407.305   Destination bills.
407.306   Altered bills of lading.
407.307   Lien of carrier.
407.308   Enforcement of carrier's lien.
407.309   Duty of care; contractual limitation of carrier's liability.
SUBCHAPTER IV
WAREHOUSE RECEIPTS AND BILLS OF LADING:
GENERAL OBLIGATIONS
407.401   Irregularities in issue of receipt or bill or conduct of issuer.
407.402   Duplicate document of title; overissue.
407.403   Obligation of warehouse or carrier to deliver; excuse.
407.404   No liability for good faith delivery pursuant to document of title.
SUBCHAPTER V
WAREHOUSE RECEIPTS AND BILLS OF LADING: NEGOTIATION AND TRANSFER
407.501   Form of negotiation and requirements of due negotiation.
407.502   Rights acquired by due negotiation.
407.503   Document of title to goods defeated in certain cases.
407.504   Rights acquired in absence of due negotiation; effect of diversion; stoppage of delivery.
407.505   Endorser not guarantor for other parties.
407.506   Delivery without endorsement; right to compel endorsement.
407.507   Warranties on negotiation or delivery of document of title.
407.508   Warranties of collecting bank as to documents of title.
407.509   Adequate compliance with commercial contract.
SUBCHAPTER VI
WAREHOUSE RECEIPTS AND BILLS OF LADING:
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
407.601   Lost, stolen, or destroyed documents of title.
407.602   Attachment of goods covered by negotiable document of title.
407.603   Conflicting claims; interpleader.
Ch. 407 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See definitions in s. 401.201.
subch. I of ch. 407 SUBCHAPTER I
GENERAL
407.101 407.101 Short title. This chapter may be cited as uniform commercial code — documents of title.
407.101 History History: 2009 a. 322.
407.102 407.102 Definitions and index of definitions.
407.102(1)(1)In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
407.102(1)(a) (a) “Bailee" means a person that by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading, or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them.
407.102(1)(b) (b) “Carrier" means a person that issues a bill of lading.
407.102(1)(c) (c) “Consignee" means a person named in a bill of lading to which or to whose order the bill promises delivery.
407.102(1)(d) (d) “Consignor" means a person named in a bill of lading as the person from which the goods have been received for shipment.
407.102(1)(e) (e) “Delivery order" means a record that contains an order to deliver goods directed to a warehouse, carrier, or other person that in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading.
407.102(1)(f) (f) “Good faith" means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing.
407.102(1)(g) (g) “Goods" means all things that are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract for storage or transportation.
407.102(1)(h) (h) “Issuer" means a bailee that issues a document of title or, in the case of an unaccepted delivery order, the person that orders the possessor of goods to deliver. The term includes a person for which an agent or employee purports to act in issuing a document if the agent or employee has real or apparent authority to issue documents, even if the issuer did not receive any goods, the goods were misdescribed, or in any other respect the agent or employee violated the issuer's instructions.
407.102(1)(i) (i) “Person entitled under the document" means the holder, in the case of a negotiable document of title, or the person to which delivery of the goods is to be made by the terms of, or pursuant to instructions in a record under, a nonnegotiable document of title.
407.102(1)(j) (j) “Record" means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
407.102(1)(k) (k) “Shipper" means a person that enters into a contract of transportation with a carrier.
407.102(1)(L) (L) “Sign" means, with present intent to authenticate or adopt a record, any of the following:
407.102(1)(L)1. 1. To execute or adopt a tangible symbol.
407.102(1)(L)2. 2. To attach to or logically associate with the record an electronic sound, symbol, or process.
407.102(1)(m) (m) “Warehouse" means a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire.
407.102(2) (2)Definitions in other chapters applying to this chapter and the sections in which they appear are:
407.102(2)(a) (a) “Contract for sale," s. 402.106.
407.102(2)(b) (b) “Lessee in ordinary course of business," s. 411.103.
407.102(2)(c) (c) “Receipt" of goods, s. 402.103.
407.102(3) (3)In addition, ch. 401 contains general definitions and principles of construction and interpretation applicable throughout this chapter.
407.102 History History: 2009 a. 322.
407.103 407.103 Relation of chapter to treaty or statute.
407.103(1)(1)This chapter is subject to any treaty or statute of the United States or a regulatory statute of this state to the extent the treaty, statute, or regulatory statute is applicable.
407.103(2) (2)This chapter does not repeal or modify any law prescribing the form or contents of a document of title or the services or facilities to be afforded by a bailee, or otherwise regulating a bailee's businesses in respects not specifically treated in this chapter. However, violation of such a law does not affect the status of a document of title that otherwise complies with the definition of a document of title.
407.103(3) (3)This chapter modifies, limits, and supersedes the federal Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act, 15 USC 7001 to 7031, but does not modify, limit, or supersede section 101 (c) of that act, 15 USC 7001(c), or authorize electronic delivery of any of the notices described in section 103 (b) of that act, 15 USC 7003 (b).
407.103(4) (4)To the extent there is a conflict between ch. 137 and this chapter, this chapter governs.
407.103 History History: 2009 a. 322; 2019 a. 125.
407.104 407.104 Negotiable and nonnegotiable document of title.
407.104(1)(1)Except as provided in sub. (3), a document of title is negotiable if by its terms the goods are to be delivered to bearer or to the order of a named person.
407.104(2) (2)A document of title other than one described in sub. (1) is nonnegotiable. A bill of lading that states that the goods are consigned to a named person is not made negotiable by a provision that the goods are to be delivered only against an order in a record signed by the same or another named person.
407.104(3) (3)A document of title is nonnegotiable if, at the time it is issued, the document has a conspicuous legend, however expressed, that it is nonnegotiable.
407.104 History History: 2009 a. 322.
407.105 407.105 Reissuance in alternative medium.
407.105(1)(1)Upon request of a person entitled under an electronic document of title, the issuer of the electronic document may issue a tangible document of title as a substitute for the electronic document if all of the following apply:
407.105(1)(a) (a) The person entitled under the electronic document surrenders control of the document to the issuer.
407.105(1)(b) (b) The tangible document when issued contains a statement that it is issued in substitution for the electronic document.
407.105(2) (2)Upon issuance of a tangible document of title in substitution for an electronic document of title in accordance with sub. (1), all of the following apply:
407.105(2)(a) (a) The electronic document ceases to have any effect or validity.
407.105(2)(b) (b) The person that procured issuance of the tangible document warrants to all subsequent persons entitled under the tangible document that the warrantor was a person entitled under the electronic document when the warrantor surrendered control of the electronic document to the issuer.
407.105(3) (3)Upon request of a person entitled under a tangible document of title, the issuer of the tangible document may issue an electronic document of title as a substitute for the tangible document if all of the following apply:
407.105(3)(a) (a) The person entitled under the tangible document surrenders possession of the document to the issuer.
407.105(3)(b) (b) The electronic document when issued contains a statement that it is issued in substitution for the tangible document.
407.105(4) (4)Upon issuance of the electronic document of title in substitution for a tangible document of title in accordance with sub. (3), all of the following apply:
407.105(4)(a) (a) The tangible document ceases to have any effect or validity.
407.105(4)(b) (b) The person that procured issuance of the electronic document warrants to all subsequent persons entitled under the electronic document that the warrantor was a person entitled under the tangible document when the warrantor surrendered possession of the tangible document to the issuer.
407.105 History History: 2009 a. 322.
407.106 407.106 Control of electronic document of title.
407.106(1)(1)A person has control of an electronic document of title if a system employed for evidencing the transfer of interests in the electronic document reliably establishes that person as the person to which the electronic document was issued or transferred.
407.106(2) (2)A system satisfies sub. (1), and a person is deemed to have control of an electronic document of title, if the document is created, stored, and assigned in such a manner that satisfies all of the following:
407.106(2)(a) (a) A single authoritative copy of the document exists which is unique, identifiable, and, except as otherwise provided in pars. (d), (e), and (f), unalterable.
407.106(2)(b) (b) The authoritative copy identifies the person asserting control as one of the following:
407.106(2)(b)1. 1. The person to which the document was issued.
407.106(2)(b)2. 2. If the authoritative copy indicates that the document has been transferred, the person to which the document was most recently transferred.
407.106(2)(c) (c) The authoritative copy is communicated to and maintained by the person asserting control or its designated custodian.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 186 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on July 10, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 10, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-10-20)