346.94(19)(b) (b) No person may operate an off-road utility vehicle upon any highway that has a speed limit of more than 35 miles per hour.
346.94(20) (20)Opening motor vehicle door on highway.
346.94(20)(a)(a) No person may open any door of a motor vehicle located on a highway without first taking due precaution to ensure that his or her act will not interfere with the movement of traffic or endanger any other person or vehicle.
346.94(20)(b) (b) The operator of a motor vehicle located on a highway may not permit any person under 16 years of age to open any door of the motor vehicle without the operator first taking due precaution to ensure that opening the door will not interfere with the movement of traffic or endanger any other person or vehicle.
346.94(21) (21)Lightweight utility vehicles on highways.
346.94(21)(a)(a) In this subsection:
346.94(21)(a)1. 1. “Agricultural operations" includes transporting farm implements, equipment, supplies, or products on a farm or between farms.
346.94(21)(a)2. 2. “Lightweight utility vehicle" has the meaning given in s. 23.33 (11m) (a) 2., except that the term does not include a device that is equipped with a seat designed to be straddled by the operator.
346.94 Note NOTE: Section 23.33 (11m) was repealed by 2009 Wis. Act 175.
346.94(21)(b)1.1. Notwithstanding s. 23.33 (11m), a person may operate in the conduct of agricultural operations a lightweight utility vehicle on a highway, including any roadway or, notwithstanding ss. 346.05 (1) and 346.08, any shoulder of a highway, to cross the highway or to travel on the highway.
346.94 Note NOTE: Section 23.33 (11m) was repealed by 2009 Wis. Act 175.
346.94(21)(b)2. 2. Any person operating a lightweight utility vehicle on a highway shall exercise due care and, as far as is practicable, avoid interfering with the movement of traffic.
346.94(21)(b)3. 3. Any person operating a lightweight utility vehicle upon any roadway shall operate as close as practicable to the right-hand edge or curb of the unobstructed roadway.
346.94(21)(c) (c) Except as provided in par. (b) and s. 23.33 (11m), no person may operate a lightweight utility vehicle on a highway.
346.94 Note NOTE: Section 23.33 (11m) was repealed by 2009 Wis. Act 175.
346.94(22) (22)Low-speed vehicles operated on highways.
346.94(22)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b) and s. 349.26, a person may operate a low-speed vehicle on any highway that has a speed limit of 35 miles per hour or less and that is under the jurisdiction, for maintenance purposes, of a municipality or county.
346.94(22)(b)1.1. Paragraph (a) applies to the operation of a low-speed vehicle on a connecting highway only if the connecting highway has a speed limit of 25 miles per hour or less or the municipality or county with jurisdiction has adopted a valid ordinance under s. 349.26 (2).
346.94(22)(b)2. 2. Subject to subd. 3., par. (a) applies to an intersection where the highway under the jurisdiction of the municipality or county crosses a state trunk highway or connecting highway only if the state trunk highway or connecting highway has a speed limit at the intersection of 35 miles per hour or less and traffic at the intersection is controlled by traffic control signals.
346.94(22)(b)3. 3. Paragraph (a) does not apply to an intersection where the highway under the jurisdiction of the municipality or county crosses an expressway, as defined in s. 346.57 (1) (ag), or freeway, as defined in s. 346.57 (1) (am), or a controlled-access highway designated under s. 83.027 or 84.25.
346.94(22)(c) (c) No person may operate a low-speed vehicle on any highway except as authorized under this subsection or s. 349.26 (2).
346.94(22)(d) (d) No person may operate a low-speed vehicle at a speed in excess of 25 miles per hour.
346.94(23) (23)Commercial quadricycles.
346.94(23)(a) (a) In this subsection:
346.94(23)(a)1. 1. “Alcohol beverages" has the meaning given in s. 125.02 (1).
346.94(23)(a)2. 2. “Fermented malt beverages" has the meaning given in s. 125.02 (6).
346.94(23)(b) (b) No driver of a commercial quadricycle may consume alcohol while the commercial quadricycle is occupied by passengers.
346.94(23)(c) (c) No person may drive a commercial quadricycle while the person has an alcohol concentration of more than 0.02.
346.94(23)(d) (d) No person may drive a commercial quadricycle occupied by passengers after 10:30 p.m. or after any earlier time established by ordinance under s. 349.18 (1) (d).
346.94(23)(e) (e) No person may drive a commercial quadricycle on which any alcohol beverages other than fermented malt beverages are carried or consumed. No person may drive a commercial quadricycle on which any alcohol beverages are sold, including delivery on the commercial quadricycle of alcohol beverages previously sold by a caterer.
346.94(23)(f) (f) No person may possess on, or carry onto, a commercial quadricycle more than 36 fluid ounces of fermented malt beverages.
346.94(23)(g) (g) Upon conviction of a driver of a commercial quadricycle for a violation of this subsection, the court shall enter an order permanently prohibiting the person from driving a commercial quadricycle. No person may drive a commercial quadricycle in violation of such an order.
346.94 Annotation An ordinance adopting sub. (4) in its entirety violated the constitutional guarantee of free speech. Deida v. City of Milwaukee, 176 F. Supp. 2d 859 (2001).
346.945 346.945 Vehicle owner's liability for radios or other electric sound amplification devices.
346.945(1)(a) (a) Subject to s. 346.01 (2), the owner of a vehicle involved in a violation of s. 346.94 (16) shall be presumed liable for the violation as provided in this section.
346.945(1)(b) (b) Notwithstanding par. (a), no owner of a vehicle involved in a violation of s. 346.94 (16) may be convicted under this section if the person operating the vehicle or having the vehicle under his or her control at the time of the violation has been convicted for the violation under this section or under s. 346.94 (16).
346.945(2) (2)Any member of the public who observes a violation of s. 346.94 (16) may prepare a written report indicating that a violation has occurred. If possible, the report shall contain the following information:
346.945(2)(a) (a) The time and the approximate location at which the violation occurred.
346.945(2)(b) (b) The license number and color of the motor vehicle involved in the violation.
346.945(2)(c) (c) Identification of the motor vehicle as an automobile, motor truck, motor bus, motorcycle or other type of vehicle.
346.945(3) (3)
346.945(3)(a)1.1. Within 24 hours after observing the violation, a member of the public may deliver a report containing all of the information in sub. (2) to a traffic officer of the county or municipality in which the violation occurred. A report which does not contain all of the information in sub. (2) shall nevertheless be delivered and shall be maintained by the county or municipality for statistical purposes.
346.945(3)(a)2. 2. Within 48 hours after receiving a report containing all of the information in sub. (2), the traffic officer shall investigate the violation and may prepare a uniform traffic citation under s. 345.11 and, within 72 hours after receiving such report, any traffic officer employed by the authority issuing the citation may personally serve it upon the owner of the vehicle.
346.945(3)(b) (b) If with reasonable diligence the owner cannot be served under par. (a), service may be made by leaving a copy of the citation at the owner's usual place of abode within this state in the presence of a competent member of the family who is at least 14 years of age and who shall be informed of the contents thereof. Service under this paragraph may be made by any traffic officer employed by the authority issuing the citation and shall be performed within 72 hours after a report containing all of the information in sub. (2) was delivered to a traffic officer under par. (a) 1.
346.945(3)(c) (c) If with reasonable diligence the owner cannot be served under par. (a) or (b) or if the owner lives outside of the jurisdiction of the issuing authority, service may be made by certified mail addressed to the owner's last-known address. Service under this paragraph shall be performed by posting the certified mail within 72 hours after a report containing all of the information in sub. (2) was delivered to a traffic officer under par. (a) 1. Except for owners who live outside of the jurisdiction of the issuing authority, service under this paragraph may not be performed unless service under pars. (a) and (b) has been attempted.
346.945(4) (4)Defenses to the imposition of liability under this section include:
346.945(4)(a) (a) That a report that the vehicle was stolen was given to a traffic officer before the violation occurred or within a reasonable time after the violation occurred.
346.945(4)(b) (b) If the owner of the vehicle provides a traffic officer employed by the authority issuing the citation with the name and address of the person operating the vehicle or having the vehicle under his or her control at the time of the violation and sufficient information for the officer to determine that probable cause does not exist to believe that the owner of the vehicle was operating the vehicle or having the vehicle under his or her control at the time of the violation, then the owner of the vehicle shall not be liable under this section or under s. 346.94 (16).
346.945(4)(c) (c) If the vehicle is owned by a lessor of vehicles and at the time of the violation the vehicle was in the possession of a lessee, and the lessor provides a traffic officer employed by the authority issuing the citation with the information required under s. 343.46 (3), then the lessee and not the lessor shall be liable under this section or under s. 346.94 (16).
346.945(4)(d) (d) If the vehicle is owned by a dealer, as defined in s. 340.01 (11) (intro.) but including the persons specified in s. 340.01 (11) (a) to (d), and at the time of the violation the vehicle was being operated by or was under the control of any person on a trial run, and if the dealer provides a traffic officer employed by the authority issuing the citation with the name, address and operator's license number of the person operating the vehicle or having the vehicle under his or her control on a trial run, then that person, and not the dealer, shall be liable under this section or under the applicable provision of s. 346.94 (16).
346.945(5) (5)Notwithstanding s. 346.94 (16) (b) 6., this section does not apply to the operation of a motorcycle.
346.945 History History: 1995 a. 373; 1997 a. 27; 1999 a. 80.
346.95 346.95 Penalty for violating sections 346.87 to 346.94.
346.95(1)(1)Except as provided in sub. (13), any person violating s. 346.87, 346.88, 346.89 (4), (4m), or (5), 346.90 to 346.92, or 346.94 (1), (9), (10), (11), (12), or (15) may be required to forfeit not less than $20 nor more than $40 for the first offense and not less than $50 nor more than $100 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within a year.
346.95(2) (2)Any person violating s. 346.89 (1) or (3) (a) or 346.94 (2), (4), or (7) may be required to forfeit not less than $20 nor more than $400.
346.95(2m) (2m)Any person violating s. 346.935 may be required to forfeit not more than $100.
346.95(3) (3)Any person violating s. 346.94 (5) or (14) shall be required to forfeit $50 for each offense.
346.95(4) (4)Any person violating s. 346.923, 346.925, or 346.94 (8), (8m), or (8s) may be required to forfeit not more than $20 for the first offense and not more than $50 for each subsequent offense.
346.95(5) (5)Any person violating s. 346.94 (13) or (21) may be required to forfeit not more than $200.
346.95(5e) (5e)Any person violating s. 346.94 (16) may be required to forfeit not less than $40 nor more than $80 for the first offense and not less than $100 nor more than $200 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within a year.
346.95(5g) (5g)A vehicle owner or other person found liable under s. 346.945 may be required to forfeit not less than $40 nor more than $80 for the first offense and not less than $100 nor more than $200 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within a year. Imposition of liability under s. 346.945 shall not result in suspension or revocation of a person's operating license under s. 343.30, nor shall it result in demerit points being recorded on a person's driving record under s. 343.32 (2) (a).
346.95(6) (6)Any person violating s. 346.94 (17), (18), or (18m) may be required to forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $20 for the first offense and not less than $25 nor more than $50 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within a year.
346.95(7) (7)Any person violating s. 346.922 may be required to forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $25 for the first offense and not less than $25 nor more than $200 for a 2nd or subsequent conviction within 3 years.
346.95(8) (8)Any person violating s. 346.94 (19) may be required to forfeit not less than $30 nor more than $300.
346.95(9) (9)Any person violating s. 346.924 may be required to forfeit not less than $500 nor more than $5,000. Each violation constitutes a separate offense.
346.95(10) (10)
346.95(10)(a)(a) Any person who violates s. 346.94 (20) (b) and any person 16 years of age or older who violates s. 346.94 (20) (a) may be required to forfeit not less than $20 nor more than $40 for the first offense and not less than $50 nor more than $100 for the 2nd or subsequent conviction within a year.
346.95(10)(b) (b) No forfeiture may be assessed for a violation of s. 346.94 (20) (a) if the violator is less than 16 years of age when the offense occurs.
346.95(11) (11)Any person violating s. 346.94 (22) (c) or (d) may be required to forfeit not more than $200.
346.95(12) (12)
346.95(12)(a)(a) Any person violating s. 346.94 (23) (b), (c), (d), (e), or (f) may be required to forfeit not less than $200 nor more than $500.
346.95(12)(b) (b) Any person violating s. 346.94 (23) (g) may be required to forfeit not less than $1,000 nor more than $2,000.
346.95(13) (13)
346.95(13)(a)(a) If a person violates s. 346.87 and the violation results in great bodily harm, as defined in s. 939.22 (14), to another, the person shall forfeit $500.
346.95(13)(b) (b) If a person violates s. 346.87 and the violation results in death to another, the person shall forfeit $1,000.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)