281.343(4b)(a)(a) The council commits to identify, in cooperation with the provinces, basin-wide water conservation and efficiency objectives to assist the parties in developing their water conservation and efficiency programs. These objectives are based on the goals of:
281.343(4b)(a)1. 1. Ensuring improvement of the waters and water dependent natural resources;
281.343(4b)(a)2. 2. Protecting and restoring the hydrologic and ecosystem integrity of the basin;
281.343(4b)(a)3. 3. Retaining the quantity of surface water and groundwater in the basin;
281.343(4b)(a)4. 4. Ensuring sustainable use of waters of the basin; and
281.343(4b)(a)5. 5. Promoting the efficiency of use and reducing losses and waste of water.
281.343(4b)(b) (b) Within 2 years of the effective date of this compact, each party shall develop its own water conservation and efficiency goals and objectives consistent with the basin-wide goals and objectives and shall develop and implement a water conservation and efficiency program, either voluntary or mandatory, within its jurisdiction based on the party's goals and objectives. Each party shall annually assess its programs in meeting the party's goals and objectives, report to the council and the regional body, and make this annual assessment available to the public.
281.343(4b)(c) (c) Beginning 5 years after the effective date of this compact, and every 5 years thereafter, the council, in cooperation with the provinces, shall review and modify as appropriate the basin-wide objectives, and the parties shall have regard for any such modifications in implementing their programs. This assessment will be based on examining new technologies, new patterns of water use, new resource demands and threats, and cumulative impact assessment under sub. (4z).
281.343(4b)(d) (d) Within 2 years of the effective date of this compact, the parties commit to promote environmentally sound and economically feasible water conservation measures such as:
281.343(4b)(d)1. 1. Measures that promote efficient use of water;
281.343(4b)(d)2. 2. Identification and sharing of best management practices and state of the art conservation and efficiency technologies;
281.343(4b)(d)3. 3. Application of sound planning principles;
281.343(4b)(d)4. 4. Demand-side and supply-side measures or incentives; and
281.343(4b)(d)5. 5. Development, transfer, and application of science and research.
281.343(4b)(e) (e) Each party shall implement in accordance with par. (b) a voluntary or mandatory water conservation program for all, including existing, basin water users. Conservation programs need to adjust to new demands and the potential impacts of cumulative effects and climate.
281.343(4d) (4d)Water management and regulation; party powers and duties.
281.343(4d)(a)(a) Each party, within its jurisdiction, shall manage and regulate new or increased withdrawals, consumptive uses, and diversions, including exceptions, in accordance with this compact.
281.343(4d)(b) (b) Each party shall require an applicant to submit an application in such manner and with such accompanying information as the party shall prescribe.
281.343(4d)(c) (c) No party may approve a proposal if the party determines that the proposal is inconsistent with this compact or the standard of review and decision or any implementing rules or regulations promulgated thereunder. The party may approve, approve with modifications, or disapprove any proposal depending on the proposal's consistency with this compact and the standard of review and decision.
281.343(4d)(d) (d) Each party shall monitor the implementation of any approved proposal to ensure consistency with the approval and may take all necessary enforcement actions.
281.343(4d)(e) (e) No party shall approve a proposal subject to council or regional review, or both, pursuant to this compact unless it shall have been first submitted to and reviewed by either the council or regional body, or both, and approved by the council, as applicable. Sufficient opportunity shall be provided for comment on the proposal's consistency with this compact and the standard of review and decision. All such comments shall become part of the party's formal record of decision, and the party shall take into consideration any such comments received.
281.343(4f) (4f)Water management and regulation; requirement for originating party approval. No proposal subject to management and regulation under this compact shall hereafter be undertaken by any person unless it shall have been approved by the originating party.
281.343(4h) (4h)Water management and regulation; regional review.
281.343(4h)(a)(a) General.
281.343(4h)(a)1.1. It is the intention of the parties to participate in regional review of proposals with the provinces, as described in this compact and the agreement.
281.343(4h)(a)2. 2. Unless the applicant or the originating party otherwise requests, it shall be the goal of the regional body to conclude its review no later than 90 days after notice under par. (b) of such proposal is received from the originating party.
281.343(4h)(a)3. 3. Proposals for exceptions subject to regional review shall be submitted by the originating party to the regional body for regional review and, where applicable, to the council for concurrent review.
281.343(4h)(a)4. 4. The parties agree that the protection of the integrity of the Great Lakes — St. Lawrence River Basin ecosystem shall be the overarching principle for reviewing proposals subject to regional review, recognizing uncertainties with respect to demands that may be placed on basin water, including groundwater, levels and flows of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River, future changes in environmental conditions, the reliability of existing data, and the extent to which diversions may harm the integrity of the basin ecosystem.
281.343(4h)(a)5. 5. The originating party shall have lead responsibility for coordinating information for resolution of issues related to evaluation of a proposal and shall consult with the applicant throughout the regional review process.
281.343(4h)(a)6. 6. A majority of the members of the regional body may request regional review of a regionally significant or potentially precedent setting proposal. Such regional review must be conducted, to the extent possible, within the time frames set forth in this subsection. Any such regional review shall be undertaken only after consulting the applicant.
281.343(4h)(b) (b) Notice from originating party to the regional body.
281.343(4h)(b)1.1. The originating party shall determine if a proposal is subject to regional review. If so, the originating party shall provide timely notice to the regional body and the public.
281.343(4h)(b)2. 2. Such notice shall not be given unless and until all information, documents, and the originating party's technical review needed to evaluate whether the proposal meets the standard of review and decision have been provided.
281.343(4h)(b)3. 3. An originating party may:
281.343(4h)(b)3.a. a. Provide notice to the regional body of an application, even if notification is not required; or
281.343(4h)(b)3.b. b. Request regional review of an application, even if regional review is not required. Any such regional review shall be undertaken only after consulting the applicant.
281.343(4h)(b)4. 4. An originating party may provide preliminary notice of a potential proposal.
281.343(4h)(c) (c) Public participation.
281.343(4h)(c)1.1. To ensure adequate public participation, the regional body shall adopt procedures for the review of proposals that are subject to regional review in accordance with subs. (4) to (4z).
281.343(4h)(c)2. 2. The regional body shall provide notice to the public of a proposal undergoing regional review. Such notice shall indicate that the public has an opportunity to comment in writing to the regional body on whether the proposal meets the standard of review and decision.
281.343(4h)(c)3. 3. The regional body shall hold a public meeting in the state or province of the originating party in order to receive public comment on the issue of whether the proposal under consideration meets the standard of review and decision.
281.343(4h)(c)4. 4. The regional body shall consider the comments received before issuing a declaration of finding.
281.343(4h)(c)5. 5. The regional body shall forward the comments it receives to the originating party.
281.343(4h)(d) (d) Technical review.
281.343(4h)(d)1.1. The originating party shall provide the regional body with its technical review of the proposal under consideration.
281.343(4h)(d)2. 2. The originating party's technical review shall thoroughly analyze the proposal and provide an evaluation of the proposal sufficient for a determination of whether the proposal meets the standard of review and decision.
281.343(4h)(d)3. 3. Any member of the regional body may conduct the member's own technical review of any proposal subject to regional review.
281.343(4h)(d)4. 4. At the request of the majority of its members, the regional body shall make such arrangements as it considers appropriate for an independent technical review of a proposal.
281.343(4h)(d)5. 5. All parties shall exercise their best efforts to ensure that a technical review undertaken under subd. 3. or 4. does not unnecessarily delay the decision by the originating party on the application. Unless the applicant or the originating party otherwise requests, all technical reviews shall be completed no later than 60 days after the date the notice of the proposal was given to the regional body.
281.343(4h)(e) (e) Declaration of finding.
281.343(4h)(e)1.1. The regional body shall meet to consider a proposal. The applicant shall be provided with an opportunity to present the proposal to the regional body at such time.
281.343(4h)(e)2. 2. The regional body, having considered the notice, the originating party's technical review, any other independent technical review that is made, any comments or objections including the analysis of comments made by the public and first nations and federally recognized tribes, and any other information that is provided under this compact shall issue a declaration of finding that the proposal under consideration:
281.343(4h)(e)2.a. a. Meets the standard of review and decision;
281.343(4h)(e)2.b. b. Does not meet the standard of review and decision; or
281.343(4h)(e)2.c. c. Would meet the standard of review and decision if certain conditions were met.
281.343(4h)(e)3. 3. An originating party may decline to participate in a declaration of finding made by the regional body.
281.343(4h)(e)4. 4. The parties recognize and affirm that it is preferable for all members of the regional body to agree whether the proposal meets the standard of review and decision.
281.343(4h)(e)5. 5. If the members of the regional body who participate in the declaration of finding all agree, they shall issue a written declaration of finding with consensus.
281.343(4h)(e)6. 6. In the event that the members cannot agree, the regional body shall make every reasonable effort to achieve consensus within 25 days.
281.343(4h)(e)7. 7. Should consensus not be achieved, the regional body may issue a declaration of finding that presents different points of view and indicates each party's conclusions.
281.343(4h)(e)8. 8. The regional body shall release the declarations of finding to the public.
281.343(4h)(e)9. 9. The originating party and the council shall consider the declaration of finding before making a decision on the proposal.
281.343(4j) (4j)Water management and regulation; proposals subject to prior notice.
281.343(4j)(a)(a) Beginning no later than 5 years after the effective date of this compact, the originating party shall provide all parties and the provinces with detailed and timely notice and an opportunity to comment within 90 days on any proposal for a new or increased consumptive use of 5,000,000 gallons per day or greater average in any 90-day period. Comments shall address whether or not the proposal is consistent with the standard of review and decision. The originating party shall provide a response to any such comment received from another party.
281.343(4j)(b) (b) A party may provide notice, an opportunity to comment, and a response to comments even if this is not required under par. (a). Any provision of such notice and opportunity to comment shall be undertaken only after consulting the applicant.
281.343(4L) (4L)Water management and regulation; council actions.
281.343(4L)(a)(a) Proposals for exceptions subject to council review shall be submitted by the originating party to the council for council review, and where applicable, to the regional body for concurrent review.
281.343(4L)(b) (b) The council shall review and take action on proposals in accordance with this compact and the standard of review and decision. The council shall not take action on a proposal subject to regional review pursuant to this compact unless the proposal shall have been first submitted to and reviewed by the regional body. The council shall consider any findings resulting from such review.
281.343(4m) (4m)Water management and regulation; prohibition of new or increased diversions. All new or increased diversions are prohibited, except as provided for in sub. (4n).
281.343(4n) (4n)Water management and regulation; exceptions to the prohibition of diversions.
281.343(4n)(a)(a) Straddling communities. A proposal to transfer water to an area within a straddling community but outside the basin or outside the source Great Lake watershed shall be excepted from the prohibition against diversions and be managed and regulated by the originating party provided that, regardless of the volume of water transferred, all of the water so transferred shall be used solely for public water supply purposes within the straddling community, and:
281.343(4n)(a)1. 1. All water withdrawn from the basin shall be returned, either naturally or after use, to the source watershed less an allowance for consumptive use. No surface water or groundwater from outside the basin may be used to satisfy any portion of this criterion except if it:
281.343(4n)(a)1.a. a. Is part of a water supply or wastewater treatment system that combines water from inside and outside of the basin;
281.343(4n)(a)1.b. b. Is treated to meet applicable water quality discharge standards and to prevent the introduction of invasive species into the basin;
281.343(4n)(a)1.c. c. Maximizes the portion of water returned to the source watershed as basin water and minimizes the surface water or groundwater from outside the basin;
281.343(4n)(a)2. 2. If the proposal results from a new or increased withdrawal of 100,000 gallons per day or greater average over any 90-day period, the proposal shall also meet the exception standard; and
281.343(4n)(a)3. 3. If the proposal results in a new or increased consumptive use of 5,000,000 gallons per day or greater average over any 90-day period, the proposal shall also undergo regional review.
281.343(4n)(b) (b) Intrabasin transfer. A proposal for an intrabasin transfer that would be considered a diversion under this compact, and not already excepted pursuant to par. (a), shall be excepted from the prohibition against diversions, provided that:
281.343(4n)(b)1. 1. If the proposal results from a new or increased withdrawal of less than 100,000 gallons per day average over any 90-day period, the proposal shall be subject to management and regulation at the discretion of the originating party.
281.343(4n)(b)2. 2. If the proposal results from a new or increased withdrawal of 100,000 gallons per day or greater average over any 90-day period and if the consumptive use resulting from the withdrawal is less than 5,000,000 gallons per day average over any 90-day period:
281.343(4n)(b)2.a. a. The proposal shall meet the exception standard and be subject to management and regulation by the originating party, except that the water may be returned to another Great Lake watershed rather than the source watershed;
281.343(4n)(b)2.b. b. The applicant shall demonstrate that there is no feasible, cost-effective, and environmentally sound water supply alternative within the Great Lake watershed to which the water will be transferred, including conservation of existing water supplies; and
281.343(4n)(b)2.c. c. The originating party shall provide notice to the other parties prior to making any decision with respect to the proposal.
281.343(4n)(b)3. 3. If the proposal results in a new or increased consumptive use of 5,000,000 gallons per day or greater average over any 90-day period:
281.343(4n)(b)3.a. a. The proposal shall be subject to management and regulation by the originating party and shall meet the exception standard, ensuring that water withdrawn shall be returned to the source watershed;
281.343(4n)(b)3.b. b. The applicant shall demonstrate that there is no feasible, cost-effective, and environmentally sound water supply alternative within the Great Lake watershed to which the water will be transferred, including conservation of existing water supplies;
281.343(4n)(b)3.c. c. The proposal undergoes regional review; and
281.343(4n)(b)3.d. d. The proposal is approved by the council. Council approval shall be given unless one or more council members vote to disapprove.
281.343(4n)(c) (c) Straddling counties.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)