175.35(2k)(ag)(ag) In this subsection:
175.35(2k)(ag)1. 1. “Law enforcement agency of a physically adjacent state" has the meaning given in s. 175.46 (1) (b).
175.35(2k)(ag)2. 2. “Wisconsin law enforcement agency" means a governmental unit of one or more persons employed by this state or a political subdivision of this state for the purpose of preventing and detecting crime and enforcing state laws or local ordinances, employees of which unit are authorized to make arrests for crimes while acting within the scope of their authority.
175.35(2k)(ar) (ar) Except as provided in pars. (b) to (j) and as necessary to administer this section, the department of justice shall do all of the following:
175.35(2k)(ar)1. 1. Deny access to any record kept under this section.
175.35(2k)(ar)2. 2. Check each notification form received under sub. (2j) against the information recorded by the department regarding the corresponding request for a firearms restrictions record search under sub. (2g). If the department previously provided a unique approval number regarding the request and nothing in the completed notification form indicates that the transferee is prohibited from possessing a firearm under s. 941.29, the department shall destroy all records regarding that firearms restrictions record search within 30 days after receiving the notification form.
175.35(2k)(b) (b) Notwithstanding par. (ar), the department of justice may maintain all of the following:
175.35(2k)(b)1. 1. Records necessary to comply with federal law.
175.35(2k)(b)2.a.a. Except as provided in subd. 2. b., a log of dates of requests for firearms restrictions record searches under sub. (2g) together with confirmation numbers, unique approval and nonapproval numbers and firearms dealer identification numbers corresponding to those dates.
175.35(2k)(b)2.b. b. Within 3 years after the department issues a unique approval number, the department shall destroy all corresponding information contained in the log under subd. 2. a.
175.35(2k)(b)3. 3. Records necessary to administer this section.
175.35(2k)(c) (c) Notwithstanding par. (ar), the department of justice shall provide access to any record under this section under all of the following circumstances:
175.35(2k)(c)1. 1. The department of justice receives a record request that is submitted in writing by a Wisconsin law enforcement agency.
175.35(2k)(c)2. 2. The request submitted under subd. 1. appears on the Wisconsin law enforcement agency's letterhead and contains all of the following:
175.35(2k)(c)2.a. a. A statement that the Wisconsin law enforcement agency is conducting an investigation of a crime in which a handgun was used or was attempted to be used or was unlawfully possessed.
175.35(2k)(c)2.b. b. A statement by a division commander or higher authority within the Wisconsin law enforcement agency that he or she has a reasonable suspicion that the person who is the subject of the information request has obtained or is attempting to obtain a handgun.
175.35(2k)(c)2.c. c. The signature of a division commander or higher authority within the Wisconsin law enforcement agency.
175.35(2k)(d) (d) Whenever a Wisconsin law enforcement agency makes a request for information under par. (c), the agency shall report to the subject of the information request the fact that a request has been made and the name of the Wisconsin law enforcement agency that made the request. The agency shall make the report whenever the earliest of the following occurs:
175.35(2k)(d)1. 1. The person who is the subject of the information request under par. (c) 2. b. is no longer material to the investigation conducted under par. (c) 2. a.
175.35(2k)(d)2. 2. The Wisconsin law enforcement agency has completed its investigation under par. (c) 2. a.
175.35(2k)(d)3. 3. One year after the date that the Wisconsin law enforcement agency made the request under par. (c).
175.35(2k)(e) (e) A Wisconsin law enforcement agency may disclose information that is provided by the department of justice under par. (c) to another law enforcement agency. If there is a request for information from a requester other than a law enforcement agency, the Wisconsin law enforcement agency shall not disclose information to the requester that is provided by the department of justice under par. (c). If there is a request by a requester other than a law enforcement agency to copy or inspect any record of the Wisconsin law enforcement agency that contains that information, the agency, acting under s. 19.36 (6), shall delete any portion of the record that relates to that information before release.
175.35(2k)(f) (f) A Wisconsin law enforcement agency that is provided access to a record under par. (c) shall destroy all corresponding information contained in the record when the earliest of the following occurs:
175.35(2k)(f)1. 1. The person who is the subject of the information request under par. (c) 2. b. is no longer material to the investigation conducted under par. (c) 2. a.
175.35(2k)(f)2. 2. The Wisconsin law enforcement agency has completed its investigation under par. (c) 2. a.
175.35(2k)(f)3. 3. One year after the date the Wisconsin law enforcement agency made the request under par. (c).
175.35(2k)(g) (g) If a search conducted under sub. (2g) indicates that the transferee is prohibited from possessing a firearm under s. 941.29, the attorney general or his or her designee may disclose to a law enforcement agency that the transferee has attempted to obtain a handgun.
175.35(2k)(h) (h) If a search conducted under sub. (2g) indicates a felony charge without a recorded disposition and the attorney general or his or her designee has reasonable grounds to believe the transferee may pose a danger to himself, herself or another, the attorney general or his or her designee may disclose to a law enforcement agency that the transferee has obtained or has attempted to obtain a handgun.
175.35(2k)(i) (i) The department of justice may not charge a fee for any services that the department provides under pars. (c) to (j).
175.35(2k)(j) (j) If a law enforcement agency of a physically adjacent state makes a request under par. (c), the department shall comply with the request under all of the following circumstances:
175.35(2k)(j)1. 1. The law enforcement agency of the physically adjacent state agrees to comply with all the requirements under this subsection.
175.35(2k)(j)2. 2. The physically adjacent state allows Wisconsin law enforcement agencies similar or greater access to similar information from that physically adjacent state.
175.35(2L) (2L)The department of justice shall promulgate rules providing for the review of nonapprovals under sub. (2g) (c) 4. a. Any person who is denied the right to purchase a handgun because the firearms dealer received a nonapproval number under sub. (2g) (c) 4. a. may request a firearms restrictions record search review under those rules. If the person disagrees with the results of that review, the person may file an appeal under rules promulgated by the department.
175.35(2t) (2t)This section does not apply to any of the following:
175.35(2t)(a) (a) Transfers of any handgun classified as an antique by regulations of the U.S. department of the treasury.
175.35(2t)(b) (b) Transfers of any handgun between firearms dealers or between wholesalers and dealers.
175.35(2t)(c) (c) Transfers of any handgun to law enforcement or armed services agencies.
175.35(3) (3)
175.35(3)(a)(a) Any person who intentionally violates sub. (2), (2f), or (2j) shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $10,000 and may be imprisoned for not more than 9 months.
175.35(3)(b)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., a person who intentionally violates sub. (2e) shall be fined not less than $500 nor more than $10,000 and may be imprisoned for not more than 9 months.
175.35(3)(b)2. 2. A person who violates sub. (2e) by intentionally providing false information regarding whether he or she is purchasing the firearm with the purpose or intent to transfer the firearm to another who the person knows or reasonably should know is prohibited from possessing a firearm under state or federal law is guilty of a Class H felony. The penalty shall include a fine that is not less than $500.
175.35(4) (4)The department of justice or the district attorney may institute, manage, control, and direct, in the proper county, a prosecution for a violation of sub. (2e) that is punishable under sub. (3) (b) 2. When prosecuting such a violation, the department of justice shall have and exercise all powers conferred upon district attorneys.
175.35 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Jus 10, Wis. adm. code.
175.37 175.37 Warning whenever transferring a firearm.
175.37(1)(1)Upon the retail commercial sale or retail commercial transfer of any firearm, the seller or transferor shall provide to the buyer or transferee the following written warning in block letters not less than one-fourth inch in height: “IF YOU LEAVE A LOADED FIREARM WITHIN THE REACH OR EASY ACCESS OF A CHILD YOU MAY BE FINED OR IMPRISONED OR BOTH IF THE CHILD IMPROPERLY DISCHARGES, POSSESSES OR EXHIBITS THE FIREARM."
175.37(2) (2)Any person who violates sub. (1) may be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned for not more than 30 days or both.
175.37 History History: 1991 a. 139.
175.38 175.38 Enforcement of video gambling law.
175.38(1)(1)In this section, “law enforcement officer" has the meaning given in s. 165.85 (2) (c) but does not include a special agent of the department of revenue.
175.38(2) (2)Notwithstanding s. 945.041, no law enforcement officer may investigate violations of or otherwise enforce s. 945.03 (2m) or 945.04 (2m).
175.38(3) (3)No law enforcement officer may investigate violations of or otherwise enforce s. 945.05 (1m) unless he or she reasonably believes that the video gambling machine involved may be used in connection with a violation of ch. 945 other than a violation of s. 945.03 (2m) or 945.04 (2m).
175.38 History History: 2003 a. 33.
175.40 175.40 Arrests; assistance.
175.40(1)(1)In this section:
175.40(1)(a) (a) “Highway" has the meaning specified in s. 340.01 (22).
175.40(1)(b) (b) “Intersection" has the meaning specified in s. 340.01 (25).
175.40(1)(bn) (bn) “Law enforcement officer" has the meaning specified in s. 165.85 (2) (c).
175.40(1)(c) (c) “Peace officer" has the meaning specified in s. 939.22 (22), but does not include a commission warden, as defined in s. 939.22 (5). “Peace officer" includes any tribal law enforcement officer who is empowered to act under s. 165.92 (2) (a).
175.40(2) (2)For purposes of civil and criminal liability, any peace officer may, when in fresh pursuit, follow anywhere in the state and arrest any person for the violation of any law or ordinance the officer is authorized to enforce.
175.40(3) (3)For purposes of civil and criminal liability, any peace officer outside his or her territorial jurisdiction acting under sub. (2) is considered to be acting in an official capacity while in fresh pursuit under sub. (2), making an arrest under sub. (2) or transporting a person arrested under sub. (2).
175.40(4) (4)A peace officer whose boundary is a highway may enforce any law or ordinance that he or she is otherwise authorized to enforce by arrest or issuance of a citation on the entire width of such a highway and on the entire intersection of such a highway and a highway located in an adjacent jurisdiction. This subsection does not extend an officer's jurisdiction outside the boundaries of this state.
175.40(5) (5)
175.40(5)(a)(a) For any county having a population of 750,000 or more, if any law enforcement officer has territorial jurisdiction that is wholly or partially within that county and has authority to arrest a person within the officer's territorial jurisdiction, the officer may arrest that person anywhere in the county.
175.40(5)(b) (b) A law enforcement officer specified in par. (a) has the additional arrest authority under this subsection only if the officer's law enforcement agency has adopted policies under par. (d) and the officer complies with those policies.
175.40(5)(c) (c) A law enforcement agency in the jurisdiction where a person is arrested under par. (a) is immune from liability for the acts or omissions of any officer of a different law enforcement agency exercising authority under par. (a).
175.40(5)(d) (d) In order to allow its officers to exercise authority under par. (a), a law enforcement agency for a municipality or county must adopt and implement written policies regarding the arrest authority under this subsection, including at least all of the following:
175.40(5)(d)1. 1. Investigations conducted in another jurisdiction.
175.40(5)(d)2. 2. Arrests made in another jurisdiction if the crime is observed by a law enforcement officer.
175.40(5)(d)3. 3. Arrests made in another jurisdiction if the crime is not observed by a law enforcement officer.
175.40(5)(d)4. 4. Notification to and cooperation with the law enforcement agency of another jurisdiction regarding investigations conducted and arrests made in the other jurisdiction.
175.40(5)(e) (e) The authority under this subsection is in addition to any other arrest authority, including authority granted under any charter.
175.40(6) (6)
175.40(6)(a)(a) A peace officer outside of his or her territorial jurisdiction may arrest a person or provide aid or assistance anywhere in the state if the criteria under subds. 1. to 3. are met:
175.40(6)(a)1. 1. The officer is on duty and on official business.
175.40(6)(a)2. 2. The officer is taking action that he or she would be authorized to take under the same circumstances in his or her territorial jurisdiction.
175.40(6)(a)3. 3. The officer is acting to respond to any of the following:
175.40(6)(a)3.a. a. An emergency situation that poses a significant threat to life or of bodily harm.
175.40(6)(a)3.b. b. Acts that the officer believes, on reasonable grounds, constitute a felony.
175.40(6)(b) (b) A peace officer specified in par. (a) has the additional arrest and other authority under this subsection only if the peace officer's supervisory agency has adopted policies under par. (d) and the officer complies with those policies.
175.40(6)(c) (c) For purposes of civil and criminal liability, any peace officer outside of his or her territorial jurisdiction acting under par. (a) is considered to be acting in an official capacity.
175.40(6)(d) (d) In order to allow a peace officer to exercise authority under par. (a), the peace officer's supervisory agency must adopt and implement written policies regarding the arrest and other authority under this subsection, including at least a policy on notification to and cooperation with the law enforcement agency of another jurisdiction regarding arrests made and other actions taken in the other jurisdiction.
175.40(6m) (6m)
175.40(6m)(a)(a) An off-duty peace officer may arrest a person or provide aid or assistance outside of his or her territorial jurisdiction but in the state if all of the following apply:
175.40(6m)(a)1. 1. The officer is responding to an emergency situation that poses a significant threat to life or of bodily harm.
175.40(6m)(a)2. 2. The officer is taking action that he or she would be authorized to take under the same circumstances in the officer's territorial jurisdiction.
175.40(6m)(a)3. 3. The officer's supervising agency has adopted written policies authorizing off-duty officers to make arrests or provide aid or assistance outside of the agency's territorial jurisdiction but in the state, and the policies at a minimum address all of the following:
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)