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186.08(3) (3)Executive committee, meetings. The board of directors may appoint an executive committee consisting of at least 3 directors. If an executive committee is appointed, the executive committee shall meet as often as necessary, and the full board of directors shall meet at least quarterly. The board of directors may delegate all or any part of its authority to an executive committee, subject to any conditions or limitations the board may impose.
186.082 186.082 Definitions applicable to indemnification and insurance provisions. In ss. 186.082 to 186.091:
186.082(1) (1) "Credit union" means any of the following:
186.082(1)(a) (a) A cooperative, nonprofit corporation incorporated under s. 186.02 and any domestic or foreign predecessor of that corporation where the predecessor's existence ceased upon the consummation of a merger or other transaction.
186.082(1)(b) (b) The Wisconsin credit union savings insurance corporation organized under s. 186.35, 2003 stats.
186.082(2) (2) "Director or officer" means any of the following:
186.082(2)(a) (a) A natural person who is or was a director or officer of a credit union.
186.082(2)(b) (b) A natural person who, while a director or officer of a credit union, is or was serving at the credit union's request as a director, officer, partner, trustee, member of any governing or decision-making committee, manager, employee or agent of another credit union or foreign credit union, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise.
186.082(2)(c) (c) A natural person who, while a director or officer of a credit union, is or was serving an employee benefit plan because his or her duties to the credit union also imposed duties on, or otherwise involved services by, the person to the plan or to participants in or beneficiaries of the plan.
186.082(2)(d) (d) Unless the context requires otherwise, the estate or personal representative of a director or officer.
186.082(2)(e) (e) A natural person who is or was a member of a credit union's credit committee.
186.082(2)(f) (f) A natural person who was a trustee of the Wisconsin credit union savings insurance corporation organized under s. 186.35, 2003 stats.
186.082(3) (3) "Expenses" include fees, costs, charges, disbursements, attorney fees and any other expenses incurred in connection with a proceeding.
186.082(4) (4) "Liability" includes the obligation to pay a judgment, settlement, forfeiture, or fine, including any excise tax assessed with respect to an employee benefit plan, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, and reasonable expenses.
186.082(5) (5) "Party" means a natural person who was or is, or who is threatened to be made, a named defendant or respondent in a proceeding.
186.082(6) (6) "Proceeding" means any threatened, pending or completed civil, criminal, administrative or investigative action, suit, arbitration or other proceeding, whether formal or informal, which involves foreign, federal, state or local law and which is brought by or in the right of the credit union or by any other person.
186.082 History History: 1987 a. 13; 1993 a. 112; 2003 a. 139; 2005 a. 134.
186.083 186.083 Mandatory indemnification.
186.083(1) (1) Indemnification required. A credit union shall indemnify a director or officer, to the extent he or she has been successful on the merits or otherwise in the defense of a proceeding, for all reasonable expenses incurred in the proceeding if the director or officer was a party because he or she is a director or officer of the credit union.
186.083(2) (2)Exceptions.
186.083(2)(a)(a) In cases not included under sub. (1), a credit union shall indemnify a director or officer against liability incurred by the director or officer in a proceeding to which the director or officer was a party because he or she is a director or officer of the credit union, unless liability was incurred because the director or officer breached or failed to perform a duty he or she owes to the credit union and the breach or failure to perform constitutes any of the following:
186.083(2)(a)1. 1. A willful failure to deal fairly with the credit union or its members in connection with a matter in which the director or officer has a material conflict of interest.
186.083(2)(a)2. 2. A violation of criminal law, unless the director or officer had reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was lawful or no reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was unlawful.
186.083(2)(a)3. 3. A transaction from which the director or officer derived an improper personal profit.
186.083(2)(a)4. 4. Willful misconduct.
186.083(2)(b) (b) Determination of whether indemnification is required under this subsection shall be made under s. 186.084.
186.083(2)(c) (c) The termination of a proceeding by judgment, order, settlement or conviction, or upon a plea of no contest or an equivalent plea, does not, by itself, create a presumption that indemnification of the director or officer is not required under this subsection.
186.083(3) (3)Written requests. A director or officer who seeks indemnification under this section shall make a written request to the credit union.
186.083(4) (4)Indemnification not required.
186.083(4)(a)(a) Indemnification under this section is not required to the extent limited by the articles of incorporation under s. 186.086.
186.083(4)(b) (b) Indemnification under this section is not required if the director or officer has previously received indemnification or allowance of expenses from any person, including the credit union, in connection with the same proceeding.
186.083 History History: 1987 a. 13; 1995 a. 151.
186.083 Annotation Cooperative indemnification. La Rowe and Weine. WBB Sept. 1988.
186.084 186.084 Determination of right to indemnification. Unless otherwise provided by the articles of incorporation or bylaws or by written agreement between the director or officer and the credit union, the director or officer seeking indemnification under s. 186.083 (2) shall select one of the following means for determining his or her right to indemnification:
186.084(1) (1) By majority vote of a quorum of the board of directors consisting of directors not at the time parties to the same or related proceedings. If a quorum of disinterested directors cannot be obtained, by majority vote of a committee duly appointed by the board of directors and consisting solely of 2 or more directors not at the time parties to the same or related proceedings. Directors who are parties to the same or related proceedings may participate in the designation of members of the committee.
186.084(2) (2) By independent legal counsel selected by a quorum of the board of directors or its committee in the manner prescribed in sub. (1) or, if unable to obtain such a quorum or committee, by a majority vote of the full board of directors, including directors who are parties to the same or related proceedings.
186.084(3) (3) By a panel of 3 arbitrators consisting of one arbitrator selected by those directors entitled under sub. (2) to select independent legal counsel, one arbitrator selected by the director or officer seeking indemnification and one arbitrator selected by the 2 arbitrators previously selected.
186.084(4) (4) By an affirmative vote of a majority of members present at an annual meeting or special meeting called for that purpose. Voting rights owned by, or voted under the control of, persons who are at the time parties to the same or related proceedings, whether as plaintiffs or defendants or in any other capacity, may not be voted in making the determination.
186.084(5) (5) By a court under s. 186.088.
186.084(6) (6) By any other method provided for in any additional right to indemnification permitted under s. 186.087.
186.084 History History: 1987 a. 13.
186.085 186.085 Allowance of expenses as incurred. Upon written request by a director or officer who is a party to a proceeding, a credit union may pay or reimburse his or her reasonable expenses as incurred if the director or officer provides the credit union with all of the following:
186.085(1) (1) A written affirmation of his or her good faith belief that he or she has not breached or failed to perform his or her duties to the credit union.
186.085(2) (2) A written undertaking, executed personally or on his or her behalf, to repay the allowance and, if required by the credit union, to pay reasonable interest on the allowance to the extent that it is ultimately determined under s. 186.084 that indemnification under s. 186.083 (2) is not required and that indemnification is not ordered by a court under s. 186.088 (2) (b). The undertaking under this subsection shall be an unlimited general obligation of the director or officer and may be accepted without reference to his or her ability to repay the allowance. The undertaking may be secured or unsecured.
186.085 History History: 1987 a. 13.
186.086 186.086 Credit union may limit indemnification.
186.086(1)(1) Limitations. A credit union's obligations to indemnify under s. 186.083 may be limited as follows:
186.086(1)(a) (a) If the credit union is incorporated on or after June 13, 1987, by the articles of incorporation, including any amendments to the articles of incorporation.
186.086(1)(b) (b) If the credit union was incorporated before June 13, 1987, by an amendment to the articles of incorporation which becomes effective on or after June 13, 1987, as provided under s. 186.35 (1), 2003 stats., or s. 186.02 (4) (a).
186.086(2) (2)Limitation applicability. A limitation under sub. (1) applies if the first alleged act of a director or officer for which indemnification is sought occurred while the limitation was in effect.
186.086 History History: 1987 a. 13; 1995 a. 151; 2005 a. 134.
186.087 186.087 Additional rights to indemnification and allowance of expenses.
186.087(1) (1) Additional rights. Except as provided in sub. (2), ss. 186.083 and 186.085 do not preclude any additional right to indemnification or allowance of expenses that a director or officer may have under any of the following:
186.087(1)(a) (a) The articles of incorporation or bylaws.
186.087(1)(b) (b) A written agreement between the director or officer and the credit union.
186.087(1)(c) (c) A resolution of the board of directors.
186.087(1)(d) (d) A resolution, after notice, adopted by a majority vote of members present at an annual meeting or special meeting called for that purpose.
186.087(2) (2)Allowance expenses. Regardless of the existence of an additional right under sub. (1), the credit union may not indemnify a director or officer, or permit a director or officer to retain any allowance of expenses unless it is determined by or on behalf of the credit union that the director or officer did not breach or fail to perform a duty he or she owes to the credit union which constitutes conduct under s. 186.083 (2) (a) 1., 2., 3. or 4. A director or officer who is a party to the same or related proceeding for which indemnification or an allowance of expenses is sought may not participate in a determination under this subsection.
186.087(3) (3)Other expenses. Sections 186.082 to 186.091 do not affect a credit union's power to pay or reimburse expenses incurred by a director or officer in any of the following circumstances:
186.087(3)(a) (a) As a witness in a proceeding to which he or she is not a party.
186.087(3)(b) (b) As a plaintiff or petitioner in a proceeding because he or she is or was an employee, agent, director or officer of the credit union.
186.087 History History: 1987 a. 13; 1995 a. 151.
186.088 186.088 Court-ordered indemnification.
186.088(1) (1) Application. Except as provided otherwise by written agreement between the director or officer and the credit union, a director or officer who is a party to a proceeding may apply for indemnification to the court conducting the proceeding or to another court of competent jurisdiction. Application shall be made for an initial determination by the court under s. 186.084 (5) or for review by the court of an adverse determination under s. 186.084 (1), (2), (3), (4) or (6). After receipt of an application, the court shall give any notice it considers necessary.
186.088(2) (2)Conditions. The court shall order indemnification if it determines any of the following:
186.088(2)(a) (a) That the director or officer is entitled to indemnification under s. 186.083 (1) or (2). If the court also determines that the credit union unreasonably refused the director's or officer's request for indemnification, the court shall order the credit union to pay the director's or officer's reasonable expenses incurred to obtain the court-ordered indemnification.
186.088(2)(b) (b) That the director or officer is fairly and reasonably entitled to indemnification in view of all the relevant circumstances, regardless of whether indemnification is required under s. 186.083 (2).
186.088 History History: 1987 a. 13; 1995 a. 151.
186.089 186.089 Indemnification and allowance of expenses of employees and agents. A credit union may indemnify and allow reasonable expenses of an employee or agent who is not a director or officer to the extent provided by the articles of incorporation or bylaws, by general or specific action of the board of directors or by contract.
186.089 History History: 1987 a. 13.
186.091 186.091 Insurance. A credit union may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of an individual who is an employee, agent, director or officer of the credit union against liability asserted against and incurred by the individual in his or her capacity as an employee, agent, director or officer, or arising from his or her status as an employee, agent, director or officer, regardless of whether the credit union is required or authorized to indemnify or allow expenses to the individual against the same liability under ss. 186.083, 186.085, 186.087 and 186.089.
186.091 History History: 1987 a. 13.
186.093 186.093 Definitions applicable to liability-related provisions. In ss. 186.093 to 186.096:
186.093(1) (1) "Credit union" means a cooperative, nonprofit corporation incorporated under s. 186.02 and the Wisconsin credit union savings insurance corporation organized under s. 186.35, 2003 stats.
186.093(2) (2) "Director or officer" means a natural person who serves as a director or officer of a credit union, a member of a credit union's credit committee, or a natural person who was a trustee of the Wisconsin credit union savings insurance corporation organized under s. 186.35, 2003 stats.
186.093 History History: 1987 a. 13; 2005 a. 134.
186.094 186.094 Reliance by directors or officers. Unless the director or officer has knowledge that makes reliance unwarranted, a director or officer, in discharging his or her duties to the credit union, may rely on information, opinions, reports or statements, any of which may be written or oral, formal or informal, including financial statements and other financial data, if prepared or presented by any of the following:
186.094(1) (1) An officer or employee of the credit union whom the director or officer believes in good faith to be reliable and competent in the matters presented.
186.094(2) (2) Legal counsel, certified public accountants licensed or certified under ch. 442, or other persons as to matters the director or officer believes in good faith are within the person's professional or expert competence.
186.094(3) (3) In the case of reliance by a director, a committee of the board of directors of which the director is not a member if the director believes in good faith that the committee merits confidence.
186.094 History History: 1987 a. 13; 2001 a. 16.
186.095 186.095 Consideration of interests in addition to members' interests. In discharging his or her duties to the credit union and in determining what he or she believes to be in the best interests of the credit union, a director or officer may, in addition to considering the effects of any action on members, consider the following:
186.095(1) (1) The effects of the action on employees, suppliers, members of the credit union and the public.
186.095(2) (2) The effects of the action on communities in which the credit union operates.
186.095(3) (3) Any other factors the director or officer considers pertinent.
186.095 History History: 1987 a. 13; 1995 a. 151.
186.096 186.096 Limited liability of directors and officers.
186.096(1)(1) Limited liability. Except as provided in subs. (2) and (3), a director or officer is not liable to the credit union, its members or creditors, or any person asserting rights on behalf of the credit union, its members or creditors, or any other person, for damages, settlements, fees, fines, penalties or other monetary liabilities arising from a breach of, or failure to perform, any duty resulting solely from his or her status as a director or officer, unless the person asserting liability proves that the breach or failure to perform constitutes any of the following:
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)