121.79   Tuition payments by state.
121.80   Tuition payments by counties.
121.81   Tuition payments by parents.
121.82   Tuition payment by adult.
121.83   Computation of tuition.
121.84   Tuition waiver; special cases.
SUBCHAPTER VI
SPECIAL TRANSFER AID
121.845   Definitions.
121.85   Special transfer programs.
121.86   Merged attendance area programs.
121.87   School district report.
SUBCHAPTER VII
REVENUE LIMIT
121.90   Definitions.
121.905   Applicability.
121.91   Revenue limit.
121.92   Penalty for exceeding revenue ceiling or limit.
Ch. 121 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See definitions in s. 115.001.
subch. I of ch. 121 SUBCHAPTER I
DEFINITIONS AND GENERAL PROVISIONS
121.004 121.004 Definitions. In this chapter, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
121.004(1) (1)Average daily membership. “ Average daily membership" is the sum of all pupils enrolled in all schools of the school district for each day of the school term, divided by the number of days school is actually taught. If it contains a fraction, the quotient shall be expressed as the nearest whole number.
121.004(2) (2)Equalized valuation. The “equalized valuation" of a school district is the full value of the taxable property of the territory in the school district as certified for the prior year under s. 121.06 (2), excluding value adjustments made under s. 70.57 (1) resulting from appeals made under s. 70.995. The “equalized valuation" of any taxable property in a tax incremental district shall not exceed its equalized value determined for the purpose of obtaining the tax incremental base of that district under s. 66.1105. The “equalized valuation" of a school district shall be reduced by the amount of an environmental remediation value increment on a parcel of property that is certified under s. 66.1106 during the period of certification.
121.004(3) (3)Fund. “Fund" is an independent accounting entity, as prescribed under s. 115.28 (13).
121.004(4) (4)Gross cost. The “gross cost" of a fund means the sum of all nonduplicative expenditures from and other financing uses of that fund.
121.004(5) (5)Membership. “Membership" for any school district is the sum of pupils enrolled as reported under s. 121.05 (1) or (2), as appropriate, and the summer average daily membership equivalent for those academic summer classes, interim session classes, and laboratory periods approved for necessary academic purposes under s. 121.14 (1) (a) 1. and 2. and those online classes described in s. 121.14 (1) (a) 3.
121.004(6) (6)Net cost. The “net cost" of a fund means the gross cost of that fund minus all nonduplicative revenues and other financing sources of that fund except property taxes, general aid, and aid received under ss. 79.095 (4) and 79.096. In this subsection, “nonduplicative revenues" includes federal financial assistance under 20 USC 236 to 245, to the extent permitted under federal law and regulations.
121.004(7) (7)Pupils enrolled.
121.004(7)(a) (a) “Pupils enrolled" is the total number of pupils, as expressed by official enrollments, in all schools of the school district, except as provided in pars. (b) to (f). If such total contains a fraction, it shall be expressed as the nearest whole number. The same method shall be used in computing the number of pupils enrolled for resident pupils, nonresident pupils or both.
121.004(7)(b) (b) A first grade pupil may be counted only if the pupil attains the age permitted under s. 120.12 (25) or required under s. 118.14 for first grade admission.
121.004(7)(c)1.1. A pupil enrolled in kindergarten may be counted only if the pupil attains the age permitted under s. 120.12 (25) or required under s. 118.14 for kindergarten admission. A kindergarten pupil, including a pupil enrolled in a 4-year-old kindergarten program being phased in under s. 118.14 (3) (b), shall be counted as one-half pupil except that:
121.004(7)(c)1.a. a. A pupil enrolled in a 5-year-old kindergarten program that requires full-day attendance by the pupil for 5 days a week, but not on any day of the week that pupils enrolled in other grades in the school do not attend school, for an entire school term shall be counted as one pupil.
121.004(7)(c)1.b. b. A pupil enrolled in a 5-year-old kindergarten program that requires full-day attendance by the pupil for less than 5 days a week for an entire school term shall be counted as the result obtained by multiplying the number of hours in each day in which the pupil is enrolled by the total number of days for which the pupil is enrolled, and dividing the result by the total number of hours of attendance required of first grade pupils in the school district.
121.004(7)(c)2. 2. In subd. 1. a. and b., “full-day" means the length of the school day for pupils in the first grade of the school district operating the 5-year-old kindergarten program.
121.004(7)(cm) (cm) A pupil enrolled in a 4-year-old kindergarten program, including a 4-year-old kindergarten program being phased in under s. 118.14 (3) (b), that provides the required number of hours of direct pupil instruction under s. 121.02 (1) (f) shall be counted as 0.6 pupil if the program annually provides at least 87.5 additional hours of outreach activities.
121.004(7)(d) (d) A pupil enrolled in a preschool program under subch. V of ch. 115 who is 3 years of age or older shall be counted as one-half pupil.
121.004(7)(e) (e) A pupil attending public school under s. 118.145 (4) shall be counted as the result obtained by dividing the number of hours of direct pupil instruction scheduled for the pupil at the public school during the school year by the number of hours of direct pupil instruction that the school district scheduled for a pupil in the same grade during the school year.
121.004(7)(em) (em) A pupil attending public school outside his or her school district of residence under s. 118.53 shall be counted as 0.25 pupil for each course the pupil attends at the public school during the school year. A pupil attending public school in his or her school district of residence under s. 118.53 shall be counted as the result obtained by dividing the number of hours of direct pupil instruction scheduled for the pupil at the public school during the school year by the number of hours of direct pupil instruction that the school district scheduled for a pupil in the same grade during the school year.
121.004(7)(f) (f) A pupil who transfers from one school district to another under s. 121.85 (3) (a) shall be counted by the school district in which the pupil resides as 0.75 pupil or, if appropriate, as a number equal to the result obtained by multiplying 0.75 by the appropriate fraction under par. (c), (cm) or (d).
121.004(8) (8)Summer average daily membership equivalent. “Summer average daily membership equivalent" is a number determined by dividing the sum of the following by 48,600:
121.004(8)(a) (a) The total number of minutes in which pupils are enrolled in academic summer classes, interim session classes, or laboratory periods, as defined by the state superintendent under s. 121.14.
121.004(8)(b) (b) The sum of the number of minutes of online class instruction completed per pupil for each high school pupil and each pupil in the 7th or 8th grade who completes an online summer class or an online interim session class offered by a school district if all of the following are satisfied:
121.004(8)(b)1. 1. The online class is offered by a school district.
121.004(8)(b)2. 2. The pupil receiving instruction in the online class resides in the school district under subd. 1. or is attending that school district under s. 118.51.
121.004(8)(b)3.a.a. If the pupil receiving instruction in the online class is enrolled in a high school grade, the pupil receives credit for completion of the class.
121.004(8)(b)3.b. b. If the pupil receiving instruction in the online class is enrolled in the 7th or 8th grade, the pupil successfully completed the class.
121.004(8)(b)4. 4. The school board of the school district under subd. 1. determines that the online class fulfills a requirement for high school graduation specified under s. 118.33 (1) (a) 1. or 2. or established by the school board under s. 118.33 (1) (am) or the authority of the department.
121.004(9) (9)Teacher-pupil ratio. “Teacher-pupil ratio" is the quotient of the number of pupils enrolled divided by the number of teachers employed.
121.004(10) (10)Teachers employed. “Teacher" means a person holding a license or certificate under s. 115.28 (7), but does not include any person under s. 115.29 (3). In computing the number of teachers employed, professional workers who devote less than full time to their professional duties shall be counted in proportion to the time devoted to such duties. Teachers who devote full time to children with disabilities shall not be counted.
121.006 121.006 State aid withheld.
121.006(1)(a) (a) The state superintendent may withhold state aid from any school district in which the scope and character of the work are not maintained in such manner as to meet the state superintendent's approval.
121.006(1)(b) (b) No state aid may be paid in any year under this chapter to a school district which fails to meet the requirements under sub. (2).
121.006(1)(c) (c) If the state superintendent withholds state aid from a school district under this subsection, the school board may request a hearing under s. 227.42.
121.006(2) (2)Unless the state superintendent is satisfied that the failure to meet the requirements of pars. (a) and (b) was occasioned by some extraordinary cause not arising from intention or neglect on the part of the responsible officers, every school district shall:
121.006(2)(a) (a) Hold school for the minimum number of hours of direct pupil instruction required for the grade in which a pupil is enrolled as specified in s. 121.02 (1) (f).
121.006(2)(b) (b) Employ teachers qualified under s. 118.19.
121.006(2)(c) (c) File all reports as required by state law.
121.006(2)(d) (d) Comply with a directive issued by the state superintendent under s. 118.42 (3) (a) or (b).
121.006(5) (5)In the event of a school district labor dispute, s. 121.23 shall apply.
121.006 History History: 1973 c. 90, 157; 1977 c. 26; 1977 c. 29 s. 1097; 1977 c. 178, 203, 206, 273, 447; Stats. 1977 s. 121.006; 1979 c. 221; 1995 a. 27 ss. 4031, 9145 (1); 1997 a. 27; 2009 a. 215; 2013 a. 257.
121.007 121.007 Use of state aid; exemption from execution. All moneys paid to a school district under s. 20.255 (2) (ac), (bc), (cg), and (cr), shall be used by the school district solely for the purposes for which paid. Such moneys are exempt from execution, attachment, garnishment, or other process in favor of creditors, except as to claims for salaries or wages of teachers and other school employees and as to claims for school materials, supplies, fuel, and current repairs.
subch. II of ch. 121 SUBCHAPTER II
GENERAL AID
121.01 121.01 Purpose. It is declared to be the policy of this state that education is a state function and that some relief should be afforded from the local general property tax as a source of public school revenue where such tax is excessive, and that other sources of revenue should contribute a larger percentage of the total funds needed. It is further declared that in order to provide reasonable equality of educational opportunity for all the children of this state, the state must guarantee that a basic educational opportunity be available to each pupil, but that the state should be obligated to contribute to the educational program only if the school district provides a program which meets state standards. It is the purpose of the state aid formula set forth in this subchapter to cause the state to assume a greater proportion of the costs of public education and to relieve the general property of some of its tax burden.
121.01 Annotation The school finance system under ch. 121 is constitutional under both Art. I, sec. 1 and Art. X, s. 3. Students have a fundamental right to an equal opportunity for a sound basic education. Uniform revenue-raising capacity among districts is not required. Vincent v. Voight, 2000 WI 93, 236 Wis. 2d 588, 614 N.W.2d 388, 97-3174.
121.01 Annotation A “uniform" education: reform of local property tax school finance systems through state constitutions. 62 MLR 565.
121.02 121.02 School district standards.
121.02(1)(1)Except as provided in s. 118.40 (2r) (d), each school board shall:
121.02(1)(a)1.1. Ensure that every teacher, supervisor, administrator and professional staff member holds a certificate, license or permit to teach issued by the department before entering on duties for such position.
121.02(1)(a)2. 2. Subject to s. 118.40 (8) (b) 1., 2., and 3., ensure that all instructional staff of charter schools located in the school district hold a license or permit to teach issued by the department. For purposes of this subdivision, a virtual charter school is located in the school district specified in s. 118.40 (8) (a) and a charter school established under s. 118.40 (3) (c) 1. c. is located in the school district specified in s. 118.40 (3) (c) 1. c. The state superintendent shall promulgate rules defining “instructional staff" for purposes of this subdivision.
121.02(1)(a)3. 3. Ensure that an individual who provides instruction in a subject and level through an online course offered from another state to pupils enrolled in a school in the school district holds a valid license or permit to teach the subject and level in the state from which the online course is provided.
121.02(1)(b) (b) Annually, establish with school board employees a professional staff development plan designed to meet the needs of individuals or curriculum areas in each school.
121.02(1)(c) (c) Provide interventions or remedial reading services for a pupil in grades kindergarten to 4 if any of the following occurs:
121.02(1)(c)1. 1. The pupil fails to meet the reading objectives specified in the reading curriculum plan maintained by the school board under par. (k).
121.02(1)(c)2. 2. The pupil fails to score above the state minimum performance standard on the reading test under par. (r) and:
121.02(1)(c)2.a. a. A teacher in the school district and the pupil's parent or guardian agree that the pupil's test performance accurately reflects the pupil's reading ability; or
121.02(1)(c)2.b. b. A teacher in the school district determines, based on other objective evidence of the pupil's reading comprehension, that the pupil's test performance accurately reflects the pupil's reading ability.
121.02(1)(c)3. 3. The pupil's reading assessment under s. 118.016 indicates that the pupil is at risk of reading difficulty. If this subdivision applies, the interventions or services provided the pupil shall be scientifically based and shall address all areas in which the pupil is deficient in a manner consistent with the state standards in reading and language arts.
121.02(1)(d) (d) Operate a 5-year-old kindergarten program, except in union high school districts.
121.02(1)(e) (e) Provide guidance and counseling services.
121.02(1)(f) (f) Annually, schedule at least 437 hours of direct pupil instruction in kindergarten, at least 1,050 hours of direct pupil instruction in grades 1 to 6 and at least 1,137 hours of direct pupil instruction in grades 7 to 12. Scheduled hours under this paragraph include recess and time for pupils to transfer between classes but do not include the lunch period. Scheduled hours under this paragraph do not include hours of direct pupil instruction offered during an interim session. Scheduled hours under this paragraph may include hours on Saturdays. A school board operating a 4-year-old kindergarten program may use up to 87.5 of the scheduled hours for outreach activities.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 17 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on August 13, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 13, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-13-19)