23.33(3)(f) (f) To drive or pursue any animal except as a part of normal farming operations involving the driving of livestock.
23.33(3)(g) (g) When within 150 feet of a dwelling at a speed exceeding 10 miles per hour. The speed limit specified in this paragraph does not apply to a person operating an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on a roadway that is designated as an all-terrain vehicle route.
23.33(3)(gm) (gm) On the frozen surface of public waters or on an all-terrain vehicle trail, at a speed exceeding 10 miles per hour or without yielding the right-of-way when within 100 feet of another person who is not operating a motor vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or snowmobile. This paragraph does not apply to a person operating an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while competing in a sanctioned race or derby.
23.33(3)(h) (h) On the frozen surface of public waters within 100 feet of a fishing shanty at a speed exceeding 10 miles per hour.
23.33(3)(hg) (hg) At a speed exceeding 15 miles per hour when it is being operated on a roadway or adjacent to a roadway with a snow removal device attached, if it is more than 150 feet from a dwelling.
23.33(3)(hr) (hr) At a speed exceeding 5 miles per hour when it is being operated on a sidewalk or driveway with a snow removal device attached, regardless of its proximity to a dwelling.
23.33(3)(i) (i) In a manner which violates rules promulgated by the department. This paragraph does not authorize the department to promulgate or enforce a rule that imposes a speed restriction that is more stringent than a speed restriction specified under this subsection.
23.33(3c) (3c)Operation with firearms.
23.33(3c)(a)(a) No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle with any firearm in his or her possession unless the firearm is unloaded or is a handgun, as defined in s. 175.60 (1) (bm).
23.33(3c)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to a firearm that is placed or possessed on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is stationary, as defined in s. 167.31 (1) (fg).
23.33(3e) (3e)Original seating. No person may operate a utility terrain vehicle unless he or she, and every occupant of the utility terrain vehicle, is seated on a seat that is original to the utility terrain vehicle as manufactured.
23.33(3g) (3g)Use of headgear. No person may operate or be a passenger on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle without wearing protective headgear of the type required under s. 347.485 (1) (a) and with the chin strap properly fastened, unless one of the following applies:
23.33(3g)(a) (a) The person is at least 18 years of age.
23.33(3g)(b) (b) The person is traveling for the purposes of hunting or fishing and is at least 12 years of age.
23.33(3g)(c) (c) The all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is being operated for an agricultural purpose.
23.33(3g)(d) (d) The all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is being operated by a person on land under the management and control of the person's immediate family.
23.33(4) (4)Operation on or near highways.
23.33(4)(a)(a) Freeways. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle upon any part of any freeway which is a part of the federal system of interstate and defense highways. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle upon any part of any other freeway unless the department of transportation authorizes the use of that vehicle on that freeway. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle with a snow removal device attached upon any part of any freeway under any circumstances.
23.33(4)(b) (b) Other highways; operation restricted. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on a highway except as authorized under pars. (d), (e), and (f) and sub. (11) (am) 2. or 3. or as authorized by rules promulgated by the department and approved by the department of transportation.
23.33(4)(c) (c) Exceptions; municipal, state and utility operations; races and derbies; land surveying operations.
23.33(4)(c)1.1. Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to the operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle owned by a municipality, state agency, or public utility, or by the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, while the operator is engaged in an emergency or in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle directly related to the functions of the municipality, state agency, or public utility, or of the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, if safety does not require strict adherence to these restrictions.
23.33(4)(c)1m. 1m. Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to the operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle who is engaged in land surveying operations, if safety does not require strict adherence to the restrictions under pars. (a) and (b).
23.33(4)(c)2. 2. Paragraph (b) does not apply to a highway blocked off for special all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle events. A county, town, city or village may block off highways under its jurisdiction for the purpose of allowing special all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle events. No state trunk highway or connecting highway, or part thereof, may be blocked off by any county, town, city or village for any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle race or derby. A county, town, city or village shall notify the local police department and the county sheriff's office at least one week in advance of the time and place of any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle race or derby which may result in any street, or part thereof, of the county, town, city or village being blocked off.
23.33(4)(d) (d) Operation on roadway. A person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on the roadway portion of any highway only in the following situations:
23.33(4)(d)1. 1. To cross a roadway. The crossing of a roadway is authorized only if the crossing is done in the most direct manner practicable, if the crossing is made at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing, and if the operator stops the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle prior to the crossing and yields the right-of-way to other vehicles, pedestrians, and electric personal assistive mobility devices using the roadway.
23.33(4)(d)2. 2. On any roadway which is seasonally not maintained for motor vehicle traffic. Operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on this type of roadway is authorized only during the seasons when no maintenance occurs and only if the roadway is not officially closed to all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle traffic.
23.33(4)(d)3.a.a. To cross a bridge, culvert, or railroad right-of-way. The crossing of a bridge, culvert, or railroad right-of-way is not authorized if the roadway is officially closed to all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle traffic, except as provided in subd. 3. b. The crossing is authorized only if the crossing is done in the most direct manner practicable, if the crossing is made at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing, and if the operator stops the vehicle prior to the crossing and yields the right-of-way to other vehicles, pedestrians, and electric personal assistive mobility devices using the roadway.
23.33(4)(d)3.b. b. A person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on the roadway or shoulder of any highway to cross a bridge that is 1,000 feet in length or less if the operation is in compliance with a county ordinance adopted under sub. (11) (am) 3. that applies to that bridge and a city, village, or town ordinance adopted under sub. (11) (am) 3. that applies to that bridge.
23.33(4)(d)4. 4. On roadways which are designated as all-terrain vehicle routes. Operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles on a roadway which is an all-terrain vehicle route is authorized only for the extreme right side of the roadway except that left turns may be made from any part of the roadway which is safe given prevailing conditions.
23.33(4)(d)5. 5. On roadways if the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is an implement of husbandry, if the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is used exclusively for agricultural purposes and if the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is registered for private use under sub. (2) (d) or (2g). Operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle which is an implement of husbandry on a roadway is authorized only for the extreme right side of the roadway except that left turns may be made from any part of the roadway which is safe given prevailing conditions.
23.33(4)(d)6. 6. On roadways if the operator of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is a person who holds a Class A permit or a Class B permit under s. 29.193 (2) and who is traveling for the purposes of hunting or is otherwise engaging in an activity authorized by the permit.
23.33(4)(d)7. 7. On roadways of highways that are all-terrain vehicle trails.
23.33(4)(e) (e) Operation adjacent to roadway. A person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle adjacent to a roadway on an all-terrain vehicle route or trail if the person operates the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle in the following manner:
23.33(4)(e)1. 1. At a distance of 10 or more feet from the roadway along U.S. numbered highways and state and county highways. Travel on the median of a divided highway is prohibited except to cross.
23.33(4)(e)2. 2. Outside of the roadway along town highways.
23.33(4)(e)3. 3. During hours of darkness in the same direction as motor vehicle traffic in the nearest lane unless all of the following apply:
23.33(4)(e)3.a. a. The all-terrain vehicle route or trail is located at least 40 feet from the roadway or is separated from the roadway by a head lamp barrier.
23.33(4)(e)3.b. b. The use of the all-terrain vehicle route or trail is approved by the department of transportation with respect to all-terrain vehicle routes or trails located near or crossing state trunk highways or by the officer in charge of maintenance with respect to all-terrain vehicle routes or trails located near or crossing other highways.
23.33(4)(e)3m. 3m. During daylight hours, travel may be in either direction regardless of the flow of motor vehicle traffic.
23.33(4)(e)4. 4. Not in excess of the speed limits of the adjacent roadway.
23.33(4)(e)5. 5. With due regard to safety and in compliance with rules promulgated by the department and approved by the department of transportation.
23.33(4)(f) (f) Operation with snow removal device attached. Except as prohibited under par. (a), and subject to ordinances enacted under sub. (11) (am) 2., a person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle with a snow removal device attached on a roadway or adjacent to a roadway or on a public sidewalk during the period beginning on October 1 and ending on April 30 of each year for the purpose of removing snow if such operation is necessary to travel to or from a site where the snow removal device will be used. The travel necessary to or from the site may not exceed 2 miles. Operation of such an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on a roadway or adjacent to a roadway is authorized only if the applicable roadway speed limit is 45 miles per hour or less. Operation on a roadway of such an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is authorized only for the extreme right side of the roadway except that left turns may be made from any part of the roadway where it is safe to do so given prevailing conditions. Operation adjacent to a roadway of such an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle shall comply with the applicable speed limit and with par. (e) 1., 2., 3., 3m., and 5.
23.33(4c) (4c)Intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
23.33(4c)(a)(a) Operation.
23.33(4c)(a)1.1. `Operating while under the influence of an intoxicant.' No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while under the influence of an intoxicant to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safe operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
23.33(4c)(a)2. 2. `Operating with alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels.' No person may engage in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while the person has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more.
23.33(4c)(a)2m. 2m. `Operating with a restricted controlled substance.' No person may engage in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while the person has a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood.
23.33(4c)(a)3. 3. `Operating with alcohol concentrations at specified levels; below age 21.' If a person has not attained the age of 21, the person may not engage in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while he or she has an alcohol concentration of more than 0.0 but not more than 0.08.
23.33(4c)(a)4. 4. `Related charges.' A person may be charged with and a prosecutor may proceed upon a complaint based upon a violation of any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence. If the person is charged with violating any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m., the offenses shall be joined. If the person is found guilty of any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence, there shall be a single conviction for purposes of sentencing and for purposes of counting convictions under sub. (13) (b) 2. and 3. Subdivisions 1., 2., and 2m. each require proof of a fact for conviction which the others do not require.
23.33(4c)(a)5. 5. `Defenses.' In an action under subd. 2m. that is based on the defendant allegedly having a detectable amount of methamphetamine, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in his or her blood, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that at the time of the incident or occurrence he or she had a valid prescription for methamphetamine or one of its metabolic precursors, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
23.33(4c)(b) (b) Causing injury.
23.33(4c)(b)1.1. ` Causing injury while under the influence of an intoxicant.' No person while under the influence of an intoxicant to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safe operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle may cause injury to another person by the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
23.33(4c)(b)2. 2. `Causing injury with alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels.' No person who has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more may cause injury to another person by the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
23.33(4c)(b)2m. 2m. `Causing injury while operating with a restricted controlled substance.' No person who has a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood may cause injury to another person by the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
23.33(4c)(b)3. 3. `Related charges.' A person may be charged with and a prosecutor may proceed upon a complaint based upon a violation of any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence. If the person is charged with violating any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m. in the complaint, the crimes shall be joined under s. 971.12. If the person is found guilty of any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence, there shall be a single conviction for purposes of sentencing and for purposes of counting convictions under sub. (13) (b) 2. and 3. Subdivisions 1., 2., and 2m. each require proof of a fact for conviction which the others do not require.
23.33(4c)(b)4. 4. `Defenses.'
23.33(4c)(b)4.a.a. In an action under this paragraph, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the injury would have occurred even if he or she had been exercising due care and he or she had not been under the influence of an intoxicant, did not have an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more, or did not have a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood.
23.33(4c)(b)4.b. b. In an action under subd. 2m. that is based on the defendant allegedly having a detectable amount of methamphetamine, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in his or her blood, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that at the time of the incident or occurrence he or she had a valid prescription for methamphetamine or one of its metabolic precursors, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
23.33(4g) (4g)Preliminary breath screening test.
23.33(4g)(a)(a) Requirement. A person shall provide a sample of his or her breath for a preliminary breath screening test if a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person is violating or has violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law and if, prior to an arrest, the law enforcement officer requested the person to provide this sample.
23.33(4g)(b) (b) Use of test results. A law enforcement officer may use the results of a preliminary breath screening test for the purpose of deciding whether or not to arrest a person for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law or for the purpose of deciding whether or not to request a chemical test under sub. (4p). Following the preliminary breath screening test, chemical tests may be required of the person under sub. (4p).
23.33(4g)(c) (c) Admissibility. The result of a preliminary breath screening test is not admissible in any action or proceeding except to show probable cause for an arrest, if the arrest is challenged, or to show that a chemical test was properly required of a person under sub. (4p).
23.33(4g)(d) (d) Refusal. There is no penalty for a violation of par. (a). Subsection (13) (a) and the general penalty provision under s. 939.61 do not apply to that violation.
23.33(4j) (4j)Applicability of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law. In addition to being applicable upon highways, the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law is applicable upon all premises held out to the public for use of their all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles, whether such premises are publicly or privately owned and whether or not a fee is charged for the use thereof.
23.33(4L) (4L)Implied consent. Any person who engages in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle upon the public highways of this state, or in those areas enumerated in sub. (4j), is deemed to have given consent to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis as required under sub. (4p). Any person who engages in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle within this state is deemed to have given consent to submit to one or more chemical tests of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis as required under sub. (4p).
23.33(4p) (4p)Chemical tests.
23.33(4p)(a)(a) Requirement.
23.33(4p)(a)1.1. `Samples; submission to tests.' A person shall provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis if he or she is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law and if he or she is requested to provide the sample by a law enforcement officer. A person shall submit to one or more chemical tests of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis if he or she is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law and if he or she is requested to submit to the test by a law enforcement officer.
23.33(4p)(a)2. 2. `Information.' A law enforcement officer requesting a person to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test under subd. 1. shall inform the person of all of the following at the time of the request and prior to obtaining the sample or administering the test:
23.33(4p)(a)2.a. a. That he or she is deemed to have consented to tests under sub. (4L).
23.33(4p)(a)2.b. b. That a refusal to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test constitutes a violation under par. (e) and is subject to the same penalties and procedures as a violation of sub. (4c) (a) 1.
23.33(4p)(a)2.c. c. That in addition to the designated chemical test under par. (b) 2., he or she may have an additional chemical test under par. (c) 1.
23.33(4p)(a)3. 3. `Unconscious person.' A person who is unconscious or otherwise not capable of withdrawing consent is presumed not to have withdrawn consent under this paragraph, and if a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law, one or more chemical tests may be administered to the person without a request under subd. 1. and without providing information under subd. 2.
23.33(4p)(b) (b) Chemical tests.
23.33(4p)(b)1.1. `Test facility.' Upon the request of a law enforcement officer, a test facility shall administer a chemical test of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. A test facility shall be prepared to administer 2 of the 3 chemical tests of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. The department may enter into agreements for the cooperative use of test facilities.
23.33(4p)(b)2. 2. `Designated chemical test.' A test facility shall designate one chemical test of breath, blood or urine which it is prepared to administer first for the purpose of authorized analysis.
23.33(4p)(b)3. 3. `Additional chemical test.' A test facility shall specify one chemical test of breath, blood or urine, other than the test designated under subd. 2., which it is prepared to administer for the purpose of authorized analysis as an additional chemical test.
23.33(4p)(b)4. 4. `Validity; procedure.' A chemical test of blood or urine conducted for the purpose of authorized analysis is valid as provided under s. 343.305 (6). The duties and responsibilities of the laboratory of hygiene, department of health services and department of transportation under s. 343.305 (6) apply to a chemical test of blood or urine conducted for the purpose of authorized analysis under this subsection. Blood may be withdrawn from a person arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law only by a physician, registered nurse, medical technologist, physician assistant, phlebotomist, or other medical professional who is authorized to draw blood, or person acting under the direction of a physician and the person who withdraws the blood, the employer of that person and any hospital where blood is withdrawn have immunity from civil or criminal liability as provided under s. 895.53.
23.33(4p)(b)5. 5. `Report.' A test facility which administers a chemical test of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis under this subsection shall prepare a written report which shall include the findings of the chemical test, the identification of the law enforcement officer or the person who requested a chemical test and the identification of the person who provided the sample or submitted to the chemical test. The test facility shall transmit a copy of the report to the law enforcement officer and the person who provided the sample or submitted to the chemical test.
23.33(4p)(c) (c) Additional and optional chemical tests.
23.33(4p)(c)1.1. `Additional chemical test.' If a person is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law or is the operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle involved in an accident resulting in great bodily harm to or the death of someone and if the person is requested to provide a sample or to submit to a test under par. (a) 1., the person may request the test facility to administer the additional chemical test specified under par. (b) 3. or, at his or her own expense, reasonable opportunity to have any qualified person administer a chemical test of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis.
23.33(4p)(c)2. 2. `Optional test.' If a person is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law and if the person is not requested to provide a sample or to submit to a test under par. (a) 1., the person may request the test facility to administer a chemical test of his or her breath or, at his or her own expense, reasonable opportunity to have any qualified person administer a chemical test of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. If a test facility is unable to perform a chemical test of breath, the person may request the test facility to administer the designated chemical test under par. (b) 2. or the additional chemical test under par. (b) 3.
23.33(4p)(c)3. 3. `Compliance with request.' A test facility shall comply with a request under this paragraph to administer any chemical test it is able to perform.
23.33(4p)(c)4. 4. `Inability to obtain chemical test.' The failure or inability of a person to obtain a chemical test at his or her own expense does not preclude the admission of evidence of the results of a chemical test required and administered under pars. (a) and (b).
23.33(4p)(d) (d) Admissibility; effect of test results; other evidence. The results of a chemical test required or administered under par. (a), (b) or (c) are admissible in any civil or criminal action or proceeding arising out of the acts committed by a person alleged to have violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law on the issue of whether the person was under the influence of an intoxicant or the issue of whether the person had alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels or a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood. Results of these chemical tests shall be given the effect required under s. 885.235. This subsection does not limit the right of a law enforcement officer to obtain evidence by any other lawful means.
23.33(4p)(e) (e) Refusal. No person may refuse a lawful request to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine or to submit to one or more chemical tests under par. (a). A person shall not be deemed to refuse to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test if it is shown by a preponderance of the evidence that the refusal was due to a physical inability to provide the sample or to submit to the test due to a physical disability or disease unrelated to the use of an intoxicant. Issues in any action concerning violation of par. (a) or this paragraph are limited to:
23.33(4p)(e)1. 1. Whether the law enforcement officer had probable cause to believe the person was violating or had violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law.
23.33(4p)(e)2. 2. Whether the person was lawfully placed under arrest for violating the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 58 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before September 20, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 20, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-20-17)