302.372(7)(b) (b) The county where the jail is located may obtain reimbursement by proceeding under s. 71.935 and certifying as a debt pursuant to s. 71.935 (2), within 24 months after the release of a prisoner from jail, the amount of medical expenses associated with the prisoner and incurred by the county under sub. (2) (a). Any money obtained as the result of an action commenced under this subsection shall be deposited in the county treasury.
302.373 302.373 Prisoner reimbursement to municipality.
302.373(1)(1) In this section:
302.373(1)(a) (a) "Jail" means a county jail, a rehabilitation facility established by s. 59.53 (8), or a county house of correction under s. 303.16.
302.373(1)(b) (b) "Prisoner" means a person who is incarcerated in a jail by court order under s. 800.095 (1) (b).
302.373(2) (2)
302.373(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), a city, village, or town may seek reimbursement from the prisoner for the amount paid to a county under s. 800.095 (1) (d) for the expenses incurred by the county to incarcerate the prisoner.
302.373(2)(b) (b) This section applies to expenses incurred after June 3, 2003.
302.373(3) (3) Within 12 months after the release of a prisoner from jail, the city, village, or town shall commence a civil action in circuit court to obtain a judgment for the amount paid to the county under sub. (2) or be barred.
302.373(4) (4) Before entering a judgment in an action under sub. (3) for a city, village, or town, the court shall consider any legal obligations of the defendant for support or maintenance under ch. 767 and any moral obligation of the defendant to support dependents and may reduce the amount of the judgment entered for the city, village, or town based on those obligations.
302.373 History History: 2003 a. 28; 2009 a. 402.
302.375 302.375 Restrictions on liquor and dangerous drugs; placement of prisoners.
302.375(1g) (1g) In this section:
302.375(1g)(a) (a) "Controlled substance" has the meaning given in s. 961.01 (4).
302.375(1g)(am) (am) "Controlled substance analog" has the meaning given in s. 961.01 (4m).
302.375(1g)(b) (b) "Precinct" means a place where any activity is conducted by the prison, jail or house of correction.
302.375(1m) (1m) Except as provided in s. 302.375 (2m), any sheriff, jailer or keeper of any prison, jail or house of correction or any other person who does any of the following with respect to a prisoner within the precincts of any prison, jail or house of correction shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than 9 months or both:
302.375(1m)(a) (a) Sells, gives or delivers any intoxicating liquor to the prisoner.
302.375(1m)(b) (b) Willfully permits a prisoner to have any controlled substance, controlled substance analog or intoxicating liquor.
302.375(1m)(c) (c) Has within his or her possession in the prison, jail or house of correction any intoxicating liquor, with intent to sell, give or deliver the liquor to the prisoner.
302.375(2) (2) Except as provided in s. 302.375 (2m), any prisoner who uses intoxicating liquor in violation of s. 302.37 (2) shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both.
302.375(2m) (2m) A member of the clergy may possess no more than 2 ounces of wine in a prison, jail, or house of correction if he or she intends to use it in a religious service. A member of the clergy may give or deliver a reasonable amount of wine to an inmate and an inmate may consume that wine as part of a religious service. The department is not required to purchase or store wine for an inmate, a chaplain, or any other member of the clergy who is acting under this subsection.
302.375(3) (3)
302.375(3)(a)(a) Any sheriff, jailer or keeper of any prison, jail or house of correction or any other person who places, keeps together or knowingly permits to be kept together prisoners of different sexes within the precincts of any prison, jail or house of correction shall be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than 6 months or both.
302.375(3)(b) (b) Notwithstanding par. (a), the sheriff, jailer or keeper may permit prisoners of different sexes to participate together in treatment or in educational, vocational, religious or athletic activities or to eat together, under such supervision as the sheriff, jailer or keeper deems necessary.
302.375 History History: 1977 c. 337; 1979 c. 116; 1983 a. 185; 1989 a. 31 s. 1654; Stats. 1989 s. 302.375; 1995 a. 448; 2001 a. 103; 2005 a. 67.
302.38 302.38 Medical care of prisoners.
302.38(1) (1) If a prisoner needs medical or hospital care or is intoxicated or incapacitated by alcohol the sheriff, superintendent or other keeper of the jail or house of correction shall provide appropriate care or treatment and may transfer the prisoner to a hospital or to an approved treatment facility under s. 51.45 (2) (b) and (c), making provision for the security of the prisoner. The sheriff, superintendent or other keeper may provide appropriate care or treatment under this subsection for a prisoner under 18 years of age and may transfer a prisoner under 18 years of age under this subsection without obtaining the consent of the prisoner's parent, guardian or legal custodian. The sheriff, superintendent or other keeper may charge a prisoner for the costs of providing medical care to the prisoner while he or she is in the jail or house of correction. If the sheriff or other keeper maintains a personal money account for an inmate's use for payment for items from canteen, vending or similar services, the sheriff or other keeper may make deductions from the account to pay for the charges under this subsection.
302.38(2) (2) The prisoner is liable for the costs of medical and hospital care outside of the jail or house of correction. If the prisoner is unable to pay the costs, the county shall pay the costs in the case of persons held under the state criminal laws or for contempt of court and, except as provided in s. 302.336 (2) and (3) (b), a municipality shall pay the costs in the case of persons held under municipal ordinance by the municipality.
302.38(3) (3) The maximum amount that a governmental unit may pay for the costs of medical or hospital care under this section is limited for that care to the amount payable by medical assistance under subch. IV of ch. 49, excluding ss. 49.468 and 49.471 (11), for care for which a medical assistance rate exists. No provider of medical or hospital care may bill a prisoner under sub. (1) for the cost of care exceeding the amount paid under this subsection by the governmental unit. If no medical assistance rate exists for the care provided, there is no limitation under this subsection.
302.38(4) (4) The governmental unit paying the costs of medical or hospital care under this section, regardless of whether the care is provided in or out of the jail or house of correction, may collect the value of the same from the prisoner or the prisoner's estate. If applicable, the governmental unit may proceed to collect under this section or may seek reimbursement under s. 302.372, but may not collect for the same expenses twice.
302.38(5) (5) This section does not require the sheriff, superintendent or keeper of the jail or house of correction to provide or arrange for the provision of appropriate care or treatment if the prisoner refuses appropriate care or treatment.
302.38 History History: 1973 c. 198; 1987 a. 27, 269; 1989 a. 31 s. 1655c, 1656d; Stats. 1989 s. 302.38; 1989 a. 261, 359; 1995 a. 27, 43, 281, 352; 1997 a. 35; 2007 a. 20.
302.38 Annotation Appropriate medical care for prisoners is mandatory under this section, but sheriffs have the discretion as to how to provide that care. Swatek v. Dane County, 192 Wis. 2d 47, 531 N.W.2d 45 (1995).
302.38 Annotation When charges against a prisoner were dismissed after the prisoner was admitted to a hospital for medical care, the prisoner lost his status as "a person held under the state criminal laws" under sub. (2). The county was no longer liable for medical costs incurred after the charges were dismissed. The prisoner's status did not change when the department of corrections issued an apprehension request for him. Meriter Hospital, Inc. v. Dane County, 2004 WI 145, 277 Wis. 2d 1, 689 N.W.2d 627, 02-2837.
302.38 Annotation Sub. (1) does not confer a constitutionally protected substantive property right in an inmate's prescription medication. An inmate denied medication need not have been afforded procedural due process either before or after the deprivation. Ledford v. Sullivan, 105 F.3d 354 (1997).
302.381 302.381 Emergency services for crisis intervention for prisoners. The costs of providing emergency services for crisis intervention for prisoners of a jail or house of correction with medical illnesses or disabilities, mental illnesses, developmental disabilities or alcohol or other drug abuse problems are payable according to the criteria under s. 302.38 (2). If applicable, a county may seek payment under this section or seek reimbursement under s. 302.372, but may not collect for the same expenses twice.
302.381 History History: 1987 a. 394; 1989 a. 31 s. 1657; Stats. 1989 s. 302.381; 1995 a. 281.
302.383 302.383 Mental health treatment of prisoners.
302.383(2) (2) On or before January 30 annually, the sheriff or other keeper of a jail or house of correction shall report to the department on all of the following for the previous calendar year:
302.383(2)(a) (a) The number of prisoners from the jail or house of correction who were transferred to a state treatment facility and the number who were transferred to a county treatment facility under each of the following:
302.383(2)(a)1. 1. A commitment under s. 51.20 (1) (a).
302.383(2)(a)3. 3. A voluntary transfer under s. 51.37 (5).
302.383(2)(a)4. 4. An emergency transfer under s. 51.37 (5).
302.383(2)(b) (b) The length of stay in the treatment facility of each prisoner reported under par. (a).
302.383(3) (3) The report under sub. (2) shall include a description of the mental health services that are available to prisoners on either a voluntary or involuntary basis.
302.383 History History: 1987 a. 394; 1989 a. 31 s. 1658; Stats. 1989 s. 302.383; 2009 a. 260.
302.383 Note NOTE: 1987 Wis. Act 394, which created this section contains explanatory notes.
302.384 302.384 Procedure if a prisoner refuses appropriate care or treatment. A sheriff, jailer, keeper of any prison, jail or house of correction and the arresting officer are immune from civil liability for any acts or omissions that occur as the result of a good faith effort to allow a prisoner to refuse appropriate care or treatment if all of the following occur:
302.384(1) (1) A sheriff, jailer, keeper or officer arranges for a health care professional, as defined in s. 154.01 (3), to observe the prisoner.
302.384(2) (2) The health care professional informs the prisoner of the availability of appropriate care or treatment.
302.384(3) (3) The health care professional indicates on records kept by a sheriff, jailer, keeper or officer that appropriate care or treatment was offered and that the prisoner refused that care or treatment.
302.384 History History: 1987 a. 269, 403; 1989 a. 31 s. 1659; Stats. 1989 s. 302.384.
302.385 302.385 Correctional institution health care. The standards for delivery of health services in state correctional institutions governed under s. 301.02 shall be based on the standards of any professional organization that establishes standards for health services in prisons and that is recognized by the department.
302.385 History History: 1979 c. 221; 1983 a. 27; 1989 a. 31 s. 1660; Stats. 1989 s. 302.385; 1997 a. 289.
302.385 Annotation This section does not confer a constitutionally protected substantive property right in an inmate's prescription medication. An inmate denied medication need not have been afforded procedural due process either before or after the deprivation. Ledford v. Sullivan, 105 F.3d 354 (1997).
302.386 302.386 Medical and dental services for prisoners and forensic patients.
302.386(1)(1) Except as provided in sub. (5), liability for medical and dental services furnished to residents housed in prisons identified in s. 302.01, in a juvenile correctional facility, or in a secured residential care center for children and youth, or to forensic patients in state institutions for those services that are not provided by employees of the department shall be limited to the amounts payable under ss. 49.43 to 49.471, excluding ss. 49.468 and 49.471 (11), for similar services. The department may waive any such limit if it determines that needed services cannot be obtained for the applicable amount. No provider of services may bill the resident or patient for the cost of services exceeding the amount of the liability under this subsection.
302.386(2) (2) The liability of the state for medical and dental services under sub. (1) does not extend to that part of the medical or dental services of a resident housed in a prison identified in s. 302.01, a juvenile correctional facility, or a secured residential care center for children and youth, for which any of the following applies:
302.386(2)(a) (a) The resident has the financial ability to pay.
302.386(2)(b) (b) The service is payable under any of the following:
302.386(2)(b)1. 1. A disability insurance policy under subch. VI of ch. 632.
302.386(2)(b)2. 2. Worker's compensation under ch. 102.
302.386(2)(b)3. 3. Benefits from the state department of veterans affairs or the federal department of veterans affairs.
302.386(2)(b)4. 4. Hill-Burton benefits under 42 USC 291c (e).
302.386(2)(b)5. 5. Medicare benefits under 42 USC 1395 to 1395ccc, as limited by 42 USC 402 (x).
302.386(2)(b)6. 6. Third-party liability other than that in subds. 1. to 5.
302.386(2m) (2m) The department shall collect moneys under sub. (2) for medical and dental services furnished to residents under sub. (1) and credit those moneys to the appropriation account under s. 20.410 (1) (gi).
302.386(3) (3)
302.386(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), the department may require a resident housed in a prison identified in s. 302.01 or in a juvenile correctional facility who receives medical or dental services to pay a deductible, coinsurance, copayment, or similar charge upon the medical or dental service that he or she receives. The department shall collect the allowable deductible, coinsurance, copayment, or similar charge.
302.386(3)(b) (b) If the resident under par. (a) requests the medical services or dental services, the department shall require the resident to pay the deductible, coinsurance, copayment or similar charge. The department may not charge the person less than $2.50 for each request. The requirements under this paragraph are subject to the exception and waiver provisions under par. (c).
302.386(3)(c) (c) No provider of services may deny care or services because the resident is unable to pay the applicable deductible, coinsurance, copayment or similar charge, but an inability to pay these charges does not relieve the resident of liability for the charges unless the department excepts or waives the liability under criteria that the department shall establish by rule.
302.386(3)(d) (d) The department shall credit all moneys that it collects under this subsection to the appropriation account under s. 20.410 (1) (gi).
302.386(4) (4) The department shall promulgate rules to establish all of the following:
302.386(4)(a) (a) The specific medical or dental services on which a deductible, coinsurance, copayment or similar charge may be imposed under sub. (3) (a) or must be imposed under sub. (3) (b).
302.386(4)(b) (b) The amounts of deductibles, coinsurances, copayments or similar charges for the medical or dental services under par. (a).
302.386(5) (5) The state is not required to provide medical or dental services to any of the following:
302.386(5)(a) (a) Any prisoner who is confined in the institution authorized in s. 301.046 (1).
302.386(5)(b) (b) Any participant in the intensive sanctions program under s. 301.048 unless he or she is imprisoned in a Type 1 prison other than the institution authorized in s. 301.046 (1).
302.386(5)(c) (c) Any participant in the corrective sanctions program under s. 938.533 unless the participant is placed in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility, as defined in s. 938.02 (19).
302.386(5)(d) (d) Any participant in the serious juvenile offender program under s. 938.538 unless the participant is placed in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility, as defined in s. 938.02 (19).
302.386(5m) (5m)
302.386(5m)(a)(a) In this subsection:
302.386(5m)(a)1. 1. "Hormonal therapy" means the use of hormones to stimulate the development or alteration of a person's sexual characteristics in order to alter the person's physical appearance so that the person appears more like the opposite gender.
302.386(5m)(a)2. 2. "Sexual reassignment surgery" means surgical procedures to alter a person's physical appearance so that the person appears more like the opposite gender.
302.386(5m)(b) (b) The department may not authorize the payment of any funds or the use of any resources of this state or the payment of any federal funds passing through the state treasury to provide or to facilitate the provision of hormonal therapy or sexual reassignment surgery for a resident or patient specified in sub. (1).
302.386 Note NOTE: In Fields v. Smith, 712 F. Supp. 2d 830 (2010) the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin granted a permanent injunction restraining the enforcement or attempted enforcement of sub. (5m) because any application of the statute would violate the 8th Amendment and Equal Protection clause of the U.S. Constitution. The U.S. Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the district court at 653 F.3d 550 (2012).
302.386(6) (6) The department may collect a deductible, coinsurance, copayment or similar charge under this section or the department or the attorney general may collect under s. 301.325, but the state may not collect for the same expense twice.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)