287.13(7)(e)2. 2. The length of time required to finance the capital cost of the facility.
287.13(7)(e)3. 3. The potential for the development of improved or alternate methods or technology for the recycling or the recovery of resources from the types of solid waste to be processed at the facility.
287.13(7m) (7m)Amendment of resolution or report. A municipality may amend an initial intent resolution adopted under sub. (6) or a comprehensive facility project description report prepared under sub. (7) before the adoption of the municipal waste flow control ordinance. If the amendment is adopted after the public hearing under sub. (9), the municipality shall publish a notice of the amendment and the opportunity for a hearing, and shall conduct a public hearing if requested by 6 or more residents of the municipality. After the public hearing, or after the deadline for requesting a hearing if none is requested, the municipality shall issue a modified determination concerning best public interest under sub. (8) and any person adversely affected by the municipality's modified determination concerning best public interest may appeal the determination under ch. 68.
287.13(8) (8)Best public interest; criteria. A municipality may determine that a required usage is in the best public interest if it finds the:
287.13(8)(a) (a) Required use will result in reuse or recovery of material from solid waste.
287.13(8)(b) (b) Required use will lessen the demand for solid waste disposal facilities.
287.13(8)(c) (c) Required use will conserve natural resources or energy.
287.13(8)(d) (d) Required use is necessary to obtain the type and quantity of solid waste necessary for operational volumes needed to make the facility economically feasible.
287.13(8)(e) (e) Alternatives to required use which may be used to obtain the necessary type and quantity of solid waste have been compiled, analyzed and considered.
287.13(8)(f) (f) Required use is consistent with planning efforts of the municipality.
287.13(8)(h) (h) Operation of the facility is technically feasible and will not result in significant adverse environmental impacts based upon a comprehensive facility project description report prepared under sub. (7).
287.13(8)(i) (i) Required use and operation of the facility will be responsive to the extent feasible with legitimate public concerns expressed at the public hearing under sub. (9).
287.13(8)(j) (j) Construction, operation, maintenance, expansion, modification and closure of the facility will comply with chs. 281, 285 and 289 to 299 and all permits, licenses and approvals required by the department will be obtained.
287.13(8)(k) (k) Proposed effective period is reasonable based upon the factors specified under sub. (7) (e) 1. to 3.
287.13(9) (9)Best public interest; hearing; appeals.
287.13(9)(a)(a) A municipality shall conduct a public hearing and permit public participation at that hearing prior to issuing any determination concerning best public interest under sub. (8).
287.13(9)(b) (b) Any person adversely affected by the municipality's determination concerning best public interest under sub. (8) may appeal the determination under ch. 68.
287.13(10) (10)Municipal waste flow control ordinance. Except as provided under sub. (4), a municipality may adopt a municipal waste flow control ordinance if the municipality adopted an appropriate initial intent resolution under sub. (6), if the municipality or, if the municipality enters into an agreement under sub. (3), the responsible municipality submitted the necessary comprehensive facility project description report required under sub. (7), if the municipality issued a determination of best public interest utilizing criteria under sub. (8) after conducting the hearing required under sub. (9) and if the facility complies with this chapter and chs. 281, 285 and 289 to 299 and all permits, licenses and approvals required by the department are obtained. The municipal waste flow control ordinance shall include:
287.13(10)(a) (a) A description of the applicable facility for the recycling of solid waste or for the recovery of resources from solid waste.
287.13(10)(b) (b) A description of the recycling or resource recovery area subject to the ordinance and for which a required use order may be issued.
287.13(10)(c) (c) A description of the types and quantities of solid waste which are subject to the ordinance and for which a required use order may be issued.
287.13(10)(d) (d) A description of the persons who are subject to the ordinance and who may be required to use the facility under a required use order.
287.13(10)(e) (e) A description of the minimums and maximums for the tipping fee, schedule of rates and other charges which may be imposed for use of the facility without amendment or revision of the ordinance.
287.13(10)(f) (f) The effective period of the municipal waste flow control ordinance. The effective period and any revision of the effective period is required to be approved by the department based upon factors specified under sub. (7) (e) 1. to 3. A municipal waste flow control ordinance is not valid after the expiration of its effective period.
287.13(10)(g) (g) A description of the methods proposed to be used to meet the recycling requirements of sub. (17).
287.13(11) (11)Required use order. A municipality may issue a required use order following the procedures required under sub. (12) if it adopted a municipal waste flow control ordinance and if the order is consistent with that ordinance. A required use order shall include:
287.13(11)(a) (a) A description of the specific recycling or resource recovery area subject to the order.
287.13(11)(b) (b) Specification of the types and quantities of solid waste subject to the order.
287.13(11)(c) (c) A summary of the plans for the use of the solid waste.
287.13(11)(d) (d) A description of the point or points where the solid waste is to be delivered or where the solid waste will be collected under the order.
287.13(11)(e) (e) A summary of the tipping fee, rates and other charges which will be imposed for use of the facility under the order.
287.13(12) (12)Negotiation. A municipality shall proceed as follows in issuing a required use order which requires use of a facility for the recycling of solid waste or for the recovery of resources from solid waste:
287.13(12)(a) (a) The municipality shall notify those persons who are subject to the required use order at least 90 days prior to the effective date of that order. The municipality shall notify in writing all licensed collectors operating in the recycling or resource recovery area at least 90 days prior to the effective date of that order. The municipality shall notify other local units of government in the recycling or resource recovery area by providing a written notice to the clerk of those units of government. The municipality shall notify in writing the owner or operator of all solid waste disposal and treatment facilities located in or serving generators located in the recycling or resource recovery area at least 90 days prior to the effective date of that order. In addition, the municipality shall publish a class 3 notice, under ch. 985, in a newspaper having general circulation in the area. Each notification shall include information specified under sub. (11) (a) to (e).
287.13(12)(b) (b) If a municipality fails to notify a person required to be notified under par. (a), the required use order is not effective and may not be enforced with respect to that person. If a municipality fails to notify the owner or operator of a solid waste disposal or treatment facility as required under par. (a), the required use order is not effective and may not be enforced with respect to that owner or operator or to a person furnishing solid waste to the owner or operator.
287.13(12)(c) (c) During the 90-day period following the notification, the municipality shall negotiate with any or all of the persons subject to or affected by the required use order and attempt to develop a contractual agreement on the terms of required usage of the facility.
287.13(12)(d) (d) In negotiating under this subsection, the municipality shall consider penalty fees, charges imposed and other financial consequences which will result from the termination of existing service contracts if a required use order takes effect and is enforced.
287.13(12)(e) (e) If a contract is not entered into on or before the end of the 90-day period, or if, in the case of a person other than a local unit of government, the person does not make adequate arrangements for the processing for reuse of the waste generated by it, the municipality shall hold a public hearing on the matter and take testimony for and against the required use of the facility.
287.13(12)(f) (f) If a contract is not entered into within 30 days after the public hearing, or if, in the case of a person other than a local unit of government, the person does not make adequate arrangements for the processing for reuse of the waste generated by it, the municipality may issue a special enforcement order requiring any person given notice to use the facility, starting on a specified date at least 30 days after the special enforcement order is issued.
287.13(12)(g) (g) The municipality shall provide procedures so that any person adversely affected by the issuance of a special enforcement order may appeal that decision under ch. 68.
287.13(13) (13)Termination of required use.
287.13(13)(a)(a) A municipality may not terminate, suspend or curtail services provided to any person required to use a facility under this section without that person's consent.
287.13(13)(b) (b) The obligations of a person under a required use order issued under this section may not be terminated or affected unless the municipality consents to the termination or revision.
287.13(13)(c) (c) A municipality shall consent to the termination or revision of a required use order if the person subject to the order establishes that solid waste generated by that person will be recycled or treated for the recovery of resources and that:
287.13(13)(c)1. 1. The proposed recycling or recovery of resources is economically efficient;
287.13(13)(c)2. 2. The proposed recycling or recovery of resources would not reduce the type or quantity of solid waste available to the facility for which the required use order was issued to such an extent that the facility could not maintain minimum operational volumes necessary to fulfill existing contractual obligations for products or energy or necessary to make the facility economically feasible; and
287.13(13)(c)3. 3. The proposed recycling or recovery of resources results in a higher or better use of solid waste resources. A higher or better use of solid waste resources results if:
287.13(13)(c)3.a. a. Recyclable or reusable materials are derived from the solid waste resources; or
287.13(13)(c)3.b. b. Energy is derived from the solid waste resources.
287.13(15) (15)Fee and rate review. The tipping fee, rates and other charges and any revision in the tipping fee, rates and other charges established by a municipality for use of a facility for the recycling of solid waste or for the recovery of resources from solid waste which is required under this section are subject to review under ch. 68.
287.13(16) (16)Permits, license and approvals; report review and fees; proof of financial responsibility.
287.13(16)(a)(a) A municipality may not construct, operate, maintain, expand, modify or close any facility for the recycling of solid waste or for the recovery of resources from solid waste in violation of chs. 281, 285 and 289 to 299 or without any license, permit or approval required by the department.
287.13(16)(b) (b) The department shall review each comprehensive facility project description report submitted under sub. (7) and may require a municipality to pay a fee to cover costs incurred by the department associated with this review.
287.13(16)(c) (c) The department may require a municipality to maintain proof of financial responsibility to ensure the availability of funds necessary for closure costs associated with the closing of a facility for the recycling of solid waste or for the recovery of resources from solid waste, and to remedy, abate or prevent hazards to public health or the environment.
287.13(17) (17)Incineration; recycling requirements.
287.13(17)(a)(a) In this subsection, "incinerator" means a device which maintains a controlled process by which solid waste is thermally altered into gases and residue containing little or no combustible material.
287.13(17)(b) (b) A municipality which adopts a waste flow control ordinance may not operate an incinerator as one of the means of recycling solid waste unless the department certifies that the requirements of par. (bg) are met.
287.13(17)(bg) (bg) Solid waste of each type to be incinerated, as determined in the air permit under s. 285.60, shall be recycled by means other than incineration to the extent of economic feasibility.
287.13(17)(e) (e) This subsection applies to incinerators in operation on and after July 1, 1989.
287.13 History History: 1983 a. 27, 192, 425; Stats. 1983 s. 144.794; 1985 a. 120; 1987 a. 27; 1989 a. 31; 1989 a. 56 ss. 177, 259; 1989 a. 335 ss. 57 to 57j, 59, 61 to 63; Stats. 1989 s. 159.13; 1991 a. 39; 1993 a. 112; 1995 a. 227 s. 896; Stats. 1995 s. 287.13; 2009 a. 50; 2013 a. 1.
287.15 287.15 Waste oil collection and recycling.
287.15(1) (1) Definitions. As used in this section, unless the content requires otherwise:
287.15(1)(a) (a) "Automotive engine oil" means any oil to be used in the engine or crankcase of a motor vehicle.
287.15(1)(b) (b) "Consumer" means a person who, for personal or family purposes, purchases or uses automotive engine oil or generates, collects, stores or transports engine waste oil in quantities of less than 200 gallons per year.
287.15(1)(c) (c) "Engine waste oil" means automotive engine oil after it is used and removed from the engine or crankcase of a motor vehicle but before that oil is recycled.
287.15(1)(d) (d) "Fuel oil" means any oil to be burned to produce heat.
287.15(1)(e) (e) "Motor vehicle" means any vehicle propelled by an internal combustion engine and includes any automobile, truck, bus, motorcycle, snowmobile or vehicle which travels on or off roads or highways.
287.15(1)(f) (f) "Reclaimed oil" means engine waste oil which is processed by settling, dehydration, filtration or mixing, or combinations of those procedures, which removes some of the harmful physical and chemical characteristics which are acquired through use.
287.15(1)(g) (g) "Recycled oil" means re-refined oil or reclaimed oil.
287.15(1)(h) (h) "Re-refined oil" means engine waste oil which is processed by high temperature distillation and chemical treatment or any other process which removes all harmful physical and chemical characteristics acquired through use.
287.15(1)(i) (i) "Retail sales establishment" means a person who is engaged in the business of selling automotive engine oil to consumers.
287.15(1)(j) (j) "Service establishment" means a person who is engaged in the business of servicing and removing automotive engine oil from motor vehicles for consumers.
287.15(1)(k) (k) "Waste oil" means any oil after use or which is contaminated through storage or handling before that oil is recycled.
287.15(2) (2)Waste oil collection.
287.15(2)(a)(a) Retail sales establishment. A retail sales establishment:
287.15(2)(a)1. 1. Shall maintain an engine waste oil collection facility for the temporary storage of engine waste oil returned by consumers and post at least one sign at the location of sale which contains wording similar to: "Engine waste oil collection facility. Please return your waste oil here."; or
287.15(2)(a)2. 2. Shall post at least one sign at the location of sale which contains wording similar to: "Engine waste oil can be recycled. Please return your waste oil to a waste oil storage facility. The nearest waste oil storage facility is located .... and is open ....". The sign shall describe the location and the days and hours of operation.
287.15(2)(b) (b) Approved waste oil collection facilities. The department shall establish by rule standards for the approval of certain types of facilities to be used for engine waste oil collection.
287.15(2)(c) (c) Exemption. An engine waste oil collection facility maintained by a retail sales establishment which is of a type approved by the department is exempt from the rules promulgated under s. 289.05 (1) and need not be licensed as a solid waste disposal facility under subch. III of ch. 289.
287.15(2)(d) (d) Compliance with solid and hazardous waste regulations. Except as provided under par. (c), no person may maintain or operate an engine waste oil collection facility unless the person complies with the requirements of chs. 289 and 291 and rules promulgated under those chapters with respect to that facility.
287.15(3) (3)Waste oil storage facilities.
287.15(3)(a)(a) Required storage facilities.
287.15(3)(a)1.1. As used in this paragraph, "adequate engine waste oil storage facilities" means at least the minimum number of separate engine waste oil storage facilities each with a capacity of at least 250 gallons, approved by the department and accessible to the public. The department shall establish standards for the approval of certain types of facilities to be used for engine waste oil storage. These standards may allow the same facility to serve as an engine waste oil collection facility and an engine waste oil storage facility.
287.15(3)(a)2. 2. The minimum number of engine waste oil facilities for a city, village or town located in a county with a population of 50,000 or more is:
287.15(3)(a)2.a. a. Zero if the population is less than 3,500.
287.15(3)(a)2.b. b. One if the population is at least 3,500 but less than 25,000.
287.15(3)(a)2.c. c. Two if the population is at least 25,000 but less than 100,000.
287.15(3)(a)2.d. d. Three if the population is at least 100,000, plus one for each additional 100,000 of population.
287.15(3)(a)3. 3. The minimum number of engine waste oil storage facilities for a county with a population under 50,000 is one.
287.15(3)(a)4. 4. A city, village or town located in a county with a population of 50,000 or more shall provide for adequate engine waste oil storage facilities if these facilities do not exist.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)