PAROLES AND PARDONS
Parole commission and commission chairperson; general duties.
Special action parole release.
Paroles from state prisons and house of correction.
Ordering parolees and persons on extended supervision to perform community service work.
Notification prior to release on extended supervision or parole.
Offender release information.
Period of probation, extended supervision or parole tolled.
Reimbursement fee for persons on probation, parole, and extended supervision.
Restoration of civil rights of convicted persons.
Applications for pardon; regulations.
Notice of pardon application.
Pardon application papers; victim's statement.
Conditional pardon; enforcement.
Execution and record of warrants.
Uniform act for out-of-state parolee supervision; state compacts.
Out-of-state supervision of parolees and persons on extended supervision without compact.
Determination concerning submission of human biological specimen.
Cooperative return of parole, extended supervision and probation violators.
Interstate compact for adult offender supervision.
Ch. 304 Cross-reference
See definitions in s. 301.01
Ch. 304 Cross-reference
See also chs. DOC 328
and PAC 1
, Wis. adm. code.
Parole commission and commission chairperson; general duties. 304.01(1)(1)
The chairperson of the parole commission shall administer and supervise the commission and its activities and shall be the final parole-granting authority, except as provided in s. 304.02
The parole commission shall conduct regularly scheduled interviews to consider the parole of eligible inmates of the adult correctional institutions under the control of the department of corrections, eligible inmates transferred under ch. 51
and under the control of the department of health services and eligible inmates in any county house of correction. The department of corrections shall provide all of the following to the parole commission:
Records relating to inmates which are in the custody of the department and are necessary to the conduct of the commission's responsibilities.
Scheduling assistance for parole interviews at the correctional institutions.
Clerical support related to the parole interviews.
Appropriate physical space at the correctional institutions to conduct the parole interviews.
Special action parole release. 304.02(1)(1)
The department shall use a special action release program to relieve crowding in state prisons by releasing certain prisoners to parole supervision using a procedure other than mandatory release under s. 302.11
or release under s. 304.06 (1) (b)
The department shall promulgate rules for the special action release program, including eligibility criteria, procedures for the secretary to decide whether to grant a prisoner a special action release to parole supervision, procedures for notifying persons, offices or agencies under s. 304.06 (1) (c)
of releases, and conditions of release. If applicable, the department shall also comply with s. 304.063
A person released under this section, his or her residence, and any property under his or her control may be searched by a law enforcement officer at any time during his or her period of supervision if the officer reasonably suspects that the person is committing, is about to commit, or has committed a crime or a violation of a condition of parole. Any search conducted pursuant to this subsection shall be conducted in a reasonable manner and may not be arbitrary, capricious, or harassing. A law enforcement officer who conducts a search pursuant to this subsection shall, as soon as practicable after the search, notify the department.
Notwithstanding any eligibility criteria prescribed by department rule, a prisoner is eligible for special action release to parole supervision without meeting the eligibility criteria if all of the following conditions are met:
The prisoner population equals or exceeds the statewide prisoner population limit promulgated by rule under s. 301.055
The prisoner is not currently incarcerated regarding a felony conviction for an assaultive crime.
The institution social worker or the probation, extended supervision and parole agent of record has reason to believe the prisoner will be able to maintain himself or herself in society without engaging in assaultive activity.
The inmate is not granted a special action release more than 18 months before his or her expected release date under s. 302.11
If a person is sentenced under s. 973.032
, he or she is eligible for a release to parole supervision under this section and remains in the intensive sanctions program unless discharged by the department under s. 301.048 (6) (a)
A prisoner paroled under this section is subject to the restriction under s. 304.06 (2m)
, if applicable, relating to the counties to which prisoners may be paroled.
Notwithstanding subs. (1)
, a prisoner is not eligible for release to parole supervision under this section if he or she is serving a bifurcated sentence under s. 973.01
Paroles from state prisons and house of correction. 304.06(1)(a)1.
“Member of the family" means spouse, domestic partner under ch. 770
, child, sibling, parent or legal guardian.
“Victim" means a person against whom a crime has been committed.
Except as provided in s. 961.49 (2)
, 1999 stats., sub. (1m)
or s. 302.045 (3)
, 302.05 (3) (b)
, 973.01 (6)
, or 973.0135
, the parole commission may parole an inmate of the Wisconsin state prisons or any felon or any person serving at least one year or more in a county house of correction or a county reforestation camp organized under s. 303.07
, when he or she has served 25 percent of the sentence imposed for the offense, or 6 months, whichever is greater. Except as provided in s. 939.62 (2m) (c)
or 973.014 (1) (b)
, the parole commission may parole an inmate serving a life term when he or she has served 20 years, as modified by the formula under s. 302.11 (1)
and subject to extension under s. 302.11 (1q)
, if applicable. The person serving the life term shall be given credit for time served prior to sentencing under s. 973.155
, including good time under s. 973.155 (4)
. The secretary may grant special action parole releases under s. 304.02
. The department or the parole commission shall not provide any convicted offender or other person sentenced to the department's custody any parole eligibility or evaluation until the person has been confined at least 60 days following sentencing.
If an inmate applies for parole under this subsection, the parole commission shall make a reasonable attempt to notify the following, if they can be found, in accordance with par. (d)
The office of the court that participated in the trial or that accepted the inmate's plea of guilty or no contest, whichever is applicable.
The office of the district attorney that participated in the trial of the inmate or that prepared for proceedings under s. 971.08
regarding the inmate's plea of guilty or no contest, whichever is applicable.
The victim of the crime committed by the inmate or, if the victim died as a result of the crime, an adult member of the victim's family or, if the victim is younger than 18 years old, the victim's parent or legal guardian, upon submission of a card under par. (f)
The notice under par. (c)
shall inform the offices and persons under par. (c) 1.
of the manner in which they may provide written statements under this subsection, shall inform persons under par. (c) 3.
of the manner in which they may attend interviews or hearings and make statements under par. (eg)
and shall inform persons under par. (c) 3.
who are victims, or family members of victims, of crimes specified in s. 940.01
, 940.225 (1)
, or (3)
, 948.02 (1)
, or 948.07
of the manner in which they may have direct input in the parole decision-making process under par. (em)
. The parole commission shall provide notice under this paragraph for an inmate's first application for parole and, upon request, for subsequent applications for parole.
The notice shall be by 1st class mail to an office's or a person's last-known address sent at least 3 weeks before the interview or hearing upon the application for parole.
The notice shall state the name of the inmate, the date and term of the sentence and the date when the written statement must be received in order to be considered. If the notice is to an office under par. (c) 1.
, the notice shall also state the crime of which the inmate was convicted.
If applicable, the notice shall state the date of the interview or hearing that the person may attend.
If applicable, the notice shall state the manner in which the person may have direct input in the decision-making process for parole.
If the notice is for a first application for parole, the notice shall inform the offices and persons under par. (c) 1.
that notification of subsequent applications for parole will be provided only upon request.
The parole commission shall permit any office or person under par. (c) 1.
to provide written statements. The parole commission shall give consideration to any written statements provided by any such office or person and received on or before the date specified in the notice. This paragraph does not limit the authority of the parole commission to consider other statements or information that it receives in a timely fashion.
The parole commission shall permit any person under par. (c) 3.
to attend any interview or hearing on the application for parole of an applicable inmate and to make a statement at that interview or hearing.
The parole commission shall promulgate rules that provide a procedure to allow any person who is a victim, or a family member of a victim, of a crime specified in s. 940.01
, 940.225 (1)
, or (3)
, 948.02 (1)
, or 948.07
to have direct input in the decision-making process for parole.
The parole commission shall design and prepare cards for persons specified in par. (c) 3.
to send to the commission. The cards shall have space for these persons to provide their names and addresses, the name of the applicable prisoner and any other information the parole commission determines is necessary. The parole commission shall provide the cards, without charge, to district attorneys. District attorneys shall provide the cards, without charge, to persons specified in par. (c) 3.
These persons may send completed cards to the parole commission. All commission records or portions of records that relate to mailing addresses of these persons are not subject to inspection or copying under s. 19.35 (1)
. Before any written statement of a person specified in par. (c) 3.
is made a part of the documentary record considered in connection with a parole hearing under this section, the parole commission shall obliterate from the statement all references to the mailing addresses of the person. A person specified in par. (c) 3.
who attends an interview or hearing under par. (eg)
may not be required to disclose at the interview or hearing his or her mailing addresses.
Before a person is released on parole under this subsection, the parole commission shall so notify the municipal police department and the county sheriff for the area where the person will be residing. The notification requirement under this paragraph does not apply if a municipal department or county sheriff submits to the parole commission a written statement waiving the right to be notified. If applicable, the department shall also comply with s. 304.063
The parole commission may waive the 25 percent or 6-month service of sentence requirement under sub. (1) (b)
under any of the following circumstances:
If it determines that extraordinary circumstances warrant an early release and the sentencing court has been notified and permitted to comment upon the proposed recommendation.
If the department recommends that the person be placed on parole that includes the condition under sub. (1x)
and the commission orders that condition.
In this subsection, “serious child sex offender" means a person who has been convicted of committing a crime specified in s. 948.02 (1)
or 948.025 (1)
against a child who had not attained the age of 13 years.
The parole commission or the department may require as a condition of parole that a serious child sex offender undergo pharmacological treatment using an antiandrogen or the chemical equivalent of an antiandrogen. This paragraph does not prohibit the department from requiring pharmacological treatment using an antiandrogen or the chemical equivalent of an antiandrogen as a condition of probation.
In deciding whether to grant a serious child sex offender release on parole under this subsection, the parole commission may not consider, as a factor in making its decision, that the offender is a proper subject for pharmacological treatment using an antiandrogen or the chemical equivalent of an antiandrogen or that the offender is willing to participate in pharmacological treatment using an antiandrogen or the chemical equivalent of an antiandrogen.