118.51(17)(bm)1.b. b. The amount shown on each financial statement submitted in that school year under sub. (12) (a) by the school board of that school district for a nonresident pupil who is attending public school in the school district under this section and receiving special education or related services under subch. V of ch. 115. If the amount shown on any financial statement described in this subd. 1. b. exceeds \$30,000, for the purpose of subd. 2. b., the department shall identify the amount shown as \$30,000.
118.51(17)(bm)1.c. c. The number of resident pupils attending public school in a nonresident school district under this section who are receiving special education or related services under subch. V of ch. 115 and for whom the nonresident school board did not submit a financial statement under sub. (12) (a) in that school year.
118.51(17)(bm)1.d. d. The amount shown on each financial statement submitted in that school year under sub. (12) (a) for a pupil who is a resident of the school district and who is attending public school in a nonresident school district under this section and receiving special education or related services under subch. V of ch. 115. If the amount shown on any financial statement described in this subd. 1. d. exceeds \$30,000, for the purpose of subd. 2. e., the department shall identify the amount shown as \$30,000.
118.51(17)(bm)2. 2. Beginning in the 2019-20 school year, for each school district, the department shall do all of the following:
118.51(17)(bm)2.a. a. Multiply the number under subd. 1. a. by the per pupil transfer amount under par. (b) 2. c.
118.51(17)(bm)2.b. b. Determine the sum of the amounts shown on the financial statements submitted as described under subd. 1. b.
118.51(17)(bm)2.c. c. Determine the sum of the product under subd. 2. a. and the sum under subd. 2. b.
118.51(17)(bm)2.d. d. Multiply the number under subd. 1. c. by the per pupil transfer amount under par. (b) 2. c.
118.51(17)(bm)2.e. e. Determine the sum of the amounts shown on the financial statements submitted as described under subd. 1. d.
118.51(17)(bm)2.f. f. Determine the sum of the product under subd. 2. d. and the sum under subd. 2. e.
118.51(17)(c)1.1. If the number determined in par. (b) 1. a. is greater than the number determined in par. (b) 1. b. for a school district, in the 2016-17, 2017-18, and 2018-19 school years, the department shall increase that school district's state aid payment under s. 121.08 by an amount equal to the difference multiplied by an amount under par. (b) 2. a., b., or c.
118.51(17)(c)2. 2. If the number determined in par. (b) 1. a. is less than the number determined in par. (b) 1. b. for a school district, in the 2016-17, 2017-18, and 2018-19 school years, the department shall decrease that school district's state aid payment under s. 121.08 by an amount equal to the difference multiplied by an amount under par. (b) 2. a., b., or c. If the state aid payment under s. 121.08 is insufficient to cover the reduction, the department shall decrease other state aid payments made by the department to the school district by the remaining amount. If the state aid payment under s. 121.08 and other state aid payments made by the department to the school district are insufficient to cover the reduction, the department shall use the moneys appropriated under s. 20.255 (2) (cg) to pay the balance to school districts under subd. 1.
118.51(17)(cm)1.1. If the amount determined under par. (bm) 2. c. is greater than the amount determined under par. (bm) 2. f. for a school district, beginning in the 2019-20 school year, the department shall increase that school district's state aid payment under s. 121.08 by an amount equal to the difference.
118.51(17)(cm)2. 2. If the amount determined under par. (bm) 2. c. is less than the amount determined under par. (bm) 2. f. for a school district, beginning in the 2019-20 school year, the department shall decrease that school district's state aid payment under s. 121.08 by an amount equal to the difference. If the state aid payment under s. 121.08 is insufficient to cover the reduction, the department shall decrease other state aid payments made by the department to the school district by the remaining amount. If the state aid payment under s. 121.08 and other state aid payments made by the department to the school district are insufficient to cover the reduction, the department shall use the moneys appropriated under s. 20.255 (2) (cg) to pay the balance to school districts under subd. 1.
118.51(18) (18)Location of virtual charter schools. For purposes of this section, a virtual charter school is located in the school district specified in s. 118.40 (8) (a).
118.51 Annotation Sub. (6) provides no authority to limit resident student transfers, or open enrollment, provided for in sub. (2) after the 2005-06 school year. Because there are no express provisions for any school year beyond 2005-06 and no indication that the application of the 2005-06 percentage limits would be ongoing, the application of the percentage limits must end in 2005-06. School District of Stockbridge v. Evers, 2010 WI App 144, 330 Wis. 2d 80, 792 N.W.2d _615, 10-0829.
118.51 Annotation While this section imposes application requirements and some limitations, for example relating to racial balance and special education students under subs. (7) and (12) (b) 1., there are no restrictions on resident transfers based on the overall financial health of the resident district. School District of Stockbridge v. Evers, 2010 WI App 144, 330 Wis. 2d 80, 792 N.W.2d 615, 10-0829.
118.51 Annotation The portion of sub. (7) (a) that requires a school district eligible for aid under chapter 121, subchapter VI, to reject an open enrollment application if the requested transfer into or out of the district would increase the district's racial imbalance is inconsistent with the equal protection guarantees of the United States Constitution, as those guarantees were applied in Seattle School Dist. No. 1, 551 U.S. 701 (2007). OAG 4-07. See also N.N. v. Madison Metropolitan School District, 670 F. Supp. 2d 927 (2009).
118.51 Annotation Open Enrollment: What's In the Best Interest of Wisconsin Students, Families, and Public Schools? Malugade. 97 MLR 813 (No. 3 2014).
118.52 118.52 Part-time open enrollment.
118.52(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
118.52(1)(ar) (ar) “Nonresident school board" means the school board of a nonresident school district.
118.52(1)(b) (b) “Nonresident school district" means a school district, other than a pupil's resident school district, in which the pupil is attending a course or has applied to attend a course under this section.
118.52(1)(c) (c) “Parent" includes a guardian.
118.52(1)(d) (d) “Resident school board" means the school board of a resident school district.
118.52(1)(e) (e) “Resident school district" means the school district in which a pupil resides.
118.52(2) (2)Applicability. Beginning in the 2018-19 school year, a pupil enrolled in a public school in the high school grades may attend public school in a nonresident school district under this section for the purpose of taking a course offered by the nonresident school district. A pupil may attend no more than 2 courses at any time in nonresident school districts under this section.
118.52(3) (3)Application procedures.
118.52(3)(a) (a) The parent of a pupil who wishes to attend public school in a nonresident school district for the purpose of taking a course under this section shall submit an application, on a form provided by the department, to the school board of the nonresident school district in which the pupil wishes to attend a course not later than 6 weeks prior to the date on which the course is scheduled to commence. The application shall specify the course that the pupil wishes to attend and may specify the school or schools at which the pupil wishes to attend the course. The nonresident school board shall send a copy of the application to the pupil's resident school board, except that if the pupil is attending a school in a school district other than the pupil's resident school district pursuant to a whole grade sharing agreement under s. 118.50, the nonresident school district to which the pupil applies under this section shall send a copy of the application to the school board of the district in which the pupil is attending school pursuant to the whole grade sharing agreement.
118.52(3)(b) (b) If a nonresident school board receives more applications for a particular course than there are spaces available in the course, the nonresident school board shall determine which pupils to accept on a random basis.
118.52(3)(c) (c) No later than one week prior to the date on which the course is scheduled to commence, the nonresident school board shall notify the applicant and the resident school board, in writing, whether the application has been accepted and, if the application is accepted, the school at which the pupil may attend the course. If the applicant pupil is attending a school in a school district other than the pupil's resident school district pursuant to a whole grade sharing agreement under s. 118.50, the school board of the district to which the pupil applies under this section shall provide the notice required under this paragraph to the school board of the district in which the pupil is attending school pursuant to the whole grade sharing agreement. The acceptance applies only for the following semester, school year, or other session in which the course is offered. If the school board of the district to which the pupil applies under this section rejects an application, it shall include in the notice the reason for the rejection.
118.52(3)(d) (d) No later than one week prior to the date on which the course is scheduled to commence, the resident school board, or, in the case of a pupil attending a school in a school district other than the pupil's resident school district pursuant to a whole grade sharing agreement under s. 118.50, the school board of the district in which the pupil is attending school, shall do all of the following:
118.52(3)(d)1. 1. If it denies an application to attend public school in a nonresident school district under sub. (6), notify the applicant and the nonresident school board, in writing, that the application has been denied and include in the notice the reason for the rejection.
118.52(3)(d)2. 2. If it determines that the course does not satisfy high school graduation requirements under s. 118.33 in the resident school district, notify the applicant in writing.
118.52(3)(e) (e) Following receipt of a notice of acceptance but prior to the date on which the course is scheduled to commence, the pupil's parent shall notify the resident school board, or, if the pupil is attending school in a school district other than the pupil's resident school district pursuant to a whole grade sharing agreement under s. 118.50, the school board of the district in which the pupil is attending school, and the school board of the district to which the pupil applies under this section of the pupil's intent to attend the course in the school district to which the pupil applies under this section.
118.52(4) (4)Adoption of policies and criteria. By February 1, 1998, each school board shall adopt a resolution specifying the criteria and policies described in subs. (5) and (6). If the school board wishes to revise the criteria or policies, it shall do so by resolution.
118.52(5) (5)Nonresident school district acceptance and rejection criteria. School board policies and criteria for accepting and rejecting applications under sub. (3) from pupils who reside in another school district shall be the same as the policies and criteria for entry into the course that apply to pupils who reside in the school district, except that the school board may give preference in attendance in a course to residents of the school district.
118.52(6) (6)Resident school district rejection criteria.
118.52(6)(a)(a) Individualized education program requirements. The school board of a pupil's resident school district, or, if the pupil is attending school in a school district other than the pupil's resident school district pursuant to a whole grade sharing agreement under s. 118.50, the school board of the district in which the pupil is attending school, shall reject a pupil's application to attend a course in a public school in a nonresident school district under this section if the resident school board or the school board of the district in which the pupil is attending school, respectively, determines that the course conflicts with the individualized education program for the pupil under s. 115.787 (2).
118.52(6)(b) (b) Undue financial burden. The school board of a pupil's resident school district may reject an application to attend a course in a public school in a nonresident school district if the cost of the course would impose upon the resident school district an undue financial burden in light of the resident school district's total economic circumstances, including its revenue limit under subch. VII of ch. 121, its ability to pay tuition costs for the pupil, and the per pupil cost for children continuing to be served by the resident school district.
118.52(8) (8)Appeal of rejection. If an application is rejected under sub. (3) (c) or a pupil is prohibited from attending a course in a public school in a nonresident school district under sub. (6), the pupil's parent may appeal the decision to the department within 30 days after the decision. The department shall affirm the decision unless the department finds that the decision was arbitrary or unreasonable. The department's decision is final and is not subject to judicial review under subch. III of ch. 227.
118.52(9) (9)Rights and privileges of nonresident pupils. A pupil attending a course in a public school in a nonresident school district under this section has all of the rights and privileges of pupils residing in that school district and is subject to the same rules and regulations as pupils residing in that school district.
118.52(10) (10)Disciplinary records. Notwithstanding s. 118.125, the resident school board shall provide to the nonresident school board to which a pupil has applied under this section, upon request by that school board, a copy of any expulsion findings and orders, a copy of records of any pending disciplinary proceeding involving the pupil, a written explanation of the reasons for the expulsion or pending disciplinary proceeding, and the length of the term of the expulsion or the possible outcomes of the pending disciplinary proceeding.
118.52(11) (11)Transportation.
118.52(11)(a) (a) Responsibility. The parent of a pupil attending a course in a public school in a nonresident school district under this section is responsible for transporting the pupil to and from the course that the pupil is attending.
118.52(11)(b) (b) Low-income assistance. The parent of a pupil who is attending a course in a public school in a nonresident school district under this section may apply to the department for reimbursement of the costs incurred by the parent for the transportation of the pupil to and from the pupil's residence or school in which the pupil is enrolled and the school at which the pupil is attending the course if the pupil and parent are unable to pay the cost of such transportation. The department shall determine the reimbursement amount and shall pay the amount from the appropriation under s. 20.255 (2) (cy). The department shall give preference under this paragraph to those pupils who satisfy the income eligibility criteria for a free or reduced-price lunch under 42 USC 1758 (b) (1).
118.52(12) (12)Tuition. The resident school board shall pay to the nonresident school board, for each pupil attending a course in a public school in the nonresident school district under this section, an amount equal to the cost of providing the course to the pupil, calculated in a manner determined by the department.
118.52 History History: 1997 a. 27, 41, 164.; 2001 a. 16; 2013 a. 20, 173; 2015 a. 55; 2017 a. 59.
118.52 Annotation This section applies when a high school student attends an educational institution including the University of Wisconsin System (UWS) for the purpose of taking a course offered by the educational institution. Before the 2013 revision of this section, a high school student taking a concurrent enrollment course for college credit paid tuition to UWS, either directly or indirectly. Providing concurrent enrollment courses to high school students at no cost to the students is consistent with the legislative intent in revising this section. OAG 4-14.
118.53 118.53 Attendance by pupils enrolled in a home-based private educational program.
118.53(1)(1)In this section, “course" means study which has the fundamental purposes of developing the knowledge, concepts, and skills in a subject.
118.53(2) (2)In addition to the standards for admission under ss. 118.14, 118.145 (1), and 120.12 (25), the school board of a district shall determine the minimum standards for admission to a course offered by the school district in grades kindergarten through 8.
118.53(2m) (2m)A school board shall allow a pupil enrolled in a home-based private educational program who has not met the minimum standards for admission into high school under s. 118.145 (1) to attend up to 2 courses at a public school in the district during each school semester if the school board determines that the pupil qualifies for admission to those courses and if there is sufficient space in the classroom.
118.53(3) (3)A school board shall allow a pupil enrolled in a home-based private educational program, who has met the standards for admission under sub. (2), to attend up to 2 courses at a public school in the district during each school semester if the school board determines that there is sufficient space in the classroom.
118.53(4) (4)A pupil enrolled in a home-based private educational program and attending a public school under this section may attend one course in each of 2 school districts, but may not attend more than 2 courses in any semester.
118.53 History History: 2013 a. 20, 211.
118.55 118.55 Early college credit program.
118.55(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
118.55(1)(b) (b) “Governing body of a private school” means a board elected or appointed to govern a private school or, if no board is appointed or elected to govern the school, any other person having direct charge of the private school.
118.55(1)(bm) (bm) “Institution of higher education" means all of the following:
118.55(1)(bm)1. 1. An institution within the University of Wisconsin System or a tribally controlled college.
118.55(1)(bm)2. 2. A private, nonprofit institution of higher education located in this state.
118.55(1)(c) (c) “Participating private school” means a private school attended by a pupil who has applied to take or is taking a course under this section.
118.55(2) (2)Enrollment in institution of higher education; application. Subject to sub. (7t) (c), any public high school pupil who is not attending a technical college under s. 38.12 (14) or 118.15 (1) (b) and any high school pupil attending a private school may enroll in an institution of higher education for the purpose of taking one or more nonsectarian courses at the institution of higher education, including during a summer semester or session. The pupil shall submit an application to the institution of higher education in the previous school semester. The pupil shall indicate on the application whether he or she will be taking the course or courses for high school credit or postsecondary credit or both, if applicable. The pupil shall also specify on the application that, if he or she is admitted, the institution of higher education may disclose the pupil's grades, the courses that he or she is taking, and his or her attendance record to the public or private school in which the pupil is enrolled.
118.55(3) (3)Notification of school board; determination of high school credit; notification of postsecondary credit.
118.55(3)(a)(a) A public school pupil who intends to enroll in an institution of higher education under this section shall notify the school board of the school district in which he or she is enrolled and a pupil attending a private school who intends to enroll in an institution of higher education under this section shall notify the governing body of the private school he or she attends of that intention no later than March 1 if the pupil intends to enroll in the fall semester, and no later than October 1 if the pupil intends to enroll in the spring semester. The notice shall include the titles of the courses in which the pupil intends to enroll and the number of credits of each course, and shall specify whether the pupil will be taking the courses for high school or postsecondary credit.
118.55(3)(b) (b) If the public school pupil specifies in the notice under par. (a) that he or she intends to take a course at an institution of higher education for high school credit, the school board shall determine whether the course is comparable to a course offered in the school district, and whether the course satisfies any of the high school graduation requirements under s. 118.33 and the number of high school credits to award the pupil for the course, if any. If the pupil attending a private school specifies in the notice under par. (a) that he or she intends to take a course at an institution of higher education for high school credit, the governing body of the participating private school shall determine whether the course is comparable to a course offered at the private school, whether the course satisfies any requirements necessary for high school graduation, and the number of high school credits to award the pupil for the course, if any. In cooperation with institutions of higher education, the state superintendent shall develop guidelines to assist school districts and participating private schools in making the determinations. The school board or governing body shall notify the pupil of its determinations, in writing, before the beginning of the semester in which the pupil will be enrolled. If the public school pupil disagrees with the school board's decision regarding comparability of courses, satisfaction of high school graduation requirements or the number of high school credits to be awarded, the pupil may appeal the school board's decision to the state superintendent within 30 days after the decision. The state superintendent's decision shall be final and is not subject to review under subch. III of ch. 227. If the pupil attending a participating private school disagrees with any decision of a governing body under this paragraph, the pupil may appeal the decision to the governing body within 30 days after the decision.
118.55(3)(c) (c) If the pupil specifies in the notice under par. (a) that he or she intends to take a course for postsecondary credit at an institution of higher education that is within the University of Wisconsin System, the board of regents of the University of Wisconsin System shall notify the pupil whether credits earned for the course are transferable between and within institutions within the system.
118.55(4)(a)(a) An institution of higher education shall admit a pupil to attend a course under this section if all of the following apply:
118.55(4)(a)1. 1. The pupil meets the requirements and prerequisites of the course.
118.55(4)(a)2. 2. There is space available in the course.
118.55(4)(am) (am) A pupil may attend an institution of higher education under this section only if the institution of higher education complies with s. 118.13 (1).
118.55(4)(b) (b) If an institution of higher education admits a pupil, it shall notify the school board of the school district in which the pupil is enrolled or the governing body of the pupil's participating private school, in writing, within 30 days after the beginning of classes at the institution of higher education. The notification shall include the course or courses in which the pupil is enrolled.
118.55(4)(c) (c) If a pupil is not admitted to attend the course that he or she specified in the notice under sub. (3) (a) but is admitted to attend a different course, the pupil shall immediately notify the school board of the school district in which he or she is enrolled or the governing body of the pupil's participating private school and the school board or governing body shall inform the pupil of its determinations under sub. (3) (b) regarding the course to which the pupil was admitted as soon as practicable.
118.55(5) (5)Responsibility for and determination of costs; payment and reimbursement for certain costs. Subject to sub. (7t), the school board of the school district in which a pupil attending an institution of higher education under this section is enrolled and the governing body of the participating private school attended by a pupil who is attending an institution of higher education under this section shall be responsible for the following amount:
118.55(5)(a) (a) If the pupil is taking a course for high school credit, regardless of whether the course is also taken for postsecondary credit, and if the course is not comparable to a course offered in the school district, 75 percent of the actual cost of tuition for the course, as determined under par. (d). If a pupil attending a private school is taking a course for high school credit, regardless of whether the course is also taken for postsecondary credit, and if the course is not comparable to a course offered by the participating private school, 75 percent of the actual cost of tuition for the course, as determined under par. (d). If the pupil takes a course described under this paragraph at a high school in a school district or at a participating private school, the school board of the school district or the governing body of the participating private school shall be responsible for the costs of books and other necessary materials for the course.
118.55(5)(b) (b) If the pupil is taking a course for postsecondary credit and if the course is not comparable to a course offered in the school district, 25 percent of the actual cost of tuition for the course, as determined under par. (d).
118.55(5)(d) (d) If a school board or the governing body of a participating private school is required to pay tuition on behalf of a pupil under this subsection, the tuition charged for each credit assigned to the course may not exceed the following:
118.55(5)(d)1. 1. For an institution of higher education under sub. (1) (bm) 1., other than a University of Wisconsin college campus, as defined in s. 36.05 (6m), one-third of the amount that would be charged for each credit assigned to the course to an individual who is a resident of this state and who is enrolled in the educational institution as an undergraduate student. Subject to sub. (7t), neither the institution of higher education nor the school board nor the governing body may charge any additional costs or fees to a pupil to attend a course under this section.
118.55(5)(d)1m. 1m. For an institution of higher education under sub. (1) (bm) that is a University of Wisconsin college campus, as defined in s. 36.05 (6m), one-half of the amount that would be charged for each credit assigned to the course to an individual who is a resident of this state and who is enrolled in the college campus as an undergraduate student. Subject to sub. (7t), neither the college campus nor the school board may charge any additional costs or fees to a pupil to attend a course under this section.
118.55(5)(d)2. 2. For an institution of higher education under sub. (1) (bm) 2., one-third of the amount that would be charged for each credit assigned to a similar course offered by the University of Wisconsin-Madison to an individual who is a resident of this state and who is enrolled at the University of Wisconsin-Madison as an undergraduate student. Subject to sub. (7t), neither the institution of higher education nor the school board may charge any additional costs or fees to a pupil to attend a course under this section.
118.55(5)(e)1.1. Subject to sub. (7t), within 30 days after the end of the semester, the school board of the school district in which a pupil who attended an institution of higher education under this section was enrolled and the governing body of a participating private school attended by a pupil who attended the institution of higher education under this section shall pay the institution, on behalf of the pupil, the amount determined under par. (d) and shall submit an itemized report to the department of the amounts paid under this subdivision.
2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before September 5, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 5, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-5-18)