(14) Legal proceedings.
Direct and provide for the prosecution or defense of any action or proceedings in which the school district is interested.
Authorize the school board to furnish textbooks under conditions prescribed by the annual meeting or by the school board. The authorization shall continue in effect until revoked by a subsequent annual meeting.
(16) School lunches.
Direct the school board to furnish school lunches to the pupils of the school district and appropriate funds for that purpose.
(19) Consolidation of high schools.
In a union high school district, vote to consolidate schools or to discontinue a school where more than one high school is operated by the school district.
An action may be instituted and maintained by the school district board without specific approval of the district when management, control, and conservation of school district property requires speedy application for process. Chilton Joint School Dist. No. 1 v. City of Chilton, 78 Wis. 2d 52
, 253 N.W.2d 879
The power to convert an elementary school to another educational use is not granted by subs. (5) or (12). The school board has this power under s. 120.13 (1). Waldeck v. Goedken, 84 Wis. 2d 408
, 267 N.W.2d 362
Sub. (10) authorizes levying a tax for the purposes of current or future capital expenditures even without corresponding, existing bonded indebtedness. Barth v. Monroe Board of Education, 108 Wis. 2d 511
, 322 N.W.2d 694
(Ct. App. 1982).
Nothing in sub. (6) limits a district from paying a building lease from a general fund raised by the levy of taxes under sub. (8) for school operations. Deick v. Unified School District of Antigo, 165 Wis. 2d 458
, 477 N.W.2d 613
A common school district's authority under sub. (12) to lease surplus property is discussed. 67 Atty. Gen. 332.
School board meetings and reports. 120.11(1)(1)
The school board in a common or union high school district shall hold a regular meeting at least once each month at a time and place determined by the school board and may hold special school board meetings under sub. (2)
. A majority of the school board members constitute a quorum at a regular or special school board meeting. The school district president shall preside at school board meetings. In the president's absence, the school district vice president shall preside or, in the case of a 3-member board, the school board may select another school board member to preside. The school district clerk shall record the minutes of school board meetings and, in his or her absence, the school board may select another school board member to act as the clerk of the meeting.
A special school board meeting shall be held upon the written request of any school board member. The request shall be filed with the school district clerk or, in the clerk's absence, the school district president who shall notify in writing each school board member of the time and place of the special school board meeting at least 24 hours before the meeting. The notice shall be delivered to each school board member personally or shall be left at the usual place of abode of the school board member or shall be mailed by 1st class mail to the usual place of abode of the school board member so as to arrive at least 24 hours before the special school board meeting. A special school board meeting may be held without prior notice, if all school board members are present and consent, or if every school board member consents in writing even though he or she does not attend.
Before the annual meeting, the school board shall meet to examine the accounts of the school district treasurer and to prepare a full, itemized written report which shall be presented and read at the annual meeting. The report shall state all receipts and expenditures of the school district since the last annual meeting, the current cash balance of the school district, the amount of the deficit and the bills payable of the school district, the amount necessary to be raised by taxation for the support of the schools of the school district for the ensuing year and the amount required to pay the interest and principal of any debt due during the ensuing year. The report also shall include the budget summary required under s. 65.90
. If a school board has established a trust described in s. 66.0603 (1m) (b) 3.
, the report shall also state the amount in the trust, the investment return earned by the trust since the last annual meeting, the total of disbursements made from the trust since the last annual meeting, and the name of the investment manager if investment authority has been delegated under s. 66.0603 (3) (b)
. The school district clerk shall copy the report, with the action taken thereon, and all other proceedings of the annual meeting in full in the school district record book.
The proceedings of a school board meeting shall be published within 45 days after the meeting as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
, in a newspaper published in the school district, if any, or publicized by school district-wide distribution prepared and directed by the school board and paid out of school funds. If there is no newspaper published in the school district, the proceedings shall be posted or published as the school board directs. For the purpose of publication, the proceedings shall include the substance of every official action taken by the school board at the meeting and a statement of receipts and expenditures in the aggregate. The school board shall make a detailed record of all receipts and expenditures available to the public for inspection at each school board meeting and upon request.
Report on debt service. 120.115(1)(a)
Within 10 days after adopting a resolution that authorizes the school board to incur debt or that authorizes the common council of a 1st class city to incur debt on behalf of the school district operating under ch. 119
, the school board shall notify the department of the scheduled date of the referendum and submit a copy of the resolution to the department.
Within 10 days after holding a referendum that would authorize the school district to incur debt or that would authorize the common council of a 1st class city to incur debt on behalf of the school district operating under ch. 119
, the school board shall notify the department of the approval or rejection of the referendum.
Within 10 days after adopting or revising a schedule for the payment of debt service, the school board shall submit the schedule to the department.
Within 10 days after adopting or revising a schedule for the payment of debt service on debt issued on behalf of the school district operating under ch. 119
, the common council of a 1st class city shall submit the schedule to the department.
Monthly, the department shall submit to the department of administration and the legislative fiscal bureau a report that aggregates all debt service payment schedules submitted under sub. (2)
History: 1997 a. 27
School board duties.
The school board of a common or union high school district shall:
(1) Management of school district.
Subject to the authority vested in the annual meeting and to the authority and possession specifically given to other school district officers, have the possession, care, control and management of the property and affairs of the school district, except for property of the school district used for public library purposes under s. 43.52
(2) General supervision.
Visit and examine the schools of the school district, advise the school teachers and administrative staff regarding the instruction, government and progress of the pupils and exercise general supervision over such schools.
Beginning in the 2014-15 school year, evaluate the effectiveness of each teacher and principal employed by the school district using either the system established under s. 115.415 (2)
or the equivalency process established by rule under s. 115.415 (3)
Ensure that the results of evaluations conducted under this subsection are not subject to public inspection, copying, or disclosure under s. 19.35
(3) Tax for operation and maintenance. 120.12(3)(a)(a)
Annually on or before November 1, determine the amount necessary to be raised to operate and maintain the schools of the school district and public library facilities operated by the school district under s. 43.52
, if the annual meeting has not voted a tax sufficient for such purposes for the school year. Annually on or before November 10, the school district clerk shall certify the appropriate amount so determined to each appropriate municipal clerk who shall assess the amount certified and enter it on the tax rolls as other school district taxes are assessed and entered.
If a tax sufficient to operate and maintain the schools of a school district for the ensuing school year has not been determined, certified and levied prior to the effective date of school district reorganization under ch. 117
affecting any territory of the school district, the school board of the affected school district shall determine, on or before the November 1 following the effective date of the reorganization, the amount of deficiency in operation and maintenance funds on the effective date of the reorganization which should have been paid by the property in the affected school district if the tax had been determined, certified and assessed prior to the effective date of the reorganization. On or before November 10, the school district clerk shall certify the appropriate amount to each appropriate municipal clerk who shall assess, enter and collect the amount as a special tax on the property. This paragraph does not affect the apportionment of assets and liabilities under s. 66.0235
If on or before November 1 the school board determines that the annual meeting has voted a tax greater than that needed to operate the schools of the school district for the school year, the school board may lower the tax voted by the annual meeting. On or before November 10, the school district clerk shall certify the appropriate amount so determined to each appropriate municipal clerk who shall assess the amount certified to him or her and enter it on the tax rolls in lieu of the amount previously reported.
If on or before November 1 the school board determines that the annual meeting has voted a tax that would violate the limit under subch. VII of ch. 121
, the school board shall lower the tax to bring it into compliance with that limit.
(4) Tax for debt retirement.
On or before November 1, determine the amount necessary to meet any irrepealable tax obligations or other financial commitments of the school district not otherwise provided for. The school district clerk shall certify the amount apportioned to each appropriate municipal clerk who shall include the amount certified and enter it on the tax rolls as other school district taxes are assessed and entered.
(4m) Calculation of total base wages increase for collective bargaining.
If collectively bargaining with employees of the school district, determine the maximum total base wages expenditure that is subject to collective bargaining under s. 111.70 (4) (mb) 2.
, calculating the consumer price index change using the method the department of revenue uses under s. 73.03 (68)
(5) Repair of school buildings.
Keep the school buildings and grounds in good repair, suitably equipped and in safe and sanitary condition at all times. The school board shall establish an annual building maintenance schedule.
(6) Insurance on school property.
Keep the school buildings, equipment and other property amply insured. If there are no funds in the school district treasury sufficient to pay the premium, the school board may execute a note for that purpose.
Designate one or more public depositories in which the money belonging to the school district shall be deposited and specify whether the moneys shall be maintained in time deposits subject to the limitations of s. 66.0603 (1m)
, demand deposits or savings deposits. When the money is so deposited in the name of the school district, the school district treasurer and bondsmen are not liable for any loss as defined in s. 34.01 (2)
. The interest on such deposits shall be paid into the school district treasury.
(9) Discussion of public questions.
Upon the written application of one-half of the electors of the school district, allow the use of the school buildings or grounds for the free discussion of public questions so far as such use does not interfere, in the opinion of the school board, with the prime purpose of the school buildings or grounds.
(11) Indigent children.
Provide books and school supplies for indigent children residing in the school district.
(12) Sanitary facilities.
Provide and maintain enough suitable and separate toilets and other sanitary facilities for both sexes at each school.
(13) Declaration of educational standards. 120.12(13)(a)(a)
Annually, prior to the beginning of the school term, notify the parents and guardians of pupils enrolled in the school district of the pupil academic standards, adopted under s. 118.30 (1g) (a) 1.
, that will be in effect for the school year. The school board may provide the notice required under this paragraph electronically, including by posting the notice or a link to the pupil academic standards on the school district's Internet site.
Annually, include as an item on the agenda of the first school board meeting of the school year a notice that clearly identifies the pupil academic standards adopted by the school board under s. 118.30 (1g) (a) 1.
that will be in effect for the school year.
(14) Course of study.
Determine the school course of study.
(15) School hours.
Establish rules scheduling the hours of a normal school day. The school board may differentiate between the various elementary and high school grades in scheduling the school day.
In cooperation with local health departments, as defined in s. 250.01 (4)
, develop and implement a plan to encourage compliance with par. (b)
and s. 252.04 (2)
and submit the plan to the department of health services by September 1, 1991, and annually thereafter.
Require each student to present evidence of completed basic and recall (booster) series immunizations unless the student, if an adult, or the parent, guardian or legal custodian of a minor student submits a written waiver to the school board under s. 252.04 (3)
(17) University of Wisconsin System tuition.
Pay the tuition of any pupil enrolled in the school district and attending an institution within the University of Wisconsin System if the pupil is not participating in the program under s. 118.55
, the course the pupil is attending at the university is not offered in the school district and the pupil will receive high school credit for the course.
(18) Continuity of educational programming.
Coordinate and provide for continuity of educational programming for pupils receiving educational services as the result of a court order under s. 48.345 (12)
or 938.34 (7d)
, including but not limited to providing a report to the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48
and the agency which is required to submit an educational plan for a child under s. 48.33
or 938.33 (1) (e)
. The report shall describe the child's educational status and make recommendations regarding educational programming for the child. The report shall be in writing, except that if the educational plan under s. 938.33 (1) (e)
is presented orally at the dispositional hearing the report may be presented orally to the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48
and the agency at the dispositional hearing. If written, the report shall be provided to the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48
and the agency at least 3 days before the date of the child's dispositional hearing.
(19) Initiative to provide coordinated services.
If the county board of supervisors establishes an initiative to provide coordinated services under s. 59.53 (7)
, participate in the initiative and may enter into written interagency agreements or contracts under the initiative.
(20) Prohibition of tobacco.
Prohibit the use of all tobacco products on premises owned or rented by, or under the control of, a school board, except that the school board may allow the use of tobacco products on premises owned by the school district and rented to another person for noneducational purposes.
(21) Consideration of effects on historic properties. 120.12(21)(a)(a)
In the earliest stage of planning any action related to the following, determine if its proposed action will affect any historic property that is a listed property, as defined under s. 44.31 (4)
, or that is on the list of locally designated historic places under s. 44.45
Notify the state historic preservation officer of any proposed action that the school board determines under par. (a)
would affect any historic property.
(22) Advanced placement examinations.
Using federal, state, local, or private funds, pay the costs of advanced placement examinations taken by pupils enrolled in the school district who satisfy the income eligibility criteria for free or reduced-price lunches in the federal school lunch program under 42 USC 1758
(23) Pupil participation in school activities.
Adopt a policy on access to extracurricular and recreational school programs and activities that encourages full participation by all elementary grade pupils in these programs and activities. This subsection does not apply to the school board of a union high school district.
Prior to the selection of any group health care benefits provider for school district employees, as defined in s. 111.70 (1) (ne)
, solicit sealed bids for the provision of such benefits.
Annually submit to the department of administration a report containing all of the following information regarding health care for school district employees:
Deductibles, copayments, coinsurance, and other methods by which employees contribute to health care costs.
(25) Early admission to kindergarten and first grade.
Prescribe procedures, conditions and standards for early admission to kindergarten and first grade.
(26) Enrollment of pupils.
For a pupil who is a resident of the school district and who was enrolled in but has withdrawn from the recovery charter school established under s. 118.40 (2x) (cm)
, do all of the following:
Provide assistance to a person who has control over the pupil to meet the requirements under s. 118.15
If the pupil enrolls in a school in the school district, ensure that the school applies all credits earned at the recovery charter school towards the high school graduation requirements under s. 118.33
Within 24 hours of a school being closed for a reason specified in s. 115.01 (10) (b)
or by the department of health services under s. 252.02 (3)
, notify the department. The notice shall include the reason for the closure.
Within 24 hours of reopening a school that was closed for a reason specified in s. 115.01 (10) (b)
or by the department of health services under s. 252.02 (3)
, notify the department that the school has reopened. In the notice, the school board shall include the number of days the school was closed.
(28) School board vacancies.
By July 1, 2016, adopt a policy on how the school board will fill a vacancy on the school board if the remaining school board members do not fill the vacancy under s. 17.26 (1g) (a)
within 60 days of the date on which the vacancy first exists.
History: 1973 c. 61
; 1975 c. 180
; 1977 c. 206
; 1979 c. 301
; 1983 a. 189
s. 329 (21)
; 1985 a. 29
; 1987 a. 285
; 1989 a. 31
; 1991 a. 39
; 1993 a. 16
; 1995 a. 27
, 9126 (19)
, 9145 (1)
; 1995 a. 77
; 1997 a. 27
; 1999 a. 9
; 1999 a. 150
; 2001 a. 30
; 2005 a. 220
; 2007 a. 20
s. 9121 (6) (a)
; 2007 a. 40
; 2009 a. 28
; 2011 a. 10
; 2013 a. 257
; 2015 a. 55
; 2017 a. 30
Nothing in ch. 62 or 120 precludes a school board from qualifying as a proper “claimant" against a city under s. 62.25. Chilton Joint School District No. 1 v. City of Chilton, 78 Wis. 2d 52
, 253 N.W.2d 879
Section 66.185 [now s. 66.0137] does not prohibit providing health insurance benefits to persons not listed in the statute if authority is granted by other statutes. Sections 120.12, 120.13, and 120.44, broadly construed as required by s. 118.001, grant broad powers, including that of providing insurance to persons not listed in this section. Pritchard v. Madison Metropolitan School District, 2001 WI App 62
, 242 Wis. 2d 301
, 625 N.W.2d 613
The duties and powers under ss. 118.001, 120.12 (14), and 120.13 extend to individual teachers as employees of the school board. It would be absurd to require teachers to obtain special permission from the school board with respect to every detail of their teaching. Summer homework, particularly for an honors class for which students receive additional credit, fits comfortably within the range of what is reasonable and is not unconstitutional. Larson v. Burmaster, 2006 WI App 142
, 295 Wis. 2d 333
, 720 N.W.2d 134
Sub. (18) requires a school board to cooperate with the juvenile court and the agency designated by the court to prepare an educational plan under s. 938.33 (1) (e) for a pupil or former pupil who is subject to a dispositional order under s. 938.34 or 938.355 and to coordinate and provide for continuity of educational programming for pupils receiving educational services as the result of a court order under s. 938.34 (7d). Sub. (18) does not require a school board or a school district to provide alternative educational resources to a juvenile who has been expelled from school under s. 120.13 (1) (c) 1. Madison Metropolitan School District v. Circuit Court for Dane County, 2011 WI 72
, 333 Wis. 2d 95
, 800 N.W.2d 442
Under sub. (3), the school board of common or union high school district has ultimate authority to determine the tax levy for operation and maintenance of the schools in the district. 79 Atty. Gen. 46
School boards have authority to enforce policies that mandate the manner, conditions, and content of police interviews with students on school premises during school hours. 81 Atty. Gen. 126
Individual school board members are not liable for a failure to supervise district employees. Callaway v. Hafeman, 628 F. Supp. 1478
School and school district accountability reports.
Beginning in September 2016, and annually thereafter, each school that maintains an Internet site shall, if the school is included in the most recent accountability report published under s. 115.385
, within 30 days after the department publishes the accountability report, prominently link on the home page of that Internet site to the pages in that most recent accountability report concerning the school.
History: 2015 a. 338
Before- and after-school child care.