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24.09(1)(a) (a) Except as provided under par. (c), the board may not sell or exchange any public lands which were not appraised or appraised under s. 24.08. Except as provided under pars. (b), (bm) and (c), the board may not sell or exchange any public lands except at public auction or by sealed bid.
24.09(1)(b) (b) Lands required for federal, state, county, city, village, town, or school district use may be sold at the appraised value to, or exchanged for land of approximately equivalent value with, the federal government, other state departments, boards or commissions, counties, cities, villages, towns, or school districts.
24.09(1)(bm) (bm) The board may exchange part or all of any parcel of public lands for any other land of approximately equal value if the board determines that the exchange will contribute to the consolidation or completion of a block of land, enhance conservation of lands or otherwise be in the public interest. Under this paragraph, an exchange is of "approximately equal value" if the difference in value between the more highly valued land and the less highly valued land does not exceed 10% of the value of the more highly valued land. All expenses necessarily incurred in making an exchange under this paragraph shall be deducted from the gross receipts of the fund to which the proceeds of the sale of the exchanged land will be added.
24.09(1)(c) (c) Lands located within the federally recognized exterior boundaries of Indian reservations or located adjacent to the federally recognized boundaries of Indian reservations may be sold to or exchanged with the Indian tribe or tribes located on those reservations or sold to or exchanged with the federal government for the benefit and use of such tribe or tribes upon prices, terms and conditions agreeable to the board and without being subject to the restrictions and procedure otherwise provided by law for the sale of public lands.
24.09(1)(d) (d) All sales other than sales under par. (b) or (c) shall be made at the times and public places by sealed bid or public sale as the board designates. Prior to any sale, the board shall publish a class 3 notice, under ch. 985, specifying the time and place and describing the lands to be sold in a newspaper published in the county where the lands are situated.
24.09(2) (2) The board may, whenever it believes the public interest will be served thereby, withdraw and withhold from sale all or such portions of the public lands as in its opinion it may not be advantageous to sell, for so long a time as in its opinion will be most beneficial to the state; but when reoffered the lands so withdrawn shall first be offered at public sale in the manner prescribed by law.
24.09 History History: 1983 a. 423; 1987 a. 76; 1997 a. 27; 2005 a. 149, 352.
24.10 24.10 Procedure at sale.
24.10(1)(1) If the sale is to be by public auction, at the time and place specified in the notice under s. 24.09 (1) (d), the board shall commence the sale of the lands described in the notice and thereafter continue the same from day to day, Sundays excepted, between 9 a.m. and the setting of the sun, until all lands described in the notice have been offered. The order of the sale shall be to begin at the lowest number of the sections, townships, and ranges in each county and proceed regularly to the highest, until all then to be sold are offered for sale. Except for lands withheld from sale under s. 24.09 (2), each lot, tract of lands, or collection of tracts of lands to be sold shall be offered at the minimum price fixed by law and shall be cried at public auction long enough to enable every one present to bid. If the minimum price or more is bid, the lot or tract shall be struck off to the highest bidder, but if the minimum price is not bid the tract shall be set down unsold.
24.10(2) (2) If the sale is to be by sealed bid, the highest bid for any lot, tract of lands, or collection of tracts of lands shall be accepted, unless the highest bid is below the minimum price fixed by law. If the highest bid is below the minimum price fixed by law, then all bids may be rejected. If all bids are rejected or if no bid is received, the board may readvertise the sale, adjourn the sale to a definite date, or withhold the lands from sale pursuant to s. 24.09 (2).
24.10 History History: 1999 a. 83; 2005 a. 352.
24.11 24.11 Terms of sales.
24.11(1)(1) For cash or installments.
24.11(1)(a)(a) Except as provided under sub. (4), public lands may be sold for cash to be paid at the time of the sale or according to the terms specified under par. (b).
24.11(1)(b) (b) The first payment shall be not less than 15% of the purchase price, and shall be made at the time of the sale together with interest on the deferred payments in advance to February 1 of the following year. However, the first payment may not be less than the value of the timber, if any, on the lands sold. Annual payments of principal and interest shall be made for a maximum of 20 years after the date of the sale, with interest on the principal at the rate of 7% per year, payable annually in advance on February 1 of each year.
24.11(1)(c) (c) Unless otherwise required by law to be deposited into a fund other than any of the trust funds, as defined in s. 24.60 (5), all moneys received from the sale of public lands on or after May 3, 2006, shall be credited to the appropriate trust fund in an account specified in s. 24.605.
24.11(2) (2)Purchaser to pay taxes. The board shall insert in every contract or certificate of sale of public land a clause providing that the vendee, and the vendee's heirs, personal representatives, or assigns shall pay or cause to be paid all taxes that are or that may be assessed against the land from the date of the contract or certificate of sale.
24.11(3) (3)Reservation. Every contract, certificate of sale, or grant hereunder of public lands shall reserve to the people the right of access to such lands and to any meandered or nonmeandered stream, river, pond or lake navigable in fact for any purpose whatsoever, bordered by such lands and all rights necessary to the full enjoyment of such waters, and of all minerals in said lands, and all mining rights therein, and shall also be subject to continued ownership by the state of all waterpower rights on such lands or in any manner appurtenant thereto. Such conveyance shall also be subject to a continuing easement in the state and its assigns to enter and occupy such lands in any manner necessary and convenient to the removal of such mineral from such lands and to the proper exercise of such mineral rights, and shall be further subject to the continuing easement in the state and its assigns to enter and occupy such lands in any manner necessary and convenient to the development, maintenance and use of any such water rights. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to provide for the continued ownership in the state of any stone used for building purposes nor of any sand or gravel.
24.11(4) (4)Special terms for escheated lands. Upon the sale of any escheated lands the entire purchase price shall be paid at the time of the sale. The board shall then execute and deliver to the purchaser a quitclaim deed of conveyance that vests in the grantee all the right, title, and interest of the state in or to the land, and every right of action that the state has respecting the land. No covenant or warranty of title, of continued enjoyment, or against encumbrances, shall be expressed in or implied from the quitclaim deed or any words in the quitclaim deed. If by virtue of a better title, any other person or party recovers the land within 20 years after a purchase under this subsection, the state shall refund to the purchaser, or to the purchaser's assigns or legal representatives, the amount paid by the purchaser for the land, together with interest on the amount paid by the purchaser at the rate of 6% per year from the date of the purchase until the date of recovery, and also the amount of all taxes on the land actually paid by the purchaser with like interest on each payment from the time of payment to the date of the recovery.
24.11 Annotation State reservation of land and interests in lands under ch. 452, laws of 1911, 24.11 (3) and Art. X, s. 8 are discussed. 65 Atty. Gen. 207.
24.12 24.12 Forfeit for failure to pay. Every purchaser of any lot or tract at any sale under s. 24.11 shall pay the amount of the purchase money required by the terms of sale to be paid as provided in s. 24.11 (1). If the purchaser refuses or neglects to so pay, the lot or tract bid off by the purchaser shall again be offered for sale. The purchaser shall, for refusing or neglecting to pay, forfeit $25 for each lot or tract bid off by the purchaser, which the board shall, in the name of the state, cause to be immediately sued for and collected, and, when collected, paid into the school fund.
24.12 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2005 a. 149.
24.14 24.14 Rights of swampland purchasers.
24.14(1) (1) In this section, "subject lands" means lands patented to this state as swamp and overflowed lands, or lands patented in lieu of swamp and overflowed lands.
24.14(2) (2) Any person who has purchased from the United States or entered any subject lands prior to the execution of United States patents to this state for the subject lands, may whenever those entries have been canceled by the United States on account of a conflict with the right and title of this state to the subject lands, purchase the subject lands from this state, prior to the date fixed for the public sale of the subject lands, upon making satisfactory proof to the board that the person is the identical person, or the heir, legal representative, or assign of the person, who purchased or entered the subject lands as provided in this subsection, and upon paying to this state for the subject lands the same price at which the purchase or entries were made from the United States. Nothing contained in this chapter impairs the rights acquired by any person who has preempted any subject lands under the laws of this state.
24.14 History History: 1999 a. 83; 2005 a. 149; 2009 a. 276.
24.145 24.145 State-owned swamplands; proceeds; disposition.
24.145(1)(1) It is declared that none of the swamp and overflowed lands granted to this state pursuant to an act of congress entitled "An Act to enable the state of Arkansas and other states to reclaim the swamp lands within their limits", approved September 28, 1850, and the proceeds derived from the sale of those lands that have not been actually applied for reclamation of those lands, are necessary for the purpose of reclaiming any such swamp and overflowed lands by construction of levees and drains or otherwise.
24.145(2) (2) All swamp and overflowed lands described in sub. (1) and the proceeds derived from the sale of those lands including those placed and being in the drainage fund pursuant to chapter 537, laws of 1865, that have not been actually applied for the purpose of reclaiming those lands, shall be a part of the normal school fund. This section controls over any inconsistent act or statute.
24.145 History History: 2005 a. 149.
24.15 24.15 Private sale. All public lands, including forfeited lands and mortgaged lands bid in by the state, which have once been offered or reoffered at public sale and remain unsold, shall be subject to private sale at the minimum price fixed for the sale of the land by law to the person first making application for the purchase of the lands, if the person immediately complies with the term of sale. If 2 or more persons apply at the same time to purchase the same lands under this section, the lands shall be offered to the highest bidder, and the applicant who will pay the highest price shall be the purchaser.
24.15 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2005 a. 149.
24.16 24.16 Applications for private sale. Every person making application under s. 24.15 for the purchase at private sale of any public lands shall file in the office of the board an application in writing, describing the lot or tract that the person proposes to purchase by the proper number of the section, township and range, and the subdivision of the section, with the person's name subscribed to the application. The board shall, if the land applied for may then be sold, do all of the following:
24.16(1) (1) Enter on books kept for that purpose a note of the application, specifying the day when made, the name of the applicant, and the description of the land applied for.
24.16(2) (2) Give to the applicant a memorandum signed by the executive secretary of the board, stating the application, describing the lot or tract applied for, and stating the price at which the lot or tract may be sold and the amount to be paid at the time of the sale.
24.16 History History: 1991 a. 316; 1993 a. 16; 2005 a. 149.
24.17 24.17 Receipt and certificate.
24.17(1) (1) When the purchaser of any public lands makes payment to the secretary of administration of the amount required to be paid on the sale and, in case of a private sale, produces the memorandum described in s. 24.16, the secretary of administration shall give a receipt to the purchaser for the amount paid, and, unless the sale is wholly for cash, the board shall execute and deliver to the purchaser a duplicate certificate of sale, in which the board shall certify all of the following:
24.17(1)(a) (a) The description of the land sold.
24.17(1)(b) (b) The sum paid and the amount remaining due.
24.17(1)(c) (c) The times, place, and terms of payments.
24.17(1)(d) (d) That if the payments are made in accordance with the terms stated in the certificate of sale, the purchaser, or the purchaser's assigns or other legal representatives, shall be entitled to a patent for the land.
24.17(1)(e) (e) That in case of the nonpayment into the state treasury of any of the following, the certificate of sale from the time of the nonpayment shall be void and the board may take possession of and resell the land described in the certificate:
24.17(1)(e)1. 1. The purchase money as it becomes due.
24.17(1)(e)2. 2. The interest on the purchase money by the first day of February in each year or on or before the next following June 30th.
24.17(1)(e)3. 3. Any taxes lawfully assessed on the lands described in the certificate and then remaining unpaid by the purchaser or purchasers or by any person claiming under the purchaser or purchasers.
24.17(2) (2) When the sale of public lands under sub. (1) is wholly for cash, upon payment of the full purchase price to the secretary of administration, the secretary of administration shall immediately give to the purchaser a receipt stating the amount paid, giving a description of the lot or tract of land sold, and stating that the purchaser is entitled to receive a patent according to law.
24.17 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2003 a. 33; 2005 a. 149.
24.18 24.18 Entry of sale and patent. When any sale of public lands is made, the board shall make a note of the sale in the book of entries, entering the day of sale, the name of the purchaser, the number of the certificate or patent, the sum paid, the amount of purchase money unpaid, if any, and a description of the lot or tract sold. If the sale is wholly for cash, the board shall immediately execute and deliver to the purchaser a patent for the lot or tract of land so sold. If the land is sold at public auction, the board shall note that fact.
24.18 History History: 2005 a. 149.
24.19 24.19 Certificate of sale. All original and duplicate certificates of sale issued under s. 24.17 shall be properly numbered, and the original shall be filed in the office of the board. As many distinct lots or tracts of land purchased by one person in one section at the same time as that person requests shall be included in one certificate or one patent, as the case may be. Certificates of sale may be acknowledged and recorded in the same manner as deeds. Certificates of sale may be assigned in writing. The assignment may be acknowledged and recorded in the same manner as deeds, and the assignee shall have the same rights and remedies under the certificate as the original purchaser would have had.
24.19 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2005 a. 149.
24.20 24.20 Payments and accounts. All money paid on account of sales of public lands shall be paid to the secretary of administration who shall credit the proper fund with the amount paid, crediting the general fund with the proceeds of sales of Marathon County lands. The secretary of administration or the secretary's designee, upon countersigning the receipt given for the amount paid, shall enter the name of the person making the payment, the number of the certificate, if any, upon which the amount shall be paid, and the time of the payment.
24.20 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2003 a. 33; 2005 a. 149.
24.21 24.21 Accounts with purchasers. The board shall open and keep an account with each purchaser for every lot or tract of land that is sold, either at public or private sale, in books kept for that purpose, in which the board shall charge the purchaser with the whole purchase money and give the purchaser credit for all the purchaser's payments, making proper charges for interest as it becomes due, and for all taxes returned to it as unpaid by the proper officer. Upon all payments being completed and the patent issued the account shall be balanced.
24.21 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2005 a. 149.
24.22 24.22 Excessive payments to be refunded.
24.22(1) (1) Whenever full payment of the principal due upon any certificate of sale by the state is made subsequent to the payment of the annual interest on the principal, the excess of the interest so paid shall be refunded to the person entitled to the excess payment, from the proper fund, on the warrant of the department of administration.
24.22(2) (2) In the event of the double or erroneous payment of interest, charges, or taxes on any certificate of sale or loan by the state, the amount erroneously paid shall be refunded in the same manner as excess interest payments under sub. (1).
24.22 History History: 2005 a. 149.
24.23 24.23 Title; patents. The title and fee of all public lands shall remain in the state until patents for the land are issued. No patent shall be issued except upon full payment of the purchase money and interest and all taxes returned and lawful charges on the lands being purchased.
24.23 History History: 2005 a. 149.
24.24 24.24 Effect of certificate.
24.24(1) (1) Except when voided by forfeiture under s. 24.28, a certificate of sale issued under s. 24.17 entitles the purchaser, or the purchaser's heirs or assigns, to all the rents, benefits, and provisions of any lease existing on the lands described in the certificate at the time of the land purchase and accruing after the purchase. The certificate of sale is sufficient evidence of title and vests in the purchaser, or the purchaser's heirs and assigns, the same rights of possession, enjoyment, descent, transmission, and alienation of the lands described in the certificate and the same remedies for the protection of those rights against all persons, except the state, that the purchaser would possess if the purchaser were the owner in fee of the described lands.
24.24(2) (2) Notwithstanding sub. (1), a certificate of sale does not confer the right to cut down, destroy, dig up, or carry off any standing wood or timber or any mineral located on the lands described in the certificate without the written consent of the board, except as follows:
24.24(2)(a) (a) Wood or timber may be cut when it is to be exclusively used in the erection of fences or buildings on the described lands.
24.24(2)(b) (b) Wood or timber may be cut for necessary firewood for the household use of the persons actually occupying the described lands.
24.24(2)(c) (c) Wood or timber may be cut when done in good faith for the actual and fair improvement of the described lands for cultivation.
24.24(3) (3) Notwithstanding sub. (2) (c), no cutting of wood or timber shall be deemed to have been done for the purposes of cultivation unless the entire surface from which the wood and timber is cut was at the time further prepared for cultivation by thoroughly clearing all brush and growing wood of every kind, except that shade or ornamental trees on not more than 10 adjoining acres selected for building purposes, and trees valuable for saw or rail timber, not to exceed 20 upon each acre, may be left standing.
24.24(4) (4) Except as provided in subs. (2) and (3), any wood, timber, or mineral cut, dug out, or removed from any land described in a certificate of sale shall remain the property of the state.
24.24 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2005 a. 149.
24.25 24.25 Issuance and record of patent.
24.25(1) (1) Whenever full payment is made for any lands described in a certificate of sale issued under s. 24.17, as required by law, and the purchaser, or the purchaser's legal representatives, produces to the board the duplicate certificate of sale, with the receipt of the secretary of administration endorsed on the duplicate certificate, showing that the whole amount of the principal and interest due on the purchase of the land described in the certificate has been paid and that the holder of the duplicate certificate is entitled to a patent for the lands described in the certificate, the original and duplicate certificates shall be canceled, and the board shall immediately execute and deliver a patent to the person entitled to the patent for the land described in the certificate.
24.25(2) (2) All patents issued by the board shall be recorded in the board's office. The board's record of patents issued by it constitutes a legal record.
24.25(3) (3) Purchasers may, at any time before payment is due, pay any part or the whole of the purchase money for the land and the interest owing on the purchase money.
24.25(4) (4) If a patent is issued to a person who dies before the date of the patent, the title to the land described inures to and vests in the decedent's heirs, devisees, or assignees to the same extent as if the patent had issued to the decedent during the decedent's lifetime.
24.25 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2003 a. 33; 2005 a. 149.
24.251 24.251 Patents, issuance; county may record. Whenever it appears to the board that all the conditions relating to the issuance of patents have been complied with, the board may issue patents, and the county board of any county may cause the patents to be recorded in the county and pay the cost of the recording.
24.251 History History: 2005 a. 149.
24.26 24.26 Patentee's rights. Except as provided under s. 24.11, any person, or the person's heirs or assigns, who receives a patent pursuant to law for any public lands acquires the right to all timber, lumber, trees, wood, bark, stone, earth, and other materials cut, dug, taken, or removed from the lands subject to the patent before the issue of the patent, unless the materials were cut, dug, taken, or removed by the assent of the board or were sold by the state. The person receiving the patent may maintain an action for the recovery of the materials that were cut, dug, taken, or removed, or for any injury done to or trespass committed upon the lands before the patent was issued, in the same manner, with the same effect, and with the same entitlement to damages as if the injury or trespass had been committed after the patent was issued.
24.26 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2005 a. 149.
24.27 24.27 Purchase money a loan. The purchaser of public lands, when the balance of the purchase money becomes due, may retain the same as a loan from year to year on payment annually in advance, or on or before May 31, of the interest on the sum due, at the rate of interest specified in the certificate of sale, and the taxes annually assessed on the land described in the certificate, until required to pay the whole or part by the board or until the legislature shall otherwise direct.
24.27 History History: 1981 c. 169; 1983 a. 423.
24.28 24.28 Forfeiture.
24.28(1)(1) A certificate of sale issued under s. 24.17 becomes void upon the occurrence of any of the following, and the purchaser of the lands described in the certificate, or the purchaser's heirs and assigns, shall forfeit all right and interest in the lands:
24.28(1)(a) (a) Nonpayment of interest when it is due according to the terms of the certificate of sale.
24.28(1)(b) (b) Nonpayment of any taxes that before the annual interest required by the certificate of sale is paid are returned to the board by the county treasurer as due and unpaid upon the lands described in the certificate.
24.28(1)(c) (c) Nonpayment of the principal owing on the purchase of the lands described in the certificate of sale when required by the board.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)