254.35(3)(fm) (fm) For any site that has generally licensed devices that are not exempted by the department, the fee shall be at least $100 for each site and at least $50 for each device that contains at least 370 MBq or 10 mCi of cesium-137; 37 MBq or 1.0 mCi of cobalt-60; 3.7 MBq or 0.1 mCi of strontium-90; or 37 MBq or 1.0 mCi of a transuranic.
254.35(3)(g) (g) The fees under this subsection shall be as stated unless the department promulgates rules to increase the annual registration fee for a site having an ionizing radiation installation, for an X-ray tube or for generally licensed devices that are not exempted by the department.
254.35(4) (4)Exemptions. After initial registration under sub. (1), the department may exempt from annual registration any source of radiation that the department finds to be without undue radiation hazard.
254.35 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1979 c. 221; 1985 a. 29; 1989 a. 359; 1993 a. 27 s. 229; Stats. 1993 s. 254.35; 1995 a. 27 ss. 6335, 9116 (5); 1999 a. 9.
254.365 254.365 Licensing of radioactive material.
254.365(1) (1) License required. No person may possess, use, manufacture, transport, store, transfer or dispose of radioactive material or a device or item of equipment that uses radioactive material or may operate a site that uses radioactive material that is not under the authority of the U.S. nuclear regulatory commission unless one of the following applies:
254.365(1)(a) (a) The person has a specific license issued by the department.
254.365(1)(b) (b) The person meets general license requirements.
254.365(1)(c) (c) The person possesses a license issued by another state or by the U.S. nuclear regulatory commission that is reciprocally recognized by the department.
254.365(1)(d) (d) The person is exempted from licensure under sub. (7).
254.365(2) (2)Application. Application for a license under sub. (1) (a) or for reciprocal recognition under sub. (1) (c) shall be made on forms provided by the department.
254.365(3) (3)Modification or termination of license. Within 30 days after any change to the information on a license issued under this section, the licensee shall inform the department of the change and the department shall record the changed information. Within 30 days after termination of an activity licensed under this section, the person in control of the activity shall notify the department. The department may require that the person in control submit to the department for approval a plan for decommissioning the activity.
254.365(4) (4)Rules. The department shall promulgate rules for all of the following:
254.365(4)(a) (a) The issuance, modification, suspension, termination and revocation of specific licenses under sub. (1) (a) under the standards specified in s. 254.34 (1) (a).
254.365(4)(b) (b) The requirements for a general license under sub. (1) (b).
254.365(5) (5)Fees and charges.
254.365(5)(a)(a) The department may assess fees, the amounts of which are prescribed by the department by rule, for any of the following:
254.365(5)(a)1. 1. Issuance of an initial or renewal specific license under sub. (1) (a).
254.365(5)(a)2. 2. Annual license maintenance.
254.365(5)(a)3. 3. Issuance of a license amendment.
254.365(5)(a)4. 4. Termination of a license.
254.365(5)(a)5. 5. Issuance of reciprocal recognition of a license for radioactive materials of another state or the U.S. nuclear regulatory commission.
254.365(5)(b) (b) The department may assess a late payment charge of 25 percent of the specific license renewal fee, in addition to the fee under par. (a) for renewal of a specific license, if payment for renewal of a specific license is not made within 30 days after the license expiration date.
254.365(6) (6)Denial, suspension or revocation of licensure. The department may, after a hearing under ch. 227, refuse to issue a license or suspend or revoke a license for failure by the licensee to comply with this subchapter, rules promulgated by the department under this subchapter or any condition of the license.
254.365(7) (7)Exemption. The department may exempt from licensing requirements of this section radioactive material that the department finds is without undue radiation hazard.
254.365 History History: 1999 a. 9.
254.37 254.37 Enforcement.
254.37(1)(1) Notification of violation and order of abatement. Whenever the department finds, upon inspection and examination, that a source of radiation as constructed, operated or maintained results in a violation of this subchapter or of any rules promulgated under this subchapter, the department shall do all of the following:
254.37(1)(a) (a) Notify the person in control that is causing, allowing or permitting the violation as to the nature of the violation.
254.37(1)(b) (b) Order that, prior to a specified time, the person in control shall cease and abate causing, allowing or permitting the violation and take such action as may be necessary to have the source of radiation constructed, operated, or maintained in compliance with this subchapter and rules promulgated under this subchapter.
254.37(2) (2)Orders. The department shall issue and enforce such orders or modifications of previously issued orders as may be required in connection with proceedings under this subchapter. The orders shall be subject to review by the department upon petition of the persons affected. Whenever the department finds that a condition exists that constitutes an immediate threat to health due to violation of this subchapter or any rule or order promulgated under this subchapter, it may issue an order reciting the existence of the threat and the findings pertaining to the threat. The department may summarily cause the abatement of the violation.
254.37(3) (3)Rules. The department shall promulgate and enforce the rules pertaining to ionizing radiation.
254.37(4) (4)Jurisdiction. The circuit court of Dane county shall have jurisdiction to enforce the orders by injunctional and other appropriate relief.
254.37 History History: 1993 a. 27 s. 231; Stats. 1993 s. 254.37; 1995 a. 27 ss. 6336 to 6338, 9116 (5); 1997 a. 27; 1999 a. 9.
254.38 254.38 Emergency authority.
254.38(1)(1) Impounding materials. The department may impound or order the sequestration of sources of radiation in the possession of any person who is not equipped to observe or who fails to observe safety standards to protect health that are established in rules promulgated by the department.
254.38(2) (2)Emergency orders. If the department finds that an emergency exists concerning a matter subject to regulation under this subchapter that requires immediate action to protect the public health or safety, the department may issue an emergency order without notice or hearing that recites the existence of the emergency and requires such action as is necessary to mitigate the emergency. Any person to whom the order is issued shall immediately comply with the order. A person to whom an emergency order is issued shall be afforded a hearing within 30 days after receipt by the department of a written request for the hearing. An emergency order is effective upon issuance and remains in effect for up to 90 days after issuance, except that the order may be revoked or modified based on the results of the hearing.
254.38 History History: 1985 a. 29; 1993 a. 27 s. 232; Stats. 1993 s. 254.38; 1995 a. 27 ss. 6339, 9116 (5); 1999 a. 9.
254.39 254.39 Exceptions.
254.39(1)(1) Nothing in this subchapter may be interpreted as limiting intentional exposure of persons to radiation for the purpose of analysis, diagnosis, therapy, and medical, chiropractic or dental research as authorized by law.
254.39(2) (2) This subchapter does not apply to on-site activities of any nuclear reactor plant licensed by the U.S. nuclear regulatory commission.
254.39 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1991 a. 178; 1993 a. 27 s. 233; Stats. 1993 s. 254.39; 1999 a. 9.
254.41 254.41 Radiation monitoring of nuclear power plants. The department shall take environmental samples to test for radiation emission in any area of the state within 20 miles of a nuclear power plant. The department shall charge the owners of each nuclear power plant in the state an annual fee of $30,000 per plant, commencing in fiscal year 1983-84, to finance radiation monitoring under this section. The department may change this annual fee by rule.
254.41 History History: 1979 c. 221; 1983 a. 27; 1993 a. 27 s. 235; Stats. 1993 s. 254.41.
254.41 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 158, Wis. adm. code.
254.45 254.45 Penalties.
254.45(1)(1) General.
254.45(1)(a)(a) Any person who violates this subchapter or a rule promulgated under this subchapter or a condition of a license or registration issued by the department under this subchapter may be required to forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $100,000. Each day of continued violation constitutes a separate offense.
254.45(1)(b) (b) The amount of the forfeiture assessed under par. (a) shall be determined by considering all of the following:
254.45(1)(b)1. 1. The willfulness of the violation.
254.45(1)(b)2. 2. The person's previous violations, if any, of this subchapter, rules promulgated under this subchapter or conditions of a license or registration issued by the department under this subchapter.
254.45(1)(b)3. 3. The potential danger or actual or potential injury to the environment or to public health caused by the violation.
254.45(1)(b)4. 4. The actual or potential costs of the damage or injury caused by the violation.
254.45(2) (2)Assessment of forfeitures; notice. The department may directly assess forfeitures provided for in sub. (1). If the department determines that a forfeiture should be assessed for a particular violation, the department shall send a notice of assessment to the person. The notice shall specify the amount of the forfeiture assessed and the violation and the statute or rule alleged to have been violated and shall inform the person of the right to hearing under sub. (3).
254.45(3) (3)Hearing. A person upon whom a forfeiture is imposed may contest the action by sending, within 10 days after receipt of notice of a contested action, a written request for hearing under s. 227.44 to the division of hearings and appeals created under s. 15.103 (1). The administrator of the division may designate a hearing examiner to preside over the case and recommend a decision to the administrator under s. 227.46. The decision of the administrator of the division shall be the final administrative decision. The division shall commence the hearing within 30 days of receipt of the request for hearing and shall issue a final decision within 15 days after the close of the hearing. Proceedings before the division are governed by ch. 227.
254.45(4) (4)Forfeiture payment and disposition.
254.45(4)(a)(a) A person against whom the department has assessed a forfeiture shall pay the forfeiture to the department within 10 days after receipt of the notice under sub. (2) or, if the person contests the assessment, within 10 days after receipt of the final decision after exhaustion of administrative review. If the person petitions for judicial review under ch. 227, the person shall pay the forfeiture within 10 days after receipt of the final judicial decision.
254.45(4)(b) (b) The department shall remit all forfeitures paid to the secretary of administration for deposit in the school fund.
254.45(5) (5)Enforcement. The attorney general may bring an action in the name of the state to collect any forfeiture imposed under this section if the forfeiture has not been paid as required under sub. (4). The only issue to be contested in an action under this subsection is whether the forfeiture has been paid.
254.45 History History: 1993 a. 27 s. 234; Stats. 1993 s. 254.45; 1995 a. 27 ss. 6340, 9116 (5); 1999 a. 9; 2003 a. 33.
subch. IV of ch. 254 SUBCHAPTER IV
254.46 254.46 Beaches. The department or a local health department shall close or restrict swimming, diving and recreational bathing if a human health hazard exists in any area used for those purposes on a body of water and on associated land and shall require the posting of the area.
254.46 History History: 1993 a. 27.
subch. V of ch. 254 SUBCHAPTER V
254.50 254.50 Definition. In this subchapter, "vector" means a carrier, including an arthropod or an insect, that transfers an infective agent from one host to another.
254.50 History History: 1993 a. 27.
254.51 254.51 Powers and duties.
254.51(1)(1) The state epidemiologist for communicable disease shall take those measures that are necessary for the prevention, surveillance and control of human disease outbreaks associated with animal-borne and vector-borne transmission.
254.51(2) (2) The department shall enter into memoranda of understanding with the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection, the department of safety and professional services, and the department of natural resources regarding the investigation and control of animal-borne and vector-borne disease.
254.51(3) (3) The department shall promulgate rules that establish measures for prevention, surveillance and control of human disease that is associated with animal-borne and vector-borne disease transmission.
254.51(4) (4) The local health department shall enforce rules that are promulgated under sub. (3).
254.51(5) (5) The local board of health may adopt regulations and recommend enactment of ordinances that set forth requirements for animal-borne and vector-borne disease control to assure a safe level of sanitation, human health hazard control or health protection for the community, including the following:
254.51(5)(a) (a) The control of rats, stray animals, noise and rabies and other diseases.
254.51(5)(b) (b) The control of wildlife, including the keeping of dangerous wild animals, disease transmission and human health hazard control and eradication.
254.51(5)(c) (c) Pest control, including community sanitation, rodent and vector control, resident responsibilities and the health impact of pesticide use.
254.51 History History: 1993 a. 27; 1995 a. 27 ss. 6341, 9116 (5); 2011 a. 32.
254.51 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 145, Wis. adm. code.
254.52 254.52 Lyme disease; treatment, information and research.
254.52(1)(1) The department shall perform research relating to Lyme disease in humans.
254.52(2) (2) The department, in consultation with the department of public instruction, the department of natural resources and the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection, shall do all of the following:
254.52(2)(a) (a) Monitor the spread and incidence of Lyme disease.
254.52(2)(b) (b) Investigate suspected and confirmed cases of Lyme disease.
254.52(2)(c) (c) Review materials, activities and epidemiologic investigations prepared or conducted in other states in which Lyme disease is endemic and recommend a statewide strategy for dealing with Lyme disease.
254.52(2)(d) (d) Develop, update and disseminate information for use by clinicians, laboratory technicians and local health departments that diagnose or treat Lyme disease or investigate cases or suspected cases of Lyme disease.
254.52(2)(e) (e) Develop and distribute information through offices of physicians and local health departments and by newsletters, public presentations or other releases of information. That information shall include all of the following:
254.52(2)(e)1. 1. A description of Lyme disease.
254.52(2)(e)2. 2. Means of identifying whether or not individuals may be at risk of contracting Lyme disease.
2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 392 and all Supreme Court Orders effective before October 7, 2016. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 7, 2016 are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-7-16)