238.133 History History: 1999 a. 9; 2001 a. 16, 30; 2011 a. 32 s. 2990r; Stats. 2011 s. 238.133; 2013 a. 20.
238.135 238.135 Grants to regional economic development organizations. The corporation shall award annual grants to regional economic development organizations to fund marketing activities. The amount of each grant may not exceed $100,000 or the amount of matching funds the organization obtains from sources other than the corporation or the state, whichever is less.
238.135 History History: 2011 a. 32.
238.15 238.15 Early stage business investment program.
238.15(1)(1) Angel investment tax credits. The corporation shall implement a program to certify businesses for purposes of s. 71.07 (5d). A business desiring certification shall submit an application to the corporation in each taxable year for which the business desires certification. The business shall specify in its application the investment amount it wishes to raise and the corporation may certify the business and determine the amount that qualifies for purposes of s. 71.07 (5d). The corporation may certify or recertify a business for purposes of s. 71.07 (5d) only if the business satisfies all of the following conditions:
238.15(1)(a) (a) It has its headquarters in this state.
238.15(1)(b) (b) At least 51 percent of the employees employed by the business are employed in this state.
238.15(1)(f) (f) It has the potential for increasing jobs in this state, increasing capital investment in this state, or both, and any of the following apply:
238.15(1)(f)1. 1. It is engaged in, or has committed to engage in, innovation in any of the following:
238.15(1)(f)1.a. a. Manufacturing, biotechnology, nanotechnology, communications, agriculture, or clean energy creation or storage technology.
238.15(1)(f)1.b. b. Processing or assembling products, including medical devices, pharmaceuticals, computer software, computer hardware, semiconductors, any other innovative technology products, or other products that are produced using manufacturing methods that are enabled by applying proprietary technology.
238.15(1)(f)1.c. c. Services that are enabled by applying proprietary technology.
238.15(1)(f)2. 2. It is undertaking pre-commercialization activity related to proprietary technology that includes conducting research, developing a new product or business process, or developing a service that is principally reliant on applying proprietary technology.
238.15(1)(g) (g) It is not primarily engaged in real estate development, insurance, banking, lending, lobbying, political consulting, professional services provided by attorneys, accountants, business consultants, physicians, or health care consultants, wholesale or retail trade, leisure, hospitality, transportation, or construction, except construction of power production plants that derive energy from a renewable resource, as defined in s. 196.378 (1) (h).
238.15(1)(h) (h) At the time it is initially certified under this subsection, it has less than 100 employees.
238.15(1)(j) (j) At the time it is initially certified under this subsection, it has been in operation in this state for not more than 10 consecutive years.
238.15(1)(k) (k) For taxable years beginning before January 1, 2008, it has not received more than $1,000,000 in investments that have qualified for tax credits under s. 71.07 (5d).
238.15(1)(km) (km) It has not received aggregate private equity investment in cash of more than $10,000,000 before it is initially certified under this subsection.
238.15(1)(kn) (kn) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2007 and before January 1, 2011, it has not received more than $4,000,000 in investments that have qualified for tax credits under ss. 71.07 (5b) and (5d), 71.28 (5b), 71.47 (5b), and 76.638.
238.15(1)(L) (L) For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2010, it has not received more than $8,000,000 in investments that have qualified for tax credits under ss. 71.07 (5b) and (5d), 71.28 (5b), 71.47 (5b), and 76.638.
238.15(1)(m)1.1. It agrees that it will not relocate outside of this state during the 3 years after it receives an investment for which a person may claim a tax credit under s. 71.07 (5d) and agrees to pay the corporation a penalty, in an amount determined under subd. 2., if the business relocates outside of this state during that 3-year period. For the purposes of this paragraph, a business relocates outside of this state when the business locates more than 51 percent of any of the following outside of this state:
238.15(1)(m)1.a. a. The business's employees.
238.15(1)(m)1.b. b. The business's total payroll.
238.15(1)(m)1.c. c. The activities of the business's headquarters, as determined by the corporation.
238.15(1)(m)2. 2. The amount of a penalty payment under subd. 1. is any of the following:
238.15(1)(m)2.a. a. If the relocation occurs less than 12 months after the investment, 100 percent of the tax credit that was claimed under s. 71.07 (5d) as the result of the investment.
238.15(1)(m)2.b. b. If the relocation occurs 12 months or more after the investment but less than 24 months after the investment, 80 percent of the tax credit that was claimed under s. 71.07 (5d) as the result of the investment.
238.15(1)(m)2.c. c. If the relocation occurs occurs 24 months or more after the investment but less than 36 months after the investment, 60 percent of the tax credit that was claimed under s. 71.07 (5d) as the result of the investment.
238.15(2) (2)Early stage seed investment tax credits. The corporation shall implement a program to certify investment fund managers for purposes of ss. 71.07 (5b), 71.28 (5b), 71.47 (5b), and 76.638. An investment fund manager desiring certification shall submit an application to the corporation. The investment fund manager shall specify in the application the investment amount that the manager wishes to raise and the corporation may certify the manager and determine the amount that qualifies for purposes of ss. 71.07 (5b), 71.28 (5b), 71.47 (5b), and 76.638. In determining whether to certify an investment fund manager, the corporation shall consider the investment fund manager's experience in managing venture capital funds, the past performance of investment funds managed by the applicant, the expected level of investment in the investment fund to be managed by the applicant, and any other relevant factors. The corporation may certify only investment fund managers that commit to consider placing investments in businesses certified under sub. (1).
238.15(3) (3)Administration.
238.15(3)(a)(a) List of certified businesses and investment fund managers. The corporation shall maintain a list of businesses certified under sub. (1) and investment fund managers certified under sub. (2) and shall permit public access to the lists through the corporation's Internet Web site.
238.15(3)(b) (b) Notification of department of revenue. The corporation shall notify the department of revenue of every certification issued under subs. (1) and (2) and the date on which any such certification is revoked or expires.
238.15(3)(d) (d) Rules. The corporation, in consultation with the department of revenue, shall adopt rules to administer this section. The rules shall further define "bona fide angel investment" for purposes of s. 71.07 (5d) (a) 1. The rules shall limit the aggregate amount of tax credits under s. 71.07 (5d) that may be claimed for investments in businesses certified under sub. (1) at $3,000,000 per calendar year for calendar years beginning after December 31, 2004, and before January 1, 2008, $5,500,000 per calendar year for calendar years beginning after December 31, 2007, and before January 1, 2010, $6,500,000 for calendar year 2010, and $20,000,000 per calendar year for calendar years beginning after December 31, 2010, plus, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2010, an additional $250,000 for tax credits that may be claimed for investments in nanotechnology businesses certified under sub. (1). The rules shall also limit the aggregate amount of the tax credits under ss. 71.07 (5b), 71.28 (5b), 71.47 (5b), and 76.638 that may be claimed for investments paid to fund managers certified under sub. (2) at $3,500,000 per calendar year for calendar years beginning after December 31, 2004, and before January 1, 2008, $6,000,000 per calendar year for calendar years beginning after December 31, 2007, and before January 1, 2010, $8,000,000 for calendar year 2010, and $20,500,000 per calendar year for calendar years beginning after December 31, 2010, plus, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2010, an additional $250,000 for tax credits that may be claimed for investments in nanotechnology businesses certified under sub. (1). The rules shall also provide that, for calendar years beginning after December 31, 2007, a person who receives a credit under ss. 71.07 (5b) and (5d), 71.28 (5b), 71.47 (5b), or 76.638 must keep the investment in a certified business, or with a certified fund manager, for no less than 3 years, unless the person's investment becomes worthless, as determined by the corporation, during the 3-year period or the person has kept the investment for no less than 12 months and a bona fide liquidity event, as determined by the corporation, occurs during the 3-year period. The rules shall permit the corporation to reallocate credits under this section that are unused in any calendar year to a person eligible for tax benefits, as defined under s. 238.16 (1) (d), if all of the following apply:
238.15(3)(d)1. 1. The corporation notifies the joint committee on finance in writing of its proposed reallocation.
238.15(3)(d)2. 2. One of the following is true:
238.15(3)(d)2.a. a. The cochairpersons of the joint committee on finance fail to notify the corporation, within 14 working days after the date of the corporation's notification under subd. 1., that the committee has scheduled a meeting for the purpose of reviewing the proposed reallocation.
238.15(3)(d)2.b. b. The cochairpersons of the joint committee on finance notify the corporation that the committee has approved the proposed reallocation.
238.15(3)(e) (e) Transfer. A person who is eligible to claim a credit under s. 71.07 (5b), 71.28 (5b), 71.47 (5b), or 76.638 may sell or otherwise transfer the credit to another person who is subject to the taxes or fees imposed under s. 71.02, 71.23, 71.47, or subch. III of ch. 76, if the person receives prior authorization from the investment fund manager and the manager then notifies the corporation and the department of revenue of the transfer and submits with the notification a copy of the transfer documents. No person may sell or otherwise transfer a credit as provided in this paragraph more than once in a 12-month period. The corporation may charge any person selling or otherwise transferring a credit under this paragraph a fee equal to 1 percent of the credit amount sold or transferred.
238.15 History History: 2003 a. 255; 2005 a. 49, 97; 2007 a. 20, 125; 2009 a. 2, 265, 276; 2011 a. 32 s. 3356; Stats. 2011 s. 238.15; 2011 a. 213.
238.16 238.16 Jobs tax credit.
238.16(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
238.16(1)(a)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., "business" means any organization or enterprise operated for profit, including a sole proprietorship, partnership, firm, business trust, joint venture, syndicate, corporation, limited liability company, or association.
238.16(1)(a)2. 2. "Business" does not include a store or shop in which retail sales is the principal business.
238.16(1)(b) (b) "Eligible employee" means a person employed in a full-time job by a person certified under sub. (2).
238.16(1)(c)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., "full-time job" means a regular, nonseasonal full-time position in which an individual, as a condition of employment, is required to work at least 2,080 hours per year, including paid leave and holidays, and for which the individual receives pay that is equal to at least 150 percent of the federal minimum wage and benefits that are not required by federal or state law. "Full-time job" does not include initial training before an employment position begins.
238.16(1)(c)2. 2. The corporation may grant exceptions to the requirement under subd. 1. that a full-time job means a position in which an individual, as a condition of employment, is required to work at least 2,080 hours per year if all of the following apply:
238.16(1)(c)2.a. a. The annual pay for the position is more than the amount determined by multiplying 2,080 by 150 percent of the federal minimum wage.
238.16(1)(c)2.b. b. An individual in the position is offered retirement, health, and other benefits that are equivalent to the retirement, health, and other benefits offered to an individual who is required to work at least 2,080 hours per year.
238.16(1)(d) (d) "Tax benefits" means the jobs tax credit under ss. 71.07 (3q), 71.28 (3q), and 71.47 (3q).
238.16(2) (2) The corporation may certify a person to receive tax benefits under this section if all of the following apply:
238.16(2)(a) (a) The person is operating or intends to operate a business in this state.
238.16(2)(b) (b) The person applies under this section and enters into a contract with the corporation.
238.16(3) (3)Eligibility for tax benefits. A person certified under sub. (2) may receive tax benefits under this section if, in each year for which the person claims tax benefits under this section, the person increases net employment in this state in the person's business above the net employment in this state in the person's business during the year before the person was certified under sub. (2), as determined by the corporation under its policies and procedures, and one of the following applies:
238.16(3)(a) (a) In a tier I county or municipality, an eligible employee for whom the person claims a tax credit will earn at least the amount determined by multiplying 2,080 by 150 percent of the federal minimum wage in wages from the person in the year for which the credit is claimed.
238.16(3)(b) (b) In a tier II county or municipality, an eligible employee for whom the person claims a tax credit will earn at least $30,000 in wages from the person in the year for which the credit is claimed.
238.16(3)(c) (c) In a tier I county or municipality or a tier II county or municipality, the person improves the job-related skills of any eligible employee, trains any eligible employee on the use of job-related new technologies, or provides job-related training to any eligible employee whose employment with the person represents the employee's first full-time job.
238.16(4) (4)Duration, limits, and expiration.
238.16(4)(a)(a) The certification of a person under sub. (2) may remain in effect for no more than 10 cumulative years.
238.16(4)(b)1.1. The corporation may award to a person certified under sub. (2) tax benefits for each eligible employee in an amount equal to up to 10 percent of the wages paid by the person to that employee or $10,000, whichever is less, if that employee earned wages in the year for which the tax benefit is claimed equal to one of the following:
238.16(4)(b)1.a. a. In a tier I county or municipality, at least the amount determined by multiplying 2,080 by 150 percent of the federal minimum wage.
238.16(4)(b)1.b. b. In a tier II county or municipality, at least $30,000.
238.16(4)(b)2. 2. The corporation may award to a person certified under sub. (2) tax benefits in an amount to be determined by the corporation for costs incurred by the person to undertake the training activities described in sub. (3) (c).
238.16(4)(c) (c) Subject to a reallocation by the corporation pursuant to rules adopted under s. 238.15 (3) (d), the corporation may allocate up to $5,000,000 in tax benefits under this section in any calendar year, except that beginning on July 1, 2011, the corporation may allocate up to $10,000,000 in tax benefits under this section in any calendar year.
238.16(5) (5)Duties of the corporation.
238.16(5)(a)(a) The corporation shall notify the department of revenue when the corporation certifies a person to receive tax benefits.
238.16(5)(b) (b) The corporation shall notify the department of revenue within 30 days of revoking a certification made under sub. (2).
238.16(5)(c) (c) The corporation may require a person to repay any tax benefits the person claims for a year in which the person failed to maintain employment required by an agreement under sub. (2) (b).
238.16(5)(d) (d) The corporation shall determine the maximum amount of the tax credits under ss. 71.07 (3q), 71.28 (3q), and 71.47 (3q) that a certified business may claim and shall notify the department of revenue of this amount.
238.16(5)(e) (e) The corporation shall annually verify the information submitted to the corporation by the person claiming tax benefits under ss. 71.07 (3q), 71.28 (3q), and 71.47 (3q).
238.16(5)(f) (f) The corporation shall adopt policies and procedures for the implementation and operation of this section, including policies and procedures relating to the following:
238.16(5)(f)1. 1. The definitions of a tier I county or municipality and a tier II county or municipality. The corporation may consider all of the following information when establishing the definitions required under this subdivision:
238.16(5)(f)1.a. a. Unemployment rate.
238.16(5)(f)1.b. b. Percentage of families with incomes below the poverty line established under 42 USC 9902 (2).
238.16(5)(f)1.c. c. Median family income.
238.16(5)(f)1.d. d. Median per capita income.
238.16(5)(f)1.e. e. Other significant or irregular indicators of economic distress, such as a natural disaster or mass layoff.
238.16(5)(f)2. 2. A schedule of additional tax benefits for which a person who is certified under sub. (2) and who incurs costs related to job training under sub. (3) (c) may be eligible.
238.16(5)(f)3. 3. Conditions for the revocation of a certification under par. (b).
238.16(5)(f)4. 4. Conditions for the repayment of tax benefits under par. (c).
238.16(5)(f)5. 5. Determining a change in net employment in a person's business.
238.16 History History: 2009 a. 28, 265; 2011 a. 32 ss. 2864, 3357 to 3366; Stats. 2011 s. 238.16; 2011 a. 88; 2013 a. 20, 145.
238.17 238.17 Historic rehabilitation tax credit. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013, the corporation may certify a person to claim a tax credit under s. 71.07 (9m), 71.28 (6), or 71.47 (6), if the corporation determines that the person is conducting an eligible activity under s. 71.07 (9m), 71.28 (6), or 71.47 (6). No person may claim a tax credit under s. 71.07 (9m), 71.28 (6), or 71.47 (6) without first being certified under this section. The corporation shall notify the department of revenue no later than January 15 of each year of the amount of the credits certified under this section and the name, address, and tax identification number of each person certified to claim the credit. The corporation shall notify the department of revenue of any revoked certification no later than 2 months after the revocation date.
238.17 History History: 2013 a. 62.
238.23 238.23 Technology zones.
238.23(1)(1) In this section, "tax credit" means a credit under s. 71.07 (2di), (2dm), (2dx), or (3g), 71.28 (1di), (1dm), (1dx), or (3g), or 71.47 (1di), (1dm), (1dx), or (3g).
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)