118.60(1)(d) (d) "Progress records" has the meaning given in s. 118.125 (1) (c).
118.60(1)(g) (g) "Teacher" means a person who has primary responsibility for the academic instruction of pupils.
118.60(1m) (1m) By November 15 of the 2nd fiscal year of each fiscal biennium, the department shall prepare a list that identifies eligible school districts. The department shall post the list on the department's Internet site and shall notify in writing the school district clerk of each eligible school district. A school district that has qualified as an eligible school district under this section on April 20, 2012, shall remain an eligible school district, but no school district may qualify as an eligible school district after April 20, 2012.
118.60(2) (2)
118.60(2)(a)(a) Subject to pars. (ag) and (ar), any pupil in grades kindergarten to 12 who resides within an eligible school district may attend any private school under this section and, subject to pars. (ag), (ar), (be), (bm), and (bs), any pupil in grades kindergarten to 12 who resides in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district, may attend any private school under this section if all of the following apply:
118.60(2)(a)1.a.a. Except as provided in par. (bm), the pupil is a member of a family that has a total family income that does not exceed an amount equal to 3.0 times the poverty level determined in accordance with criteria established by the director of the federal office of management and budget. In this subdivision and sub. (3m), family income includes income of the pupil's parents or legal guardians. Except as provided in subd. 1. c., the family income of the pupil shall be verified as provided in subd. 1. b. A pupil attending a private school under this section whose family income increases may continue to attend a private school under this section.
118.60(2)(a)1.b. b. The private school submits to the department of public instruction the names, addresses, social security numbers, and other state and federal tax identification numbers, if any, of the pupil's parents or legal guardians that reside in the same household as the pupil, whether and to whom the parents or legal guardians are married, the names of all of the other members of the pupil's family residing in the same household as the pupil, and the school year for which family income is being verified under this subd. 1. b. The department of revenue shall review the information submitted under this subd. 1. b. and shall verify the eligibility or ineligibility of the pupil to participate in the program under this section on the basis of family income. In this subdivision, "family income" means federal adjusted gross income of the parents or legal guardians residing in the same household as the pupil for the tax year preceding the school year for which family income is being verified under this subd. 1. b. or, if not available, for the tax year preceding the tax year preceding the school year for which family income is being verified under this subd. 1. b. Family income for a family in which the pupil's parents are married or in which the pupil's legal guardians are married shall be reduced by $7,000 before the verification is made under this subd. 1. b. The department of revenue may take no other action on the basis of the information submitted under this subd. 1. b. If the department of revenue is unable to verify family income or to verify whether the pupil is eligible or ineligible to participate in the program under this section on the basis of family income, the department of revenue shall notify the department of public instruction of this fact and the department of public instruction shall utilize an alternative process, to be established by the department of public instruction, to determine whether the pupil is eligible to participate in the program under this section on the basis of family income. The department of public instruction may not request any additional verification of income from the family of a pupil once the department of revenue has verified that the pupil is eligible to participate in the program under this section on the basis of family income. The department of public instruction shall establish a procedure for determining family income eligibility for those pupils for whom no social security number or state or federal tax identification number has been provided.
118.60(2)(a)1.c. c. The family income of a pupil does not need to be verified under subd. 1. b. for a pupil who resided in a school district other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district in a school year, attended a participating private school in a school district other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district under the program under this section in that school year, and applies to attend a participating private school in any other school district in the school year immediately following that school year.
118.60(2)(a)2. 2. For a pupil that resides in an eligible school district, the pupil satisfies one or more of the following:
118.60(2)(a)2.a. a. The pupil was enrolled in a public school in an eligible school district in the previous school year.
118.60(2)(a)2.b. b. The pupil was not enrolled in school in the previous school year.
118.60(2)(a)2.c. c. The pupil attended a private school under this section in the previous school year.
118.60(2)(a)2.d. d. The pupil is applying to attend kindergarten, first grade, or 9th grade in a private school participating in the program under this section.
118.60(2)(a)2m. 2m. For a pupil who resides in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district, that begins participating in the program under this section in the 2016-17 school year or any school year thereafter, the pupil satisfies one or more of the following:
118.60(2)(a)2m.a. a. The pupil was enrolled in a public school in the school district in which the pupil resides during the previous school year.
118.60(2)(a)2m.b. b. The pupil was not enrolled in school in the previous school year.
118.60(2)(a)2m.c. c. The pupil attended a private school under this section in the previous school year.
118.60(2)(a)2m.d. d. The pupil is applying to kindergarten, first grade, or 9th grade in a private school participating in the program under this section.
118.60(2)(a)3.a.a. Except as provided in subd. 3. b. and c. and par. (ag) 1., the private school notified the state superintendent of its intent to participate in the program under this section or in the program under s. 119.23, and paid the nonrefundable fee, set by the department as required under s. 119.23 (2) (a) 3., by January 10 of the previous school year. The notice shall specify the number of pupils participating in the program under this section and in the program under s. 119.23 for which the school has space.
118.60(2)(a)3.b. b. For a private school that intends to participate in the program under this section in an eligible school district identified under 2011 Wisconsin Act 32, section 9137 (3u), the private school notified the state superintendent of its intent to participate, and paid the nonrefundable fee set by the department under subd. 3. a. by August 1, 2011. The notice shall specify the number of pupils participating in the program under this section for which the school has space.
118.60(2)(a)3.c. c. For a private school that intends to participate in the program under this section and to accept pupils who reside in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district, in the 2013-14 school year, the private school notified the state superintendent of its intent to participate and paid the nonrefundable fee set by the department as required under s. 119.23 (2) (a) 3. by July 26, 2013. The private school shall include an electronic mail address on the notice of intent to participate and shall specify the number of pupils who reside in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district, for which the school has space. The department shall notify the private school that it has received the notice of intent to participate in writing and by electronic mail by July 31, 2013.
118.60(2)(a)3g. 3g. By May 1 before the first term of participation in the program under this section, the private school submits to the department, on a form provided by the department, a complete anticipated budget for the first fiscal period of participation in the program under this section. The governing body shall include on the completed form anticipated enrollments for all pupils enrolled in the private school and for pupils enrolled in the private school under this section; estimated revenues and costs; a schedule of anticipated beginning and ending net choice program assets; and a schedule of monthly cash flow requirements. The governing body shall include in the budget contingent funding sources the private school will use in the event that actual enrollments are less than expected.
118.60(2)(a)4. 4. The private school complies with 42 USC 2000d.
118.60(2)(a)5. 5. The private school meets all health and safety laws or codes that apply to public schools.
118.60(2)(a)6.a.a. Except as provided in subd. 6. c. and d., all of the private school's teachers have a teaching license issued by the department or a bachelor's degree or a degree or educational credential higher than a bachelor's degree, including a masters or doctorate, from a nationally or regionally accredited institution of higher education.
118.60(2)(a)6.b. b. All of the private school's administrators have at least a bachelor's degree from a nationally or regionally accredited institution of higher education or a teaching license or administrator's license issued by the department.
118.60(2)(a)6.c. c. Any teacher employed by the private school on July 1 of the first school year that begins after a school district is identified as an eligible school district under sub. (1m) or 2011 Wisconsin Act 32, section 9137 (3u), who has been teaching for at least the 5 consecutive years immediately preceding that July 1, and who does not satisfy the requirements under subd. 6. a. on that July 1, applies to the department on a form prepared by the department for a temporary, nonrenewable waiver from the requirements under subd. 6. a. The department shall promulgate rules to implement this subd. 6. c., including the form of the application and the process by which the waiver application will be reviewed. The application form shall require the applicant to submit a plan for satisfying the requirements under subd. 6. a., including the name of the accredited institution of higher education at which the teacher is pursuing or will pursue the bachelor's degree and the anticipated date on which the teacher expects to complete the bachelor's degree. No waiver granted under this subd. 6. c. is valid after July 31 of the 5th school year that begins after a school district is identified as an eligible school district under sub. (1m) or 2011 Wisconsin Act 32, section 9137 (3u).
118.60(2)(a)6.d. d. Any teacher employed on July 1, 2013, by a private school that accepts pupils under the program who reside in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district, who has been teaching for at least the 5 consecutive years immediately preceding that July 1, and who does not satisfy the requirements under subd. 6. a. on that July 1, applies to the department on a form prepared by the department for a temporary, nonrenewable waiver from the requirements under subd. 6. a. The department shall promulgate rules to implement this subd. 6. d., including the form of the application and the process by which the waiver application will be reviewed. The application form shall require the applicant to submit a plan for satisfying the requirements under subd. 6. a., including the name of the accredited institution of higher education at which the teacher is pursuing or will pursue the bachelor's degree and the anticipated date on which the teacher expects to complete the bachelor's degree. No waiver granted under this subd. 6. d. is valid after July 31 of the 5th school year that begins after July 1, 2013.
118.60(2)(a)7.a.a. For a private school that was a first-time participant in the program under this section before April 10, 2014, and that is not accredited by an accrediting entity, the private school obtains accreditation from an accrediting entity by December 31 of the 3rd school year following the first school year in which the private school began participating in the program under this section. If the private school is accredited under this subd. 7. a., the private school is not required to obtain preaccreditation under subd. 7. b. as a prerequisite to providing instruction under this section in additional grades or in an additional or new school.
118.60(2)(a)7.b. b. Each private school that begins participation in the program under this section on or after April 10, 2014, and that is not accredited by an accrediting entity, shall obtain preaccreditation by a preaccrediting entity by August 1 before the first school term in which the private school begins participation in the program under this section, or by May 1 if the private school begins participating in the program during summer school. In any school year, a private school to which this subd. 7. b. applies may apply for and seek to obtain preaccreditation from only one preaccrediting entity. A private school to which this subd. 7. b. applies that fails to obtain preaccreditation as required under this subd. 7. b. may not participate in the program under this section or under s. 119.23 until preaccreditation has been obtained, but the private school may apply for and seek to obtain preaccreditation from a preaccrediting entity for the following school year.
118.60(2)(a)7.c. c. A private school to which subd. 7. b. applies shall apply for accreditation by an accrediting entity by December 31 of the first school year that begins after April 10, 2014, in which the private school begins participation in the program under this section, and shall achieve accreditation by an accrediting entity by December 31 of the 3rd school year following the first school year in which the private school begins participation in the program under this section. If the private school is accredited under this subd. 7. c., the private school is not required to obtain preaccreditation under subd. 7. b. as a prerequisite to providing instruction under this section in additional grades or in an additional or new school.
118.60(2)(a)8. 8. Notwithstanding s. 118.165 (1) (c), the private school annually provides at least 1,050 hours of direct pupil instruction in grades 1 to 6 and at least 1,137 hours of direct pupil instruction in grades 7 to 12. Hours provided under this subdivision include recess and time for pupils to transfer between classes but do not include the lunch periods.
118.60(2)(ag) (ag) The governing body of a new private school shall comply with all of the following before the new private school may participate in the program under this section:
118.60(2)(ag)1. 1. By August 1 of the school year immediately preceding the school year in which the new private school intends to participate in the program under this section, complete and submit to the department the following on forms provided by the department:
118.60(2)(ag)1.a. a. A notice of intent to participate and agreement to comply with procedural requirements.
118.60(2)(ag)1.b. b. A complete anticipated budget for the first fiscal period of participation in the program under this section showing that the private school will have a positive cash flow in each month of the fiscal period and no operating deficit. The governing body shall include on the completed form anticipated enrollments for all pupils enrolled in the new private school and for pupils enrolled in the new private school under this section; estimated revenues and costs; a schedule of anticipated beginning and ending net choice program assets; and a schedule of monthly cash flow requirements. The governing body shall include in the budget contingent funding sources the new private school will use in the event that actual enrollments are less than expected.
118.60(2)(ag)1.c. c. The nonrefundable fee established by the department, as required under s. 119.23 (2) (a) 3., for the school year in which the fee is paid by the new private school. If the amount of the fee paid by the new private school under this subd. 1. c. increases for the school year in which the new private school will first participate in the program under this section, the new private school shall pay the difference between the fee paid and the fee due to the department. If the amount of the fee paid by the new private school under this subd. 1. c. decreases for the school year in which the new private school will first participate in the program under this section, the department shall refund the new private school the difference between the fee paid and the fee due to the department.
118.60(2)(ag)2.a.a. By August 1 of the school year immediately preceding the school year in which the new private school intends to participate in the program under this section, submit to the department the information required under sub. (6m) (a) and (c).
118.60(2)(ag)2.b. b. If, at the time the new private school submits the information required under subd. 2. a., the new private school does not have a physical property within which the private school intends to operate, submit a mailing address of an administrator of the private school.
118.60(2)(ag)3. 3. By August 1 of the school year immediately preceding the school year in which the new private school intends to participate in the program under this section, submit to the department a statement indicating which of the standards under sub. (7) (a) the private school intends to meet.
118.60(2)(ag)4. 4. Notwithstanding the deadline to obtain preaccreditation under sub. (2) (a) 7. b., by December 15 of the school year immediately preceding the school year in which the new private school intends to participate in the program under this section, obtain preaccreditation from a preaccrediting entity.
118.60(2)(ag)5. 5. By August 1 of the first school year in which the new private school intends to participate in the program under this section, demonstrate to the satisfaction of the department that the new private school has contracted with a 3rd-party payroll service that will remit federal and state payroll taxes for each employee of the new private school for the duration of the school year.
118.60(2)(ar) (ar) By December 31 of the school year immediately preceding the school year in which a new private school intends to participate in the program under this section, the department shall notify the new private school in writing whether it has satisfied those requirements under par. (ag) that must be satisfied before December 31. If the department determines that the new private school has not satisfied those requirements, the new private school may not participate in the program under this section in the following school year, but may reinitiate the process under par. (ag) for the next following school year.
118.60(2)(be)1.1. In this paragraph:
118.60(2)(be)1.a. a. "Applicable percentage" means, for the 2015-16 and 2016-17 school years, 1 percent, and for each school year beginning with the 2017-18 school year and ending with the 2025-26 school year, the applicable percentage for the previous school year plus one percentage point.
118.60(2)(be)1.b. b. "Membership" has the meaning given in s. 121.004 (5).
118.60(2)(be)1.c. c. "Pupil participation limit" means a school district's membership in the previous school year multiplied by the applicable percentage for the current school year.
118.60(2)(be)2. 2. Beginning with the 2015-16 school year and ending with the 2025-26 school year, the total number of pupils residing in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district, who may attend a private school under this section during a school year may not exceed the school district's pupil participation limit for that school year.
118.60(2)(be)3. 3. Beginning with the 2026-27 school year, there is no limit on the number of pupils who may attend private schools under this section.
118.60(2)(bm) (bm) No pupil who resides in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district, may attend a participating private school under this section unless the pupil is a member of a family that has a total family income that does not exceed an amount equal to 1.85 times the poverty level, determined in accordance with criteria established by the director of the federal office of management and budget. In this paragraph and sub. (3m), family income includes income of the pupil's parents or legal guardians. The family income of the pupil shall be verified as provided in par. (a) 1. b. A pupil attending a private school under this section whose family income increases may continue to attend a private school under this section.
118.60(2)(bs) (bs) In the 2015-16 and 2016-17 school years, a private school may accept pupils who reside in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district, under this section only if the private school has been continually operating as a private school since May 1, 2013.
118.60(2)(c)1.1. Notwithstanding par. (a) 6., a teacher employed by a private school participating in the program under this section who teaches only courses in rabbinical studies is not required to have a bachelor's degree.
118.60(2)(c)2. 2. Notwithstanding par. (a) 6., an administrator of a private school participating in the program under this section that prepares and trains pupils attending the school in rabbinical studies is not required to have a bachelor's degree.
118.60(3) (3)
118.60(3)(a)(a) The pupil or the pupil's parent or guardian shall submit an application, on a form provided by the state superintendent, to the participating private school that the pupil wishes to attend. If more than one pupil from the same family applies to attend the same private school, the pupils may use a single application. Within 60 days after receiving the application, the private school shall notify each applicant, in writing, whether his or her application has been accepted. If the private school rejects an application, the notice shall include the reason. Subject to par. (ar), a private school may reject an applicant only if it has reached its maximum general capacity or seating capacity. Except as provided in par. (ar), the state superintendent shall ensure that the private school determines which pupils to accept on a random basis, except that the private school may give preference to the following in accepting applications, in the order of preference listed:
118.60(3)(a)1m. 1m. Pupils who attended the private school under this section during the previous school year.
118.60(3)(a)2m. 2m. Siblings of pupils described in subd. 1m.
118.60(3)(a)3. 3. Pupils who attended a different private school under this section or s. 119.23 during the previous school year.
118.60(3)(a)4. 4. Siblings of pupils described under subd. 3.
118.60(3)(a)5. 5. Siblings of those pupils who have been randomly accepted to attend the private school under this section and who did not attend a private school under this section or s. 119.23 during the previous school year.
118.60(3)(ar)1.1. In the 2015-16 school year and any school year thereafter, a private school that has submitted a notice of intent to participate under sub. (2) (a) 3. a. may accept applications for the following school year between February 1 and April 20 from pupils who reside in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district.
118.60(3)(ar)2. 2. By May 1, 2016, and by May 1 of any school year thereafter, each private school that received applications under subd. 1. shall report to the department the number of pupils who have applied under subd. 1. to attend the private school under this section and the names of those applicants that have siblings who have also applied under subd. 1. to attend the private school under this section.
118.60(3)(ar)3. 3. Annually, upon receipt of the information under subd. 2., the department shall, for each school district, determine the sum of all applicants for pupils residing in that school district under this paragraph. In determining the sum, the department shall count a pupil who has applied to attend more than one private school under the program only once. After determining the sum of all applicants for pupils residing in a school district, the department shall do one of the following:
118.60(3)(ar)3.a. a. For applications for the 2016-17 and 2017-18 school years, if the total number of applicants does not exceed the school district's pupil participation limit under sub. (2) (be), the department shall determine which applications each private school may accept on a random basis, except that the department shall give preference to the applications of pupils described in s. 118.60 (3) (a) 1m. to 5., in the order of preference listed in that paragraph.
118.60(3)(ar)3.am. am. For applications for the 2018-19 school year and each school year thereafter, if the total number of applicants does not exceed the school district's pupil participation limit under sub. (2) (be), the department shall immediately notify the private schools that all applicants reported under subd. 2. may be accepted into the private schools under the program for the next school year.
118.60(3)(ar)3.b. b. Annually, if the total number of applicants exceeds the school district's pupil participation limit under sub. (2) (be), the department shall determine which applications to accept on a random basis, except that the department shall give preference to the applications of pupils described in s. 118.60 (3) (a) 1m. to 5., in the order of preference listed in that paragraph.
118.60(3)(ar)4. 4. For each school district in which private schools received applications under subd. 1. that exceeded the school district's pupil participation limit under sub. (be) [sub. (2) (be)], the department shall establish a waiting list in accordance with the preferences required under subd. 3. b.
118.60 Note NOTE: The correct cross-reference is shown in brackets. Corrective legislation is pending.
118.60(3)(ar)5. 5. A private school that has accepted a pupil who resides in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district, under this paragraph shall notify the department whenever the private school determines that a pupil will not attend the private school under this paragraph. If, upon receiving notice under this subdivision, the department determines that the number of pupils attending private schools under this section falls below a school district's pupil participation limit under sub. (2) (be), the department shall fill any available slot in that school district with a pupil selected from the school district's waiting [list] established under subd. 4., if such a waiting list exists.
118.60 Note NOTE: A missing word is shown in brackets. Corrective legislation is pending.
118.60(3)(b) (b) If a participating private school rejects an applicant who resides within an eligible school district because the private school has too few available spaces, the applicant may transfer his or her application to a participating private school that has space available. An applicant rejected under this paragraph may be admitted to a private school participating in the program under this section for the following school year, provided that the applicant continues to reside within an eligible school district. The department may not require, in that following school year, the private school to submit financial information regarding the applicant or to verify the eligibility of the applicant to participate in the program under this section on the basis of family income.
118.60(3)(c) (c) If a participating private school rejects an applicant who resides in a school district, other than an eligible school district or a 1st class city school district, because the private school has too few available spaces, the applicant may transfer his or her application to a participating private school that has space available. An applicant rejected under this paragraph may, subject to sub. (2) (be) and (bm), be admitted to a private school participating in the program under this section for the following school year.
118.60(3)(d) (d) By the 3rd Friday in September, a pupil or a pupil's parent or guardian shall notify, using a form provided by the department, the department that the pupil is currently participating in the program under this section. The form provided by the department under this paragraph shall require a pupil or a pupil's parent or guardian to indicate the school year during which the pupil first began participating in the program under this section.
118.60(3m) (3m)
118.60(3m)(a)(a) A private school participating in the program under this section may not charge or receive any additional tuition payment for a pupil participating in the program under this section other than the payment the school receives under sub. (4) and, if applicable, sub. (4m), if either of the following applies:
118.60(3m)(a)1. 1. The pupil is enrolled in a grade from kindergarten to 8.
118.60(3m)(a)2. 2. The pupil is enrolled in a grade from 9 to 12 and the family income of the pupil, as determined under sub. (2) (a) 1., does not exceed an amount equal to 2.2 times the poverty level determined in accordance with criteria established by the director of the federal office of management and budget.
118.60(3m)(am)1.1. Beginning in the 2011-12 school year, a private school participating in the program under this section may recover the cost of providing the following to a pupil participating in the program under this section through reasonable fees in an amount determined by the private school and charged to the pupil, except that no participating private school may retroactively recover any uncollected costs incurred prior to November 19, 2011:
118.60(3m)(am)1.a. a. Personal use items, such as uniforms, gym clothes, and towels.
118.60(3m)(am)1.b. b. Social and extracurricular activities if not necessary to the private school's curriculum.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 60 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before August 26, 2015. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 26, 2015 are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-26-15)