With respect to a state-chartered bank, the state in which the bank is chartered.
With respect to a national bank, the state in which the main office of the bank is located.
With respect to a foreign bank, the state determined to be the home state of the foreign bank under 12 USC 3103
“Out-of-state bank" means a bank with a home state other than this state.
“Out-of-state state bank" means a bank chartered under the laws of any state other than this state.
“State bank" means a bank chartered under this chapter.
(2) Notice and filing requirements.
Each out-of-state state bank that has an in-state branch shall give the division notice of any merger, consolidation or other transaction that would cause a change of control with respect to the out-of-state state bank or a bank holding company of the out-of-state state bank, such that a filing would be required under 12 USC 1817
(j) or 12 USC 1841
. The notice required under this subsection shall be provided at least 30 days prior to date that the transaction is to become effective, unless the division determines that a transaction is an emergency transaction.
(3) Reporting requirements.
The division may promulgate rules establishing periodic reporting requirements for out-of-state banks maintaining an in-state branch. Any reporting requirements established by rules promulgated under this subsection shall be consistent with all of the following:
The division's regulatory responsibilities with respect to that out-of-state bank and its in-state branch.
Examination power of division.
The division may examine an in-state branch maintained by an out-of-state state bank, if the division considers the examination necessary to determine whether the in-state branch is being operated in compliance with the laws of this state and in accordance with safe and sound banking practices. The provisions of ch. 220
, as they apply to examinations of state banks, apply to the examinations of in-state branches of out-of-state banks.
Contracts for examination services.
The division may enter into contracts with any bank supervisory agency with concurrent jurisdiction over a state bank or an in-state branch of an out-of-state state bank to engage the services of the agency's examiners at a reasonable rate of compensation, or to provide the services of the division's examiners to the agency at a reasonable rate of compensation. Contracts entered into under this paragraph are exempt from ss. 16.70
, and 16.767
If the division determines that an in-state branch of an out-of-state state bank is being operated in violation of the laws of this state or is being operated in an unsafe or unsound manner, the division may take any enforcement action against the in-state branch that it would be able to take if the in-state branch were a state bank.
(6) Joint examination and enforcement actions.
The division may enter into joint examinations and joint enforcement actions with other bank supervisory agencies having concurrent jurisdiction over a state bank with an out-of-state branch, or an in-state branch of an out-of-state state bank. This subsection does not prevent the division from making examinations or taking enforcement actions independently, if the division considers it appropriate to carry out its responsibilities or to ensure compliance with the laws of this state.
The division may promulgate rules establishing assessments for in-state branches of out-of-state state banks.
History: 1997 a. 146
; 2005 a. 217
Out-of-state banks establishing branches. 221.0904(1)(b)
“Out-of-state bank" means any bank, as defined in 12 USC 1813
(a) (1), with a home state other than this state.
(2) In general.
No out-of-state bank may establish a branch in this state unless all of the following apply:
The laws of the home state of the out-of-state bank allow the out-of-state bank to establish a branch in this state.
The division determines under sub. (3) (b)
that the laws of the home state of the out-of-state bank are reciprocal with respect to a state bank establishing a branch in that state.
The out-of-state bank complies with the notice requirements under sub. (4)
The division shall periodically publish a list of states that the division has found have laws that are reciprocal for purposes of sub. (2) (b)
. An out-of-state bank with a home state for which the division has made no such determination may request, on a form prescribed by the division, that the division make a determination regarding the home state.
The division shall make determinations under par. (a)
in writing. The division may not determine that the laws of a state are reciprocal under par. (a)
unless the division finds that the laws of that state allow a state bank to establish a branch in the state under terms and conditions that are substantially similar to the terms and conditions under this section. In making such a finding, the division shall consider, at a minimum, whether the laws of that state discriminate in any way against a state bank and whether the laws of that state impose regulatory burdens that are substantially more restrictive than the requirements under this section that apply to an out-of-state bank seeking to establish a branch in this state.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, an out-of-state bank may not establish a branch in this state without providing prior notice to the division. The division shall promulgate rules specifying the requirements and procedures for making such notice. The rules shall allow an out-of-state bank to provide notice by submitting to the division a copy of any notice or application regarding the proposed branch that the out-of-state bank submits to the regulatory authority of its home state or the appropriate federal regulatory authority.
If an out-of-state bank establishes a branch in this state pursuant to this section, the out-of-state bank is not required to provide notice for any subsequent branches established in this state.
(4m) Location restrictions for branches of out-of-state banks. 221.0904(4m)(a)(a)
Except as provided in par. (c)
, no out-of-state bank may directly or indirectly establish or maintain in this state a branch that is located within a 1.5-mile radius of premises or property owned, leased, or otherwise controlled, directly or indirectly, by an affiliate of the out-of-state bank that engages in commercial activities. No out-of-state bank may circumvent the prohibition in this paragraph by first establishing a branch and then locating, or attempting to influence or facilitate the location of, an office of the out-of-state bank's affiliate engaged in commercial activities within a 1.5-mile radius of the branch location.
Certification of compliance.
Each out-of-state bank that establishes or maintains a branch in this state shall certify to the division that the location of any such branch complies with par. (a)
This subsection does not apply to any branch of an out-of-state bank that was approved by the division on or before April 2, 2008.
(5) Additional branching authority.
An out-of-state bank that establishes a branch in this state pursuant to this section may establish additional branches in this state to the same extent as a state bank.
History: 2005 a. 217
; 2007 a. 112
RECORDS, REPORTS AND LEGAL PROCESS
Every bank shall keep a stock book. The stock book shall be subject to the inspection of officers, directors and shareholders of the bank during the usual hours for transacting business. The stock book shall show the name, residence and number of shares held by each shareholder. A refusal by the officers of such bank to exhibit the stock book to any person rightfully demanding inspection of the book, may be required to forfeit not more than $50. In all actions, suits and proceedings, the stock book is presumptive evidence of the facts contained in the book.
History: 1995 a. 336
A bank shall make to the division not less than 2 reports during each calendar year. The reports shall be made at the times required by the division on forms prescribed and furnished by the division. The forms shall conform as nearly as practicable to that required of national banks, including any schedules.
The reports under sub. (1)
shall be signed and verified by the oath or affirmation of one of the officers of the bank, and shall be attested by at least 2 of the directors. If by reason of absence or other inability it is impracticable to obtain the signature of 2 directors, the report shall specify the reason why it is impracticable and the attestation by the director so absent or under disability is not required.
(3) Resources and liabilities.
The report under sub. (1)
shall exhibit in detail and under the proper headings, the resources and liabilities of the bank at the close of the business of any past day specified by the division. The bank shall transmit the report to the division within 30 days after the receipt of request for the report from the division.
(4) List of shareholders.
When requested by the division, any bank shall report to the division a list of its shareholders, their residences, and the amount of stock held by each. The shareholder list shall be signed and verified by the oath or affirmation of one of the officers of the bank.
(5) Special reports.
The division may require special reports from a bank, if the division determines that the reports are necessary to inform the division fully of the bank's condition.
History: 1995 a. 336
A bank failing to make and transmit to the division a report or proof of publication required under this chapter may be required to forfeit to the division not more than $100 for each day after the report or proof of publication was required. If a bank fails or refuses to pay the forfeiture under this section, the division may institute proceedings for the recovery of the forfeiture.
History: 1995 a. 336
An officer, director or employee of a bank may not do any of the following:
Willfully and knowingly subscribe to or make, or cause to be made, any false statement or false entry in the books of the bank.
Knowingly subscribe to or exhibit false papers with the intent to deceive any person authorized to examine the affairs of the bank.
Knowingly make, state, or publish any false report or statement of the bank.
Any person who violates sub. (1)
is guilty of a Class F felony.
Refusal to permit inspection.
If an officer in charge of a bank refuses to submit the books, papers and concerns of the bank to the inspection of the division, or refuses to be examined under oath touching the concerns of the bank, the division may inform the attorney general. The department of justice shall then institute an action to procure a judgment dissolving the bank. In order to carry out this section, the division may commence and maintain in the division's name any action necessary or proper to enforce this section.
History: 1995 a. 336
Fees for certified copies.
If a certified copy of a record filed in the division is lawfully required to be furnished by the division, the division may assess a reasonable fee as determined by the banking institutions review board. These fees shall be deposited in the general fund.
History: 1995 a. 336
; 2019 a. 65
Legal process; how served.
Legal process against a bank may be served upon the bank in the manner provided by law for service on other corporations organized under the laws of this state.
History: 1995 a. 336
A bank is entitled to reimbursement for expenses and costs incurred in searching for, reproducing and transporting books, papers, records and other data required to be produced by legal process, unless otherwise prohibited by law from collecting these expenses and costs or unless the person seeking the production is a government unit, as defined in s. 108.02 (17)
. The expenses and costs shall be paid by persons seeking such production. If a bank is entitled to reimbursement under this section, a bank may not be required to produce books, papers, records and other data in response to legal process unless the expenses and costs, identified in an itemized invoice to be provided by the bank, are paid or unless payment is tendered to the bank in cash or by certified check or draft.
History: 1995 a. 336
BANK SERVICE CORPORATIONS
Bank service corporations. 221.1101(1)(a)
“Bank service corporation" means a corporation organized to perform bank services for 2 or more banks, each of which owns part of the capital stock of the corporation.
“Bank services" means check and deposit sorting and posting, computation and posting of interest and other credits and charges, preparation and mailing of checks, statements, notices and similar items, other clerical, bookkeeping, accounting, statistical, auditing, compliance, loan documentation, administrative, technology, or other similar functions performed for a bank, or any other service established under sub. (6)
“Invest" includes any advance of funds to a bank service corporation, whether by purchase of stock, the making of a loan, or otherwise, except a payment for rent earned, goods sold and delivered, or services rendered prior to the making of the payment.
(2) Investments in bank service corporations. 221.1101(2)(a)(a)
Two or more banks may invest not more than 10 percent of the capital of each of the banks in a bank service corporation.
If stock in a bank service corporation is held by 2 banks, and one of the banks ceases to utilize the services of the corporation and ceases to hold stock in it, and leaves the other as the sole stock holding bank, the corporation may nevertheless continue to function as a bank service corporation and the other bank may continue to hold stock in it.
(4) Permitted activities of bank service corporations.
A bank service corporation may not engage in any activity other than the performance of bank services for banks.
(5) Contracting for bank services.
A bank may cause to be performed, by contract or otherwise, any bank service for itself, whether on or off its premises, if the bank and the party performing the service provide the division with assurances, satisfactory to the division, that the performance of the service will be subject to regulation and examination by the division to the same extent as if the service was being performed by the bank itself on its own premises.
The division may establish additional services as bank services under sub. (1) (b)
if the services are related to the routine daily operations of banks.
A bank may file a written request with the division to exercise its authority under par. (a)
and may include, along with the request, a description of any proposed bank service and an explanation of how that service is related to the routine daily operations of banks. Within 60 days after receiving a request under this paragraph, the division shall approve or disapprove the request.
History: 1995 a. 336
; 2013 a. 22