(27) Transportation of persons who are not pupils. 120.13(27)(a)(a)
Subject to par. (b)
, the school board may use or allow the use of school buses owned and operated by the school district to transport persons who are not pupils of the school district. School buses may be used by persons who are not pupils of the school district during school hours if such use does not interfere with the transportation of pupils of the school district. The school board shall charge a fee for use of the school buses under this subsection. The fee shall be an amount equal to the actual cost of transportation under this subsection, including but not limited to costs for depreciation, maintenance, insurance, fuel and compensation of vehicle operators. If the school board denies a written request for use of the school buses, the school board shall provide the requester a written statement of the basis for the denial within 14 days after the denial.
No school bus may be used to provide transportation under this subsection unless the vehicle is insured by a policy providing property damage coverage and bodily injury liability coverage for such transportation in the amounts specified in s. 121.53 (1)
(27m) Transportation of indigent pupils.
Provide transportation to and from school for indigent pupils who reside in the school district and who are not required to be transported under s. 121.54
. In this subsection, “indigent pupils" means pupils who satisfy the income eligibility criteria for free lunches or reduced-price lunches under 42 USC 1758
(b) (1) or who are members of a Wisconsin works group, as defined in s. 49.141 (1) (s)
, with a member who is participating in Wisconsin works under s. 49.147 (3)
or any combination thereof, as determined by the school board. If a school board determines to provide transportation under this subsection, there shall be reasonable uniformity in the transportation furnished such pupils whether they attend public or private schools. The cost of transporting pupils under this subsection may not be included in the school district's shared cost under s. 121.07 (6) (a)
(28) Records custodian.
On behalf of any school district authority as defined in s. 19.32 (1)
, including the school board, school district officers and any subunit of the school board or school district, designate one or more persons to be legal custodians of records.
Borrow money and issue municipal obligations, as provided in chs. 24
(30) Hunter education programs.
May award 0.5 high school credit to a pupil who successfully completes while in the high school grades a course of instruction under the hunter education program or bow hunter education program under s. 29.591
or the trapper education program under s. 29.597
. A school board may award credit to a pupil under this subsection for completion of only one program.
(31) School crossing guards.
Upon the adoption of a resolution to do so and approval of the resolution by the governing bodies of all of the cities, villages and towns located in whole or in part within the school district, provide for the appointment of adult school crossing guards for the protection of persons who are crossing a highway in the vicinity of a school. The school crossing guards shall wear insignia or uniforms which designate them as school crossing guards and shall be equipped with signals or signs to direct traffic to stop at school crossings.
(32) School board orientation.
Provide for the orientation and continuing education of school board members and persons who have been elected to the school board but have not yet taken office in the general duties and responsibilities of the school board and the school district, and pay for the actual and necessary expenses incurred.
(33) Spending authority.
During the period between July 1 and the final adoption of a budget by the school board after the budget hearing under s. 65.90
, spend money as needed to meet the immediate expenses of operating and maintaining the public instruction in the school district.
A school board may adopt rules applicable to persons who enter or remain in a building operated by the school board, including requirements that such persons identify themselves and sign in when entering or remaining in the building or any specified portion of the building and designating time periods during which such persons may enter or remain in the building or any portion of the building.
Except as provided in subd. 2.
, any person entering or remaining in a building or portion of a building in violation of the school board's rules is subject to a forfeiture of not more than $1,000. Any person entering or remaining in a building or portion of a building in violation of the school board's rules under circumstances tending to create or provoke a breach of the peace may be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 90 days or both.
does not apply to pupils, parents of pupils, school district employees or officials or agents of a certified or recognized representative of school district employees who are included in a collective bargaining unit.
(36) Prekindergarten and kindergarten program agreements.
Enter into an agreement with a licensed public or private nonsectarian child care center to lease space for prekindergarten or kindergarten programs offered by the school district or to place school district employees in child care centers to provide instruction in prekindergarten or kindergarten programs offered by the school district.
(37) Awarding high school diplomas to veterans. 120.13(37)(a)(a)
Notwithstanding s. 118.33 (1)
, award a high school diploma to a person who meets all of the following requirements:
Is at least 65 years old, or is at least 55 years old and has a service-connected disability.
Attended high school in the school district or attended high school in this state and resides in the school district.
Left high school before receiving a high school diploma to join the U.S. armed forces during a war period under s. 45.01 (13)
Served on active duty under honorable conditions in the U.S. armed forces or in forces incorporated as part of the U.S. armed forces.
Notwithstanding s. 118.33 (1m)
, award a high school diploma to a person who received a high school equivalency diploma under s. 115.29 (4)
after serving on active duty under honorable conditions if the person meets the conditions of par. (a) 1.
Award, upon request, a high school diploma to a person who has died, but who, before dying, satisfied the conditions of par. (a) 2.
(37m) Single-sex schools and courses.
Operate one or more schools that enroll only one sex or provide one or more courses that enroll only one sex if the school board makes available to the opposite sex, under the same policies and criteria of admission, schools or courses that are comparable to each such school or course.
(38) Hunting in school forests.
Allow hunting in its school forest, as defined in s. 26.39 (1) (a)
, except that the board may not allow hunting for a wild animal when there is not an open season for that animal on land adjacent to the school forest. This subsection does not affect the authority of the department of natural resources to remove a wild animal under s. 29.885 (2) (a)
History: 1973 c. 94
; 1975 c. 115
; 1977 c. 206
; 1979 c. 20
; 1981 c. 96
; 1983 a. 27
; 1985 a. 29
; 1985 a. 101
; 1985 a. 218
; 1985 a. 332
; 1987 a. 88
; 1989 a. 31
; 1991 a. 39
; 1993 a. 16
; 1995 a. 27
, 9126 (19)
, 9145 (1)
; 1995 a. 29
; 1997 a. 27
; 1999 a. 9
; 1999 a. 150
; 1999 a. 186
; 2001 a. 38
; 2003 a. 254
; 2005 a. 22
; 2005 a. 443
; 2007 a. 20
, 9121 (6) (a)
; 2007 a. 36
; 2009 a. 14
; 2011 a. 105
; 2013 a. 186
; 2015 a. 55
; 2017 a. 11
; 2017 a. 364
; 2019 a. 9
A school board may issue a subpoena to compel the attendance of a witness at an expulsion hearing. Expulsion may be partially based on hearsay statements by school staff. Due process is discussed. Racine Unified School District v. Thompson, 107 Wis. 2d 657
, 321 N.W.2d 334
(Ct. App. 1982).
Neither sub. (1) (c) or (e) expressly or impliedly authorizes the state superintendent to review a challenged suspension when the superintendent reviews an expulsion decision under those provisions. Madison Metropolitan School District v. DPI, 199 Wis. 2d 1
, 543 N.W.2d 843
(Ct. App. 1995), 94-0199
Section 66.185 [now s. 66.0137] does not prohibit providing health insurance benefits to persons not listed in the statute if authority is granted by other statutes. Sections 120.12, 120.13, and 120.44, broadly construed as required by s. 118.001, grant broad powers, including that of providing insurance to persons not listed in this section. Pritchard v. Madison Metropolitan School District, 2001 WI App 62
, 242 Wis. 2d 301
, 625 N.W.2d 613
The section (intro) expresses the legislature's intent to give school boards broader powers and wide discretion in exercising its powers, but it does not mean that, when the legislature had previously authorized a board to take particular actions using specified procedures, the board has the authority to follow other procedures in taking those particular actions. While school boards have powers beyond those enumerated in subs. (1) to (37), they do not have the power to violate the provisions of subs. (1) to (37). Madison Metropolitan School District v. Burmaster, 2006 WI App 17
, 288 Wis. 2d 771
, 709 N.W.2d 73
The only reasonable construction of sub. (1) (e) 3. is that, if a school district elects to have a hearing officer conduct an expulsion hearing, the district must comply with the procedures specified in that paragraph. Because sub. (1) (e) 3. provides for review by the board of a hearing officer's decision only if the officer has ordered expulsion, the board does not have the authority to review and reverse the hearing officer's decision not to order an expulsion. Madison Metropolitan School District v. Burmaster, 2006 WI App 17
, 288 Wis. 2d 771
, 709 N.W.2d 73
The duties and powers under ss. 118.001, 120.12 (14), and 120.13 extend to individual teachers as employees of the school board. It would be absurd to require teachers to obtain special permission from the school board with respect to every detail of their teaching. Summer homework, particularly for an honors class for which students receive additional credit, fits comfortably within the range of what is reasonable and is not unconstitutional. Larson v. Burmaster, 2006 WI App 142
, 295 Wis. 2d 333
, 720 N.W.2d 134
Because of a lack of statutory authority, speech therapists may not supply services to students attending therapy sessions in parochial school buildings. 63 Atty. Gen. 8.
Students may have bus riding privileges suspended without being suspended or expelled from school. However, both public and private school students must be afforded due process under sub. (1) before such a suspension can take place. 63 Atty. Gen. 526.
School boards have authority to enforce policies that mandate the manner, conditions, and content of police interviews with students on school premises during school hours. 81 Atty. Gen. 126
Sub. (1) (f) does not allow a school board to deny enrollment to a pupil who is currently expelled either from an out-of-state public school district or from a private school. OAG 5-08
Having established the right to an education, the state may not withdraw the right on grounds of misconduct absent fundamentally fair procedures to determine if misconduct occurred. Attendance by the student at expulsion deliberations is not mandatory; all that is required is that the student have the opportunity to attend and present his or her case. Remer v. Burlington Area School District, 149 F. Supp. 2d 665
Democracy in the classroom: due process and school discipline. 58 MLR 705.
In Wisconsin Expulsions, We Don't Have to Leave Children Behind. Kratochvil. 91 MLR 1213 (2008).
School Expulsions: Not all are Equal. Julien & Engel. Wis. Law. Oct. 2001.
Children in School: Student Discipline and the School-to-Prison Pipeline. Spitzer-Resnick. Wis. Law. Sept. 2014.
Capital improvement fund. 120.135(1)(1)
By July 1, 2000, by a two-thirds vote of the members elect, a school board may adopt a resolution creating a capital improvement fund for the purpose of financing the cost of acquiring and improving sites, constructing school facilities and major maintenance of or remodeling, renovating and improving school facilities if all of the following are true:
A tax incremental district that is located in whole or in part in the school district is terminated before the maximum number of years that the tax incremental district would have existed under s. 66.1105 (7) (am)
The value increment of the tax incremental district exceeds $300,000,000.
In each year in which the school board adopts a resolution by a two-thirds vote of the members elect expressing its intention to do so until the year after the year in which the tax incremental district would have been required to terminate under s. 66.1105 (7) (am)
, the school board may deposit into the capital improvement fund the percentage, not to exceed 100 percent, specified in the resolution of the school district's portion of the positive tax increment of the tax incremental district in that year, as determined by the department of revenue under s. 66.1105
The school board shall use the balance of the school district's portion of the positive tax increment of the tax incremental district to reduce the levy that otherwise would be imposed.
Money in the capital improvement fund may not be used for any purpose or be transferred to any other fund without the approval of a majority of the electors of the school district voting on the question at a referendum.
The school board may not deposit into the capital improvement fund any amount other than the percentage specified under sub. (2)
The school board shall submit a report by January 1 of each odd-numbered year to the governor and the joint committee on finance describing the use of the moneys deposited into the fund under sub. (1)
and the effects of that use.
History: 1999 a. 17
; 2001 a. 30
; 2013 a. 8
Long-term capital improvement trust fund. 120.137(1)(1)
In this section, a “long-term capital improvement plan" is a capital improvement plan for at least a 10-year period.
A school board that has approved a long-term capital improvement plan may create a long-term capital improvement trust fund for the purpose of financing the costs of the capital improvements included in the school board's approved long-term capital improvement plan.
A school board may not expend money deposited in a long-term capital improvement trust fund created under sub. (2)
for a period of 5 years beginning on the date the trust fund is created.
After the 5-year period described in par. (a)
, a school board may make expenditures from a long-term capital improvement trust fund solely for the purposes described in the school board's approved long-term capital improvement plan and may not transfer money from a long-term capital improvement trust fund to any other school district fund.
History: 2013 a. 336
Audit of school district accounts.
In a common or union high school district:
At the close of each fiscal year, the school board of each school district shall employ a licensed accountant to audit the school district accounts and certify the audit. The audit shall include information concerning the school district's self-insurance plan under s. 66.0137 (4m)
or 120.13 (2) (b)
, as specified by the commissioner of insurance, and information about expenditures for community programs and services under s. 120.13 (19)
. If required by the state superintendent under s. 115.28 (18)
, the audit shall include an audit of the number of pupils reported for membership purposes under s. 121.004 (5)
. The cost of the audit shall be paid from school district funds. Annually by September 15, the school district clerk shall file a financial audit statement with the state superintendent.
The annual meeting may authorize and direct an audit of the school district accounts by a certified public accountant licensed or certified under ch. 442
The department shall establish by rule a standard contract and minimum standards for audits performed under this section.
See also s. PI 14.03
, Wis. adm. code.
School district president; duties.
The school district president of a common or union high school district shall:
Countersign all checks, share drafts or other drafts for disbursement of school district moneys.
Defend on behalf of the school district all actions brought against the school district.
Prosecute, when authorized by an annual meeting or the school board, actions brought by the school district.
Prosecute an action for the recovery of any forfeiture incurred under chs. 115
in which the school district is interested. If the school district president has incurred the forfeiture, such action shall be prosecuted by the school district treasurer. Of the net sum recovered under such action, one-half shall be paid into the school district treasury and one-half to the county treasury for the benefit of the school fund.
Act as chairperson of school board meetings and see that minutes of the meetings are properly recorded, approved and signed. In the absence of the president, the vice president or, in the case of a 3-member board, another school board member selected by the school board, shall act as chairperson of school board meetings.
School district treasurer; duties.
The school district treasurer of a common or union high school district shall:
Apply for, receive and sue for all money appropriated to or collected for the school district and disburse the same in accordance with this subsection and s. 66.0607
. Disbursements from the school district treasury shall be made by the school district treasurer upon the written order of the school district clerk after proper vouchers have been filed with the school district clerk. Such disbursements shall be by order check, share draft or other draft and no order check, share draft or other draft is valid nor may it be released to the payee unless signed by the school district clerk and school district treasurer and countersigned by the school district president. In a school district having 5 or more school board members, another school board member may countersign such order checks, share draft or other draft in lieu of the school district president. No order check, share draft or other draft may be drawn for the payment of which money has not been appropriated according to law. The school district treasurer may receive money raised in extracurricular activities. The school board may by resolution authorize the use of facsimile signatures as provided in s. 66.0607 (3)
. A certified copy of the resolution shall be filed with the school district clerk and each public depository concerned.
Enter in the treasurer's account books all money received and disbursed by the treasurer, specifying the source from which it was received, the person to whom it was paid and the object for which it was paid.
Present to the annual meeting a written statement of all money received and disbursed by the treasurer during the preceding year.
Immediately upon receipt, deposit the funds of the school district in the name of the school district in a public depository deposit designated by the school board under s. 120.12 (7)
. Failure to comply with this subsection shall be prima facie grounds for removal from office. When such funds are so deposited, the school district treasurer and his or her bonders are not liable for losses as defined in s. 34.01 (2)
. The interest derived from such funds shall be paid into the school district treasury.
Withdraw funds of the school district deposited in savings or time deposits by written transfer order in accordance with this subsection and s. 66.0607
. Written transfer orders may be executed only for the purpose of transferring deposits to an authorized deposit of the school district in the same or another authorized public depository. The transfer shall be made directly by the public depository from which the withdrawal is made. No transfer order is valid unless signed by the school district clerk and school district treasurer and countersigned by the school district president. In a school district having 5 or more school board members, another school board member may countersign transfer orders in lieu of the school district president. The school board may, by resolution, authorize the use of facsimile signatures as provided in s. 66.0607 (3)
. A certified copy of the resolution shall be filed with the school district clerk and each public depository concerned.
School district clerk; duties.
The school district clerk of a common or union high school district shall:
Report the name and post-office address of each officer of the school district, within 10 days after the election or appointment of the officer, to the clerk and treasurer of each municipality having territory within the school district.
Act as clerk and record the proceedings of annual and special meetings.
Enter in the record book provided by the school board the minutes of its meetings, orders, resolutions and other proceedings.
Enter in the record book copies of all the school district clerk's reports to the municipal clerks and the certificate of the proceedings of a meeting returned by a temporary school district clerk.
Draw orders on the school district treasurer as directed by an annual or special meeting or the school board and record all orders drawn on the school district treasurer.
Furnish each teacher with a copy of the contract between the teacher and the school board.