180.1320 180.1320 Notice of dissenters' rights.
180.1320(1)(1)If proposed corporate action creating dissenters' rights under s. 180.1302 is submitted to a vote at a shareholders' meeting, the meeting notice shall state that shareholders and beneficial shareholders are or may be entitled to assert dissenters' rights under ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331 and shall be accompanied by a copy of those sections.
180.1320(2) (2)If corporate action creating dissenters' rights under s. 180.1302 is authorized without a vote of shareholders, the corporation shall notify, in writing and in accordance with s. 180.0141, all shareholders entitled to assert dissenters' rights that the action was authorized and send them the dissenters' notice described in s. 180.1322.
180.1320 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1320 Annotation When the plaintiff was not a shareholder at the time of the complained of acts, it had no right to vote in dissent to a plan of liquidation and dissolution, and it could not be a dissenter entitled to notice of dissenters' rights, as only one who can vote in dissent is entitled to such notice under this section. Borne v. Gonstead Advanced Techniques, Inc. 2003 WI App 135, 266 Wis. 2d 253, 667 N.W.2d 709, 01-2624.
180.1321 180.1321 Notice of intent to demand payment.
180.1321(1)(1)If proposed corporate action creating dissenters' rights under s. 180.1302 is submitted to a vote at a shareholders' meeting, a shareholder or beneficial shareholder who wishes to assert dissenters' rights shall do all of the following:
180.1321(1)(a) (a) Deliver to the issuer corporation before the vote is taken written notice that complies with s. 180.0141 of the shareholder's or beneficial shareholder's intent to demand payment for his or her shares if the proposed action is effectuated.
180.1321(1)(b) (b) Not vote his or her shares in favor of the proposed action.
180.1321(2) (2)A shareholder or beneficial shareholder who fails to satisfy sub. (1) is not entitled to payment for his or her shares under ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331.
180.1321 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1322 180.1322 Dissenters' notice.
180.1322(1)(1)If proposed corporate action creating dissenters' rights under s. 180.1302 is authorized at a shareholders' meeting, the corporation shall deliver a written dissenters' notice to all shareholders and beneficial shareholders who satisfied s. 180.1321.
180.1322(2) (2)The dissenters' notice shall be sent no later than 10 days after the corporate action is authorized at a shareholders' meeting or without a vote of shareholders, whichever is applicable. The dissenters' notice shall comply with s. 180.0141 and shall include or have attached all of the following:
180.1322(2)(a) (a) A statement indicating where the shareholder or beneficial shareholder must send the payment demand and where and when certificates for certificated shares must be deposited.
180.1322(2)(b) (b) For holders of uncertificated shares, an explanation of the extent to which transfer of the shares will be restricted after the payment demand is received.
180.1322(2)(c) (c) A form for demanding payment that includes the date of the first announcement to news media or to shareholders of the terms of the proposed corporate action and that requires the shareholder or beneficial shareholder asserting dissenters' rights to certify whether he or she acquired beneficial ownership of the shares before that date.
180.1322(2)(d) (d) A date by which the corporation must receive the payment demand, which may not be fewer than 30 days nor more than 60 days after the date on which the dissenters' notice is delivered.
180.1322(2)(e) (e) A copy of ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331.
180.1322 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1323 180.1323 Duty to demand payment.
180.1323(1)(1)A shareholder or beneficial shareholder who is sent a dissenters' notice described in s. 180.1322, or a beneficial shareholder whose shares are held by a nominee who is sent a dissenters' notice described in s. 180.1322, must demand payment in writing and certify whether he or she acquired beneficial ownership of the shares before the date specified in the dissenters' notice under s. 180.1322 (2) (c). A shareholder or beneficial shareholder with certificated shares must also deposit his or her certificates in accordance with the terms of the notice.
180.1323(2) (2)A shareholder or beneficial shareholder with certificated shares who demands payment and deposits his or her share certificates under sub. (1) retains all other rights of a shareholder or beneficial shareholder until these rights are canceled or modified by the effectuation of the corporate action.
180.1323(3) (3)A shareholder or beneficial shareholder with certificated or uncertificated shares who does not demand payment by the date set in the dissenters' notice, or a shareholder or beneficial shareholder with certificated shares who does not deposit his or her share certificates where required and by the date set in the dissenters' notice, is not entitled to payment for his or her shares under ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331.
180.1323 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1324 180.1324 Restrictions on uncertificated shares.
180.1324(1)(1)The issuer corporation may restrict the transfer of uncertificated shares from the date that the demand for payment for those shares is received until the corporate action is effectuated or the restrictions released under s. 180.1326.
180.1324(2) (2)The shareholder or beneficial shareholder who asserts dissenters' rights as to uncertificated shares retains all of the rights of a shareholder or beneficial shareholder, other than those restricted under sub. (1), until these rights are canceled or modified by the effectuation of the corporate action.
180.1324 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1325 180.1325 Payment.
180.1325(1)(1)Except as provided in s. 180.1327, as soon as the corporate action is effectuated or upon receipt of a payment demand, whichever is later, the corporation shall pay each shareholder or beneficial shareholder who has complied with s. 180.1323 the amount that the corporation estimates to be the fair value of his or her shares, plus accrued interest.
180.1325(2) (2)The payment shall be accompanied by all of the following:
180.1325(2)(a) (a) The corporation's latest available financial statements, audited and including footnote disclosure if available, but including not less than a balance sheet as of the end of a fiscal year ending not more than 16 months before the date of payment, an income statement for that year, a statement of changes in shareholders' equity for that year and the latest available interim financial statements, if any.
180.1325(2)(b) (b) A statement of the corporation's estimate of the fair value of the shares.
180.1325(2)(c) (c) An explanation of how the interest was calculated.
180.1325(2)(d) (d) A statement of the dissenter's right to demand payment under s. 180.1328 if the dissenter is dissatisfied with the payment.
180.1325(2)(e) (e) A copy of ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331.
180.1325 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1326 180.1326 Failure to take action.
180.1326(1)(1)If an issuer corporation does not effectuate the corporate action within 60 days after the date set under s. 180.1322 for demanding payment, the issuer corporation shall return the deposited certificates and release the transfer restrictions imposed on uncertificated shares.
180.1326(2) (2)If after returning deposited certificates and releasing transfer restrictions, the issuer corporation effectuates the corporate action, the corporation shall deliver a new dissenters' notice under s. 180.1322 and repeat the payment demand procedure.
180.1326 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1327 180.1327 After-acquired shares.
180.1327(1)(1)A corporation may elect to withhold payment required by s. 180.1325 from a dissenter unless the dissenter was the beneficial owner of the shares before the date specified in the dissenters' notice under s. 180.1322 (2) (c) as the date of the first announcement to news media or to shareholders of the terms of the proposed corporate action.
180.1327(2) (2)To the extent that the corporation elects to withhold payment under sub. (1) after effectuating the corporate action, it shall estimate the fair value of the shares, plus accrued interest, and shall pay this amount to each dissenter who agrees to accept it in full satisfaction of his or her demand. The corporation shall send with its offer a statement of its estimate of the fair value of the shares, an explanation of how the interest was calculated, and a statement of the dissenter's right to demand payment under s. 180.1328 if the dissenter is dissatisfied with the offer.
180.1327 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1328 180.1328 Procedure if dissenter dissatisfied with payment or offer.
180.1328(1)(1)A dissenter may, in the manner provided in sub. (2), notify the corporation of the dissenter's estimate of the fair value of his or her shares and amount of interest due, and demand payment of his or her estimate, less any payment received under s. 180.1325, or reject the offer under s. 180.1327 and demand payment of the fair value of his or her shares and interest due, if any of the following applies:
180.1328(1)(a) (a) The dissenter believes that the amount paid under s. 180.1325 or offered under s. 180.1327 is less than the fair value of his or her shares or that the interest due is incorrectly calculated.
180.1328(1)(b) (b) The corporation fails to make payment under s. 180.1325 within 60 days after the date set under s. 180.1322 for demanding payment.
180.1328(1)(c) (c) The issuer corporation, having failed to effectuate the corporate action, does not return the deposited certificates or release the transfer restrictions imposed on uncertificated shares within 60 days after the date set under s. 180.1322 for demanding payment.
180.1328(2) (2)A dissenter waives his or her right to demand payment under this section unless the dissenter notifies the corporation of his or her demand under sub. (1) in writing within 30 days after the corporation made or offered payment for his or her shares. The notice shall comply with s. 180.0141.
180.1328 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1328 Annotation When payment is made by check, the payment date under sub. (2) is the date the payee receives the check. Kohler Co. v. Sogen International Fund, Inc. 2000 WI App 60, 233 Wis. 2d 592, 608 N.W.2d 746, 99-0960.
180.1330 180.1330 Court action.
180.1330(1)(1)If a demand for payment under s. 180.1328 remains unsettled, the corporation shall bring a special proceeding within 60 days after receiving the payment demand under s. 180.1328 and petition the court to determine the fair value of the shares and accrued interest. If the corporation does not bring the special proceeding within the 60-day period, it shall pay each dissenter whose demand remains unsettled the amount demanded.
180.1330(2) (2)The corporation shall bring the special proceeding in the circuit court for the county where its principal office or, if none in this state, its registered office is located. If the corporation is a foreign corporation without a registered office in this state, it shall bring the special proceeding in the county in this state in which was located the registered office of the issuer corporation that merged with or whose shares were acquired by the foreign corporation.
180.1330(3) (3)The corporation shall make all dissenters, whether or not residents of this state, whose demands remain unsettled parties to the special proceeding. Each party to the special proceeding shall be served with a copy of the petition as provided in s. 801.14.
180.1330(4) (4)The jurisdiction of the court in which the special proceeding is brought under sub. (2) is plenary and exclusive. The court may appoint one or more persons as appraisers to receive evidence and recommend decision on the question of fair value. An appraiser has the power described in the order appointing him or her or in any amendment to the order. The dissenters are entitled to the same discovery rights as parties in other civil proceedings.
180.1330(5) (5)Each dissenter made a party to the special proceeding is entitled to judgment for any of the following:
180.1330(5)(a) (a) The amount, if any, by which the court finds the fair value of his or her shares, plus interest, exceeds the amount paid by the corporation.
180.1330(5)(b) (b) The fair value, plus accrued interest, of his or her shares acquired on or after the date specified in the dissenter's notice under s. 180.1322 (2) (c), for which the corporation elected to withhold payment under s. 180.1327.
180.1330 History History: 1989 a. 303.
180.1330 Annotation Because this section does not provide for different procedures, all procedural mechanisms under chs. 801 to 847 are available in an action under this section. Kohler Co. v. Sogen International Fund, Inc. 2000 WI App 60, 233 Wis. 2d 592, 608 N.W.2d 746, 99-0960.
180.1330 Annotation Subs. (2) and (4) establish a rule of venue applicable within Wisconsin's judicial system and do not attempt to block corporations from using federal diversity jurisdiction. Albert Trostel & Son v. Edward Notz, 679 F.3d 627 (2012).
180.1331 180.1331 Court costs and counsel fees.
180.1331(1)(a) (a) Notwithstanding ss. 814.01 to 814.04, the court in a special proceeding brought under s. 180.1330 shall determine all costs of the proceeding, including the reasonable compensation and expenses of appraisers appointed by the court and shall assess the costs against the corporation, except as provided in par. (b).
180.1331(1)(b) (b) Notwithstanding ss. 814.01 and 814.04, the court may assess costs against all or some of the dissenters, in amounts that the court finds to be equitable, to the extent that the court finds the dissenters acted arbitrarily, vexatiously or not in good faith in demanding payment under s. 180.1328.
180.1331(2) (2)The parties shall bear their own expenses of the proceeding, except that, notwithstanding ss. 814.01 to 814.04, the court may also assess the fees and expenses of counsel and experts for the respective parties, in amounts that the court finds to be equitable, as follows:
180.1331(2)(a) (a) Against the corporation and in favor of any dissenter if the court finds that the corporation did not substantially comply with ss. 180.1320 to 180.1328.
180.1331(2)(b) (b) Against the corporation or against a dissenter, in favor of any other party, if the court finds that the party against whom the fees and expenses are assessed acted arbitrarily, vexatiously or not in good faith with respect to the rights provided by this chapter.
180.1331(3) (3)Notwithstanding ss. 814.01 to 814.04, if the court finds that the services of counsel and experts for any dissenter were of substantial benefit to other dissenters similarly situated, the court may award to these counsel and experts reasonable fees to be paid out of the amounts awarded the dissenters who were benefited.
180.1331 History History: 1989 a. 303.
subch. XIV of ch. 180 SUBCHAPTER XIV
DISSOLUTION
180.1401 180.1401 Dissolution before issuance of shares.
180.1401(1)(1)The incorporators or the board of directors of a corporation that has not issued shares may authorize the dissolution of the corporation.
180.1401(2) (2)At any time after dissolution is authorized under sub. (1), the corporation may dissolve by delivering to the department for filing articles of dissolution that include all of the following:
180.1401(2)(a) (a) The name of the corporation.
180.1401(2)(b) (b) The date of its incorporation.
180.1401(2)(c) (c) A statement that none of the corporation's shares has been issued.
180.1401(2)(d) (d) A statement that no debt of the corporation remains unpaid.
180.1401(2)(e) (e) A statement that the incorporators or the board of directors, specifying which, authorized the dissolution in accordance with this section.
180.1401(3) (3)A corporation is dissolved under this section on the effective date of its articles of dissolution.
180.1401 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1995 a. 27.
180.1402 180.1402 Dissolution by board of directors and shareholders.
180.1402(1)(a) (a) A corporation's board of directors may propose dissolution for submission to the shareholders.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on August 19, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 19, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-19-19)