27.065(10)(b) (b) If within 90 days after the issuance of a tax certificate under s. 74.57, the amount to pay any installment of principal or interest shall not have been collected, the owner or owners of at least one-third in par value of the bonds issued on any single improvement may proceed in the name of that owner or names of those owners to collect the same by foreclosure thereof, and shall recover, in addition to the amount of said bonds and interest, all costs against the property of the party or parties in default.
27.065(10)(c) (c) The owner of any property covered by such bonds, or the holder of a lien thereon or other person interested in the property, may redeem the same at any time before judgment by paying to the county clerk the amount due against such property, together with 10 percent additional thereon, which shall be in full for all costs chargeable to such property in such action.
27.065(10)(d) (d) Any number of the holders of such bonds for any single improvement may join as plaintiffs in any such action, and any number of the owners of or other persons interested in the property covered by the assessment upon which such bonds are issued and on which they are a lien may be joined as defendants in any such action, and in case more than one action of foreclosure shall be commenced upon the bonds issued on account of a single improvement such actions may be consolidated. Any holders of bonds for the same improvement who do not join as plaintiffs may be made defendants and their rights adjudicated in the action.
27.065(10)(e) (e) Upon the commencement of any such action the plaintiff shall cause a notice thereof to be filed in the office of the county clerk and county treasurer, designating the particular property affected by such foreclosure; and thereafter no redemption of any such property from such assessments shall be had without payment of all costs theretofore accrued in such action except as hereinbefore provided.
27.065(11) (11)Limitation on action to restrain tax levy. Every action or proceeding to avoid any of the special assessments or taxes levied pursuant to the same, or to restrain the levy of such taxes, or the inclusion of lands in a tax certificate for the nonpayment of such taxes, shall be brought within 9 months from the end of the period of 30 days limited by the county improvement notice provided for in this section and not thereafter. This limitation shall cure all defects in the proceedings, and defects of power on the part of the officers making the assessment, except in cases where the lands are not liable to the assessment, or the county has no power to make any such assessment, or the amount of the assessment has been paid or a redemption made.
27.065(12) (12)Actions at law.
27.065(12)(a)(a) If in any action at law for the recovery of damages arising from a failure to make a proper assessment of benefits and damages, or failure to observe any provisions of law, or because of any act or defect in any proceeding in which benefits and damages are assessed, and in any action to set aside any special assessment against property for any purpose, or to set aside any special assessment certificate, special improvement bond or tax certificate based upon such special assessment, the court determines that such assessment is invalid by reason of a defective assessment of benefits and damages, or for any cause, it shall stay all proceedings in such action until a new assessment thereof is made as provided hereinafter; thereupon the proper county authorities shall proceed forthwith to make a new assessment of benefits and damages against the property of the plaintiff as required by law in the case of the original assessment, and the plaintiff shall have the same right to appeal from the new assessment as the plaintiff or the plaintiff's grantors would have had from the original assessment. If the validity of the new assessment is contested by the plaintiff, the court shall summarily try the matter and file an order sustaining or overruling the objection of the plaintiff. If the new assessments are held invalid, subsequent assessments may be made in like manner and similar proceedings resorted to, to determine the validity of such assessments. When the amount to be assessed against the plaintiff's property is finally determined by an assessment of benefits and damages, which the court holds to be valid, or when an appeal is taken, the court shall make an order, requiring the plaintiff to pay into the court for the benefit of the parties entitled thereto, the amount which should be justly assessed against the property in question; upon compliance with said order, judgment shall be entered for the plaintiff with costs. If the plaintiff fails to comply with such order the action shall be dismissed with costs.
27.065(12)(b) (b) Where, in any action mentioned in par. (a), a new assessment has been made which is valid so far as the regularity of the proceedings is concerned, but wherein the plaintiff may feel aggrieved by reason of the amount assessed for benefits and damages, such court shall upon the verified petition of the plaintiff, after notice of not less than 10 days, proceed with the hearing of said cause. It shall not be necessary for the plaintiff in any such action to appeal from such assessment of benefits and damages, but the court may proceed with the hearing and determination of the proper amount thereof, and render final judgment between the parties.
27.065(12)(c) (c) If any special improvement bonds issued pursuant to this section are held invalid, the county board may, as soon as the amount chargeable to the property benefited is finally determined by a new assessment, issue new special improvement bonds in lieu of such original bonds, to the holder thereof upon surrender of the same, for the amount of such new assessment remaining unpaid. Such new special improvement bonds shall be issued, enforced and collected in the manner prescribed in sub. (9). The excess in amount of such invalid special improvement bonds, if any, over such new bonds shall be paid by the county.
27.065(13) (13)Apportionment of assessment on land division.
27.065(13)(a)(a) Whenever in any proceeding under this section, whether for acquisition of land or improvement thereof, any tract of land which at the time of filing of the final assessment of benefits and damages is in one ownership and such tract or any portion thereof shall thereafter be divided or subdivided into 2 or more lots or parcels, either by recorded and filed plat or by conveyance duly recorded, and the special assessment of benefits against the original tract shall be outstanding, in installments or otherwise, the county highway committee, after notice and hearing as hereinafter provided, on verified written request of the owner of such original tract or the owner of any portion thereof shall apportion said assessment of benefits among the several lots or parcels into which the original tract or any portion thereof is divided or subdivided.
27.065(13)(b) (b) Upon receipt of any such verified written request the county highway committee forthwith shall set a time and place for hearing such request for an apportionment of said original assessment. Notice in writing of the time, place and nature of such hearing shall be sent by such committee, by registered mail, to the last-known address of each of the owners of any lot or parcel of land affected or to be affected by the requested apportionment, at least 10 days prior to the time set for such hearing. Such apportionment shall be made in an equitable manner so as to be consistent in method with the intent and purpose of the original assessment. The highway committee may engage the services of a disinterested and qualified real estate appraiser to assist the committee in making said apportionment and the owner making such written request shall pay a reasonable fee for the services of the appraiser in the amount fixed by the highway committee. The sum of the assessments apportioned to the several lots or parcels created from the original tract or any portion thereof shall not exceed the unpaid amount of the original assessment. The determination of said highway committee shall be final, unless, within 20 days after the filing of a certified copy of such determination with the clerk of the municipality wherein such land is situated, as hereinafter provided, the owner or owners of any lot or parcel of land affected by such determination shall commence an action in the circuit court of the county wherein such land is situated to set aside such determination. In any such action the owner or owners of any land affected by such determination and the county highway committee shall be named as parties defendant and the court may adjudicate an apportionment of the original assessment of benefits among the several lots or parcels into which said original tract or any portion thereof is divided or subdivided.
27.065(13)(c) (c) Upon the making of any determination apportioning any such assessment under this subsection, the county highway committee shall file a certified copy of the assessment with the county clerk of the county in which the land affected by the determination is situated. A copy of the county highway committee's determination apportioning any such assessment, certified by the chairperson of the committee or by the county clerk, may be recorded in the office of the register of deeds of the county in the same manner as conveyances of land. Within 10 days after the making of any such apportionment by the county highway committee, the county clerk shall file a certified copy of the apportionment with the clerk of the municipality in which the land is situated. Thereafter, the assessment as so apportioned shall be levied against each lot or parcel created by division of the original parcel or any portion thereof until the full amount of the apportioned assessment and interest thereon has been paid with the same force and effect as though the apportioned assessment had been levied against the lot or parcel when the original assessment was made. The lot or parcel shall be considered to be relieved from the lien of the original assessment except as to the amount of the assessment apportioned to the lot or parcel as provided in this subsection.
27.065(14) (14)Improved streets under supervision of commission. The system of streets and parkways acquired or improved hereunder shall thereafter be under the charge and supervision of and shall be maintained by the county park commission except in counties with a county executive or county administrator, by the general manager.
27.065(15) (15)Change in restricted use of land. Whenever any regulation, declared by law to be for public health, safety and welfare, shall have been or shall be made affecting the use of any lot or parcel of land against which a special assessment, or apportionment thereof, shall have been or shall be made under this section, any amendment, change or repeal of any such regulation to permit a less restricted use of any such lot or parcel of land shall require a three-fourths vote of the body authorized by law to make such amendment, change or repeal. No such amendment, change or repeal shall be effective unless, prior to the adoption thereof, notice by registered mail of the time and place of hearing on any such proposal shall have been given to the county park commission except in counties with a county executive or a county administrator, to the general manager, by the body authorized by law to make such amendment, change or repeal at least 10 days before the time set for any such hearing.
27.067 27.067 Penalties for damages in county parks.
27.067(1) (1) No person may destroy any notices, posted by a county, or break, tear up or mar trees, vines, shrubs or flowers, dislocate stones or disfigure natural conditions within the boundaries of any county park.
27.067(2) (2) Any person who violates sub. (1) shall forfeit not more than $100.
27.067 History History: 1995 a. 391 ss. 13 to 15.
27.07 27.07 First class city option. Any city of the 1st class may, at its option, act under ss. 27.08, 27.09, 27.10, 27.11, 27.12 and 27.14 or any part thereof, or under any other law applicable to any such city of the 1st class.
27.07 History History: 1983 a. 192.
27.075 27.075 County exercise of municipal park powers.
27.075(1)(1) The county board of any county with a population of less than 500,000 is hereby vested with all powers of a local, legislative and administrative character for the purpose of governing, managing, controlling, improving and caring for public parks, parkways, boulevards and pleasure drives; and to carry out these powers in districts which it may create for different purposes, or throughout the county, and for such purposes to levy county taxes, to issue bonds, assessment certificates and improvement bonds, or any other evidence of indebtedness. The powers hereby conferred may be exercised by the county board in any town, city or village, or part thereof located in such county upon the request of any such town, city or village, evidenced by a resolution adopted by a majority vote of the members-elect of its governing body, designating the particular park function, duty or act, and the terms, if any, upon which the same shall be exercised by the county board. Such resolution shall state whether the authority or function is to be exercised exclusively by the county or jointly by the county and the town, city or village, and shall also state that the exercise of such power by the county is in the public interest. Upon the receipt of the resolution, the county board may, by a resolution adopted by a majority vote of its membership, elect to assume the exercise of such authority or function, upon the terms and conditions set forth in the resolution presented by the town, city or village.
27.075(2) (2) The county board of any such county may, by a resolution adopted by a majority of its membership, propose to the towns, cities and villages located in such county, or any of them, that it offers to exercise such powers and functions therein in order to consolidate municipal park services and functions in said county. Such resolution shall designate the particular function, duty or act and the terms and conditions, if any, upon which the county board will perform the same. The powers conferred in sub. (1) and designated in such resolution may thereafter be exercised by the county board in each such town, city or village which shall accept such proposal by the adoption of a resolution by a majority vote of the members-elect of its governing body.
27.075(3) (3) After the adoption of resolutions by the county board, the county board shall have full power to legislate upon and administer the entire subject matter committed to it, and among other things, to determine, where not otherwise provided by law, the manner of exercising the power thus assumed.
27.075(4) (4) The town, city or village concerned may enter into necessary contracts with the county, and appropriate money to pay the county for the reasonable expenses incurred in rendering the park services assumed. Such expenses may be certified, returned and paid as are other county charges, and in the case of services performed pursuant to a proposal for the consolidation thereof initiated by the county board and made available to each town, city and village in the county on the same terms, the expenses thereof shall be certified, returned and paid as county charges; but in the event that each and every town, city and village in the county shall accept such proposal of the county board the expenses thereof shall be paid by county taxes to be levied and collected as are other taxes for county purposes. Said towns, cities and villages are vested with all necessary power to do the things herein required, and to do all things and to exercise or relinquish any of the powers herein provided or contemplated. The procedure herein provided for the request or acceptance of the exercise of the powers conferred on the county board in cities and villages is hereby prescribed as a special method of determining the local affairs and government of such cities and villages pursuant to article XI, section 3, of the constitution.
27.075(5) (5) The powers conferred by this section shall be in addition to all other grants of power and shall be limited only by express language.
27.075 History History: 1973 c. 333; 1983 a. 192.
27.08 27.08 City park board, powers.
27.08(1) (1) Every city may by ordinance create a board of park commissioners subject to this section, or otherwise as provided by ordinance. Such board shall be organized as the common council shall provide.
27.08(2) (2) The board of park commissioners is empowered and directed:
27.08(2)(a) (a) To govern, manage, control, improve and care for all public parks, parkways, boulevards and pleasure drives located within, or partly within and partly without, the corporate limits of the city, and secure the quiet, orderly and suitable use and enjoyment thereof by the people; also to adopt rules and regulations to promote those purposes.
27.08(2)(b) (b) To acquire in the name of the city for park, parkway, boulevard or pleasure drive purposes by gift, devise, bequest or condemnation, either absolutely or in trust, money, real or personal property, or any incorporeal right or privilege. Gifts to any city of money or other property, real or personal, either absolutely or in trust, for park, parkway, boulevard or pleasure drive purposes shall be accepted only after they shall have been recommended by the board to the common council and approved by said council by resolution. Subject to the approval of the common council the board may execute every trust imposed upon the use of property or property rights by the deed, testament or other conveyance transferring the title of such property to the city for park, parkway, boulevard or pleasure drive purposes.
27.08(2)(c) (c) Subject to the approval of the common council to buy or lease lands in the name of the city for park, parkway, boulevard or pleasure drive purposes within or without the city and, with the approval of the common council, to sell or exchange property no longer required for its purposes. Every city is authorized, upon recommendation of its officers, board or body having the control and management of its public parks, to acquire by condemnation in the name of the city such lands within or without its corporate boundaries as it may need for public parks, parkways, boulevards and pleasure drives.
27.08(2)(d) (d) To change or improve all parks, parkways, boulevards or pleasure drives within the city limits, controlled by the board, at the expense of the real estate to be benefited thereby, as provided in s. 27.10 (4).
27.08(3) (3) In any city having no board of park commissioners its public parks, parkways, boulevards and pleasure drives shall be under the charge of its board of public works, if it has such last named board; otherwise under the charge of its common council. When so in charge, the board of public works or the common council may exercise all the powers of a board of park commissioners.
27.08(4) (4) In every city having no city plan commission under s. 62.23 (1), the common council may provide that the board of park commissioners, if there be such board in the city, shall have the powers enumerated in s. 62.23 (2) and (17). The territory over which the city is given platting jurisdiction by s. 236.10 (1) (b) 2. shall for street, park, parkway, boulevard, pleasure drive and platting purposes be extended to 3 miles beyond the city limits. For the purpose of carrying out s. 62.23 (2) in said extended zone the common council may appropriate out of any available fund a sufficient sum to be used by said board for hiring engineers, surveyors and draftsmen, and other necessary help and assistants in making a comprehensive map of the said city and zone so as to put in concrete form the ideas of the said board as to how future dedications, openings and plattings of streets, highways, boulevards, pleasure ways and parks, or other public improvements or thoroughfares, shall be made; which said map, when adopted by the common council, shall serve as an advisory guide to the said board of park commissioners in making recommendations to the common council in the future as to approving plats, and shall not be departed from except in cases of necessity or discovered error therein.
27.08(5) (5) Whenever the common council of any city determines to improve any street, avenue or boulevard, the board of public works, or if there be no such board, the officer or officers authorized to make such improvement, may, as a part thereof set aside a portion of such street, avenue or boulevard for park purposes, and determine, subject to the approval of the board of park commissioners, if there be such a board, in what manner the portion so set aside shall be improved. The damages and benefits resulting from such entire improvement, including the cost of the improvement of the part of such street, avenue or boulevard so set aside shall be assessed to the several parcels of land affected thereby as provided by law in such city for such assessments. Any report required to be made and filed respecting such improvement shall include a detailed statement of said determination and the approval thereof by said board.
27.08(6) (6)
27.08(6)(a)(a) The board of park commissioners of any city may conduct public concerts within its public parks and pay the expenses thereof out of the park fund. A fee for admission may be charged for the purpose of defraying such expenses in whole or in part.
27.08(6)(b) (b) The board of park commissioners of any city of the 1st class where there has been hitherto established a driving club or similar organization in connection with any park under the direction of said board of park commissioners may conduct horse races and driving exhibitions within its public parks and pay the expenses and cost of trophies therefor out of the park fund. A fee for admission may be charged for the purpose of defraying such expenses in whole or in part. Chapter 562 does not apply to any race under this paragraph.
27.08 History History: 1985 a. 225 s. 100; 1987 a. 354.
27.08 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ss. NR 47.01, 47.10, and 47.30, Wis. adm. code.
27.08 Annotation A county has full power and control over county park lands even though they are located within the limits of a city. 60 Atty. Gen. 282.
27.08 Annotation A city may not delegate its powers under ss. 27.08 and 27.09 to a county park commission created under s. 27.02, et seq. 61 Atty. Gen. 229.
27.09 27.09 City forester, duties; tree planting.
27.09(1) (1) The board of park commissioners of every city may employ a city forester to take charge of and direct, subject to its supervision and control, all of the work authorized to be done under this section. It may also designate a municipal employee to perform the duties of city forester.
27.09(2) (2) The common council shall include in its annual budget such sum as it deems necessary, if any, to meet all expenses of doing said work during the following fiscal year, including the salary of the city forester and the compensation of employees assisting the city forester, but not including amounts assessable to abutting property; and the taxes levied to provide for such expense shall be in addition to all other taxes for park and boulevard purposes.
27.09(3) (3) The board may plant, transplant, remove, trim, spray and otherwise care for and protect all trees and shrubs on or in that part of every street, the grade of which has been established, lying between the lot line and the curb, or in the center or side plots in all boulevards and parkways, and in all public parks or grounds belonging to the city and control all such planting and transplanting by others. The board may guard all trees within the city so as to prevent the spread of disease or pests and to eliminate dangerous conditions, and may proceed pursuant to subs. (4) to (7).
27.09(4) (4) Whenever the board proposes the setting out, planting or removing of any such living shade tree, it shall give 2 weeks' written notice to the owner of the lot or parcel of land on which such tree stands or will stand, or the owner's agent, or, if neither is known and there be a tenant occupying said property, then to such tenant, of a time and place at which said contemplated work will be considered by the city forester, specifying in detail the street, avenue or boulevard and portion thereof, upon or from which trees are proposed to be planted or removed, and the general nature and character of the changes and improvements contemplated. After such hearing, the city forester, subject to the direction of the board shall abandon said work or proceed with it as the city forester believes the best interest of the public requires.
27.09(5) (5) The entire or any part of the cost of protecting, trimming, spraying, planting, renewing and removal of trees and shrubs between the lot line and the curb in front of any lot or parcel of land abutting on a street, avenue or boulevard may be chargeable to and assessed upon such lot or parcels of land. The governing body shall hold a public hearing on the proposed assessment, and shall give notice thereof in such city or village, by publishing a class 2 notice, under ch. 985.
27.09(6) (6) The board shall keep a strict account of the cost of planting, protecting, renewing, removing, trimming, spraying and caring for trees and shrubs in front of each lot or parcel of land abutting on any street, avenue, or boulevard, and prior to November 10 in each year, shall make a report to the comptroller in cities having such an officer, and in other cities to the common council, of all work done for which assessments have been made as hereinbefore provided stating and certifying the description of land, lots, parts of lots or parcels of land abutting on a street, avenue or boulevard in which any such work shall have been done, and the amount chargeable to each such piece of property; and the comptroller at the time of making the comptroller's annual report to the common council of the lots or parcels of land subject to special assessments shall include therein the lots or parcels of land so reported to the comptroller by the board of park commissioners with the amount chargeable thereto for work done during the preceding year.
27.09(7) (7) The amounts so reported directly or through a comptroller to the council shall be levied on said lots or parcels of land, respectively, to which they are chargeable and shall constitute a lien thereon and shall be collected as other special taxes are levied and collected in the city. The board shall advance out of the park or other proper fund sufficient money for doing said work and said special assessments shall be credited to said fund of said city and shall not be diverted or used for any other purpose.
27.09 History History: 1991 a. 316.
27.10 27.10 Taxation and finance.
27.10(1) (1)In cities under 150,000.
27.10(1)(a)(a) The board of park commissioners in every city under 150,000 population shall, prior to October 1 in each year, make an estimate of the expenditures by said board during the ensuing calendar year including all necessary incidental expenses, and also an estimate of the amount necessary for the purchase of land for parks, parkways, boulevards and pleasure drives, and transmit the same to the common council. Such part of said estimates as the council shall approve shall be included in the city budget. Said board shall transmit to the common council prior to March 1 of each year a full detailed report of all its transactions for the preceding year, together with an itemized account of all receipts and expenditures, a list of employees, and an inventory of property in charge of the board.
27.10(1)(b) (b) All moneys appropriated for park purposes, or received by subscription, gift, fees or otherwise for parks, parkways, boulevards or pleasure drives, shall be paid over to the city treasurer and be disbursed by orders of the city clerk drawn upon the city treasurer to pay accounts or bills that have been audited and allowed by said board and presented to the city clerk. Such orders shall be paid by the clerk and treasurer in the manner provided by s. 66.0607. The board shall not contract any liability on the part of the city in excess of the budget authorized by the common council.
27.10(3) (3)Tax for parks; collection and expenditure of proceeds. The common councils of all 1st class cities are hereby authorized and directed to include in the tax levy of each year, upon all taxable property of any such city, at the same time and in the same manner as other city taxes are levied and collected by law, a tax at a level determined by the board of park commissioners of such city, and certified to the common council and the city comptroller on or before such day in each year designated by law for making and filing with the city comptroller reports and estimates for the purpose of making up the budget for the ensuing fiscal year. The entire amount of such tax shall be collected, paid into and held in the city treasury as a separate and distinct fund to be known as the park and boulevard fund, and shall not be used or appropriated directly or indirectly for any other purpose than for the improvement, maintenance and control of the public parks and boulevards of such city, and for the payment of the salaries of the employees and other proper expenses of such board of park commissioners; provided, that of the said tax levied and collected in any such city, two-tenths of a mill upon each dollar of the assessed value of its taxable property shall be used each year by its board of park commissioners solely for the purpose of filling in and improving and maintaining as a public park or boulevard any strip of submerged land granted or which may be granted to said city to be managed, controlled, improved and maintained by its board of park commissioners; and provided further, that of said tax levied and collected in any such city one-tenth of a mill upon each dollar of the assessed value of its taxable property shall be used each year by its board of park commissioners solely for the purpose of improving and maintaining any zoological garden which may be managed, controlled, improved and maintained by its board of park commissioners.
27.10(4) (4)Special assessments for parks in all cities.
27.10(4)(a)(a) Whenever any change of grade or improvement of parks, parkways, boulevards or pleasure drives within the limits of any city is proposed by its board of park commissioners at the expense of the real estate to be benefited thereby, it shall view the premises and determine the damages and benefits which will accrue to each parcel of real estate by such proposed change or improvement, and the entire cost thereof. Said board shall make and file in its office a preliminary report showing its said determinations.
27.10(4)(b) (b) Notice shall be given by the board that such report is open for review at its office, and that on a day and hour named therein, said board will hear all objections that may be made to such report. Such notice shall be published as a class 2 notice, under ch. 985.
27.10(4)(c) (c) At the time specified for hearing objections to said report, said board shall hear all parties interested, who appear for that purpose, reduce to writing all objections made and all evidence offered to sustain the same, and may review, modify and correct said report as it deems just. At such hearing any member of the board may administer oaths.
27.10(4)(d) (d) Thereupon a complete and final report and determination shall be made and filed by the board in its office, together with all objections and evidence and proof by affidavit of the publication, which affidavit shall be presumptive evidence of the facts therein stated. No irregularity in the form of any of said proceedings shall affect the legality thereof, unless it shall appear that the owners of the property affected were misled by such irregularity and have not had an opportunity to be fairly heard.
27.10(4)(e) (e) When such final determination has been reached the board shall, within the next following 15 days, publish as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985, that a final determination has been made and is on file in its office as to the benefits and damages that will accrue to the real estate affected by the proposed change or improvement.
27.10(4)(f) (f) The owner of any parcel of land mentioned in said notice feeling aggrieved by such final determination may, within 30 days after the date thereof commence an action in the circuit court to correct or redress such grievance. Any contract already entered into for making the proposed change or improvement shall not be affected by said action, but a certificate against the parcel of real estate in question for the amount of benefits assessed to such parcel shall be issued notwithstanding such action; and in case the plaintiff shall succeed, the difference between the amount charged in the certificate so issued and the amount adjudged to be paid as benefits accruing to the parcel of real estate described in such certificate shall be paid from the funds of the park district. Said action shall be the only remedy of the owner of any parcel of land or of any person interested therein affected by such change or improvement for the redress of any such grievance.
27.10(4)(g) (g) If in any such action the court determines that any such special assessment is invalid for any cause, the board shall forthwith make a new assessment against the property of the plaintiff as such original assessment should have been made, in accordance with s. 66.0731.
27.10 History History: 1985 a. 29; 1999 a. 150 s. 672.
27.11 27.11 Board of public land commissioners.
27.11(1) (1)Created by ordinance. Every city may create by ordinance a board of public land commissioners consisting of the commissioner of public works, the city engineer, and 3 resident citizens, with power to convert streets and highways designated by the common council into parkways or boulevards.
27.11(2) (2)Appointment and organization.
27.11(2)(a)(a) Such resident commissioners shall be appointed by the mayor, subject to the approval of the common council, within 60 days after such creation of the board.
27.11(2)(b) (b) The terms of the appointive members of the first board shall terminate as follows: Of one member on the next ensuing first day of January; of one member on the 2nd ensuing first day of January; and of one member on the 3rd ensuing first day of January. The commissioner of public works and the city engineer shall serve on said board during their respective terms of office. Each commissioner shall hold office until a successor is appointed and qualified. In December immediately preceding the expiration of the term of any appointive member, the mayor shall appoint the member's successor to serve for a term of 3 years.
27.11(3) (3)Salaries of members. The common council may fix and provide for the payment of a salary or salaries for one or more of the members of said board, when it is satisfied that such payment is necessary in order to carry out the purposes of this section, which salaries shall be paid solely out of the fund named in sub. (8), unless other provision shall be made in said ordinance for the payment of the same.
27.11(4) (4)Functions of board; employees.
27.11(4)(a)(a) Said commissioners may appoint such clerks, assistants and workmen as they deem necessary and proper for the proper discharge of their duties, subject, however, to such regulations in respect to the number of such employees to be appointed and their compensation as the common council may by ordinance prescribe.
27.11(4)(b) (b) Said board may acquire, in the name of the city, lands and improvements thereon, within a distance of 500 feet on either side of and abutting on any public street or highway in the city for the purpose of converting the same into a parkway or boulevard. Said lands may be acquired by purchase, gift, or condemnation, but only after such acquisition shall have been recommended to the common council by said board and ordered by resolution of said common council. Any gift of land for the purposes specified in this section shall first be accepted by the common council upon the recommendation of said board before the same shall become the property of such city.
27.11(4)(c) (c) Said board may, however, either prior or subsequent to such approval obtain from any or all of the respective owners contracts or options, in the name of said city, for the acquisition of said lands, or any part thereof, or any leasehold or other interest or claim therein or thereto; and said board may in such case pay out of the public land fund created by sub. (8) any charges or expenses by it incurred in procuring such contracts or options. But any such contract or option shall not be binding upon, nor shall it create any liability against, the city until it shall have been reported and recommended by said board to the common council and approved by resolution of the common council recorded in its minutes.
27.11(4)(d) (d) Said board may manage, control, govern, improve, subdivide, resubdivide and plat, any land so acquired; and also to mortgage and sell the same, or parcels thereof, on such terms and with such restrictions and reservations as it deems necessary in order to convert such street or highway into a parkway or boulevard, and to protect the same and its environs, and preserve the view, appearance, light, air, health, and usefulness thereof.
27.11(5) (5)Maintenance. Whenever said board deems it necessary to grade, pave, curb, repair, or repave any parkway or boulevard laid out and established under this section, or any part thereof, including the sidewalks thereof, said board shall recommend its proposed improvement to the common council, describing its plan, and submitting a plat for the same. The common council shall, if it deems such improvement necessary, direct the officer, board, or body having charge of the improvement of streets therein, to make an estimate of the cost of such improvement, which shall be placed on file in the office of said officer, board, or body, and be open to the inspection of the public.
27.11(7) (7)Liabilities payable from proceeds of operations. No corporate liability whatever shall in any event be created under this section against any city, except to pay for lands condemned. All securities issued by said board and the damages for lands condemned shall be payable solely out of the proceeds of the operation of such board and the public land fund named in sub. (8). Such securities shall not be issued in an amount in excess of the cost to such city of such lands and 10 percent of such cost in addition thereto.
27.11(8) (8)Public land fund.
27.11(8)(a)(a) All appropriations to the board of public land commissioners and all receipts from the sale of real estate pursuant to sub. (4) shall constitute a fund denominated the public land fund. Said fund shall be drawn upon only by orders signed by the president and secretary of such board and countersigned by the city comptroller in cities having such officer, and by the city clerk in other cities. Moneys from the resale of land in the public land fund shall either be appropriated by the common council to the board of public land commissioners, the proceeds thereof to be used for any of its legal purposes, or shall be placed by the common council in any sinking fund to retire bonds issued for the purposes specified in this section; provided, that no appropriation to the board of public land commissioners shall revert to the general fund, but shall continue, except as otherwise provided in this section, as a continuing appropriation of the public land fund.
27.11(8)(b) (b) Said board shall report to the common council in such city on or before the first meeting in September in each year the amount of money required for carrying out the purposes of this section, and the common council may provide such funds as it deems reasonably sufficient for such purposes and may cause to be levied and collected for such purpose an annual tax. Said tax shall be independent of the general purposes tax to be levied by said common council. Any unexpended surplus remaining in said public land fund at the close of the fiscal year shall become a part of the revenue of said board of land commissioners for the purposes aforesaid. The tax as herein provided shall not become effective or apply in any city until the question shall be submitted to a vote of the electors thereof by resolution or ordinance adopted by the common council, which shall provide for the time of holding such election. If approved by the majority of the votes cast upon that question in any city it shall go into effect in such city, otherwise it shall not take effect. Upon the ballot provided for such election shall be printed the following: “Shall the common council annually cause to be levied and collected at the same time and in the same manner as other taxes are levied and collected such sum or sums as they shall deem sufficient for the purpose of providing a public land fund?" Such election shall be held and the votes cast, counted, canvassed and returned in the same manner as at general city elections.
27.11(8)(c) (c) The receipts from rentals of property under the management of the board of public land commissioners shall constitute a revolving fund from which said board may expend such sums as may be necessary for the maintenance, operation, or repair of such property. From said fund sums not to exceed $500 may be drawn upon for such purpose without special order of the common council. Within 10 days after the close of each fiscal year, however, the net proceeds from rentals during such year shall be transferred from the revolving fund herein created to the general city fund.
27.11(9) (9)Audit of accounts. Every claim or account arising under this section shall be audited and allowed by said board before an order is issued therefor. Immediately after such allowance said board shall furnish the city comptroller, in cities having such officer, and in other cities, the city clerk, with a copy of such claim or account or a statement of the character thereof, materials furnished, or services rendered, and said comptroller or clerk shall then audit the same before countersigning said order. Said board shall transmit to the common council at its first regular meeting in January of each year a full and detailed report of all transactions of said board for the preceding year together with their itemized account of all expenditures, a list of employees, an inventory of property, the purchase price thereof, and a description of all mortgages and securities issued and outstanding.
27.11(10) (10)Suspension or abolition of board. The common council may by a two-thirds vote of the alderpersons-elect either suspend the operation of or abolish such board. In case of such suspension or abolition the common council may exercise the powers of such board so far as may be necessary to carry out the terms of any contract or complete any proceeding already entered into by such board.
27.11(11) (11)Powers delegated to other boards. Every city may vest the powers, duties, and restrictions specified in this section, upon its board of park commissioners or any other existing board or commission, by an ordinance of its common council, in lieu of creating a board of public land commissioners under this section.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 58 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before September 20, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 20, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-20-17)