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302.31 Annotation DOC has discretion to keep its detainees in a county jail, but sheriffs in their capacity as custodians of the jails have authority to refuse to keep DOC detainees if doing so will endanger jail safety. DOC v. Kliesmet, 211 Wis. 2d 254, 564 N.W.2d 742 (1997), 96-2292.
302.31 Annotation Out-of-state prisoners may be housed by the state, a county, or a municipality only as authorized by statute, which is currently limited to the Interstate Corrections Compact, s. 302.25. OAG 2-99.
302.315 302.315 Use of county house of correction. A county house of correction may be used for the detention of any person detained in the county jail but the person shall be separated, if feasible, from the inmates of the house of correction in a manner determined by the department.
302.315 History History: 1977 c. 126; 1989 a. 31 s. 1647; Stats. 1989 s. 302.315.
302.33 302.33 Maintenance of prisoners in county jail; state payments to counties and tribal governing bodies.
302.33(1)(1) The maintenance of persons who have been sentenced to the state penal institutions; persons in the custody of the department, except as provided in sub. (2) and ss. 301.048 (7), 302.113 (8m), and 302.114 (8m); persons accused of crime and committed for trial; persons committed for the nonpayment of fines and expenses; and persons sentenced to imprisonment therein, while in the county jail, shall be paid out of the county treasury. No claim may be allowed to any sheriff for keeping or boarding any person in the county jail unless the person was lawfully detained therein.
302.33(2) (2)
302.33(2)(a)(a) The department shall pay for the maintenance of persons in its custody who are placed in the county jail or other county facility, or in a tribal jail under s. 302.445, pending disposition of parole, extended supervision or probation revocation proceedings subject to the following conditions:
302.33(2)(a)1. 1. The department shall make payments under this paragraph beginning when an offender is detained in a county jail or other county facility, or in a tribal jail under s. 302.445, pursuant only to a departmental hold and ending when the revocation process is completed and a final order of the department of corrections or the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration has been entered.
302.33(2)(a)2. 2. The department shall not pay for persons who have pending criminal charges whether or not a departmental hold has been placed on the person. Payment for maintenance by the department is limited to confinements where an offender is held solely because of conduct which violates the offender's supervision and which would not otherwise constitute a criminal offense.
302.33(2)(a)3. 3. After verification by the department, it shall reimburse the county or tribal governing body at a rate of $36 per person per day prior to January 1, 1993, and $40 per person per day thereafter, subject to the conditions in subds. 1. and 2. If the amount provided under s. 20.410 (1) (bn) for any fiscal year is insufficient to provide complete reimbursement at that rate, the department shall prorate the payments under this subdivision to counties or tribal governing bodies for that fiscal year. The department shall not reimburse a county or tribal governing body unless that county or tribal governing body informs the department of the amount of reimbursement to which it is entitled under this subsection no later than September 1 of the fiscal year following the fiscal year for which reimbursement is requested.
302.33(2)(b) (b) This subsection applies only to probationers, parolees or persons on extended supervision who were placed on that status in connection with a conviction for a felony. This subsection applies only to confinements initiated after July 2, 1983.
302.33(2)(c) (c) The department shall make payments under this subsection to the applicable county or tribal governing body on the basis of where the person is actually confined.
302.335 302.335 Restrictions on detaining probationers, parolees and persons on extended supervision in county or tribal jail.
302.335(1) (1) In this section, "division" means the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration.
302.335(2) (2) If a probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision is detained in a county jail or other county facility, or in a tribal jail under s. 302.445, pending disposition of probation, parole or extended supervision revocation proceedings, the following conditions apply:
302.335(2)(a) (a) The department shall begin a preliminary revocation hearing within 15 working days after the probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision is detained in the county jail, other county facility or the tribal jail. The department may extend, for cause, this deadline by not more than 5 additional working days upon written notice to the probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision and the sheriff, the tribal chief of police or other person in charge of the county facility. This paragraph does not apply under any of the following circumstances:
302.335(2)(a)1. 1. The probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision has waived, in writing, the right to a preliminary hearing.
302.335(2)(a)2. 2. The probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision has given and signed a written statement that admits the violation.
302.335(2)(a)3. 3. There has been a finding of probable cause in a felony criminal action and the probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision is bound over for trial for the same or similar conduct that is alleged to be a violation of supervision.
302.335(2)(a)4. 4. There has been an adjudication of guilt by a court for the same conduct that is alleged to be a violation of supervision.
302.335(2)(b) (b) The division shall begin a final revocation hearing within 50 calendar days after the person is detained in the county jail, other county facility or the tribal jail. The department may request the division to extend this deadline by not more than 10 additional calendar days, upon notice to the probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision, the sheriff, the tribal chief of police or other person in charge of the facility, and the division. The division may grant the request. This paragraph does not apply if the probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision has waived the right to a final revocation hearing.
302.335(3) (3) If there is a failure to begin a hearing within the time requirements under sub. (2), the sheriff, the tribal chief of police or other person in charge of a county facility shall notify the department at least 24 hours before releasing a probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision under this subsection.
302.335(4) (4) This section applies to probationers, parolees or persons on extended supervision who begin detainment in a county jail, other county facility or a tribal jail on or after July 1, 1990, except that this section does not apply to any probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision who is in the county jail, other facility or the tribal jail and serving a sentence.
302.335 History History: 1989 a. 121; 1991 a. 39; 1993 a. 48; 1997 a. 283.
302.335 Annotation The sub. (2) (b) requirement that a hearing be held within 50 days of detention is directory, not mandatory. State ex rel. Jones v. Division of Hearings and Appeals, 195 Wis. 2d 669, 536 N.W.2d 213 (Ct. App. 1995), 94-3378.
302.336 302.336 County jail in populous counties.
302.336(1) (1) A county having a population of 500,000 or more shall provide, as part of its county jail, for the confinement of all persons arrested for violation of state laws or municipal ordinances or otherwise detained by police officers of a 1st class city located within the county. A contribution toward the construction and equipment of the county jail from a 1st class city accepted by a county having a population of 500,000 or more under an intergovernmental cooperation agreement under s. 66.0301 is made for a municipal purpose, and a 1st class city may borrow money under ch. 67, appropriate funds and levy taxes for that purpose.
302.336(2) (2) Prisoners confined in the county jail under sub. (1) are in the legal custody of the county sheriff or other keeper of the jail. The sheriff or other keeper is legally responsible for any such prisoner's confinement; maintenance; care, including medical and hospital care; release prior to an initial appearance in court; and the initial appearance before the circuit court or the initial appearance before a municipal court at a location within the county jail.
302.336(3) (3) Except as provided in sub. (4) and ss. 302.33 (2) and 302.38, a county under sub. (1) is solely responsible for:
302.336(3)(a) (a) The costs of operating and maintaining the county jail and maintaining the prisoners in the county jail.
302.336(3)(b) (b) The costs of carrying out its legal responsibilities under sub. (2).
302.336(4) (4) An intergovernmental cooperation agreement under s. 66.0301 between a city and a county under sub. (1) may provide for the city to reimburse the county for its cost of custody at the initial appearance before a municipal court located within the county jail for prisoners who are in custody exclusively for violation of a municipal ordinance.
302.336 History History: 1989 a. 261; 1989 a. 359 s. 200; Stats. 1989 s. 302.336; 1995 a. 43; 1999 a. 150 s. 672.
302.34 302.34 Use of jail of another county. Courts, judges and officers of any county having no jail and no cooperative agreement under s. 302.44 may sentence, commit or deliver any person to the jail of any other county as if that jail existed in their own county. The sheriff of the other county shall receive and keep the prisoner in all respects as if committed from his or her county. The cost of the keep shall be paid by the county from which the prisoner was sentenced, committed or delivered.
302.34 History History: 1983 a. 110; 1989 a. 31 s. 1649; Stats. 1989 s. 302.34.
302.34 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See s. 973.03 (1) for similar provision.
302.35 302.35 Removal of prisoners in emergency. In an emergency and for the safety of prisoners in any jail, the sheriff or other keeper may remove them to a place of safety and there confine them so long as necessary. If any county jail is destroyed or is insecure for keeping prisoners, the sheriff may remove them to some other county jail, where they shall be received and kept as if committed thereto, but at the expense of the county from which they were removed. An endorsement on the commitment of a prisoner, made by the sheriff in charge of such prisoner, directed to the sheriff of another county, shall be authority for the latter to hold the prisoner.
302.35 History History: 1989 a. 31 s. 1650; Stats. 1989 s. 302.35.
302.36 302.36 Classification of prisoners. The sheriff, jailer, or keeper of a jail shall establish a prisoner classification system to determine prisoner housing assignments, how to supervise and provide services and programs to a prisoner, and what services and programs to provide a prisoner. The prisoner classification system shall be based on objective criteria, including a prisoner's criminal offense record and gender, information relating to the current offense for which the prisoner is in jail, the prisoner's history of behavior in jail, the prisoner's medical and mental health condition, and any other factor the sheriff, jailer, or keeper of a jail considers necessary to provide for the protection of prisoners, staff, and the general public.
302.36 History History: 1977 c. 7; 1983 a. 185; 1989 a. 31 s. 1651; Stats. 1989 s. 302.36; 1995 a. 201; 2005 a. 295.
302.36 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DOC 311, Wis. adm. code.
302.365 302.365 Jail and house of correction program standards.
302.365(1)(1) Standards. The department shall establish, by rule, program standards for jails and houses of correction. The standards shall require all of the following:
302.365(1)(a) (a) Policy and procedure manual. That the sheriff or other keeper of a jail or house of correction develop a written policy and procedure manual for the operation of the jail or house of correction which reflects the jail's or house of correction's physical characteristics, the number and types of prisoners in the jail or house of correction and the availability of outside resources to the jail or house of correction. The manual shall include all of the following:
302.365(1)(a)1. 1. Policies and procedures for screening prisoners for medical illnesses or disabilities, mental illnesses, developmental disabilities and alcohol or other drug abuse problems. The rules shall establish functional objectives for screening but may not require jails or houses of correction to use only one particular method to meet the objectives. The policies and procedures shall include the use of outside resources, such as county mental health staff or hospital resources, and shall include agreements with these resources, as appropriate, to ensure adequate services to prisoners identified as needing services.
302.365(1)(a)2. 2. Identification of the facilities and programs, including outside facilities and programs, that will be provided for long-term prisoners, including prisoners who are charged with a crime and detained prior to trial and prisoners who are sentenced to jail or a house of correction. The rules shall establish functional objectives for programs for these prisoners but may not require counties to use only one particular method of providing programs for these prisoners.
302.365(1)(a)3. 3. Policies and procedures for providing educational programming for prisoners under 18 years of age. The rules shall establish functional objectives for educational programming for those prisoners, but may not require jails or houses of correction to use only one particular method to meet the objectives.
302.365(1)(b) (b) Crisis intervention services. That the sheriff or other keeper of the jail or house of correction ensure that the jail or house of correction has available emergency services for crisis intervention for prisoners with medical illnesses or disabilities, mental illnesses, developmental disabilities or alcohol or other drug abuse problems.
302.365(2) (2)Approval of policy and procedure manual. The sheriff or other keeper of a jail or house of correction shall submit, no later than December 31, 1990, a policy and procedure manual developed under sub. (1) (a) to the department for approval, as provided by the department by rule. Thereafter, the sheriff or other keeper of a jail or house of correction shall submit any substantive changes to the manual to the department for approval, as provided by the department by rule. The department shall approve or disapprove the manual or any changes made in the manual, in writing, within 90 days after submission of the manual. If the department disapproves the manual or any changes to a manual, it shall include in the written disapproval a statement of the reasons for the disapproval. Within 60 days after disapproval, the sheriff or other keeper of the jail or house of correction shall modify the manual and resubmit it to the department for approval.
302.365(3) (3)Consultation in rule development. In developing rules under this section, the department shall consult with the department of justice.
302.365 History History: 1987 a. 394; 1989 a. 31 s. 1652; Stats. 1989 s. 302.365; 1989 a. 92; 1995 a. 352.
302.365 Note NOTE: 1987 Wis. Act 394 s. 15, which created this section contains explanatory notes.
302.37 302.37 Maintenance of jail and care of prisoners.
302.37(1) (1)
302.37(1)(a)(a) The sheriff or other keeper of a jail shall constantly keep it clean and in a healthful condition and pay strict attention to the personal cleanliness of the prisoners and shall cause the clothing of each prisoner to be properly laundered. The sheriff or keeper shall furnish each prisoner with clean water, towels and bedding. The sheriff or keeper shall serve each prisoner 3 times daily with enough well-cooked, wholesome food. The county board shall prescribe an adequate diet for the prisoners in the county jail.
302.37(1)(b) (b) The keeper of a lockup facility shall constantly keep it clean and in a healthful condition and pay strict attention to the personal cleanliness of the prisoners. The keeper shall serve each prisoner with clean water, towels and food.
302.37(2) (2) Except as provided in s. 302.375 (2m), neither the sheriff or other keeper of any jail nor any other person shall give, sell or deliver to any prisoner for any cause whatever any alcohol beverages unless a physician certifies in writing that the health of the prisoner requires it, in which case the prisoner may be allowed the quantity prescribed.
302.37(3) (3)
302.37(3)(a)(a) The county or municipality shall furnish its jail with necessary bedding, clothing, toilet facilities, light and heat for prisoners.
302.37(3)(b) (b) The owner of a lockup facility shall furnish toilet facilities, light and heat for prisoners.
302.37(4) (4) The sheriff or other keeper of a jail may use without compensation the labor of any prisoner sentenced to actual confinement in the county jail or, with the prisoner's consent, any other prisoner in the maintaining of and the housekeeping of the jail, including the property on which it stands. Any prisoner who escapes while working on the grounds outside the jail enclosure shall be punished as provided in s. 946.42.
302.37 History History: 1979 c. 34; 1981 c. 79 s. 17; 1985 a. 167; 1989 a. 31 s. 1653; Stats. 1989 s. 302.37; 1991 a. 316; 1993 a. 213; 2005 a. 67.
302.372 302.372 Prisoner reimbursement to a county.
302.372(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
302.372(1)(a) (a) "Jail" includes a house of correction, Huber facility under s. 303.09 or a work camp under s. 303.10.
302.372(1)(b) (b) "Jailer" includes a sheriff, superintendent or other keeper of a jail.
302.372(2) (2)Reimbursement of expenses; county option.
302.372(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (c) and (d), a county may seek reimbursement for any expenses incurred by the county in relation to the crime for which a person was sentenced to a county jail, or for which the person was placed on probation and confined in jail, as follows:
302.372(2)(a)1. 1. From each person who is or was a prisoner, not more than the actual per-day cost of maintaining that prisoner, as set by the county board by ordinance, for the entire period of time that the person is or was confined in the jail, including any period of pretrial detention.
302.372(2)(a)2. 2. To investigate the financial status of the person.
302.372(2)(a)3. 3. Any other expenses incurred by the county in order to collect payments under this section.
302.372(2)(b) (b) Before seeking any reimbursement under this section, the county shall provide a form to be used for determining the financial status of prisoners. The form shall provide for obtaining the social security number of the prisoner, the age and marital status of a prisoner, the number and ages of children of a prisoner, the number and ages of other dependents of a prisoner, the income of a prisoner, type and value of real estate owned by a prisoner, type and value of personal property owned by a prisoner, the prisoner's cash and financial institution accounts, type and value of the prisoner's investments, pensions and annuities and any other personalty of significant cash value owned by a prisoner. The county shall use the form whenever investigating the financial status of prisoners. The information on a completed form is confidential and not open to public inspection or copying under s. 19.35 (1), except that the county shall provide the name and address of an individual, the name and address of the individual's employer and financial information related to the individual from a form completed under this paragraph in response to a request for information under s. 49.22 (2m) made by the department of children and families or a county child support agency under s. 59.53 (5).
302.372(2)(c) (c) This section applies to expenses incurred on or after May 9, 1996.
302.372(2)(d) (d) The jailer shall choose, for each prisoner, whether to seek reimbursement under this section or as otherwise provided in chs. 301 to 303, but may not collect for the same expenses twice. The jailer may choose to seek reimbursement for the expenses under sub. (2) (a) using the method under sub. (5), the method under sub. (6) or a combination of both methods, but may not seek reimbursement for the same expenses twice.
302.372(3) (3)List of prisoners; information; reports. Upon request of the district attorney or the corporation counsel for the county, the jailer shall provide the district attorney or corporation counsel with a list containing the name of each sentenced prisoner or prisoner confined as a condition of probation, the term of sentence or confinement, and the date of admission, together with information regarding the financial status of each prisoner to enable the county to obtain reimbursement under this section.
302.372(4) (4)Prisoner cooperation. A prisoner in a jail shall cooperate with the county in seeking reimbursement under this section for expenses incurred by the county for that prisoner. A prisoner who intentionally refuses to cooperate under this subsection may not earn good time credit under s. 302.43 or diminution of sentence under s. 303.19 (3). If the prisoner is confined as a condition of probation, refusal to cooperate is a ground for revocation of probation.
302.372(5) (5)Charge to obtain reimbursement. The jailer may charge a prisoner for the expenses under sub. (2) (a) while he or she is a prisoner. If the jailer maintains an institutional account for a prisoner's use for payment for items from canteen, vending or similar services, the jailer may make deductions from the account to pay for the expenses under sub. (2) (a). Any money collected under this subsection shall be deposited in the county treasury.
302.372(6) (6)Action to obtain reimbursement.
302.372(6)(a)(a) Within 12 months after the release of a prisoner from jail, the county where the jail is located shall commence a civil action in circuit court to obtain a judgment for the expenses under sub. (2) (a) or be barred. The jailer shall provide any assistance that the county requests related to an action under this subsection.
302.372(6)(b) (b) An action commenced under this subsection shall be commenced in the county where the jail is located or in the county where the defendant resides.
302.372(6)(c) (c) The complaint in an action commenced under this subsection shall include the date and place of the sentence, the length of time of the sentence, the length of time actually served in the jail and the amount of expenses incurred by the county under sub. (2) (a).
302.372(6)(d) (d) Before entering a judgment for the county, the court shall consider any legal obligations of the defendant for support or maintenance under ch. 767 and any moral obligation of the defendant to support dependents and may reduce the amount of the judgment entered for the county based on those obligations.
302.372(6)(e) (e) Any money obtained as the result of an action commenced under this subsection shall be deposited in the county treasury.
302.372 History History: 1995 a. 281; 1997 a. 191; 1999 a. 32; 2007 a. 20.
302.373 302.373 Prisoner reimbursement to municipality.
302.373(1)(1) In this section:
302.373(1)(a) (a) "Jail" means a county jail, a rehabilitation facility established by s. 59.53 (8), or a county house of correction under s. 303.16.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)