The board of directors may invest credit union funds in any of the following:
United States government direct and agency obligations.
A corporate central credit union organized under s. 186.32
or under any other state or federal law.
Deposits and debt instruments of federally insured banks, credit unions, savings banks and savings and loan associations.
With the approval of the office of credit unions, other investment instruments.
Subject to par. (b)
, a credit union may purchase, hold and dispose of property as necessary for or incidental to its operations.
The board of directors may purchase, lease or construct a building for the operation of the credit union, if the aggregate depreciated value of the building, including any associated remodeling of the building or land improvements, land acquisition, office furnishings and equipment, does not exceed the greater of 5% of the credit union's total assets, including the building to be acquired, or 100% of the credit union's irrevocable reserve unless prior approval for greater amounts is given by the office of credit unions. Nothing in this subsection authorizes a credit union to lease a building owned by a director or by a corporation, limited liability company, partnership or association controlled by a director. The credit union may rent or lease a portion of its building or property.
(3) Cooperative housing.
A credit union may invest an amount not to exceed 10% of its regular reserve in agreements with other corporations or its members to provide cooperative housing and related facilities for its members.
(4) Investments in credit union service organizations. 186.11(4)(a)(a)
Unless the office of credit unions approves a higher percentage, a credit union may invest not more than 1.5% of its total assets in the capital shares or obligations of credit union service organizations that, in the opinion of the office of credit unions, are sufficiently bonded and insured and that satisfy all of the following:
Are corporations, limited partnerships, limited liability companies, or other entities that are permitted under the laws of this state and that are approved by the office of credit unions.
Are organized primarily to provide goods and services to credit unions, credit union organizations and credit union members.
A credit union service organization under par. (a)
may provide any of the following services related to the routine daily operations of credit unions:
Checking and currency services, check cashing services, money order services, savings bond services, traveler's check services, and services regarding the purchase and sale of U.S. mint commemorative coins.
Clerical, professional, and management services, including, but not limited to, accounting, courier, credit analysis, facsimile transmission and copying, internal credit union audit, locator, management and personnel training and support, marketing, research, and supervisory committee audit services.
Electronic transaction services, including, but not limited to, remote terminal, credit and debit card, data processing, electronic fund transfer, electronic income tax filing, payment item processing, wire transfer, and Internet financial services.
Tax preparation services, services regarding the development and administration of individual retirement accounts, Keogh plans, deferred compensation plans, and other personnel benefit plans, and financial counseling services, including, but not limited to, estate planning.
Fixed asset services, including, but not limited to, the management, development, sale, or lease of fixed assets and the sale, lease, or servicing of computer hardware or software.
Insurance brokerage or agency services, including, but not limited to, providing vehicle warranty programs, providing group insurance purchasing programs, and acting as an agent for the sale of insurance.
Services with regard to the leasing of real property owned by the credit union service organization or personal property.
Loan support services, including, but not limited to, debt collection and loan processing, servicing, and sales services and services regarding the sale of repossessed collateral.
Record retention, security, and disaster recovery services, including, but not limited to, alarm monitoring, data storage and retrieval, and record storage services and providing forms and supplies.
Trust and other fiduciary services, including, but not limited to, acting as an administrator for prepaid legal services plans or acting as a trustee, guardian, conservator, estate administrator, or in any other fiduciary capacity.
The office of credit unions may expand the list of services under par. (b)
that are related to the routine daily operations of credit unions. Any service approved under this paragraph shall be authorized for all credit union service organizations under par. (a)
. A credit union may file a written request with the office of credit unions to exercise its authority under this paragraph and may include, along with the request, a description of any proposed service and an explanation of how that service is related to the routine daily operations of credit unions. Within 60 days after receiving a request under this paragraph, the office of credit unions shall approve or disapprove the request.
A credit union service organization under par. (a)
may provide any service described under par. (b)
or approved under par. (bd)
through an investment by the credit union service organization in a 3rd-party service provider. The amount that a credit union service organization may invest in a 3rd-party service provider under this paragraph may not exceed the amount necessary to obtain the applicable services, or a greater amount if necessary for the credit union service organization to obtain the services at a reduced cost.
A credit union service organization may be subject to audit by the office of credit unions.
See also chs. DFI-CU 59
, and 68
, Wis. adm. code.
A credit union may invest in a credit union service corporation that sells insurance to the general public so long as the corporation was organized to primarily serve credit unions and their members. 78 Atty. Gen. 96
Credit union borrowing.
The board of directors may borrow money from any source if the amount borrowed does not exceed 30% of the credit union's total savings, deposits and reserves. Credit union borrowing may exceed 30% if the office of credit unions approves.
Credit union powers.
A credit union may:
(1) Branch offices.
With the approval of the office of credit unions, establish branch offices inside or outside of this state. Permanent records may be maintained at branch offices established under this subsection. In this subsection, the term "branch office" does not include a remote terminal, a limited services office, or a service center.
(1s) Service centers.
Upon notice to the office of credit unions, establish and maintain service centers that are reasonably necessary to furnish services to members. A credit union may operate a shared service center with one or more credit unions and may participate in a shared service center network that is operated from inside or outside of this state. This subsection does not prohibit a credit union from referring to a service center as a branch office. A service center shall be under the supervision of the office of credit unions.
(2) Credit union center corporation.
With other credit unions, organize a credit union center corporation that provides facilities, equipment and personnel. A credit union center corporation shall be under the supervision of the office of credit unions.
(3) Financial counseling.
Provide nonprofit financial counseling.
Charge for perfection of security interests and investigations of borrowers.
(5) Third-party checks.
Issue 3rd-party checks from an account of a member upon request of the member.
Contract with a trust organization authorized to do business in this state to provide trust services to the credit union's members.
Act as trustees or custodians of member tax deferred retirement funds, individual retirement accounts, medical savings accounts, or other employee benefit accounts or funds permitted by federal law to be deposited in a credit union.
Act as a depository for member qualified and nonqualified deferred compensation funds as permitted by federal law.
(7) Conditional sales contracts.
Purchase or acquire conditional sales contracts or similar instruments executed by credit union members.
See also ch. DFI-CU 61
, Wis. adm. code.
Make donations and grants, the total of which may not exceed 1.0 percent of regular reserves within a given year, if the board of directors approves any such donation or grant and the approval is based on a determination that the donation or grant is in the best interest of the credit union and is reasonable given the size and financial condition of the credit union.
(9) Financial services.
Collect, receive and disburse moneys in connection with the sale or provision of share drafts, travelers checks, money orders, credit cards, debit cards or, with the approval of the office of credit unions, similar instruments.
(10) Additional powers.
Exercise all powers necessary and proper to carry out the purposes of the credit union.
Offer deposit accounts to any person if the credit union satisfies the requirements specified in 12 CFR 701.34
(a) for designation as a low-income credit union and files a statement with the office of credit unions agreeing to be bound by requirements and conditions that are substantially identical to those imposed by the national board and the national credit union administration on federal credit unions designated under 12 CFR 701.34
Conduct annual board of director elections in the manner provided by the bylaws.
(13) Multiparty accounts.
Issue multiple accounts in joint tenancy with any person designated by the member. The person first named on the account shall be a member of the credit union. A nonmember named in the joint account shall not acquire the right to vote, obtain loans or hold office because of the nonmember's inclusion in the joint account.
Process applications, act as closing agent and service loans made under s. 45.37
, with the approval of the department of veterans affairs.
Make loans to members that are guaranteed by this state or by the federal government, with the approval of the appropriate state or federal administering agency.
Rent safe deposit receptacles upon its premises for an agreed upon fee. A credit union may store for safekeeping valuable or personal property of any member or of any person who is eligible to be a member. The credit union shall have a lien for its charges on any property received by it for safekeeping.
Sell any property subject to a lien under par. (a)
at public auction in accordance with procedures under ch. 815
. A credit union may retain from the proceeds of the sale all lien fees and charges due including reasonable expenses of the sale. A credit union shall pay the remaining balance to the person depositing the property or to the legal representatives or assigns.
Directly or indirectly, acquire, place and operate, or participate in the acquisition, placement and operation of, at locations other than its offices, remote terminals, in accordance with rules established by the office of credit unions. The rules shall provide that any remote terminal shall be available for use, on a nondiscriminatory basis, by any state or federal credit union which has its principal place of business in this state, by any other credit union obtaining the consent of a state or federal credit union which has its principal place of business in this state and is using the terminal and by all members designated by a credit union using the terminal. This subsection does not authorize a credit union which has its principal place of business outside the state to conduct business as a credit union in this state. The remote terminals also shall be available for use, on a nondiscriminatory basis, by any state or national bank, state or federal savings bank or state or federal savings and loan association, whose home office is located in this state, if the bank, savings bank or savings and loan association requests to share its use, subject to the joint rules established under s. 221.0303 (2)
. The office of credit unions by order may authorize the installation and operation of a remote terminal in a mobile facility, after notice and hearing upon the proposed service stops of the mobile facility.
In this subsection, "remote terminal" means a terminal or other facility or installation, attended or unattended, which is not located at the principal office or at a subsidiary office of a credit union and through which members and credit unions may engage, by means of either the direct transmission of electronic impulses to and from a credit union or the recording of electronic impulses or other indicia of a transaction for delayed transmission to a credit union, in transactions which are incidental to the conduct of the business of a credit union and which are otherwise permitted by law. "Remote terminal" also includes all equipment, regardless of location, which is interconnected with a remote terminal and which is necessary to transmit, route and process electronic impulses in order to enable the remote terminal to perform any function for which it is designed.
If any person primarily engaged in the retail sale of goods or services owns or operates a remote terminal on such person's premises and allows access to the unit by any financial institution, group of financial institutions or their customers, nothing in this subsection or in rules established by the office of credit unions shall, or shall be construed or interpreted to, require such person to accept any connection to or use of the unit on its premises for any other purpose or function or to accept any connection to the unit on its premises by any other financial institution.
If a person primarily engaged in the retail sale of goods or services owns or operates a remote terminal on such person's premises and allows access to the unit by any financial institution, group of financial institutions or their customers for any purpose or function, no laws governing such institutions or rules established by the office of credit unions shall apply to such person other than those laws or rules directly related to the particular function performed by the unit on such person's premises for a financial institution.
Information transmitted from a remote terminal, either identified as to particular transactions or aggregate information, shall only be used for purposes of effecting the financial transactions for which such information was received, for any other purpose lawfully authorized by contract, or for any other purpose permitted by statute and rules pertaining to the dissemination and disclosure of such information.
See also s. DFI-CU 63.01
, Wis. adm. code.
(16) Dormant accounts.
Subject to ch. 177
, establish a policy, including a fee schedule, for disposing of dormant accounts.
Make contracts necessary and proper to meet its purpose and to conduct its business.
(18) Legal actions.
To sue and be sued, and to appear and defend in all actions and proceedings under its corporate name.
(19) Client fund accounts.
Maintain real estate broker trust accounts under s. 452.13
for brokers who are eligible for membership in the credit union, attorney trust accounts under s. 757.293
for attorneys who are eligible for membership in the credit union and collection agency trust accounts under s. 218.04 (9g)
for persons who are eligible for membership in the credit union.
(20) Public depository.
Act as a depository of state and local public funds.
(21) Federal depository.
On request of the federal secretary of the treasury, act as federal depository, fiscal agent or both of the federal government. A credit union may perform such services as the federal secretary of the treasury may authorize in connection with the collection of taxes and other obligations due the federal government and the lending, borrowing and repayment of money by the federal government, including the issue, sale, redemption or repurchase of bonds, notes, treasury certificates of indebtedness, or other obligations of the federal government.
(22) Community currency exchange and seller of checks.
Engage in the business and functions provided for in s. 218.05
and ch. 217
upon receiving a certificate of authority from the office of credit unions. An applicant shall meet the same requirements as other applicants under ch. 217
, but no investigation fee may be charged of credit union applicants. The office of credit unions may revoke a certificate of authority following a hearing held upon 10 days' notice to the credit union for any reason which would have justified the rejection of an application or on the ground that the continued operation of the business threatens the solvency of the credit union.
(23) Accept investments.
Accept investments made by state or federally chartered credit unions.
(24) Funeral trusts.
Accept deposits made by members for the purpose of funding burial agreements by trusts created pursuant to s. 445.125
(25) Sale of insurance products.
Sell insurance, annuities, and related products.
History: 1971 c. 193
; 1973 c. 12
; 1973 c. 208
; 1973 c. 255
; 1973 c. 336
; 1975 c. 345
; 1977 c. 136
; 1979 c. 121
; 1981 c. 5
; 1983 a. 368
; 1987 a. 403
; 1991 a. 221
; 1993 a. 112
; 1995 a. 27
; 1997 a. 35
; 2003 a. 63
; 2005 a. 22
; 2011 a. 205
Section 186.235 (19) authorizes the office of credit unions to control and supervise credit unions incorporated in other states, including whether and where a foreign credit union may operate a branch office in this state. It was not unreasonable to impose on a foreign credit union the analogous geographical limitations that this section imposes on state credit union branches located outside of the state. Heritage Credit Union v. Office of Credit Unions, 2001 WI App 213
, 247 Wis. 2d 589
, 634 N.W.2d 593
Under sub. (7), a credit union is not obliged to secure a sales finance company license to purchase installment contracts of its members, nor is an auto dealer subject to a penalty if it sells such a contract to a credit union. 61 Atty. Gen. 439.
Additional credit union authority.