No person may continue as a certified juvenile detention officer, except on a temporary or probationary basis, unless that person maintains employment with a juvenile detention facility and completes annual recertification training. The officer shall complete at least 24 hours of recertification training each fiscal year beginning in the fiscal year following the fiscal year in which he or she is certified as a juvenile detention officer by the board.
Any person employed and certified as a jail officer on July 1, 1994, is certified as a juvenile detention officer and remains certified as a juvenile detention officer subject to annual recertification requirements under subd. 6.
and the board's decertification authority under sub. (3) (cm)
The board shall promulgate rules that do all of the following:
Establish model standards that could be used by any law enforcement agency to determine whether to initiate or continue police pursuit, to establish police pursuit driving techniques employed by that agency, and to inform its officers of its written guidelines provided under s. 346.03 (6)
. The board shall review and, if considered appropriate by the board, revise the model standards established under this subdivision not later than June 30 of each odd-numbered year thereafter. The rules promulgated under this subdivision are advisory only, are not required to be included as a law enforcement training standard under this subsection, and are inadmissible as evidence, except to show compliance with this subdivision.
Establish the preparatory program and biennial recertification training curricula required under par. (a)
relating to police pursuit standards, guidelines, and driving techniques.
The board shall establish criteria for firearm training. Notwithstanding s. 227.10 (1)
, the criteria need not be promulgated as rules under ch. 227
and shall do all of the following:
Establish model standards that could be used by any law enforcement agency to show handgun proficiency.
Establish the preparatory program and annual recertification training curricula required under par. (a)
relating to an officer's ability to operate and fire a handgun.
Local or agency standards.
Nothing in this subsection shall preclude any law enforcement or tribal law enforcement agency or sheriff from setting recruit training, employment, and recertification training standards that are higher than the minimum standards set by the board.
(5) Schools and programs; training reimbursements. 165.85(5)(a)(a)
All training programs and training schools for law enforcement, tribal law enforcement, jail, and juvenile detention officers and law enforcement instructors must be authorized and approved by the board as meeting standards established by the board. The board may authorize and approve a training program or training school only if it is operated by an agency of the state or of a political subdivision of the state. The authority granted in this paragraph does not authorize the board to select a site for a state police, jail, or juvenile detention officer academy or to expend funds thereon.
The board shall authorize the reimbursement to each political subdivision of approved expenses incurred by recruits who satisfactorily complete training at schools certified by the board. Reimbursement of these expenses for law enforcement officer, jail officer and juvenile detention officer preparatory training shall be for board approved tuition, living, and travel expenses. Reimbursement of approved expenses for completion of annual recertification training under sub. (4)
shall include at least $160 per officer thereafter. Funds may also be distributed for attendance at other training programs and courses or for training services on a priority basis to be decided by the department of justice.
The board may provide grants as a reimbursement for actual expenses incurred by state agencies or political subdivisions for providing training programs to officers from other jurisdictions within the state.
Any state agency which receives reimbursement for salary and fringe benefit costs under this subsection shall treat the reimbursement as revenue and deposit any such reimbursement in the appropriate program revenue account or segregated fund. If there is no such appropriate account or fund, the reimbursement shall be deposited as general purpose revenue — earned.
(5x) Officer training reimbursement.
Notwithstanding sub. (5)
, in each fiscal year, the department of justice shall determine the amount of additional costs, including but not limited to tuition, lodging, travel, meals, salaries and fringe benefits, to each political subdivision as a result of the enactment of 1993 Wisconsin Act 460
. In each fiscal year, the department shall pay each political subdivision the amount determined under this subsection for that political subdivision from the appropriation under s. 20.455 (2) (am)
, subject to the limitations under s. 20.455 (2) (am)
The board may accept for any of its purposes and functions under this section any and all donations, both real and personal, and grants of money from any governmental unit or public agency, or from any institution or person, and may receive and utilize the same. Any arrangements pursuant to this subsection shall be detailed in any report of the board submitted under s. 15.07 (6)
, which shall include the identity of the donor, the nature of the transaction, and the conditions, if any.
History: 1973 c. 90
; 1975 c. 94
s. 91 (11)
; 1977 c. 29
; 1979 c. 111
; 1981 c. 20
; 1983 a. 27
; 1985 a. 29
; 1987 a. 237
; 1989 a. 31
; 1991 a. 39
; 1993 a. 16
; 1995 a. 201
; 1997 a. 27
; 1999 a. 9
; 2001 a. 16
; 2005 a. 60
; 2007 a. 20
; 2009 a. 28
; 2011 a. 29
; 2013 a. 214
; s. 35.17 correction in (2) (e).
NOTE: 1993 Wis. Act 407
, which creates subs. (2) (e) and (4) (f) and amends subs. (1), (3) and (4), contains extensive explanatory notes.
See also ch. LES 1
, Wis. adm. code.
A rule adopted under this section properly barred a nonpardoned felon from holding a police job. Law Enforcement Standards Board v. Lyndon Station, 101 Wis. 2d 472
, 305 N.W.2d 89
Sub. (4) (b) governs the terms of employment of a probationary sheriff's deputy so that the discipline procedures under s. 59.21 (8) (b) [now s. 59.29 (8) (b)] do not apply and an applicable collective bargaining agreement controls. Hussey v. Outagamie County, 201 Wis. 2d 14
, 548 N.W.2d 848
(Ct. App. 1996), 95-2948
A police officer promoted to sergeant, subject to a one-year period of probation, could not be demoted without a just cause hearing under s. 62.13 (5) (em). An original appointment is on a probationary basis under sub. (4) (b). Once that period has passed, no promotion can be taken away without a hearing under s. 62.13 (5) (em). Antisdel v. City of Oak Creek Police and Fire Commission, 2000 WI 35
, 234 Wis. 2d 154
, 609 N.W.2d 464
Sub. (4) (b) 2. does not preclude temporary assignment of uncertified persons to fill in as jail officers when necessary as a result of sickness, vacations, or scheduling conflicts. 78 Atty. Gen. 146
Chief of police was entitled to hearing meeting due process requirements prior to discharge from office. Jessen v. Village of Lyndon Station, 519 F. Supp. 1183
A probationary police officer had no protected property interest in his job. Ratliff v. City of Milwaukee, 608 F. Supp. 1109
Law enforcement training.
The department shall:
Supply the staffing needs of the law enforcement standards board.
Identify state agencies and political subdivisions that employ law enforcement officers in the state, notify the appropriate officials of the standards of employment and preparatory and recertification training established by the board, and develop appropriate procedures whereby acceptable evidence of compliance with the board's employment and preparatory and recertification training standards may be submitted.
Identify state agencies and political subdivisions that employ law enforcement officers in the state and notify the appropriate officials of the model law enforcement pursuit standards established by the board under s. 165.85 (4) (d)
Identify and coordinate all preparatory and recertification training activities in law enforcement in the state, and expand the coordinated program to the extent necessary to supply the training required for all recruits in the state under the preparatory training standards and time limits set by the board and for law enforcement officers, jail officers and juvenile detention officers in this state.
Organize a program of training, which shall encourage utilization of existing facilities and programs through cooperation with federal, state, and local agencies and institutions presently active in this field. Priority shall be given to the establishment of the statewide preparatory and recertification training programs described in sub. (1)
, but the department shall cooperate in the creation and operation of other advanced and special courses, including courses relating to emergency detention of persons under s. 51.15
and emergency protective placement under s. 55.135
, that meet the curriculum standards recommended by the board. The department may satisfy the requirement for cooperating in the development of special courses relating to emergency detention and emergency protective placement by cooperating with county departments of community programs in the development of these courses under s. 51.42 (3) (ar) 4. d.
The department shall keep appropriate records of all such training courses given in the state and the results thereof in terms of persons attending, agencies represented, and, where applicable, individual grades given.
Grants to certain counties for law enforcement programs. 165.89(1)(1)
From the appropriation under s. 20.455 (2) (kq)
, the department shall provide grants to counties to fund county law enforcement services. The department may make a grant to a county under this section only if all of the following apply:
The county borders one or more federally recognized Indian reservations.
The county has not established a cooperative county-tribal law enforcement program under s. 165.90
with each federally recognized Indian tribe or band that has a reservation bordering the county.
The county demonstrates a need for the law enforcement services to be funded with the grant.
The county submits an application for a grant and a proposed plan that shows how the county will use the grant moneys to fund law enforcement services.
The department shall review an application and plan submitted under sub. (1) (d)
to determine if the application and plan meet the requirements of sub. (1) (a)
and the criteria established under sub. (3)
. The department may not award an annual grant in excess of $50,000 to any county under this section.
The department shall develop criteria and procedures for use in administering this section. Notwithstanding s. 227.10 (1)
, the criteria and procedures need not be promulgated as rules under ch. 227
Notwithstanding subs. (1)
and any criteria and procedures developed under sub. (3)
, the department shall allocate $300,000 to Forest County each fiscal year from the appropriation account under s. 20.455 (2) (kq)
to fund law enforcement services.
History: 2005 a. 25
; Stats. 2005 s. 165.89.
County-tribal law enforcement programs. 165.90(1)(1)
Any county that has one or more federally recognized Indian reservations within or partially within its boundaries may enter into an agreement in accordance with s. 59.54 (12)
with an Indian tribe located in the county to establish a cooperative county-tribal law enforcement program. To be eligible to receive aid under this section, a county and tribe shall develop and annually submit a joint program plan, by December 1 of the year prior to the year for which funding is sought, to the department of justice for approval. If funding is sought for the 2nd or any subsequent year of the program, the county and tribe shall submit the report required under sub. (4) (b)
together with the plan.
The joint program plan shall identify all of the following:
A description of the proposed cooperative county-tribal law enforcement program for which funding is sought, including information on the population and geographic area or areas to be served by the program.
The program's need for funding under this section and the amount of funding requested.
The governmental unit that shall receive and administer aid and the method by which aid shall be disbursed. The joint program plan shall specify that either the tribe or the county shall receive and administer the full amount of the aid or that the tribe and the county each shall receive and administer specified portions of the aid.
The types of law enforcement services to be performed on the reservation and the persons who shall perform those services.
The person who shall exercise daily supervision and control over law enforcement officers participating in the program.
The method by which county and tribal input into program planning and implementation shall be assured.
The program's policies regarding deputization, training and insurance of law enforcement officers.
The record-keeping procedures and types of data to be collected by the program.
Any other information required by the department or deemed relevant by the county and tribe submitting the plan.
Upon request, the department shall provide technical assistance to a county and tribe in formulating a joint program plan.
In determining whether to approve a program plan and, if approved, how much aid the program shall receive, the department shall consider the following factors:
The population of the reservation area to be served by the program.
The complexity of the law enforcement problems that the program proposes to address.
The range of services that the program proposes to provide.
If the department approves a plan, the department shall certify the program as eligible to receive aid under s. 20.455 (2) (kt)
. Prior to January 15 of the year for which funding is sought, the department shall distribute from the appropriations under s. 20.455 (2) (kt)
to each eligible program the amount necessary to implement the plan. The department shall distribute the aid to the county, the tribe, or both, as specified in the joint program plan. Distribution of aid is subject to the following limitations:
A program shall, prior to the receipt of funds under s. 20.455 (2) (kt)
for the 2nd and any subsequent year, submit a report to the department regarding the performance of law enforcement activities on the reservation in the previous fiscal year.
Annually, on or before January 15, the department shall report on the performance of cooperative county-tribal law enforcement programs receiving aid under this section to each of the following:
The chief clerk of each house of the legislature for distribution to the legislature under s. 13.172 (2)
Grants to tribes for law enforcement programs. 165.91(1)(1)
In this section, "tribe" means a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state.
From the appropriation under s. 20.455 (2) (kw)
, the department shall provide grants to tribes to fund tribal law enforcement operations. To be eligible for a grant under this subsection, a tribe must submit an application for a grant to the department that includes a proposed plan for expenditure of the grant moneys. The department shall review any application and plan submitted to determine whether that application and plan meet the criteria established under par. (b)
. The department shall review the use of grant money provided under this subsection to ensure that the money is used according to the approved plan.
The department shall develop criteria and procedures for use in administering this subsection. The department may not consider the grant under s. 165.91 (4)
, 2011 stats., when determining grant awards under this subsection. Notwithstanding s. 227.10 (1)
, the criteria and procedures need not be promulgated as rules under ch. 227
History: 2005 a. 25
; Stats. 2005 s. 165.91; 2007 a. 20
; 2013 a. 20
Tribal law enforcement officers; powers and duties. 165.92(1)(a)
"Reservation lands" means all lands within the exterior boundaries of an Indian reservation in this state.
"Tribal law enforcement officer" means a person who is employed by a tribe for the purpose of detecting and preventing crime and enforcing the tribe's laws or ordinances and who is authorized by the tribe to make arrests of Indian persons for violations of the tribe's laws or ordinances.
"Tribe" means a federally recognized Indian tribe or band in this state.
"Trust lands" means any lands in this state held in trust by the United States government for the benefit of a tribe or a member of a tribe.
A tribal law enforcement officer who meets the requirements of s. 165.85 (4) (a) 1.
, and 7.
shall have the same powers to enforce the laws of the state and to make arrests for violations of such laws that sheriffs have, including powers granted to sheriffs under ss. 59.27
and under the common law, and shall perform the duties accepted under s. 165.85 (3) (c)
Except as provided in par. (c)
and s. 175.40
, the powers and duties described under par. (a)
may be exercised or performed by a tribal law enforcement officer only on the reservation of the tribe or on trust lands held for the tribe or for a member of the tribe that employs the officer.
Any tribal law enforcement officer making an arrest under the authority of this subsection may transport the arrested person to the jail or other detention facility of the county in which the arrest took place or to another jail or detention facility agreed upon by the tribe and the county in which the arrest took place.
Except as provided in s. 175.40 (6m) (c) 1.
and unless otherwise provided in a joint program plan under s. 165.90 (2)
or an agreement between a political subdivision of this state and a tribe, the tribe that employs a tribal law enforcement officer is liable for all acts and omissions of the officer while acting within the scope of his or her employment, and neither the state nor any political subdivision of the state may be held liable for any action of the officer taken under the authority of sub. (2)
No tribal law enforcement officer may exercise or perform the powers or duties described under sub. (2) (a)
unless all of the following apply:
The governing body of the tribe that employs the officer adopts and has in effect a resolution that includes a statement that the tribe waives its sovereign immunity to the extent necessary to allow the enforcement in the courts of this state of its liability under sub. (3)
or another resolution that the department of justice determines will reasonably allow the enforcement in the courts of this state of the tribe's liability under sub. (3)