credit for successfully completing in the high school grades a course in computer sciences that the department has determined qualifies as computer sciences according to criteria established by the department. The school board shall award a pupil up to one mathematics credit for successfully completing in the high school grades a career and technical education course that the school board determines satisfies a mathematics requirement, but may not award any credit for that course if the school board awards any credit for that same course under subd. 1. d.
118.33(1)(a)1.d. d. At least 3 credits of science. The school board shall award a pupil a science credit for successfully completing in the high school grades each course in agriculture that the department has determined qualifies as science according to criteria established by the department. The school board shall award a pupil up to one science credit for successfully completing in the high school grades a career and technical education course that the school board determines satisfies a science requirement, but may not award any credit for that course if the school board awards any credit for that same course under subd. 1. c.
118.33(1)(a)1.e. e. At least 1.5 credits of physical education.
118.33(1)(a)2. 2. In grades 7 to 12, at least 0.5 credit of health education.
118.33(1)(am) (am) The state superintendent shall encourage school boards to require an additional 8.5 credits selected from any combination of vocational education, foreign languages, fine arts and other courses.
118.33(1)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (es), a school board may not grant a high school diploma to any pupil unless, during the high school grades, the pupil has been enrolled in a class or has participated in an activity approved by the school board during each class period of each school day, or the pupil has been enrolled in an alternative education program, as defined in s. 115.28 (7) (e) 1. Nothing in this paragraph prohibits a school board from establishing a program that allows a pupil enrolled in the high school grades who has demonstrated a high level of maturity and personal responsibility to leave the school premises for up to one class period each day if the pupil does not have a class scheduled during that class period.
118.33(1)(c) (c) A school board may require a pupil to participate in community service activities in order to receive a high school diploma.
118.33(1)(d) (d) A school board may grant a high school diploma to a pupil who has not satisfied the requirements under par. (a) if all of the following apply:
118.33(1)(d)1. 1. The pupil was enrolled in an alternative education program, as defined in s. 115.28 (7) (e) 1.
118.33(1)(d)2. 2. The school board determines that the pupil has demonstrated a level of proficiency in the subjects listed in par. (a) equivalent to that which he or she would have attained if he or she had satisfied the requirements under par. (a).
118.33(1)(d)3. 3. The pupil satisfies the requirement under sub. (1m) (a).
118.33(1)(e) (e) A school board may allow a pupil who participates in sports or in another organized physical activity, as determined by the school board, to complete an additional 0.5 credit in English, social studies, mathematics, science, or health education in lieu of 0.5 credit in physical education.
118.33(1)(em) (em) A school board may count a credit that a pupil earns in grade 7 or 8 towards the requirements under par. (a) 1. or (am) if all of the following are satisfied:
118.33(1)(em)1. 1. The pupil's performance on an examination under s. 118.30 or a similar examination approved by the school board demonstrates that the pupil is academically prepared for coursework that is offered in the high school grades.
118.33(1)(em)2. 2. The credit is earned in a course that is taught by a teacher who is licensed to teach the subject in the high school grades.
118.33(1)(em)3. 3. The credit is earned in a course that is taught using a curriculum and assessments that are equivalent to the curriculum and assessments used to teach the subject in the high school grades.
118.33(1)(es)1.1. A school board may adopt a resolution to allow pupils in the high school grades to earn high school credits in a subject area by demonstrating a level of proficiency in that subject area or by creating a learning portfolio related to that subject area. If a school board adopts a resolution under this paragraph, the school board shall develop and implement written policies and procedures for awarding credits under this paragraph. The school board shall include in its policies and procedures the manner in which a pupil may qualify for high school credit under this paragraph. A pupil may earn not more than one-half of the total number of credits required for a high school diploma under this paragraph.
118.33(1)(es)2. 2. For a pupil who earns credit under this paragraph, a school board may waive the requirement under par. (b) that requires a pupil, during the high school grades, to be enrolled in a class or participate in an activity approved by the school board during each class period of each school day.
118.33(1)(es)3. 3. Nothing in this paragraph affects a school board's obligations to administer examinations under s. 118.30.
118.33(1)(es)4. 4. A nonprofit, for-profit, or public educational institution that provides an educational program for which it awards a bachelor's or higher degree, or provides a program that is acceptable for full credit toward such a degree or a program of training to prepare students for gainful employment in a recognized occupation, and admits as regular students only individuals having a certificate of graduation from a high school, or the recognized equivalent of such a certificate, shall treat a high school diploma awarded based, in part, on credits earned under this paragraph in the same manner as it treats a high school diploma awarded based on credits earned by enrolling in class.
118.33(1)(f)1.1. Each school board operating high school grades shall develop and periodically review and revise a written policy specifying criteria for granting a high school diploma that are in addition to the requirements under par. (a). The criteria shall include the pupil's academic performance, successful completion of the civics test under sub. (1m) (a), and the recommendations of teachers. Except as provided in subds. 2. and 4., the criteria apply to pupils enrolled in charter schools located in the school district.
118.33(1)(f)2. 2. The operator of a charter school under s. 118.40 (2r) or (2x) that operates high school grades and an individual or group or a person that, pursuant to s. 115.999 (3), 119.33 (2) (c) 1. or 2., or 119.9002 (3) (a) or (b), is responsible for the operation and general management of a school transferred to an opportunity schools and partnership program under s. 119.33, subch. IX of ch. 115, or subch. II of ch. 119 and that operates high school grades shall develop and periodically review and revise a policy specifying criteria for granting a high school diploma. The criteria shall include the pupil's academic performance, successful completion of the civics test under sub. (1m) (a), and the recommendations of teachers.
118.33(1)(f)2m. 2m. The governing body of each private school participating in the program under s. 119.23 and the governing body of a private school that, pursuant to s. 115.999 (3), 119.33 (2) (c) 3., or 119.9002 (3) (c), is responsible for the operation and general management of a school transferred to an opportunity schools and partnership program under s. 119.33, subch. IX of ch. 115, or subch. II of ch. 119 shall develop and periodically review and revise a policy specifying criteria for granting a high school diploma to pupils attending the private school under s. 119.23 or the school transferred to an opportunity schools and partnership program under s. 119.33, subch. IX of ch. 115, or subch. II of ch. 119. The criteria shall include the pupil's academic performance, successful completion of the civics test under sub. (1m) (a), and the recommendations of teachers.
118.33(1)(f)2r. 2r. The governing body of each private school participating in the program under s. 118.60 shall develop and periodically review and revise a policy specifying criteria for granting a high school diploma to pupils attending the private school under s. 118.60. The criteria shall include the pupil's academic performance, successful completion of the civics test under sub. (1m) (a), and the recommendations of teachers.
118.33(1)(f)3. 3. Neither a school board nor an operator of a charter school under s. 118.40 (2r) or (2x) nor an individual or group or person that, pursuant to s. 115.999 (3), 119.33 (2) (c) 1. or 2., or 119.9002 (3) (a) or (b), is responsible for the operation and general management of a school transferred to an opportunity schools and partnership program under s. 119.33, subch. IX of ch. 115, or subch. II of ch. 119 may grant a high school diploma to any pupil unless the pupil has satisfied the criteria specified in the school board's or charter school's policy under subd. 1. or 2. Neither the governing body of a private school participating in the program under s. 119.23 nor a governing body of a private school that, pursuant to s. 115.999 (3), 119.33 (2) (c) 3., or 119.9002 (3) (c), is responsible for the operation and general management of a school transferred to an opportunity schools and partnership program under s. 119.33, subch. IX of ch. 115, or subch. II of ch. 119 may grant a high school diploma to any pupil attending the private school under s. 119.23 or the school transferred to an opportunity schools and partnership program under s. 119.33, subch. IX of ch. 115, or subch. II of ch. 119 unless the pupil has satisfied the criteria specified in the governing body's policy under subd. 2m. The governing body of a private school participating in the program under s. 118.60 may not grant a high school diploma to any pupil attending the private school under s. 118.60 unless the pupil has satisfied the criteria specified in the governing body's policy under subd. 2r.
118.33(1)(f)4. 4. If a school board enters into an agreement with a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state to establish a charter school, the criteria specified in the policy developed by that school board under subd. 1. apply to pupils enrolled in the charter school, regardless of the location of the charter school.
118.33(1)(g)1.1. A school board may grant a technical education high school diploma to a pupil who does all of the following:
118.33(1)(g)1.a. a. Satisfies the requirements under par. (a).
118.33(1)(g)1.b. b. Earns in the high school grades the same total number of credits that the school board requires of other pupils for high school graduation.
118.33(1)(g)1.c. c. Successfully completes a technical education program, established by the school board, in a subject or subjects.
118.33(1)(g)1.d. d. Satisfies the requirement under sub. (1m) (a).
118.33(1)(g)2. 2. In establishing a technical education program under subd. 1. c., the school board may incorporate standards for industry-recognized certifications. Annually, the department shall provide to each school board operating high school grades a list of such certifications. The school board shall indicate on a pupil's technical education high school diploma the certifications attained by the pupil.
118.33(1m) (1m)
118.33(1m)(a)1.1. Beginning in the 2016-17 school year, no school board, operator of a charter school under s. 118.40 (2r) or (2x), or governing body of a private school participating in a program under s. 118.60 or 119.23 may, except as provided in subd. 2. and subject to the policies under sub. (2) (m), grant a high school diploma to any pupil unless the pupil takes, during the high school grades, a civics test comprised of 100 questions that are identical to the 100 questions that may be asked of an individual during the process of applying for U.S. citizenship by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services and the pupil correctly answers at least 60 of those questions.
118.33(1m)(a)2. 2. A school board, operator of a charter school under s. 118.40 (2r) or (2x), and governing body of a private school participating in a program under s. 118.60 or 119.23 shall require a pupil for whom an individualized education program under s. 115.787 is in effect to complete the civics test described under subd. 1. but shall not condition graduation on the successful completion of the test.
118.33(1m)(a)3. 3. A school board, operator of a charter school under s. 118.40 (2r) or (2x), and governing body of a private school participating in a program under s. 118.60 or 119.23 shall permit a limited-English proficient pupil, as defined in s. 115.955 (7), to take the civics test described under subd. 1. in the pupil's language of choice.
118.33(1m)(a)4. 4. A pupil may retake the civics test described under subd. 1. until the pupil obtains the passing score required under subd. 1.
118.33(1m)(b) (b) A school board, operator of a charter school under s. 118.40 (2r) or (2x), and governing body of a private school participating in a program under s. 118.60 or 119.23 may determine the format of the civics test required under this subsection and when in the school year to administer the test.
118.33(2) (2) The state superintendent shall:
118.33(2)(c) (c) Establish course requirements under sub. (1) (a) and approve any school board's high school graduation standards policy that is equivalent to the requirements under subs. (1) and (1m) (a).
118.33(2)(m) (m) Adopt policies to accommodate pupils with exceptional educational interests, needs or requirements, not limited to children with disabilities, as defined under s. 115.76 (5).
118.33(3) (3) By September 1, 1986, each school board operating high school grades shall submit to the state superintendent a report describing the school board's policies and guidelines on high school graduation standards, including a list of courses required under sub. (1) (a) and the number of hours in each school term required to earn one credit under sub. (1) (a), and thereafter shall notify the state superintendent whenever changes are made in such policies or guidelines. The department shall make reasonable efforts to combine the reports required under this subsection with other required school board reports.
118.33(3m) (3m) A course taken at a technical college by a child attending the school part-time or in lieu of high school under s. 118.15 (1) (b), or attending the school under s. 118.15 (1) (cm), does not fulfill any of the high school graduation requirements under sub. (1) (a) unless the state superintendent has approved the course for that purpose. If a pupil satisfies all of the high school graduation requirements under subs. (1) and (1m) (a), the school board shall grant a high school diploma to the pupil regardless of whether the pupil satisfied all or a portion of the requirements while attending an institution of higher education under s. 118.55 or a technical college.
118.33(4) (4)
118.33(4)(a)(a) The state superintendent shall establish procedures for school boards to certify to the state superintendent whether they are in compliance with the requirements under sub. (1) and the rules promulgated under sub. (2).
118.33(4)(b) (b) The state superintendent may periodically review school district high school graduation standards and shall notify any school board not in compliance with the requirements under sub. (1) or the rules promulgated under sub. (2), identifying the changes necessary.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 60 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before August 26, 2015. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 26, 2015 are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-26-15)