The review board may promulgate rules of procedure under ch. 227
Any interested person may appear at a hearing of the review board, participate in the examination of witnesses and present evidence.
Any person causing a witness to be subpoenaed shall advance and pay the fees and mileage of the witness, which shall be the same as in circuit court.
The fees and mileage of witnesses who are called at the instance of the review board shall be paid by the state in the same manner that other expenses are paid, upon presentation of proper vouchers approved by at least one member of the review board and charged to the appropriation of the office of credit unions.
Any interested person aggrieved by any act, order or determination of the office of credit unions that relates to credit unions may, within 60 days after the date of the act, order or determination, apply for review by the review board. The review board shall determine if the office of credit unions acted within the scope of the office's authority, has not acted in an arbitrary or capricious manner and has based the act, order or determination on evidence supported by the record. The review board shall dispose of a review application within 60 days after the date on which it is received, unless the review board designates a hearing examiner, in which case the review board shall dispose of the review application within 180 days after the date on which it is received.
Three members of the review board shall constitute a quorum and a majority vote of those present shall decide. A member of the review board is not qualified to act in any matter involving a credit union in which the member is an officer, director or stockholder, or to which the member is indebted.
Any final order or determination of the review board shall be subject to review in the manner provided in ch. 227
See also DFI-CU and ch. DFI-CU 56
, Wis. adm. code.
Incorporation, bylaws, amendment, fees. 186.02(1)(1)
Seven or more residents of this state may organize a credit union by filing with the office of credit unions the proposed articles of incorporation in duplicate and the proposed bylaws, together with a $100 filing fee. The articles of incorporation shall state the name and purpose of the credit union, the county in which its initial principal office is located and the names and addresses of the incorporators.
The bylaws shall prescribe all of the following:
The conditions that determine eligibility for membership.
The par value of capital stock not exceeding $50 per share.
The conditions on which accounts may be paid in, transferred and withdrawn.
The method of receipting for money paid on accounts.
The number of directors and the length of their terms.
The responsibilities and qualifications of the directors.
Procedures for removing directors from the board of directors.
The date of the annual membership meeting, to be held before July 1.
The manner by which members are notified of annual and special meetings.
The number of members constituting a quorum at an annual or special meeting.
Groups having common or related bonds of occupation or association.
Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, individuals who reside or are employed within well-defined and contiguous neighborhoods and communities. If the office of credit unions, subsequent to a credit union merger, determines that it would be inappropriate under the circumstances to require members of the credit union that results from the merger to reside or be employed in contiguous neighborhoods and communities, the requirement that these neighborhoods and communities be contiguous does not apply.
Individuals who reside or are employed within well-defined and contiguous rural districts or multicounty regions.
Members of bona fide fraternal, religious, cooperative, labor, rural, educational, or similar organizations and employees of the credit union.
Members of the immediate family of all qualified persons are eligible for membership.
An organization or association of individuals, the majority of the directors, owners, or members of which are eligible for membership, may be admitted to membership in the same manner and under the same conditions as individuals.
An organization or association that has a business location within any geographic limits of the credit union's field of membership may be admitted to membership.
An individual member who ceases to qualify for membership under the bylaws may retain his or her full membership in the credit union at the discretion of the board of directors.
A public depositor who makes a public deposit in a credit union may become a member of the credit union if the bylaws permit membership of public depositors.
If the bylaws require a member to purchase capital stock, an amount equivalent to the value of the required number of shares deposited by the member in any deposit account of the credit union may be treated as the member's share deposit.
Subject to par. (b)
, a credit union may not be organized unless the articles and bylaws are approved by the office of credit unions. If the office of credit unions approves the articles and bylaws, the office of credit unions shall return one approved duplicate original of the articles of incorporation to the incorporators, and the incorporators shall within 30 days record the articles of incorporation in the office of the register of deeds of the county in which the credit union is to be located. The legal existence of the credit union commences on the date and time the articles are recorded. The register of deeds shall transmit to the office of credit unions a certificate stating the date and time when the articles were recorded, and the office of credit unions shall issue a certificate of incorporation to the credit union.
If the office of credit unions refuses to approve the articles or bylaws, the incorporators may appeal the refusal to the credit union review board and the decision of the review board is final, subject to judicial review under ch. 227
Amendments to the articles of incorporation adopted by a vote of two-thirds of the members of the credit union present at an annual meeting or a special meeting called for that purpose may be filed with the office of credit unions upon payment of a $50 fee. If approved by the office of credit unions, amendments to the articles are effective on recording in the office of the register of deeds in the same manner as the original articles.
All amendments to the bylaws shall be filed with the office of credit unions and shall be accompanied by the payment of a $50 fee. Amendments to the bylaws shall take effect only after being approved by the office.
A credit union is not required to obtain the prior approval of its membership to move the credit union's principal office within a 20-mile radius of its present location, including to another county.
Use of name exclusive. 186.03(1)
A person may not use a name containing the phrase "credit union", represent itself as a credit union or conduct business as a credit union unless the person is any of the following:
An organization, association or corporation whose membership or ownership is primarily confined or restricted to credit unions.
(2) Use required.
A credit union shall use the phrase "credit union" in its corporate name.
(3) Name approval.
The office of credit unions shall approve a credit union's name before the name is officially adopted. A credit union may not adopt the name of another credit union doing business in this state.
Whoever violates this section may be fined not more than $5,000.
Deceptive or misleading use of credit union name, logo, or symbol. 186.035(1)
Use of credit union name, logo, or symbol for marketing purposes.
Except as provided in sub. (3)
, no person may use the name, logo, or symbol, or any combination thereof, of a credit union, or any name, logo, or symbol, or any combination thereof, that is deceptively similar to the name, logo, or symbol of a credit union, in any marketing material provided to or solicitation of another person in a manner such that a reasonable person may believe that the marketing material or solicitation originated from or is endorsed by the credit union or that the credit union is responsible for the marketing material or solicitation.
(2) Enforcement and penalties.
The office of credit unions shall direct any person the office finds to have violated sub. (1)
to cease and desist from violating sub. (1)
. If a person violates sub. (1)
after receiving such direction, the office of credit unions may impose a forfeiture of up to $1,000 for each violation. Each instance in which marketing material is provided to another person or solicitation of another person takes place in violation of sub. (1)
constitutes a separate violation. This subsection does not affect the availability of any remedies otherwise available to a credit union.
(3) Exceptions. Subsection (1)
does not apply to a person who uses the name, logo, or symbol of a credit union in any of the following circumstances:
If the person is the credit union, an affiliate of the credit union, or an agent of the credit union.
History: 2003 a. 262
Membership meetings, fiscal year. 186.06(1)
Manner of meeting.
The annual meeting and any special meeting of the members of a credit union shall be held in the manner provided by the bylaws.
At a meeting, each member shall have one vote irrespective of the member's share total. Except as provided in sub. (2)
, a member may not vote by proxy.
An organization, association or corporation member of a credit union may be represented by and have its vote cast by an authorized representative of its members or owners.
(2m) Voting eligibility.
The bylaws shall prescribe the terms by which a member is eligible to vote at a meeting.
At any meeting, if the notice so indicates, a majority of the members present may direct the board of directors to do any of the following:
Consider implementing any policy proposed by the members.
Reconsider any decision of the directors, officers or committees.
At any meeting, if the notice so indicates, the members may, by a three-fourths vote of the members present, do any of the following:
(4) Fiscal year.
The fiscal year of every credit union shall end at the close of business on December 31.
Board of directors. 186.07(1)(1)
At the first meeting of the members, the members shall elect a board of directors, consisting of an odd number of directors. A board of directors shall consist of at least 5 directors. Subsequent elections for board members shall be held at the annual membership meeting held in a manner prescribed in the bylaws.
The board of directors shall appoint a president of the credit union. The board may also appoint any committee that the board considers to be necessary.
The president shall appoint any employee officer.