For any site that has generally licensed devices that are not exempted by the department, the fee shall be at least $100 for each site and at least $50 for each device that contains at least 370 MBq or 10 mCi of cesium-137; 37 MBq or 1.0 mCi of cobalt-60; 3.7 MBq or 0.1 mCi of strontium-90; or 37 MBq or 1.0 mCi of a transuranic.
The fees under this subsection shall be as stated unless the department promulgates rules to increase the annual registration fee for a site having an ionizing radiation installation, for an X-ray tube or for generally licensed devices that are not exempted by the department.
After initial registration under sub. (1)
, the department may exempt from annual registration any source of radiation that the department finds to be without undue radiation hazard.
Licensing of radioactive material. 254.365(1)
No person may possess, use, manufacture, transport, store, transfer or dispose of radioactive material or a device or item of equipment that uses radioactive material or may operate a site that uses radioactive material that is not under the authority of the U.S. nuclear regulatory commission unless one of the following applies:
The person has a specific license issued by the department.
The person possesses a license issued by another state or by the U.S. nuclear regulatory commission that is reciprocally recognized by the department.
Application for a license under sub. (1) (a)
or for reciprocal recognition under sub. (1) (c)
shall be made on forms provided by the department.
(3) Modification or termination of license.
Within 30 days after any change to the information on a license issued under this section, the licensee shall inform the department of the change and the department shall record the changed information. Within 30 days after termination of an activity licensed under this section, the person in control of the activity shall notify the department. The department may require that the person in control submit to the department for approval a plan for decommissioning the activity.
The department shall promulgate rules for all of the following:
The issuance, modification, suspension, termination and revocation of specific licenses under sub. (1) (a)
under the standards specified in s. 254.34 (1) (a)
The department may assess fees, the amounts of which are prescribed by the department by rule, for any of the following:
Issuance of reciprocal recognition of a license for radioactive materials of another state or the U.S. nuclear regulatory commission.
The department may assess a late payment charge of 25% of the specific license renewal fee, in addition to the fee under par. (a)
for renewal of a specific license, if payment for renewal of a specific license is not made within 30 days after the license expiration date.
(6) Denial, suspension or revocation of licensure.
The department may, after a hearing under ch. 227
, refuse to issue a license or suspend or revoke a license for failure by the licensee to comply with this subchapter, rules promulgated by the department under this subchapter or any condition of the license.
The department may exempt from licensing requirements of this section radioactive material that the department finds is without undue radiation hazard.
History: 1999 a. 9
Notification of violation and order of abatement.
Whenever the department finds, upon inspection and examination, that a source of radiation as constructed, operated or maintained results in a violation of this subchapter or of any rules promulgated under this subchapter, the department shall do all of the following:
Notify the person in control that is causing, allowing or permitting the violation as to the nature of the violation.
Order that, prior to a specified time, the person in control shall cease and abate causing, allowing or permitting the violation and take such action as may be necessary to have the source of radiation constructed, operated, or maintained in compliance with this subchapter and rules promulgated under this subchapter.
The department shall issue and enforce such orders or modifications of previously issued orders as may be required in connection with proceedings under this subchapter. The orders shall be subject to review by the department upon petition of the persons affected. Whenever the department finds that a condition exists that constitutes an immediate threat to health due to violation of this subchapter or any rule or order promulgated under this subchapter, it may issue an order reciting the existence of the threat and the findings pertaining to the threat. The department may summarily cause the abatement of the violation.
The department shall promulgate and enforce the rules pertaining to ionizing radiation.
The circuit court of Dane county shall have jurisdiction to enforce the orders by injunctional and other appropriate relief.
History: 1993 a. 27
; Stats. 1993 s. 254.37; 1995 a. 27
, 9116 (5)
; 1997 a. 27
; 1999 a. 9
Emergency authority. 254.38(1)(1)
The department may impound or order the sequestration of sources of radiation in the possession of any person who is not equipped to observe or who fails to observe safety standards to protect health that are established in rules promulgated by the department.
(2) Emergency orders.
If the department finds that an emergency exists concerning a matter subject to regulation under this subchapter that requires immediate action to protect the public health or safety, the department may issue an emergency order without notice or hearing that recites the existence of the emergency and requires such action as is necessary to mitigate the emergency. Any person to whom the order is issued shall immediately comply with the order. A person to whom an emergency order is issued shall be afforded a hearing within 30 days after receipt by the department of a written request for the hearing. An emergency order is effective upon issuance and remains in effect for up to 90 days after issuance, except that the order may be revoked or modified based on the results of the hearing.
History: 1985 a. 29
; 1993 a. 27
; Stats. 1993 s. 254.38; 1995 a. 27
, 9116 (5)
; 1999 a. 9
Nothing in this subchapter may be interpreted as limiting intentional exposure of persons to radiation for the purpose of analysis, diagnosis, therapy, and medical, chiropractic or dental research as authorized by law.
This subchapter does not apply to on-site activities of any nuclear reactor plant licensed by the U.S. nuclear regulatory commission.
History: 1977 c. 29
; 1991 a. 178
; 1993 a. 27
; Stats. 1993 s. 254.39; 1999 a. 9
Radiation monitoring of nuclear power plants.
The department shall take environmental samples to test for radiation emission in any area of the state within 20 miles of a nuclear power plant. The department shall charge the owners of each nuclear power plant in the state an annual fee of $30,000 per plant, commencing in fiscal year 1983-84, to finance radiation monitoring under this section. The department may change this annual fee by rule.
History: 1979 c. 221
; 1983 a. 27
; 1993 a. 27
; Stats. 1993 s. 254.41.
See also ch. DHS 158
, Wis. adm. code.
Any person who violates this subchapter or a rule promulgated under this subchapter or a condition of a license or registration issued by the department under this subchapter may be required to forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $100,000. Each day of continued violation constitutes a separate offense.
The amount of the forfeiture assessed under par. (a)
shall be determined by considering all of the following:
The person's previous violations, if any, of this subchapter, rules promulgated under this subchapter or conditions of a license or registration issued by the department under this subchapter.
The potential danger or actual or potential injury to the environment or to public health caused by the violation.
The actual or potential costs of the damage or injury caused by the violation.
(2) Assessment of forfeitures; notice.
The department may directly assess forfeitures provided for in sub. (1)
. If the department determines that a forfeiture should be assessed for a particular violation, the department shall send a notice of assessment to the person. The notice shall specify the amount of the forfeiture assessed and the violation and the statute or rule alleged to have been violated and shall inform the person of the right to hearing under sub. (3)
A person upon whom a forfeiture is imposed may contest the action by sending, within 10 days after receipt of notice of a contested action, a written request for hearing under s. 227.44
to the division of hearings and appeals created under s. 15.103 (1)
. The administrator of the division may designate a hearing examiner to preside over the case and recommend a decision to the administrator under s. 227.46
. The decision of the administrator of the division shall be the final administrative decision. The division shall commence the hearing within 30 days of receipt of the request for hearing and shall issue a final decision within 15 days after the close of the hearing. Proceedings before the division are governed by ch. 227
(4) Forfeiture payment and disposition. 254.45(4)(a)(a)
A person against whom the department has assessed a forfeiture shall pay the forfeiture to the department within 10 days after receipt of the notice under sub. (2)
or, if the person contests the assessment, within 10 days after receipt of the final decision after exhaustion of administrative review. If the person petitions for judicial review under ch. 227
, the person shall pay the forfeiture within 10 days after receipt of the final judicial decision.
The department shall remit all forfeitures paid to the secretary of administration for deposit in the school fund.
The attorney general may bring an action in the name of the state to collect any forfeiture imposed under this section if the forfeiture has not been paid as required under sub. (4)
. The only issue to be contested in an action under this subsection is whether the forfeiture has been paid.
History: 1993 a. 27
; Stats. 1993 s. 254.45; 1995 a. 27
, 9116 (5)
; 1999 a. 9
; 2003 a. 33
The department or a local health department shall close or restrict swimming, diving and recreational bathing if a human health hazard exists in any area used for those purposes on a body of water and on associated land and shall require the posting of the area.
History: 1993 a. 27
Recreational permits and fees. 254.47(1)
Except as provided in sub. (1g)
and ss. 250.041
, the department or a local health department granted agent status under s. 254.69 (2)
shall issue permits to and regulate campgrounds and camping resorts, recreational and educational camps and public swimming pools. No person or state or local government who has not been issued a permit under this section may conduct, maintain, manage or operate a campground and camping resort, recreational camp and educational camp or public swimming pool, as defined by departmental rule.
A campground permit is not required for camping at county or district fairs at which 4-H Club members exhibit, for the 4 days preceding the county or district fair, the duration of the county or district fair, and the 4 days following the county or district fair.
The department or a local health department granted agent status under s. 254.69 (2)
may not, without a preinspection, grant a permit to a person intending to operate a new public swimming pool, campground, or recreational or educational camp or to a person intending to be the new operator of an existing public swimming pool, campground, or recreational or educational camp.
A separate permit is required for each campground, camping resort, recreational or educational camp, and public swimming pool. Except as provided in par. (b)
, no permit issued under this section is transferable from one premises to another or from one person, state or local government to another.
A permit issued under this section may be transferred from an individual to an immediate family member, as defined in s. 254.64 (4) (a) 2.
, if the individual is transferring operation of the campground, camping resort, recreational or educational camp, or public swimming pool to the immediate family member.
A sole proprietorship that reorganizes as a business entity, as defined in s. 179.70 (1)
, or a business entity that reorganizes as a sole proprietorship or a different type of business entity may transfer a permit issued under this section for a campground, camping resort, recreational or educational camp, or public swimming pool to the newly formed business entity or sole proprietorship if all of the following conditions are satisfied:
The campground, camping resort, recreational or educational camp, or public swimming pool remains at the location for which the permit was issued.
At least one individual who had an ownership interest in the sole proprietorship or business entity to which the permit was issued has an ownership interest in the newly formed sole proprietorship or business entity.
Except as provided in ss. 250.041
, the initial issuance, renewal or continued validity of a permit issued under this section may be conditioned upon the requirement that the permittee correct a violation of this section, rules promulgated by the department under this section or ordinances adopted under s. 254.69 (2) (g)
, within a period of time that is specified. If the condition is not met within the specified period of time, the permit is void.
Anyone who violates this section or any rule of the department under this section shall be fined not less than $25 nor more than $250. Anyone who fails to comply with an order of the department shall forfeit $10 for each day of noncompliance after the order is served upon or directed to him or her. The department may also, after a hearing under ch. 227
, refuse to issue a permit under this section or suspend or revoke a permit under this section for violation of this section or any rule or order the department issues to implement this section.
Permits issued under this section expire on June 30, except that permits initially issued during the period beginning on April 1 and ending on June 30 expire on June 30 of the following year. Except as provided in s. 254.69 (2) (d)
, the department shall promulgate rules that establish, for permits issued under this section, amounts of permit fees, preinspection fees, reinspection fees, fees for operating without a license, and late fees for untimely permit renewal.
No permit may be issued under this section until all applicable fees have been paid. If the payment is by check or other draft drawn upon an account containing insufficient funds, the permit applicant shall, within 15 days after receipt of notice from the department of the insufficiency, pay by cashier's check or other certified draft, money order or cash the fees from the department, late fees and processing charges that are specified by rules promulgated by the department. If the permit applicant fails to pay all applicable fees, late fees and the processing charges within 15 days after the applicant receives notice of the insufficiency, the permit is void. In an appeal concerning voiding of a permit under this subsection, the burden is on the permit applicant to show that the entire applicable fees, late fees and processing charges have been paid. During any appeal process concerning payment dispute, operation of the establishment in question is deemed to be operation without a permit.
Before serving as a lifeguard at a public swimming pool or a recreational and educational camp or as an on-site health services staff member at a recreational and educational camp, an individual shall have proficiency in the use of an automated external defibrillator, as defined in s. 256.15 (1) (cr)
, achieved through instruction provided by an individual, organization, or institution of higher education achieved through instruction approved under s. 46.03 (38)
to provide such instruction.
The department may not require that a swimming pool be staffed by a lifeguard as a condition of receiving a permit under this section if the swimming pool is less than 2,500 square feet, the swimming pool is located in a private club in the city of Milwaukee, and the club has a policy that prohibits a minor from using the swimming pool when not accompanied by an adult.
See also chs. DHS 172
, and 178
, Wis. adm. code.
ANIMAL-BORNE AND VECTOR-BORNE
In this subchapter, "vector" means a carrier, including an arthropod or an insect, that transfers an infective agent from one host to another.
History: 1993 a. 27
Powers and duties. 254.51(1)(1)
The state epidemiologist for communicable disease shall take those measures that are necessary for the prevention, surveillance and control of human disease outbreaks associated with animal-borne and vector-borne transmission.
The department shall enter into memoranda of understanding with the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection, the department of safety and professional services, and the department of natural resources regarding the investigation and control of animal-borne and vector-borne disease.