236.28   Description of lots in recorded plat.
236.29   Dedications.
236.292   Certain restrictions void.
236.293   Restrictions for public benefit.
236.295   Correction instruments.
SUBCHAPTER VI
PENALTIES AND REMEDIES
236.30   Forfeiture for improper recording.
236.31   Penalties and remedies for transfer of lots without recorded plat.
236.32   Penalty for disturbing or not placing monuments.
236.33   Division of land into small parcels in cities of the first class prohibited; penalty.
236.335   Prohibited subdividing; forfeit.
236.34   Recording of certified survey map; use in changing boundaries; use in conveyancing.
SUBCHAPTER VII
SUPPLEMENTAL PROVISIONS
236.35   Sale of lands abutting on private way outside corporate limits of municipality.
SUBCHAPTER VIII
VACATING AND ALTERING PLATS
236.36   Replats.
236.40   Who may apply for vacation of plat.
236.41   How notice given.
236.42   Hearing and order.
236.43   Vacation or alteration of areas dedicated to the public.
236.44   Recording order.
236.445   Discontinuance of streets by county board.
SUBCHAPTER IX
SUBDIVISION REGULATION AND REGIONAL PLANS
236.45   Local subdivision regulation.
236.46   County plans.
SUBCHAPTER X
GENERAL PROVISIONS
236.50   Date chapter applies; curative provisions as to plats before that date.
subch. I of ch. 236 SUBCHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS
236.01 236.01 Purpose of chapter. The purpose of this chapter is to regulate the subdivision of land to promote public health, safety and general welfare; to further the orderly layout and use of land; to prevent the overcrowding of land; to lessen congestion in the streets and highways; to provide for adequate light and air; to facilitate adequate provision for water, sewerage and other public requirements; to provide for proper ingress and egress; and to promote proper monumenting of land subdivided and conveyancing by accurate legal description. The approvals to be obtained by the subdivider as required in this chapter shall be based on requirements designed to accomplish the aforesaid purposes.
236.01 Annotation Chapter 236 authorizes a municipality to reject a preliminary plat under its extraterritorial jurisdictional authority based upon a subdivision ordinance that considers the plat's proposed use. Wood v. City of Madison, 2003 WI 24, 260 Wis. 2d 71, 659 N.W.2d 31.
236.015 236.015 Applicability of chapter. This chapter does not apply to transportation project plats that conform to s. 84.095.
236.015 History History: 1997 a. 282.
236.02 236.02 Definitions. In this chapter, unless the context or subject matter clearly requires otherwise:
236.02(1) (1) “Alley" means a public or private right-of-way shown on a plat, which provides secondary access to a lot, block or parcel of land.
236.02(2) (2) “Copy" means a true and accurate copy of all sheets of the original subdivision plat. Such copy shall be on durable white matte finished paper with legible dark lines and lettering.
236.02(2m) (2m) “Correction instrument" means an instrument drafted by a professional land surveyor that complies with the requirements of s. 236.295 and that, upon recording, corrects a subdivision plat or a certified survey map.
236.02(3) (3) “County planning agency" means a rural county planning agency authorized by s. 27.019, a county park commission authorized by s. 27.02 except that in a county with a county executive or county administrator, the county park manager appointed under s. 27.03 (2), a county zoning agency authorized by s. 59.69 or any agency created by the county board and authorized by statute to plan land use.
236.02(4) (4) “Department" means the department of administration.
236.02(5) (5) “Extraterritorial plat approval jurisdiction" means the unincorporated area within 3 miles of the corporate limits of a first, second or third class city, or 1 1/2 miles of a fourth class city or a village.
236.02(6) (6) “Municipality" means an incorporated city or village.
236.02(7) (7) An “outlot" is a parcel of land, other than a lot or block, so designated on the plat.
236.02(8) (8) “Plat" is a map of a subdivision.
236.02(9) (9) “Preliminary plat" is a map showing the salient features of a proposed subdivision submitted to an approving authority for purposes of preliminary consideration.
236.02(9b) (9b) “Professional land surveyor" means a professional land surveyor licensed under ch. 443.
236.02(9c) (9c) “Record" means, with respect to a final plat or a certified survey map, to record and file the document with the register of deeds.
236.02(9m) (9m) “Recorded private claim" means a claim of title to land based on a conveyance from a foreign government made before the land was acquired by the United States.
236.02(11) (11) “Replat" is the process of changing, or the map or plat which changes, the boundaries of a recorded subdivision plat or part thereof. The legal dividing of a large block, lot or outlot within a recorded subdivision plat without changing exterior boundaries of said block, lot or outlot is not a replat.
236.02(12) (12)
236.02(12)(am)(am) Except as provided in par. (bm), “subdivision" means a division of a lot, parcel, or tract of land by the owner thereof or the owner's agent for the purpose of sale or of building development and to which any of the following applies:
236.02(12)(am)1. 1. The act of division creates 5 or more parcels or building sites of 1 1/2 acres each or less in area.
236.02(12)(am)2. 2. Five or more parcels or building sites of 1 1/2 acres each or less in area are created by successive divisions within a period of 5 years.
236.02(12)(bm) (bm) “Subdivision" does not include a division of land into 5 or more parcels or building sites by a certified survey map in accordance with an ordinance enacted or a resolution adopted under s. 236.34 (1) (ar) 1.
236.02(13) (13) “Town planning agency" means a town zoning committee appointed under s. 60.61 (4) (a) or any agency created by the town board and authorized by statute to plan land use.
236.02 Annotation Chapter 236 does not authorize the transportation department to regulate land divisions that are not subdivisions within the meaning of s. 236.02 (12). Wisconsin Builders Association v. DOT, 2005 WI App 160, 285 Wis. 2d 472, 702 N.W.2d 433, 04-2388.
236.02 Annotation Sub. (12) was not applicable to determining whether a condominium parcel met the minimum lakeshore frontage requirement of a zoning ordinance as: 1) a declaration of condominium is not a subdivision of land as defined in ch. 236; and 2) even if ch. 236 were used by analogy the determination of lot sizes under sub. (12) refers to lot area and not lot width or lakeshore frontage. A subdivision under ch. 236 requires a division of land. A condominium declaration changes the form of ownership and is not a division of land. FAS, LLC v. Town of Bass Lake, 2007 WI 73, 301 Wis. 2d 321, 733 N.W.2d 287, 05-1689. See also s. 710.09.
236.02 Annotation In determining lot sizes under sub. (8), [now sub. (12)], the lots may not extend across navigable waters or public easements of passage, nor include any land whose servitude is inconsistent with its integrated functional use and unified ownership. 66 Atty. Gen. 2. But see FAS, LLC v. Town of Bass Lake, 2007 WI 73, 301 Wis. 2d 321, 733 N.W.2d 287, 05-1689.
236.02 Annotation Chapter 236 does not require a replat when the division of a lot or redivision of more than one lot does not meet the definition of a “subdivision" under this section. 67 Atty. Gen. 121.
236.02 Annotation Certified survey maps under s. 236.34 cannot substitute for subdivision surveys under sub. (8), [now sub. (12)]. Penalties under s. 236.31 apply to improper use of certified surveys. 67 Atty. Gen. 294.
236.025 236.025 Ordinary high water marks.
236.025(1) (1) For purposes of ss. 236.15 (1) (ag) and (d) and 236.20 (2) (g), a professional land surveyor may do any of the following:
236.025(1)(a) (a) Incorporate into a map, plat, or survey an ordinary high water mark that has been determined by the department of natural resources or otherwise determined pursuant to law.
236.025(1)(b) (b) Approximate the ordinary high water mark and incorporate that mark into a map, plat, or survey.
236.025(2) (2) For purposes of sub. (1) (b), the location of the approximate ordinary high water mark shall be the point on the bank of a navigable stream or on the shore of a lake up to which the presence and action of surface water is so continuous as to leave a distinctive mark by erosion, destruction of terrestrial vegetation, or other easily recognized characteristics. If the approximate location of the ordinary high water mark is difficult to determine, a professional land surveyor may consider other points on the bank or shore for purposes of approximating the location of the ordinary high water mark.
236.025(3) (3) For purposes of this section, a map, plat, or survey that shows an approximate ordinary high water mark shall state on its face that the mark is shown for reference only.
236.025 History History: 2013 a. 358.
236.03 236.03 Survey and plat; when required.
236.03(1) (1) Any division of land that results in a subdivision as defined in s. 236.02 (12) (am) 1. shall be, and any other division may be, surveyed and a plat thereof approved and recorded as required by this chapter. No map or survey purporting to create divisions of land or intending to clarify metes and bounds descriptions may be recorded except as provided by this chapter.
236.03(2) (2) This chapter does not apply to cemetery plats made under s. 157.07 and assessors' plats made under s. 70.27, but such assessors' plats shall, except in counties having a population of 500,000 or more, comply with ss. 236.15 (1) (ac) to (g) and 236.20 (1) and (2) (a) to (e), unless waived under s. 236.20 (2) (L).
236.03(3) (3)Subsection (1) shall not apply to the sale or exchange of parcels of public utility or railroad right-of-way to adjoining property owners if the governing body of the municipality or town in which the property is located and the county planning agency, where such agency exists, approves such sale or exchange on the basis of applicable local ordinances or the provisions of this chapter.
236.03 History History: 1983 a. 189 s. 329 (23); 1983 a. 473; 1993 a. 490; 2013 a. 272, 358.
236.03 Annotation The provisions of s. 236.41 relating to vacation of streets are inapplicable to assessors plats under s. 70.27. Once properly filed and recorded, an assessor's plat becomes the operative document of record, and only sections specified in s. 236.03 (2) apply to assessor's plats. Schaetz v. Town of Scott, 222 Wis. 2d 90, 585 N.W.2d 889 (Ct. App. 1998), 98-0841.
236.03 Annotation A replat of a recorded subdivision must comply with the formal platting requirements of ch. 236 relating to new subdivision plats, including those relating to the survey, approval, and recording. 63 Atty. Gen. 193.
subch. II of ch. 236 SUBCHAPTER II
APPROVAL OF PLAT
236.10 236.10 Approvals necessary.
236.10(1) (1) To entitle a final plat of a subdivision to be recorded, it shall have the approval of the following in accordance with the provisions of s. 236.12:
236.10(1)(a) (a) If within a municipality, the governing body, but if the plat is within an area, the annexation of which is being legally contested, the governing bodies of both the annexing municipality and the town from which the area has been annexed shall approve.
236.10(1)(b) (b) If within the extraterritorial plat approval jurisdiction of a municipality:
236.10(1)(b)1. 1. The town board; and
236.10(1)(b)2. 2. The governing body of the municipality if, by July 1, 1958, or thereafter it adopts a subdivision ordinance or an official map under s. 62.23; and
236.10(1)(b)3. 3. Subject to sub. (1m), the county planning agency if such agency employs on a full-time basis a professional engineer, a planner or other person charged with the duty of administering zoning or other planning legislation.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 135 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before January 1, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after January 1, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 1-1-18)