It is the public policy of this state that, so far as possible, the board of harbor commissioners shall have exclusive control of the commercial aspects of the day-to-day operation of the public harbor and public harbor facilities, as set forth in sub. (8)
, and the governing body of the municipality shall have exclusive control of the governmental aspects relating to public health, order and safety. No municipality may exercise the powers set forth in subs. (8) (a)
, except through a board of harbor commissioners.
Insofar as consistent with the principle set forth in par. (b)
, all powers not expressly conferred upon the board of harbor commissioners are reserved to the governing body of the municipality.
(2) Municipal departments to assist board of harbor commissioners.
A board of harbor commissioners may make written requests to any other officer or agency of the municipality for assistance in the performance of its duties and such officer or agency shall comply with such request if the requested assistance involves the type of work normally performed by such officer or agency and the assistance will not substantially affect the budget of such officer or agency. If a difference arises between the officer or agency and the board as to whether such officer or agency is required to render the requested assistance, the ruling of the governing body of the municipality with respect thereto shall be final.
(3) Contract procedures.
In the letting of work relative to the construction, repair or maintenance of a harbor or harbor facility or in the purchase of equipment, supplies or materials relative to carrying out its powers and duties, a board of harbor commissioners shall be governed by the procedures and requirements set forth in s. 30.32
(4) Title to lands and facilities.
Title to harbor lands and facilities shall vest in the municipality.
(5) Planning and effectuating harbor improvements.
A board of harbor commissioners shall make such plans as it deems necessary for the improvement of the harbor over which it has jurisdiction, so as to adequately provide for the needs of commerce and shipping, including the efficient handling of freight and passenger traffic between the waterways of the harbor and air and land transportation terminals. Among other things, such planning may include plans for the acquisition of land for harbor purposes, including industrial sites, plans for laying out service roads, plans for the construction and acquisition of harbor facilities designed to enlarge or improve harbor operations, and plans for the improvement of publicly-owned harbor facilities. In planning for service roads the board shall seek the advice and cooperation of the local highway authorities and in all cases shall seek the advice and cooperation of the municipal planning agency, if any. The board shall not carry out any such plans until they have been submitted to and approved by the governing body of the municipality. When such plans have been so approved, either as submitted or in modified form, the board shall be in charge of carrying such plans into effect.
(6) Leasing harbor lands and facilities.
A board of harbor commissioners may lease to any party, either for exclusive or common use, such parcels of publicly-owned harbor lands or such publicly-owned harbor facilities as it deems expedient, provided such lease is for any purpose or use requiring, involving or connected with the construction, operation, maintenance or use of any harbor facility. Such board may also lease, for revenue purposes, any of the publicly-owned harbor lands under its jurisdiction, not actually in use for harbor purposes, to be used for any purpose deemed satisfactory to the board. No leases of municipally-owned harbor lands or harbor facilities made pursuant to this subsection are valid until approved by the governing body of the municipality, unless such governing body has authorized the board to make such leases without its approval.
(7) Maintenance of harbor facilities.
The board of harbor commissioners shall be in charge of the maintenance of the public harbor facilities. To the extent that funds, including revenue from harbor operations, are available for such purpose, the board may make repairs to harbor facilities without first obtaining the consent of the governing body of the municipality.
A board of harbor commissioners shall have exclusive control over the commercial aspects of the day-to-day operation of the public harbor and public harbor facilities. Among other things the board may:
Operate publicly-owned or leased wharf and terminal facilities and handling equipment.
Operate publicly-owned railroad beltlines or other essential railroad facilities, or lease railroad facilities.
Assign berths at publicly-owned or leased harbor facilities.
Maintain guards at publicly-owned or leased harbor facilities.
When so authorized by the municipal governing body, a board of harbor commissioners also may:
Operate airport facilities owned or leased by the municipality and located on or contiguous to the harbor lands.
Operate municipal harbor craft, such as fireboats, tugs, dredges, barges, lighters and inspection boats.
Acquire, charter and operate vessels for use in domestic and foreign commerce.
In lieu of operating the publicly-owned harbor facilities, a board of harbor commissioners may lease such facilities for operation by the lessee, but the board shall retain such control over the lessee as will enable it to make certain that the harbor is operated in accordance with the public policy set forth in par. (e)
. No lease of municipally-owned facilities is valid until approved by the governing body of the municipality, unless such governing body has authorized the board to make such lease without its approval.
A board of harbor commissioners may adopt rules to facilitate the exercise of its powers and duties under this subsection. Copies of such rules shall be made available to interested persons upon request.
In exercising its powers under this subsection, a board of harbor commissioners shall be guided by a policy designed to maintain the operation of the harbor in a continuous, peaceful and efficient manner and shall maintain its services so as to effectuate this policy and shall handle without discrimination, any valid and legitimate cargo. But nothing in this subsection shall prevent the board or its lessees from adopting reasonable rules regarding noxious cargo or explosives.
A board of harbor commissioners shall have no jurisdiction over public bridges.
(9) Fixing fees.
A board of harbor commissioners shall fix and regulate all fees and charges for use of the publicly owned and operated harbor facilities and for other services rendered. All such fees and charges are subject to the approval of the governing body of the municipality. Copies of the schedule of fees and charges shall be made available to interested persons upon request. Equal fees shall be charged for equal services except that higher fees may be charged for boats that are used for recreational purposes, that do not carry passengers for a fee and that are one or more of the following:
Owned by persons who are not residents of this state.
(10) Accounts and statistics.
A board of harbor commissioners shall maintain an adequate system of accounts with respect to its operations, which system of accounts shall be in conformity with the system used by the municipality. The board also shall maintain statistics with respect to the traffic and finances of the port.
(11) Promotion activities.
A board of harbor commissioners may engage in activities designed to promote trade and traffic through the port and for this purpose may, among other things, make representations before official public bodies and intervene in rate case proceedings.
(12) Responsibilities relative to joint harbors.
If a board of harbor commissioners is in charge of a harbor which lies partly in this state and partly in another state, the board shall be the official body that represents the interests of the municipality that created the board in such joint harbor, including the harbor's facilities and shipping interests. The board shall study the needs of the joint harbor, including the harbor's facilities and shipping interests, with reference to both its joint aspects and its aspects relating to this state. The board from time to time shall make such recommendations, as the board considers needful and practical, to the proper authorities for the proper maintenance, improvement and betterment of the joint harbor, including the harbor's facilities and shipping interests. The board may take steps within its power as seem practicable to cause such recommendations to be carried into effect. The board may also meet and act jointly with the agency representing the interests of the other state in the joint harbor, on matters of common interest and which affect the joint harbor including the harbor's facilities. It may join with such agency in adopting a general plan for the development of the joint harbor and in making such other recommendations as seem advisable and may act jointly with such agency in doing all things within its power to cause such plans and recommendations to be carried into effect.
(13) Funds; disbursements; net revenue. 30.38(13)(a)(a)
All moneys appropriated to a board of harbor commissioners, all revenues derived from the operation of the public harbor except in the case of a joint harbor revenue from joint improvements before division thereof, and all other revenues of the board shall be paid into the municipal treasury and credited to the harbor fund, except that revenues assigned or pledged under s. 30.35 (6)
shall be paid into the fund or funds provided for in the ordinance or resolution authorizing the issuance of the bonds and shall be applied in accordance with that ordinance or resolution.
Subject to the limitations and conditions otherwise expressed in this section and to a budget approved by the municipal governing body, moneys in the harbor fund may be used for the acquisition, construction, improvement, repair, maintenance, operation and administration of the public harbor and harbor facilities and for the acquisition, chartering and operation of vessels under sub. (8) (b) 3.
Except as provided in s. 30.34 (4)
, such moneys shall be paid out of the harbor fund only on orders signed by the president and secretary of the board, or some other official authorized by the board, after the allowance of claims by the board or on orders entered in the minutes of the board. Disbursements from the harbor fund shall be audited as other municipal disbursements are audited; however, the board may determine on some other procedure it deems appropriate for the consideration of claims and the reporting thereof notwithstanding the provisions of this paragraph. If a procedure other than that set forth in this paragraph is prescribed by the board, the approval of the chief auditing officer shall be obtained.
At the end of each fiscal year, the board shall compute its net revenue, if any, after paying the costs of operating, maintaining and improving the harbor. Thereupon, the board shall certify the amount of such net revenue, if any, to the municipal treasurer who shall cause such amount to be transferred from the harbor fund to the general fund of the municipality.
(14) Reports of expenditures.
A board of harbor commissioners shall, on or before October 1 of each year, file with the clerk of the municipality which created the board, a detailed statement of the amount of money that will be required to meet its expenses and needs for the ensuing year, and the clerk shall place such statement before the governing body in due course so that it may levy such taxes and make such appropriations as it deems practical to defray the expenses and meet the needs and requirements of the board in the performance of its functions.
(15) Annual reports.
A board of harbor commissioners shall make a report annually to the governing body of the municipality which created it, giving an account of its activities and an account of its revenues and expenditures in the preceding calendar year. Such report may contain such other matters as the board deems of interest, including such recommendations as it deems to be for the best interest of the municipality and its harbor, harbor facilities and shipping interests.
A fee assessed for revenue purposes, which bears no relation to the costs of maintaining harbor facilities, is a tax that is not authorized under sub. (9). Racine Marina Associates v. City of Racine, 175 Wis. 2d 614
, 499 N.W.2d 715
(Ct. App. 1993).
LOWER WISCONSIN STATE RIVERWAY
Subch. IV of ch. 30 Cross-reference
See also RB and s. NR 103.04
, Wis. adm. code.
"Agricultural use" means beekeeping; dairying; egg production; feedlots; grazing; floriculture; raising of livestock; raising of poultry; raising of fruits, nuts and berries; raising of grains, grass, mint and seed crops; raising of vegetables; and sod farming.
"Bluff zone" means land in the riverway in the areas that are 200 feet in width from behind the bluff line to 100 feet below the bluff line.
"Board" means the Lower Wisconsin State Riverway board.
"Forester" means a person who is employed by the department to carry out assigned forest management responsibilities or who has received a bachelor's or higher degree from a school of forestry with curriculum accredited by the society of American foresters in the management of forest resources.
"High-voltage transmission line" means a conductor of electric energy exceeding one mile in length designed for operation at a nominal voltage of 100 kilovolts or more, together with associated facilities or structures.
"Highway" means a way or thoroughfare, except a waterway, that is used for vehicular travel by the public.
"Modify" means to renovate, remodel, expand in size or otherwise change a structure that is not damaged or destroyed.
"Person" means a natural person, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, cooperative, unincorporated cooperative association, municipality or other local governmental unit, private or public utility, municipal power district, estate or trust, the United States, a federal agency, the state of Wisconsin or a state agency.
Notwithstanding s. 30.01 (5)
, "pier" means a structure extending into the river from the shore with water on both sides.
"Private drive" means a way in private ownership that is used for vehicular travel upon a single parcel of real property.
"Private road" means a way or thoroughfare in private ownership and used for vehicular travel between 2 or more parcels of real property, not under common ownership, and a highway.
"Public access site" means a site owned by the state or a municipality and that provides public access to the river for boats and for recreational users. "Public access site" includes a structure in conjunction with the site that is necessary for the operation and use by the public of the site.
"Recreational trail" means an unpaved trail or pathway that is used for recreational purposes and is not necessary for access to the river due to the difficulty of the terrain.
"Refuse" means combustible and noncombustible rubbish, including, but not limited to, ashes, paper, glass, cloth, wood, metal and litter.
"River" means the Wisconsin River downstream from the dam at Prairie du Sac.
"River edge zone" means land in the riverway in the areas that begin from the point at which tree growth begins at the edge of the river and that extend 75 feet landward from that point.
"Riverway" means the area within the boundaries of the Lower Wisconsin State Riverway.
"Stairway" means a structure constructed of wood or other material that is necessary due to the steepness of a slope for access to the river.
"Structure" means a building, facility or other unit that is constructed or otherwise erected.
"Timber" means standing trees which, because of their size, quality and number, are marketable.
"Utility facility" means any pipe, pipeline, duct, wire line, conduit, pole, tower, equipment or other structure used for one of the following:
The transmission or distribution of electrical power or light that is not a high-voltage transmission line.
The transmission, distribution or delivery of heat, water, gas, sewer, telegraph or telecommunication services.
"Visible from the river" means possible to be seen from any point on the river.
"Visually inconspicuous" means difficult to be seen and not readily noticeable from any point on the river during the time when the leaves are on the deciduous trees.
"Walkway" means a paved or unpaved trail or pathway or a structure constructed of wood or other material that is necessary due to the difficulty of the terrain for access to the river.
"Waterproof container" means a can, bucket, bag, box or other similar receptacle made of a material that retains its usefulness when exposed to water.
Notwithstanding s. 30.01 (8)
, "wharf" means a structure in the river extending along the shore and generally connected with the uplands throughout its length.
"Woody vegetation" includes trees that are not timber.
There is created a Lower Wisconsin State Riverway consisting of land as designated by the natural resources board.
The department shall publish as an appendix to ch. NR 45
, Wis. adm. code, a map and a description of the riverway.
History: 1989 a. 31
Departmental duties, powers, prohibitions. 30.42(1)(a)
Manage the land in the riverway under its ownership, supervision, management or control in conformity with ss. 30.40
Promote to the recreational users of the riverway an appreciation of the physical characteristics of the riverway and an appreciation of the local history, traditions and culture of the river valley.
Consult with the board and with municipalities located at least in part in or adjacent to the riverway on issues concerning the riverway.
Promulgate rules that are applicable only to land in the riverway to regulate the cutting and harvesting of timber so that the effect of cutting or harvesting of timber on the scenic beauty and the natural value of the riverway is minimized. For land that is in the river edge zone or the bluff zone, the rules promulgated under this paragraph shall require that the cutting and harvesting of timber be solely by selection cutting and that the minimum basal area for the residual stand of timber be 60 square feet per acre. The rules promulgated under this paragraph do not apply to any cutting or harvesting of timber subject to regulation under s. 30.43 (3)
For purposes of subd. 1.
, the department shall, by rule, define "basal area" and "selection cutting".