256.205(4) (4)Affiliation. A community paramedic may provide services under sub. (6) only if he or she is a volunteer for or an employee of a community emergency medical services provider, as defined in s. 256.215 (1) (a), or if he or she is an employee of or under contract with a hospital, clinic, or physician.
256.205(5) (5)Requirements.
256.205(5)(a) (a) A community paramedic shall follow any protocols and supervisory standards established by the department or by a medical director.
256.205(5)(b) (b) A community paramedic is subject to certification, disciplinary, complaint, and other regulatory requirements that apply to emergency medical services practitioners under s. 256.15.
256.205(6) (6)Services provided. Notwithstanding the actions authorized for emergency services under s. 256.15 (6n), a community paramedic may provide services for which he or she is trained under a training program approved by the department under sub. (3), that are not duplicative of services already being provided to a patient, and that are approved by the hospital, clinic, or physician for which the community paramedic is an employee or contractor or are incorporated in the patient care protocols under s. 256.215 (2) (b).
256.205 History History: 2017 a. 66.
256.21 256.21 Community emergency medical services practitioners.
256.21(1)(1)Definition. In this section, “community emergency medical services practitioner" means an individual who has obtained an approval issued under sub. (2).
256.21(2) (2)Departmental approval. No person may use the title “community emergency medical services practitioner" unless he or she obtains an approval from the department issued under this section to provide services as a community emergency medical services practitioner. To be eligible for an approval by the department as a community emergency medical services practitioner, an individual shall meet all of the following criteria:
256.21(2)(a) (a) The individual is licensed as an emergency medical services practitioner of any level, that license is not suspended or revoked, and the individual is not the subject of an action under s. 256.15 (11).
256.21(2)(b) (b) The individual has the equivalent of 2 years of service as an emergency medical services practitioner at any level.
256.21(2)(c) (c) The individual successfully completes a training program that has been approved by the department under sub. (3).
256.21(2)(d) (d) The individual submits an application for the approval on a form specified by the department.
256.21(2)(e) (e) The individual satisfies any other requirements established by the department.
256.21(3) (3)Training program. The department shall, after consulting the board, approve training programs for community emergency medical services practitioners that include clinical experience, that provide flexibility in addressing local service needs, and that meet any other criteria established by the department.
256.21(4) (4)Affiliation. A community emergency medical services practitioner may provide services under sub. (6) only if he or she is a volunteer for or an employee of a community emergency medical services provider, as defined in s. 256.215 (1) (a), or if he or she is an employee of or under contract with a hospital, clinic, or physician.
256.21(5) (5)Requirements.
256.21(5)(a) (a) A community emergency medical services practitioner shall follow any protocols and supervisory standards established by the department or by a medical director.
256.21(5)(b) (b) A community emergency medical services practitioner is subject to certification, disciplinary, complaint, and other regulatory requirements that apply to emergency medical services practitioners under s. 256.15.
256.21(6) (6)Services provided. Notwithstanding the actions authorized for emergency services under s. 256.15 (6n), a community emergency medical services practitioner may provide services for which he or she is trained under a training program approved by the department under sub. (3), that are not duplicative of services already being provided to a patient, and that are approved by the hospital, clinic, or physician for which the community emergency medical services practitioner is an employee or contractor or are incorporated in the patient care protocols under s. 256.215 (2) (b).
256.21 History History: 2017 a. 66.
256.215 256.215 Providers of community emergency medical services.
256.215(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
256.215(1)(a) (a) “Community emergency medical services provider” means an emergency medical services provider that has approval from the department for its personnel to provide community emergency medical services under sub. (2).
256.215(1)(b) (b) “Community emergency medical services practitioner” has the meaning given under s. 256.21 (1).
256.215(1)(c) (c) “Community paramedic” has the meaning given under s. 256.205 (1).
256.215(1)(d) (d) “Emergency medical services provider” means an emergency medical services program under s. 256.12 that provides services as a nontransporting emergency medical services practitioner provider or an ambulance service provider licensed under s. 256.15 (5).
256.215(2) (2)Approval. No emergency medical services provider may advertise as providing community emergency medical services or may advertise having community paramedics or community emergency medical services practitioners unless the emergency medical services provider has approval from the department under this subsection. To be eligible for approval to provide community emergency medical services, an emergency medical services provider shall satisfy all of the following criteria:
256.215(2)(a) (a) The emergency medical services provider is licensed by the department at any emergency medical services level.
256.215(2)(b) (b) The emergency medical services provider establishes, submits to the department, and maintains patient care protocols corresponding to the appropriate service level to be used by a community paramedic or a community emergency medical services practitioner. The emergency medical services provider may include in a patient care protocol only those services that do not require a license, certificate, or other credential under subch. II, III, IV, or VII of ch. 448 or ch. 441, 446, 447, 449, 450, 451, 455, 457, or 459 to provide.
256.215(2)(c) (c) The emergency medical services provider agrees to provide to the department a list identifying each community paramedic and community emergency medical services practitioner providing community emergency medical services as a volunteer or employee of that emergency medical services provider. If the emergency medical services provider is approved under this subsection as a community emergency medical services provider, the emergency medical services provider shall provide and update its list of community paramedics and community emergency medical services practitioners.
256.215(2)(d) (d) The emergency medical services provider meets other requirements as specified by the department.
256.215 History History: 2017 a. 66.
256.25 256.25 Statewide trauma care system.
256.25(1g)(1g)In this section, “performance improvement" means a method of evaluating and improving processes of trauma patient care that emphasizes a multidisciplinary approach to problem solving.
256.25(1r) (1r)The department shall develop and implement a statewide trauma care system. The department shall seek the advice of the statewide trauma advisory council under s. 15.197 (25) in developing and implementing the system, and, as part of the system, shall develop regional trauma advisory councils.
256.25(2) (2)The department shall promulgate rules to develop and implement the system. The rules shall include a method by which to classify all hospitals as to their respective emergency care capabilities. The classification rule shall be based on standards developed by the American College of Surgeons. Within 180 days after promulgation of the classification rule, and every 3 years thereafter, each hospital shall certify to the department the classification level of trauma care services that is provided by the hospital, based on the rule. The department may require a hospital to document the basis for its certification. The department may not direct a hospital to establish a certain level of certification. Confidential injury data that is collected under this subsection shall be used for confidential review relating to performance improvements in the trauma care system, and may be used for no other purpose.
256.25(3) (3)Except as provided in sub. (4), all information and documents provided by a hospital under sub. (2) and all information and documents procured by or furnished to the department, the statewide trauma advisory council, or regional trauma advisory councils with respect to performance improvement activities, certifications by hospitals under sub. (2), and documentation of the bases for hospitals' certifications under sub. (2) are immune from discovery under ch. 804, confidential, and privileged and may not be used or admitted into evidence in a civil action. With respect to a communication made by a staff member of the department or by an individual serving on the statewide trauma advisory council or a regional trauma advisory council, and to a finding or recommendation made under this section by the department, the statewide trauma advisory council, or a regional trauma advisory council, all of the following apply:
256.25(3)(a) (a) The staff member or individual may not be examined in an action for civil damages with respect to the communication, finding, or recommendation.
256.25(3)(b) (b) The staff member or individual has immunity from civil liability, with respect to the communication, finding, or recommendation, for any of the following:
256.25(3)(b)1. 1. An action taken or omitted by the staff member or individual in an official capacity.
256.25(3)(b)2. 2. A statement made in good faith by the staff member or individual in an official capacity.
256.25(4) (4)Subsection (3) does not apply to the release of information and documents specified in sub. (3) created apart from a performance improvement activity or apart from a certification by a hospital under sub. (2) that are maintained by or for a hospital, the department, the statewide trauma advisory council, or a regional trauma advisory council for the particular purpose of diagnosing, treating, or documenting care provided to a particular patient or for another purpose, upon a showing by clear and convincing evidence that the information or documents are otherwise unavailable.
256.25(5) (5)This section does not apply to s. 146.38.
256.25 History History: 1997 a. 154; 1999 a. 9; 2001 a. 16, 109; 2005 a. 315; 2007 a. 130 s. 150; Stats. 2007 s. 256.25.
256.25 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 118, Wis. adm. code.
256.30 256.30 Refusal or delay of emergency service.
256.30(1)(1)In this section “hospital providing emergency services" means a hospital which the department has identified as providing some category of emergency service.
256.30(2) (2)No hospital providing emergency services may refuse emergency treatment to any sick or injured person.
256.30(3) (3)No hospital providing emergency services may delay emergency treatment to a sick or injured person until credit checks, financial information forms or promissory notes have been initiated, completed or signed if, in the opinion of one of the following, who is an employee, agent or staff member of the hospital, the delay is likely to cause increased medical complications, permanent disability or death:
256.30(3)(a) (a) A physician, registered nurse, or paramedic.
256.30(3)(b) (b) A licensed practical nurse under the specific direction of a physician or registered nurse.
256.30(3)(c) (c) A physician assistant or any other person under the specific direction of a physician.
256.30(3m) (3m)Hospitals shall establish written procedures to be followed by emergency services personnel in carrying out sub. (3).
256.30(4) (4)No hospital may be expected to provide emergency services beyond its capabilities as identified by the department.
256.30(5) (5)Each hospital providing emergency services shall create a plan for referrals of emergency patients when the hospital cannot provide treatment for such patients.
256.30(6) (6)The department shall identify the emergency services capabilities of all hospitals in this state and shall prepare a list of such services. The list shall be updated annually.
256.30(7) (7)A hospital which violates this section may be fined not more than $1,000 for each offense.
256.30 History History: 1977 c. 361; 1983 a. 273 s. 8; 1989 a. 102; 1993 a. 105; 2007 a. 130 s. 43; Stats. 2007 s. 256.30; 2017 a. 12.
256.35 256.35 Statewide emergency services number.
256.35(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
256.35(1)(a) (a) “Automatic location identification" means a system which has the ability to automatically identify the address of the telephone being used by the caller and to provide a display at the central location of a sophisticated system.
256.35(1)(b) (b) “Automatic number identification" means a system which has the ability to automatically identify the caller's telephone number and to provide a display at the central location of a sophisticated system.
256.35(1)(c) (c) “Basic system" means a telecommunications system which automatically connects a person dialing the digits “911" to a public safety answering point.
256.35(1)(cm) (cm) “Commercial mobile radio service provider" has the meaning given in s. 196.01 (2g).
256.35(1)(d) (d) “Department" means the department of administration.
256.35(1)(e) (e) “Direct dispatch method" means a telecommunications system providing for the dispatch of an appropriate emergency service vehicle upon receipt of a telephone request for such service.
256.35(1)(em) (em) “Emergency number system” means any basic system, sophisticated system, or Next Generation 911, as defined in sub. (3s) (a) 3., regardless of technology platform.
256.35(1)(f) (f) “Public agency" means any municipality as defined in s. 345.05 (1) (c) or any state agency which provides or is authorized by statute to provide fire fighting, law enforcement, ambulance, medical or other emergency services.
256.35(1)(g) (g) “Public safety agency" means a functional division of a public agency which provides fire fighting, law enforcement, medical or other emergency services.
256.35(1)(gm) (gm) “Public safety answering point" means a facility to which a call on a basic or sophisticated system is initially routed for response, and on which a public agency directly dispatches the appropriate emergency service provider, relays a message to the appropriate emergency service provider or transfers the call to the appropriate emergency services provider.
256.35(1)(h) (h) “Relay method" means a telecommunications system whereby a request for emergency services is received and relayed to a provider of emergency services by telephone.
256.35(1)(i) (i) “Sophisticated system" means a basic system with automatic location identification and automatic number identification.
256.35(1)(k) (k) “Transfer method" means a telecommunications system which receives telephone requests for emergency services and transfers such requests directly to an appropriate public safety agency or other provider of emergency services.
256.35(2) (2)Emergency phone system.
256.35(2)(a) (a) Every public agency may establish and maintain within its respective jurisdiction a basic or sophisticated system under this section. Such a system shall be in a central location.
256.35(2)(b) (b) Every basic or sophisticated system established under this section shall be capable of transmitting requests for law enforcement, fire fighting and emergency medical and ambulance services to the public safety agencies providing such services. Such system may provide for transmittal of requests for poison control to the appropriate regional poison control center under s. 255.35, suicide prevention and civil defense services and may be capable of transmitting requests to ambulance services provided by private corporations. If any agency of the state which provides law enforcement, fire fighting, emergency medical or ambulance services is located within the boundaries of a basic or sophisticated system established under this section, such system shall be capable of transmitting requests for the services of such agency to the agency.
256.35(2)(c) (c) The digits “911" shall be the primary emergency telephone number within every basic or sophisticated system established under this section. A public agency or public safety agency located within the boundaries of a basic or sophisticated system established under this section shall maintain a separate 7-digit phone number for nonemergency telephone calls. Every such agency may maintain separate secondary 7-digit back-up numbers.
256.35(2)(d) (d) Public agencies, including agencies with different territorial boundaries, may combine to establish a basic or sophisticated system established under this section.
256.35(2)(e) (e) If a public agency or group of public agencies combined to establish an emergency phone system under par. (d) has a population of 250,000 or more, such agency or group of agencies shall establish a sophisticated system.
256.35(2)(f) (f) Every basic or sophisticated system established under this section shall utilize the direct dispatch method, the relay method or the transfer method.
256.35(2)(g) (g) Every telecommunications utility providing coin-operated telephones for public use within the boundaries of a basic or sophisticated system established under this section shall convert, by December 31, 1987, all such telephones to telephones which enable a user to reach “911" without inserting a coin. Any coin-operated telephone installed by a telecommunications utility after December 31, 1987, in an agency which has established an emergency phone system under this section shall enable a user to reach “911" without inserting a coin.
256.35(2)(h) (h) A commercial mobile radio service provider shall permit a user of the provider to access a basic or sophisticated system if the provider operates within the boundaries of a system.
256.35(2)(i) (i) If a user reaches a basic or sophisticated system through a commercial mobile radio service provider and the service requested is to be provided outside of the jurisdiction served by the system, the public agency operating the system shall transfer the request for services to the appropriate jurisdiction.
256.35(2m) (2m)Dispatcher assisted bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
256.35(2m)(a)(a) In this subsection, “department” means the department of health services.
256.35(2m)(b) (b) Beginning on May 1, 2021, every public safety answering point shall, in appropriate circumstances, provide telephonic assistance on administering cardiopulmonary resuscitation by doing any of the following:
256.35(2m)(b)1. 1. Providing each dispatcher with training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation that includes all of the following:
256.35(2m)(b)1.a. a. Certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)