History: 1971 c. 278
; Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 776 (1975); 1977 c. 187
; 1977 c. 449
Reopening of default judgment.
Except as provided in ss. 345.36
, there shall be no reopening of default judgments unless allowed by order of the trial court after notice and motion duly made and upon good cause shown. The notice of motion shall be filed within 6 months after the judgment is entered in the court record. Default judgments for purposes of this section include pleas of guilty, no contest and forfeitures of deposit.
No double prosecution. 345.52(1)(1)
A judgment on the merits in a traffic ordinance action bars any proceeding under a state statute for the same violation. A judgment on the merits in an action under a state statute bars any proceeding under a traffic ordinance enacted in conformity with the state statute for the same violation.
The pendency of an action under a traffic ordinance is grounds for staying an action under a state statute for the same violation. The pendency of an action under a state statute is grounds for staying an action under a traffic ordinance enacted in conformity with the state statute for the same violation.
History: 1971 c. 278
Costs not taxed against plaintiff.
In traffic regulation actions in all courts, costs may not be taxed against the plaintiff.
History: 1971 c. 278
Traffic officers not to profit from arrests. 345.55(1)(1)
No traffic officer shall demand, solicit, receive or be paid any remuneration upon the basis of number of arrests made, convictions obtained or amount of fines collected.
Any person violating this section may be required to forfeit not less than $25 nor more than $200 for the first offense and, for the second and each subsequent conviction within one year thereafter, may be required to forfeit not less than $50 nor more than $500.
History: 1971 c. 278
; Stats. 1971 s. 345.55.
Violation of this section does not invalidate otherwise valid citation. State v. Brown, 107 Wis. 2d 44
, 318 N.W.2d 370
Penalty of compulsory safety school attendance. 345.60(1)(1)
Except as provided in sub. (3)
and s. 343.31 (2t) (b)
, in addition to or in lieu of other penalties provided by law for violation of chs. 346
, the trial court may in its judgment of conviction order the convicted person to attend, for a certain number of school days, a traffic safety school whose course and mode of instruction is approved by the secretary and which is conducted by the police department of the municipality, by the sheriff's office of the county, by an accredited institution of higher education operated by a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state, or by any regularly established safety organization. The trial court may not order a person to attend a traffic safety school under this subsection if the department is required to order that the person attend a vehicle right-of-way course under s. 343.31 (2t) (b)
This section also applies in the case of an adjudication of violation of a local traffic regulation which is in conformity with chs. 346
In addition to other penalties provided by law for violation of s. 346.63 (1)
or a local ordinance in conformity therewith, or s. 346.63 (2)
, or s. 940.09
where the offense involved the use of a vehicle, the convicted person may be required under s. 343.30 (1q)
to attend, for a certain number of school days, a school under sub. (1)
Guaranteed traffic arrest bonds. 345.61(1)(1)
Surety companies authorized to guarantee. 345.61(1)(a)
Any domestic or foreign surety company which has qualified to transact surety business in this state may, in any year, become surety in an amount not to exceed $200 with respect to any guaranteed arrest bond certificates issued in such year by an automobile club, association or by an insurance company authorized to write automobile liability insurance within this state, by filing with the commissioner of insurance an undertaking thus to become surety.
An association providing a guaranteed arrest bond certificate may obligate itself in an amount not to exceed $1,000 for violations of ch. 348
. All courts in this state must accept such guaranteed arrest bond certificate. When a state traffic patrol officer or state inspector or any local law enforcement officer stops an operator of a vehicle having possession of a valid guaranteed arrest bond certificate, the officer or inspector shall obtain the necessary information for a citation and if such guaranteed arrest bond covers the fine for the violation such officer shall release such vehicle and operator.
(2) Form of bond.
Such undertaking shall be in the form prescribed by the commissioner of insurance and shall state the following:
The name and address of the automobile clubs, association or companies with respect to the guaranteed arrest bond certificates of which the surety company undertakes to be surety.
The unqualified obligation of the surety company to pay the fine or forfeiture in an amount not to exceed $200, or $1,000 as provided in sub. (1) (b)
, of any person who, after posting a guaranteed arrest bond certificate with respect to which the surety company has undertaken to be surety, fails to make the appearance to guarantee which, the guaranteed arrest bond certificate was posted.
“Guaranteed arrest bond certificate," as used in this section, means any printed card or other certificate issued by an automobile club, association, or insurance company to any of its members or insureds, which card or certificate is signed by the member or insureds and contains a printed statement that the automobile club, association, or insurance company and a surety company, or an insurance company authorized to transact both automobile liability insurance and surety business, guarantee the appearance of the persons whose signature appears on the card or certificate and that they will, in the event of failure of the person to appear in court at the time of trial, pay any fine or forfeiture imposed on the person, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814
, in an amount not exceeding $200, or $1,000 as provided in sub. (1) (b)
A guaranteed arrest bond certificate under sub. (1) (b)
need not be secured by a surety company. The commissioner of insurance may promulgate rules to insure such bond if the commissioner feels it necessary.
Any guaranteed arrest bond certificate with respect to which a surety company has become surety, or a guaranteed arrest bond certificate issued by an insurance company authorized to transact both automobile liability insurance and surety business within this state as herein provided, shall, when posted by the person whose signature appears thereon, be accepted in lieu of cash bail or other bond in an amount not to exceed $200, or $1,000 as provided in sub. (1) (b)
, as a bail bond, to guarantee the appearance of such person in any court in this state, including all municipal courts in this state, at such time as may be required by such court, when the person is arrested for violation of any vehicle law of this state or any motor vehicle ordinance of any county or municipality in this state except for the offense of driving under the influence of intoxicating liquors or of drugs or for any felony committed prior to the date of expiration shown on such guaranteed arrest bond certificates; provided, that any such guaranteed arrest bond certificates so posted as bail bond in any court in this state shall be subject to the forfeiture and enforcement provisions with respect to bail bonds in criminal cases as otherwise provided by law or as hereafter may be provided by law, and that any such guaranteed arrest bond certificate posted as a bail bond in any municipal court of this state shall be subject to the forfeiture and enforcement provisions, if any, of the charter or ordinance of the particular county or municipality pertaining to bail bonds posted.