186.14 186.14 Expelled member rights and liabilities. The amounts paid in on shares by members who have withdrawn or have been expelled shall be paid to them, but in the order of withdrawal or expulsion as funds become available and after deducting any amounts due from the members to the credit union. Expulsion or withdrawal shall not relieve a member from any remaining liability to the credit union.
186.14 History History: 1971 c. 193 s. 42 (3); 1995 a. 151.
186.15 186.15 Auditing.
186.15(1)(1) Annual audit. Except as provided in sub. (2), the board of directors shall hire a certified public accountant licensed or certified under ch. 442 or other qualified person to conduct a comprehensive annual audit of the records, accounts and affairs of the credit union.
186.15(2) (2)Audit committee. The board of directors may appoint an auditing committee of one or more capable persons to annually audit the records, accounts and cash of the credit union and to verify member accounts. Verification procedures shall be conducted according to the credit union's bylaws or the rules of the office of credit unions.
186.15(3) (3)Independent audit. The office of credit unions may order an independent audit at the credit union's expense if the office of credit unions finds an annual audit to be unsatisfactory.
186.15(4) (4)Audit reports. Audit reports under this section shall be submitted to the board of directors and retained as records of the credit union.
186.15 History History: 1971 c. 193; 1993 a. 482; 1995 a. 151; 2001 a. 16.
186.15 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DFI-CU 73, Wis. adm. code.
186.16 186.16 Dividends.
186.16(1)(1) Board establishes dividends. The board of directors shall establish the dividend period. Dividends shall be considered a normal operating expense of the credit union. Rates of dividends and terms of payment may be established and guaranteed in advance by action of the board of directors. The board of directors may classify its accounts and declare dividends which may be at variable rates.
186.16(2) (2)Maximum set by office of credit unions. The office of credit unions may establish the maximum dividend that a credit union and a corporate central credit union may pay in each classification of its savings.
186.16 History History: 1971 c. 193; 1979 c. 282; 1981 c. 156; 1995 a. 27, 151.
186.16 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DFI-CU 60, Wis. adm. code.
186.17 186.17 Reserves. A credit union shall maintain sufficient reserves to meet anticipated withdrawals, commitments, and loan demand. A credit union shall maintain at least the level of reserves required for it by the national credit union administration. The office of credit unions may prescribe additional reserve requirements for an individual credit union based on examination findings or other reports available to the office.
186.18 186.18 Dissolution. Upon a two-thirds recommendation of the board of directors, the members may vote to dissolve the credit union. If a majority of the total membership vote by ballot, in person or by letter or other written communication in favor of dissolution, and if not more than the greater of 15 members or 10% of the total membership, by written notice, vote against dissolution, the credit union shall be dissolved. If both the number of votes in favor of dissolution and the number of votes against dissolution are each less than 25% of the total number of members, the board of directors may, with the permission of the office of credit unions, mail to each member at the member's last-known address a written notice which states that the board's proposal to dissolve the credit union will be approved or disapproved at a special or annual meeting to be held at the time and place specified in the notice. The credit union shall be dissolved only if a majority of the members present at the meeting vote in favor of the board's proposal to dissolve the credit union. If the members vote to dissolve the credit union, a committee of 3 shall be elected by the members to liquidate the assets of the credit union. After assets are liquidated and debts paid, members shall be paid a liquidating dividend in proportion to their savings from remaining assets. The committee in charge of liquidation may sell or dispose of the assets in whole or in part at a public or private sale subject to confirmation by the board of directors and the office of credit unions.
186.18 History History: 1971 c. 193; 1981 c. 156; 1995 a. 27, 151.
186.19 186.19 Bonding requirements. A credit union shall maintain the necessary bonds for directors, officers and employees according to any standards prescribed by the national board.
186.20 186.20 Financial privacy. A credit union shall comply with any applicable requirements under 15 USC 6801 to 6803 and any applicable regulations prescribed by the national credit union administration under 15 USC 6804.
186.20 History History: 2003 a. 63.
186.21 186.21 Credit unions promoted.
186.21(1) (1) Office to cooperate. It shall be the duty of the office of credit unions to cooperate with every group of people that is interested in the formation of, or in an affiliation with, a credit union in this state. The office of credit unions may do all things reasonably necessary for the discharge of this duty.
186.21(2) (2)Advertising. The office of credit unions shall use advertising that is suitable and effective to acquaint the people of this state with the agencies and organizations dealing with credit unions.
186.21(3) (3)Consultations. The office of credit unions shall offer without charge to any group, either joined in a credit union or considering such an organization, advice and direction on accounting practices and managerial problems.
186.21(4) (4)Materials. The office of credit unions shall provide application forms, model bylaws, and other materials to help in the organization, efficient functioning and expansion of credit unions.
186.21 History History: 1971 c. 193 s. 42 (2); 1995 a. 27, 151; 2001 a. 107.
186.235 186.235 Office of credit unions.
186.235(1) (1) Supervision. A credit union shall be under the control and supervision of the office of credit unions.
186.235(2) (2)Enforcement. The office of credit unions shall enforce this chapter and other laws relating to credit unions.
186.235(3) (3)Full-time duties. The administrator of the office of credit unions shall devote full time to his or her position.
186.235(3m) (3m)Conflicts of interest. No employee of the office of credit unions may serve as a director or officer of a credit union or any other organization that is under the supervision of the office of credit unions.
186.235(4) (4)Bond required. A person who is appointed to or employed by the office of credit unions shall furnish a surety bond in an amount authorized by the office.
186.235(5) (5)Immunity of office of credit unions. The office of credit unions shall not be subject to any civil liability or penalty, or to any criminal prosecution, for any error in judgment or discretion made in good faith and upon reasonable grounds in any action taken or omitted by the office of credit unions in an official capacity.
186.235(7) (7)Disclosure of information.
186.235(7)(a)(a) Employees of the office of credit unions and members of the review board shall keep secret all the facts and information obtained in the course of examinations or contained in any report provided by a credit union other than any semiannual or quarterly financial report that is regularly filed with the office of credit unions. This requirement does not apply in any of the following situations:
186.235(7)(a)1. 1. If the public duty of the person requires that person to report upon or take special action regarding the affairs of any credit union.
186.235(7)(a)2. 2. If the person is called as a witness in any criminal proceeding.
186.235(7)(b) (b) Notwithstanding par. (a) and unless otherwise provided by rule, the office of credit unions may do any of the following:
186.235(7)(b)1. 1. Furnish to the national board a copy of any examination made by the office of credit unions of any credit union or of any report made by the credit union.
186.235(7)(b)1m. 1m. Furnish any state regulatory authority regulating state financial institutions with a copy of any examination made by the office of credit unions of any credit union or of any report made by the credit union, if the authority agrees to treat the information received under this subdivision with the same degree of confidentiality that is required of employees of the office of credit unions under par. (a).
186.235(7)(b)2. 2. Give access to and disclose to the national board any information possessed by the office of credit unions about the conditions or affairs of any credit union whose savings are insured by federal share insurance.
186.235(7)(b)3. 3. Provide examination reports to a credit union's attorneys, independent certified public accountants, or other consultants or advisers who have agreed in writing to maintain the confidentiality of the reports.
186.235(7)(c) (c) If any person mentioned in par. (a) discloses any information about the private account or transactions of a credit union or any information obtained in the course of an examination of a credit union, except as provided in pars. (a) and (b), that person is guilty of a Class I felony.
186.235(7m) (7m)Return of examination reports. Examination reports possessed by a credit union are confidential, remain the property of the office of credit unions, and shall be returned to the office of credit unions immediately upon request. This subsection does not prohibit a credit union from providing an examination report to its attorneys, independent certified public accountants, or other consultants or advisers who have agreed in writing to maintain the confidentiality of the report.
186.235(8) (8)Rules. The office of credit unions shall, with the approval of the credit union review board, promulgate rules relating to the business of credit unions.
186.235(9) (9)Charter revocation. The office of credit unions shall report to the department of justice any credit union that conducts its business in violation of this chapter. The department of justice may bring an action to revoke the credit union's articles of incorporation.
186.235(10) (10)Removal.
186.235(10)(a)(a) The office of credit unions may remove an officer, director, committee member or employee of a credit union if any of the following applies:
186.235(10)(a)1. 1. The policies or practices of the officer, director, committee member or employee are prejudicial to the best interest of the credit union, endanger or will endanger the safety or solvency of the credit union, or impair the interests of the members.
186.235(10)(a)2. 2. The officer, director, committee member or employee violates or permits the violation of this chapter, a rule promulgated under this chapter or an order of the office of credit unions.
186.235(10)(b) (b) An officer, director, committee member or employee removed by the office of credit unions under par. (a) shall be given an opportunity for a hearing before the review board within 30 days after the date on which the removal order is issued.
186.235(10)(c) (c) An order of removal takes effect on the date on which it is issued. A copy of the order shall be served upon the credit union and upon the officer, director, committee member or employee in the manner provided by law or by mailing a copy to the credit union and officer, director, committee member or employee at their last-known post-office addresses. An officer, director, committee member or employee who is removed from office or employment under this subsection may not be elected as an officer or director of, or be employed by, a credit union without the approval of the office of credit unions and the review board. An order of removal under this subsection is a final order or determination of the review board under s. 186.015.
186.235(10)(d) (d) The office of credit unions may appoint any member of the credit union to fill a vacancy caused by a removal under this subsection. The person who is appointed shall hold office until the next annual meeting of the membership.
186.235(11) (11)Possession by office.
186.235(11)(a)(a) Conditions for taking possession. The office of credit unions may take possession and control of the business and property of any credit union if the credit union violates this chapter or if the credit union does any of the following:
186.235(11)(a)1. 1. Conducts its business contrary to law.
186.235(11)(a)2. 2. Violates its charter, or any law.
186.235(11)(a)3. 3. Conducts its business in an unauthorized or unsafe manner.
186.235(11)(a)4. 4. Has an impairment of its capital.
186.235(11)(a)5. 5. Suspends payment of its obligations.
186.235(11)(a)6. 6. Neglects or refuses to comply with the terms of an order of the office of credit unions.
186.235(11)(a)7. 7. Refuses to submit its books, papers, records, accounts or affairs for inspection to a credit union examiner.
186.235(11)(a)8. 8. Refuses to be examined upon oath regarding its affairs.
186.235(11)(a)9. 9. Receives notice of intent to terminate insured status by the national board.
186.235(11)(b) (b) Suspension.
186.235(11)(b)1.1. The office of credit unions may suspend, for a period of up to 120 days, an officer, director, committee member or employee of a credit union from engaging in credit union business if the office of credit unions finds the existence of any condition under par. (a) 1. to 9. The office of credit unions may renew a suspension under this subdivision any number of times and for periods of up to 120 days if the office of credit unions finds that the condition or conditions continue to exist.
186.235(11)(b)2. 2. The office of credit unions shall suspend the business of a credit union, other than a corporate central credit union, if the credit union does not comply with s. 186.34.
186.235(11)(c) (c) Possession by office of credit unions.
186.235(11)(c)1.1. The office of credit unions may take possession of the business and property of a credit union if the office finds the existence of any condition under par. (a) 1. to 9.
186.235(11)(c)2. 2. The office of credit unions shall take possession of the business and property of a credit union that violates s. 186.34, unless the office approves a merger under s. 186.31.
186.235(11)(d) (d) Procedure on taking possession. Upon taking possession of the business and property of a credit union, the office of credit unions shall:
186.235(11)(d)1. 1. Serve a notice in writing upon the president and secretary of the credit union stating that the office of credit unions has taken possession and control of the business and property of the credit union. The notice shall be executed in duplicate, and immediately after service, one of the notices shall be filed with the clerk of the circuit court of the county in which the credit union is located together with proof of service.
186.235(11)(d)2. 2. Give notice to all individuals, partnerships, corporations, limited liability companies and associations known to the office of credit unions to be holding or in possession of any assets of the credit union.
186.235(11)(dg) (dg) Special deputies. The office of credit unions may appoint one or more special deputies as agent to assist in the duty of liquidation and distribution of the assets of one or more credit unions whose business and property the office of credit unions holds. A certificate of appointment shall be filed in the office of credit unions and a certified copy in the office of the clerk of the circuit court for the county in which the credit union is located. The office of credit unions may employ counsel and procure expert assistance and advice as necessary in the liquidation and distribution of the assets of the credit union, and may retain any officers or employees of the credit union that the office of credit unions considers to be necessary. The special deputies and assistants shall furnish security for the faithful discharge of their duties in an amount that the office of credit unions considers to be necessary. The special deputies may execute, acknowledge and deliver any deeds, assignments, releases or other instruments necessary to effect any sale and transfer or encumbrance of real estate or personal property and may borrow money for use in the liquidation after the liquidation has been approved by the office of credit unions and an order obtained from the circuit court of the county in which the credit union is located.
186.235(11)(dr) (dr) Special deputy duties. Upon taking possession of the property and business of the credit union, a special deputy is authorized to collect all moneys due to the credit union, and to do other acts necessary to conserve its assets and business, and shall proceed to liquidate the affairs of the credit union. The special deputy shall collect all debts due and claims belonging to the credit union, and upon a petition approved by the office of credit unions and upon order of the circuit court of the county in which the credit union is located, may sell or compound all bad or doubtful debts, or do any act or execute any other necessary instruments and upon petition and order may sell all the real and personal property of the credit union on such terms as the court shall approve.
186.235(11)(e) (e) Notice, allowance and payment of claims. The special deputy shall publish a class 3 notice, under ch. 985, calling on all persons who may have a claim against the credit union to present the claim to the special deputy and make legal proof of the claim at a place and within a time, not earlier than the last day of publication, to be specified in the notice. The special deputy shall mail a similar notice to all persons, at their last-known address, whose names appear as creditors upon the books of the credit union. Proof of service of the notice shall be filed with the clerk of court. The special deputy may reject any claim. Any party interested may also file written objections to any claim with the special deputy and, after notice by registered mail of the rejection, the claimant shall be barred unless the claimant commences an action on the claim within 3 months. Claims presented after the expiration of the time fixed in the notice shall be entitled to an equitable share from the distribution of any assets remaining in the hands of the special deputy after properly filed claims have been paid.
186.235(11)(f) (f) Inventory of assets and statement of liabilities. Upon taking possession of the property and assets of the credit union, the special deputy shall make an inventory of the assets of the credit union, in duplicate, one to be filed in the office of credit unions and one in the office of the clerk of circuit court for the county in which the credit union is located. Upon the expiration of the time fixed for the presentation of claims, the special deputy shall make in duplicate a full and complete list of the claims presented, including and specifying the claims rejected by the special deputy, one to be filed in the office of credit unions, and one in the office of the clerk of circuit court for the county in which the credit union is located. The inventory and list of claims shall be open at all reasonable times to inspection.
186.235(11)(g) (g) Adjustment of loans and withdrawal value of shares. The value of shares pledged upon a loan to the credit union shall be applied and credited to the loan and the borrower shall be liable only for the balance. The rate of interest charged upon the balance shall be the legal rate. Upon the approval of the value by the office of credit unions and the circuit court of the county in which the credit union is located, the book value of each member may be reduced proportionately. At least 5 days' written notice of the determination of value shall be given to all shareholders of the time and place the value shall be submitted to the circuit court for approval. Approval of the circuit court shall be by an order entered under s. 807.11 (2). Any stockholder or creditor of the credit union aggrieved by the determination of value may appeal to the court of appeals.
186.235(11)(h) (h) Compensation and expenses in connection with liquidation. The compensation of the special deputies, counsel and other employees and assistants, and all expenses of supervision and liquidation shall be fixed by the office of credit unions, subject to the approval of the circuit court for the county in which the credit union is located, and shall upon the certificate of the office of credit unions be paid out of the funds of the credit union. Expenses of supervision and liquidation include the cost of the services rendered by the office of credit unions to the credit union being liquidated. The cost of these services shall be determined by the office of credit unions and paid to the office from the assets of the credit union as other expenses of liquidation are paid. The moneys collected by the special deputy shall be deposited in a corporate central credit union, and, in case of the suspension or insolvency of a depository, such deposits shall be preferred before all other deposits.
186.235(11)(i) (i) Liquidating dividends. At any time after the expiration of the date fixed for the presentation of claims, the special deputy in charge of the liquidation of the credit union may, upon a petition approved by the office of credit unions and an order of the circuit court of the county in which the credit union is located, out of the funds remaining, after the payment of expenses and debts, declare one or more dividends, and may declare a final dividend to be paid to such persons, and in such amounts as may be directed by the circuit court.
186.235(11)(j) (j) Title passes to office of credit unions. Immediately upon filing the notice under par. (d), the possession of all assets and property of the credit union shall be considered to be transferred from the credit union to and assumed by the office of credit unions. The filing of the notice shall of itself, and without the execution or delivery of any instruments of conveyance, assignment, transfer or endorsement, vest the title to all such assets and property in the office of credit unions. The filing shall also operate as a bar to any attachment, garnishment, execution or other legal proceedings against the credit union, or its assets and property, or its liabilities.
186.235(11)(k) (k) Effect of possession. No credit union shall have a lien, or charge for any payment, advance or clearance made, or liability thereafter incurred, against any of the assets of the credit union of whose property and business the office of credit unions shall have taken possession.
186.235(11)(L) (L) Appeal. If a credit union whose property and business the office of credit unions has taken possession of considers itself aggrieved by the office's action, it may, at any time within 30 days after the date of the taking, appeal to the credit union review board for relief from the possession by the office of credit unions. If the credit union review board sustains the office of credit unions, the credit union may, at any time within 30 days after the decision of the credit union review board, apply to the circuit court of the county in which the credit union is located to enjoin further proceedings. The court, after citing the office of credit unions to show cause why further proceedings should not be enjoined and after hearing all allegations and proofs of the parties and determining the facts, may upon the merits dismiss the application or enjoin the office of credit unions from further proceedings, and may direct the office to surrender the business and property to the credit union.
186.235(11)(m) (m) Reinstatement. After the office of credit unions takes over the possession and control of the business and property of a credit union, the credit union may resume business if all of the following apply:
186.235(11)(m)1. 1. The owners of at least two-thirds of the credit union dollar value of outstanding shares execute a petition to resume business, the form of which petition shall be prescribed by the office of credit unions.
186.235(11)(m)2. 2. There is submitted to the office of credit unions by the shareholders, or a committee selected by them, a plan for the reorganization and reinstatement of the credit union.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 392 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before May 10, 2016. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after May 10, 2016 are designated by NOTES. (Published 5-10-16)