CHAPTER 184
UNIFORM UNINCORPORATED NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION ACT
184.01   Definitions.
184.02   Supplementary general principles of law and equity.
184.03   Territorial application.
184.04   Real and personal property; nonprofit association as legatee or beneficiary.
184.05   Statement of authority as to real property.
184.06   Liability in tort and contract.
184.07   Capacity to assert and defend; standing.
184.08   Effect of judgment or order.
184.09   Disposition of personal property of inactive nonprofit association.
184.10   Appointment of agent to receive service of process.
184.11   Claim not abated by change of members or officers.
184.12   Venue.
184.13   Summons and complaint; service on whom.
184.14   Uniformity of application and construction.
184.15   Transfers by a fiduciary.
184.01 184.01 Definitions. In this chapter:
184.01(1) (1) “Member" means a person who, under the rules or practices of a nonprofit association, may participate in the selection of persons authorized to manage the affairs of the nonprofit association or in the development of policy of the nonprofit association.
184.01(2) (2) “Nonprofit association" means an unincorporated organization consisting of 3 or more members joined by mutual consent for a common, nonprofit purpose. However, joint tenancy, tenancy in common, or tenancy by the entireties does not, by itself, establish a nonprofit association, even if the co-owners share use of the property for a nonprofit purpose.
184.01 History History: 1997 a. 140.
184.02 184.02 Supplementary general principles of law and equity. Principles of law and equity supplement this chapter, unless displaced by a particular provision of this chapter.
184.02 History History: 1997 a. 140.
184.03 184.03 Territorial application. Real and personal property in this state may be acquired, held, encumbered and transferred by a nonprofit association, whether or not the nonprofit association or a member has any other relationship with this state.
184.03 History History: 1997 a. 140.
184.04 184.04 Real and personal property; nonprofit association as legatee or beneficiary.
184.04(1) (1) A nonprofit association in its name may acquire, hold, encumber or transfer an estate or interest in real or personal property.
184.04(2) (2) A nonprofit association may be a legatee or beneficiary of a trust or contract.
184.04 History History: 1997 a. 140.
184.05 184.05 Statement of authority as to real property.
184.05(1)(1) A nonprofit association may execute and record a statement of authority to transfer an estate or interest in real property in the name of the nonprofit association.
184.05(2) (2) An estate or interest in real property in the name of a nonprofit association may be transferred by a person so authorized in a statement of authority recorded in the office of the county register of deeds in which a transfer of the property would be recorded.
184.05(3) (3) A statement of authority must include all of the following:
184.05(3)(a) (a) The name of the nonprofit association. The name of a nonprofit association as set forth in the statement of authority must contain the words “unincorporated association" or “unincorporated assoc." or end with the abbreviation “U.A." or “UA". The name may not contain language stating or implying that the nonprofit association is incorporated.
184.05(3)(b) (b) The address in this state, including the street address, if any, of the nonprofit association or, if the nonprofit association does not have an address in this state, its address outside this state.
184.05(3)(c) (c) The name or title of a person who is authorized to transfer an estate or interest in real property held in the name of the nonprofit association.
184.05(3)(d) (d) The action, procedure or vote of the nonprofit association that authorizes the person to transfer the real property of the nonprofit association and that authorizes the person to execute the statement of authority.
184.05(4) (4) A statement of authority shall be executed in the same manner as a deed by a person who is not the person authorized by the statement of authority to transfer the estate or interest in real property.
184.05(6) (6) An amendment, including a cancellation, of a statement of authority must meet the requirements for execution and recording of an original statement. Unless canceled earlier, a recorded statement of authority or its most recent amendment is canceled by operation of law 5 years after the date of the most recent recording.
184.05(7) (7) If the record title to real property is in the name of a nonprofit association and the statement of authority is recorded in the office of the county register of deeds in which a transfer of real property would be recorded, the authority of the person named in a statement of authority is conclusive in favor of a person who gives value without notice that the person lacks authority.
184.05 History History: 1997 a. 140.
184.06 184.06 Liability in tort and contract.
184.06(1) (1) A nonprofit association is a legal entity separate from its members for the purposes of determining and enforcing rights, duties and liabilities in contract and tort.
184.06(2) (2) A person is not liable for a breach of a nonprofit association's contract merely because the person is a member, is authorized to participate in the management of the affairs of the nonprofit association, or is a person considered to be a member by the nonprofit association.
184.06(3) (3) A person is not liable for a tortious act or omission for which a nonprofit association is liable merely because the person is a member, is authorized to participate in the management of the affairs of the nonprofit association, or is a person considered to be a member by the nonprofit association.
184.06(4) (4) A tortious act or omission of a member or other person for which a nonprofit association is liable is not imputed to a person merely because the person is a member of the nonprofit association, is authorized to participate in the management of the affairs of the nonprofit association, or is a person considered to be a member by the nonprofit association.
184.06(5) (5) A member of, or a person considered to be a member by, a nonprofit association may assert a claim against the nonprofit association. A nonprofit association may assert a claim against a member or a person considered to be a member by the nonprofit association.
184.06 History History: 1997 a. 140.
184.07 184.07 Capacity to assert and defend; standing.
184.07(1) (1) A nonprofit association, in its name, may institute, defend, intervene or participate in a judicial, administrative or other governmental proceeding or in an arbitration, mediation or any other form of alternative dispute resolution.
184.07(2) (2) A nonprofit association may assert a claim in its name on behalf of its members if one or more members of the nonprofit association have standing to assert a claim in their own right, the interests that the nonprofit association seeks to protect are germane to its purposes, and neither the claim asserted nor the relief requested requires the participation of a member.
184.07 History History: 1997 a. 140.
184.08 184.08 Effect of judgment or order. A judgment or order against a nonprofit association is not by itself a judgment or order against a member.
184.08 History History: 1997 a. 140.
184.09 184.09 Disposition of personal property of inactive nonprofit association. If a nonprofit association has been inactive for 3 years or longer, a person in possession or control of personal property of the nonprofit association may transfer the property to any of the following:
184.09(1) (1) If a document of a nonprofit association specifies a person to whom transfer is to be made under these circumstances, that person.
184.09(2) (2) If no person is so specified, a nonprofit association or nonprofit corporation pursuing broadly similar purposes, or to a government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality.
184.09 History History: 1997 a. 140.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 57 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before August 11, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 11, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-11-17)