295.60(8)(dm) (dm) Types of mitigation. Mitigation under a program under par. (am) may be accomplished through any of the following types:
295.60(8)(dm)1. 1. Implementation of a project for mitigation by an applicant or other person approved by the department.
295.60(8)(dm)2. 2. Purchase of mitigation credits from a mitigation bank for a site in a mitigation bank that is located anywhere in the state, subject to par. (e).
295.60(8)(dm)3. 3. Purchase of mitigation credits from a mitigation bank established prior to February 1, 2002, if the department determines that the bank sponsor is in compliance with any applicable memorandum of understanding between the bank sponsor and the department.
295.60(8)(dm)4. 4. Participation in the in lieu fee subprogram, if such a subprogram is established under s. 281.36 (3r) (e).
295.60(8)(e) (e) Ceded territory. If a mining operation is located in whole or in part within the ceded territory, any mitigation, including mitigation accomplished through the purchase of mitigation bank credits and the in lieu fee subprogram that is authorized or required by the department, that will be required to compensate for adverse impacts to wetlands located in the ceded territory shall occur within the ceded territory. If the department determines under par. (d) that mitigation will occur within a certain watershed or water basin and if the watershed or water basin is not located totally in the ceded territory, the mitigation shall occur within that part of the watershed or water basin that is located in the ceded territory.
295.60(9) (9)Subsequent protection for wetlands.
295.60(9)(a)(a) If a wetland individual permit issued under this section, or other approval that required a wetland impact evaluation, authorizes a mitigation project, the person who is the holder of the permit or approval shall grant a conservation easement under s. 700.40 to the department or shall execute a comparable legal instrument to ensure that a wetland that is being restored, enhanced, created, or preserved will not be destroyed or substantially degraded by any subsequent proprietor of or holder of interest in the property on which the wetland is located. The department shall suspend the mining permit if the holder of the permit fails to grant the easement or execute this instrument within the time limit set forth in the mining permit. If the holder subsequently grants the conservation easement or executes the instrument, the department shall reinstate the mining permit.
295.60(9)(b) (b) Notwithstanding par. (a), the department shall modify or release a conservation easement granted under par. (a) or shall void a comparable legal instrument executed under par. (a) if all of the following apply:
295.60(9)(b)1. 1. The department determines that part or all of a wetland subject to the mitigation project ceases to be a wetland.
295.60(9)(b)2. 2. The person who is required to grant the conservation easement or execute the legal instrument did not contribute to the loss of the wetland specified in subd. 1.
295.60(9)(b)3. 3. Any subsequent proprietor of or holder of interest in the property on which the wetland specified in subd. 1. is located did not contribute to the loss of the wetland.
295.60(10) (10)Exemptions.
295.60(10)(a)(a) Artificial wetlands. All of the following artificial wetlands that are associated with a mining operation or bulk sampling are exempt from the wetland individual permit and mitigation requirements under this section, from the general permit requirements under s. 281.36 (3g), and from any requirement for any other approval for which a wetland impact evaluation is required:
295.60(10)(a)1. 1. An artificial wetland that is a sedimentation or stormwater detention basin or associated conveyance feature operated and maintained only for sediment detention and flood storage purposes.
295.60(10)(a)2. 2. An artificial wetland that is an active sewage lagoon, cooling pond, waste disposal pit, fish rearing pond, or landscape pond.
295.60(10)(a)3. 3. An artificial wetland that is an actively maintained farm drainage or roadside ditch.
295.60(10)(a)4. 4. An artificial wetland as part of an active mining operation.
295.60(10)(b) (b) Other exempted activities. All of the following activities that are associated with a mining operation or bulk sampling are exempt from the wetland individual permit and mitigation requirements under this section, from the general permit requirements under s. 281.36 (3g), and from any requirement for any other approval for which a wetland impact evaluation is required if the applicant minimizes any adverse effect on the environment as a result of any of these activities:
295.60(10)(b)1. 1. Maintenance, emergency repair, or reconstruction of damaged parts of structures that are in use in a wetland.
295.60(10)(b)2. 2. Construction or maintenance of irrigation ditches.
295.60(10)(b)3. 3. Construction or maintenance of farm roads, forest roads, or temporary mining roads that is performed in accordance with best management practices, as determined by the department.
295.60(10)(b)4. 4. Maintenance of drainage ditches.
295.60(10)(c) (c) An exemption under par. (a) or (b) does not apply to a federal wetland if the exemption conflicts with 33 USC 1344.
295.60(11) (11)Relationship to other laws. None of the following apply to a mining operation or bulk sampling:
295.60(11)(a) (a) Section 281.36, except as otherwise specifically provided in this section.
295.60(11)(b) (b) Any rule promulgated under s. 281.36, except as otherwise specifically provided in this section.
295.60(11)(c) (c) Any other rule promulgated by the department that relates to wetlands that conflicts with this section.
295.60 History History: 2013 a. 1; 2013 a. 168 s. 21.
295.605 295.605 Impacts to navigable waters.
295.605(1) (1) Definition. In this section, "navigable water activity" means an activity for which an approval is required under s. 30.12, 30.123, 30.19, 30.195, or 30.20.
295.605(1m) (1m)Limitation. This section does not apply to any navigable water activity associated with a mining operation if the application for the approval for the navigable water activity is filed after the department issues a mining permit for the mining operation.
295.605(2) (2)Approval required. No person may engage in any navigable water activity associated with bulk sampling or mining unless the person has been granted an approval as provided under sub. (4).
295.605(3) (3)Application; riparian status.
295.605(3)(a)(a) For purposes of an approval under ss. 30.12, 30.123, 30.19, 30.195, and 30.20, a person who is not the owner of a piece of riparian property may exercise a riparian right held by the owner of the piece of riparian property if any of the following apply:
295.605(3)(a)1. 1. The person leases the piece of riparian property from the owner.
295.605(3)(a)2. 2. The person holds an easement on the piece of riparian property and the easement authorizes the person to exercise that riparian right.
295.605(3)(b) (b) If a person is applying for more than one approval for a navigable water activity, the person may file a single application. The application shall include any information requested by the department under s. 295.45 (3).
295.605(4) (4)Requirements.
295.605(4)(a)(a) Generally. The department shall grant an approval for a navigable water activity if the navigable water activity meets all of the following requirements:
295.605(4)(a)1. 1. The navigable water activity will not significantly impair public rights and interests in a navigable water.
295.605(4)(a)2. 2. The navigable water activity will not significantly reduce the effective flood flow capacity of a stream.
295.605(4)(a)3. 3. The navigable water activity will not significantly affect the rights of riparian owners or the applicant obtains the consent of the riparian owners.
295.605(4)(a)4. 4. The navigable water activity will not significantly degrade water quality.
295.605(4)(b) (b) Measures. The person applying for the approval shall submit a plan to the department containing proposed measures to meet the requirements under par. (a) and a proposed schedule for implementing the measures. The plan shall include one or more of the following measures:
295.605(4)(b)1. 1. Measures to offset significant impacts to navigable waters by providing public access to, restoring, or enlarging up to 1.5 acres, but not less than one acre, of navigable waters in exchange for each acre of navigable waters that is significantly impacted.
295.605(4)(b)2. 2. Measures to improve public rights or interests in navigable waters.
295.605(4)(b)3. 3. Measures to offset significant impacts to water quality or quantity.
295.605(4)(b)4. 4. Measures to enhance flood storage.
295.605(4)(b)5. 5. A mitigation program as provided under s. 295.60 (8).
295.605(4)(b)6. 6. Conservation measures as provided in s. 295.61.
295.605(4)(bg) (bg) Measures excluded from consideration. In determining if a navigable water activity meets the requirements under par. (a) with regard to a navigable water, the department may not consider any proposed measure under par. (b) if the navigable water is any of the following:
295.605(4)(bg)1. 1. A perennial stream, if the drainage area of the portion of the stream upstream from the farthest downstream point of the navigable water activity is more than 2 square miles. In this subdivision, "perennial stream" means a stream that has a continuous flow every day of every year in which there is average precipitation.
295.605(4)(bg)2. 2. A navigable water, other than a stream, that is more than 2 acres in area every day of every year in which there is average precipitation and that is not a freeze-out pond, as defined in s. 29.001 (29).
295.605(4)(bg)3. 3. A class I, class II, or class III trout stream.
295.605(4)(bn) (bn) Plan review; finding. In reviewing the plan, the department may require that measures that are in addition to, or in conjunction with, one or more of the measures specified in par. (b) 1. to 6. be included in the plan. After reviewing the plan and application, if the department finds that the requirements under par. (a) will be met by implementing some or all of the measures contained in the plan, the department shall determine which measures shall be required, shall approve a schedule for implementation, and shall grant the approval.
295.605(4)(c) (c) Applicability of requirements. The requirements that are specified in par. (a) 1. to 4. are in lieu of any requirements required for approvals under ss. 30.12 (3m) (c), 30.123 (8) (c), 30.19 (4) (c), 30.195 (2) (c), and 30.20, including those that relate to the state's or public's interests, and shall be used, in conjunction with the measures required under par. (b), in any evaluation by the department pursuant to 33 USC 1341.
295.605(5) (5)Approval conditions. The department may impose conditions in an approval for a navigable water activity that it determines to be necessary to ensure that the navigable water activities subject to the approval meet the requirements under sub. (4) (a).
295.605(6) (6)Relationship to other laws.
295.605(6)(a)(a) Chapter 30 and any rules promulgated under that chapter apply to any navigable water activity subject to this section to the extent that they do not conflict with this section, except as provided in par. (b).
295.605(6)(b) (b) Sections 30.209 and 30.2095 and any rules promulgated under those sections, do not apply to any navigable water activity that is subject to this section.
295.605 History History: 2013 a. 1.
295.607 295.607 Shoreland and floodplain zoning.
295.607(1) (1)
295.607(1)(a)(a) In this section:
295.607(1)(a)1. 1. "Development or construction activity" means a waste site, structure, building, fill, or other development or construction activity.
295.607(1)(a)2. 2. "Shoreland zoning ordinance" means a shoreland zoning ordinance or regulation adopted under s. 59.692, 61.351, 61.353, 62.231, 62.233, or 281.31.
295.607(2) (2)
295.607(2)(a)(a) The department may not prohibit a development or construction activity to be located in an area that would otherwise be prohibited under a shoreland zoning ordinance if the development or construction activity is authorized by the department as part of a mining operation covered by a mining permit under s. 295.58.
295.607(2)(b) (b) A development or construction activity located in an area that would otherwise be prohibited under a shoreland zoning ordinance does not violate the applicable ordinance if the development or construction activity is authorized by the department as part of a mining operation covered by a mining permit under s. 295.58. No shoreland zoning variance is required for a development or construction activity located as provided under this paragraph.
295.607(3) (3) A municipal floodplain zoning ordinance under s. 87.30 may not prohibit development or construction activity authorized by the department as part of a mining operation covered by a mining permit under s. 295.58, except to the extent necessary for the municipality to which the floodplain zoning ordinance applies to maintain eligibility for participation in the National Flood Insurance Program.
295.607 History History: 2013 a. 1, 80.
295.61 295.61 Withdrawals of surface waters and groundwater.
295.61(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
295.61(1)(a) (a) "Authorized base level of water loss" has the meaning given in s. 281.35 (1) (b).
295.61(1)(b) (b) "Environmentally sound and economically feasible water conservation measures" has the meaning given in s. 281.346 (1) (i).
295.61(1)(c) (c) "Great Lakes basin" has the meaning given in s. 281.35 (1) (d).
295.61(1)(d) (d) "High capacity well" has the meaning given in s. 281.34 (1) (b).
295.61(1)(e) (e) "Interbasin diversion" has the meaning given in s. 281.35 (1) (g).
295.61(1)(em) (em) "Riparian restoration project" means a project that will restore or enhance the natural beneficial uses and value of a watercourse.
295.61(1)(f) (f) "Upper Mississippi River basin" has the meaning given in s. 281.35 (1) (j).
295.61(1)(g) (g) Unless the context otherwise requires, "use" includes dewatering.
295.61(1)(h) (h) "Water loss" has the meaning given in s. 281.35 (1) (L).
295.61(1)(i) (i) "Withdrawal" has the meaning given in s. 281.35 (1) (m).
295.61(2) (2)Permit required. No person may engage in any withdrawal or use of surface water as part of a mining operation or bulk sampling, including a withdrawal or use associated with a system or plant under s. 281.41, unless the person has been issued a water withdrawal permit under this section. No person may engage in any withdrawal or use of groundwater, including a withdrawal or use associated with a system or plant under s. 281.41, as part of a mining operation or bulk sampling if the capacity and rate of withdrawal of all wells involved in the withdrawal of groundwater or in the dewatering of mines exceeds 100,000 gallons each day unless the person has been issued a water withdrawal permit under this section.
295.61(3) (3)Permit application.
295.61(3)(a)(a) Application. A person applying for a water withdrawal permit is required to submit only one application. An application for a water withdrawal permit shall include any information requested by the department under s. 295.45 (3).
295.61(3)(am) (am) Applicant status.
295.61(3)(am)1.1. A person is not required to be the owner of a piece of riparian property in order to obtain a permit to withdraw surface water from that piece of riparian property if any of the following applies:
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)