County appointments to municipal and joint public library boards.
Common school fund.
Legislative findings and declaration of policy. 43.001(1)(a)
The importance of free access to knowledge, information and diversity of ideas by all residents of this state;
The critical role played by public, school, special and academic libraries in providing that access;
The major educational, cultural and economic asset that is represented in the collective knowledge and information resources of the state's libraries;
The importance of public libraries to the democratic process; and
That the most effective use of library resources in this state can occur only through interlibrary cooperation among all types of libraries and the effective use of technology.
The legislature declares that it is the policy of this state to provide laws for the development and improvement of public libraries, school libraries and interlibrary cooperation among all types of libraries.
History: 1985 a. 177
; 1997 a. 150
In this chapter:
"Department" means the department of public instruction.
"Division" means the division for libraries and technology in the department.
"Municipality" means a city, village, town, tribal government or tribal association, or a school district that maintained and operated a public library facility prior to December 17, 1971.
"Network" means a formal arrangement between libraries or other informational service organizations whereby materials, information and services are exchanged and made available to potential users.
"Public library system" means a system established as either a federated public library system under s. 43.19
or a consolidated public library system under s. 43.21
"State superintendent" means the state superintendent of public instruction.
General duties of state superintendent.
The state superintendent shall:
Promote, assist and plan the organization, development and improvement of school library media services to provide the resources needed for teaching and learning in the schools.
Promote, assist, plan and coordinate the organization, development and improvement of public library services and public library systems to serve the needs of all citizens in the state.
Promote cooperation and resource sharing among public libraries, school libraries, other types of libraries and related agencies.
Plan, coordinate, evaluate and set statewide priorities for the development of networks to enable library cooperation and resource sharing within this state and between this state and resource providers in other states.
Submit to the council on library and network development a biennial report which describes the programs and policies carried out under pars. (a)
in the preceding biennium and the programs and policies to be carried out under pars. (a)
in the succeeding biennium.
Plan and coordinate the provision of library services to groups with special needs, including institutional residents, the physically and mentally handicapped, the socially and economically disadvantaged and racial and ethnic minorities.
Accept, on behalf of the state, grants from the federal government or any federal agency or gifts or grants from any other source to be used for the purposes designated under this chapter.
Enter into an annual contract with the public library in a 1st class city for the provision of library services to physically handicapped persons, including the blind and visually handicapped, certified by competent authority as unable to read or use conventional printed materials as a result of physical limitations. For the purpose of this subsection, "competent authority" means any member of the medical or allied professions, and professional persons in the fields of public health, education, library service, rehabilitation, social work and public welfare.
Contract for service with libraries and other resource providers in and outside of this state to serve as resources of specialized library materials and information not available from the resources for libraries and lifelong learning service under s. 43.05 (11)
Establish procedures necessary for the internal administrative operation of the division.
Develop and maintain a computer database containing bibliographic and library holding information for all types of library materials owned by libraries throughout the state to serve as a resource sharing tool and assist libraries in developing computerized bibliographic databases.
Disseminate information regarding appropriate continuing education activities available to librarians, library board members, library support staff and other related professionals.
General duties of the division.
The division shall:
Coordinate and conduct continuing education programs for librarians of school library media programs, public libraries, public library systems and institutional library programs.
As it deems appropriate, assist libraries in the identification and recruitment of qualified personnel.
Provide professional and technical advisory, consulting and informational services to assist:
School districts establishing, maintaining or expanding school library media programs and facilities;
Public libraries, municipalities establishing, maintaining or expanding public libraries, counties establishing, maintaining or expanding public library services, public library systems and their governing bodies;
Collect library statistics and conduct studies and surveys of library needs throughout the state and report and publish the findings. The research shall be coordinated with statewide library planning.
Designate a librarian to serve as a coordinator of activities for state document depository libraries under ss. 35.81
and to fulfill its responsibilities under ss. 35.81
Recommend and distribute standards for school library programs and facilities to school library media programs, standards for public libraries to public library governing bodies and standards for institutional library programs to governing bodies and administrators of institutional library programs and to heads of departments, as defined under s. 15.01 (8)
, which administer institutional libraries.
Establish standards for and issue certificates to public librarians under s. 43.09 (1)
Approve the establishment of public library systems under s. 43.13
Administer aids to public library systems under s. 43.24
Maintain a resources for libraries and lifelong learning service to supplement the collections of all types of libraries in this state by providing specialized materials not appropriately held and information sources not provided by local libraries or readily available from other area or state-level resource providers. The service shall provide specialized library and information services to state agency libraries and state employees, institution libraries, public library systems, public libraries, school libraries, and other types of libraries according to policies developed by the division. Library and information services may include development of collections of specialized materials, interlibrary loan services, reference services, provision of database search services, and maintenance of a statewide database of library materials. The service may contract with state agencies and libraries to provide library material cataloging and processing services.
Assist the council on library and network development in the preparation of the descriptive and statistical report to be prepared by the council under s. 43.07 (5)
Carry out such other programs and policies as directed by the state superintendent.
Conduct a review of a public library system if at least 30% of the libraries in participating municipalities that include at least 30% of the population of all participating municipalities state in the report under s. 43.58 (6) (c)
that the public library system did not adequately meet the needs of the library. If the division determines that the public library system did not adequately meet the needs of libraries participating in the system, it shall prepare an advisory plan suggesting how the public library system can so do in the future, including suggestions designed to foster intrasystem communications and local dispute resolution. The advisory plan shall be distributed to the public library system board, the boards of all libraries participating in the system and the county boards of all counties participating in the system.
Council on library and network development.
The state superintendent and the division shall seek the advice of and consult with the council on library and network development in performing their duties in regard to library service. The state superintendent or the administrator of the division shall attend every meeting of the council. The council may initiate consultations with the department and the division. The council shall:
Make recommendations to the division in regard to the development of standards for the certification of public librarians and standards for public library systems under s. 43.09
Advise the state superintendent in regard to the general policies and activities of the state's program for library development, interlibrary cooperation and network development.
Advise the state superintendent in regard to the general policies and activities of the state's program for the development of school library media programs and facilities and the coordination of these programs with other library services.
Hold a biennial meeting for the purpose of discussing the report submitted by the state superintendent under s. 43.03 (3) (d)
. Notice of the meeting shall be sent to public libraries, public library systems, school libraries and other types of libraries and related agencies. After the meeting, the council shall make recommendations to the state superintendent regarding the report and any other matter the council deems appropriate.
On or before July 1 of every odd-numbered year, transmit to the state superintendent a descriptive and statistical report on the condition and progress of library services in the state and recommendations on how library services in the state may be improved. The state superintendent shall include the report as an addendum to the department's biennial report under s. 15.04 (1) (d)
Review that portion of the budget of the department relating to library service. Recommendations of the council in regard to the budget shall accompany the department's budget request to the governor.
Receive complaints, suggestions and inquiries regarding the programs and policies of the department relating to library and network development, inquire into such complaints, suggestions and inquiries, and advise the state superintendent and the division on any action to be taken.
Certificates and standards. 43.09(1)
The division shall issue certificates to public librarians and promulgate, under ch. 227
, necessary standards for public librarians. The qualifications for public librarians shall be based on education, professional training and experience. Any relevant instruction, as defined in s. 101.02 (24) (a) 1.
, that an applicant for a certificate has obtained in connection with any military service, as defined in s. 111.32 (12g)
, counts toward satisfying any requirement for instruction for a certificate under this subsection if the applicant demonstrates to the satisfaction of the division that the instruction obtained by the applicant is substantially equivalent to the instruction required for the certificate. Certificates already granted prior to December 17, 1971, shall remain in effect.
(2) Public library systems.
The division, by rule, may promulgate necessary standards for public library systems. If promulgated, such rules shall be consistent with s. 43.15
and shall be established in accordance with ch. 227
, except that the division shall hold a public hearing prior to adoption of any proposed rule. In addition to the notice required under s. 227.17
, the division shall endeavor to notify each public library of such public hearings.
See also ch. PI 6
, Wis. adm. code.
County library planning committees. 43.11(1)
Any county board may appoint a county library planning committee under this section. If a county board, in a county where all public library service is administered or coordinated by an existing county library board or where there is a single-county public library system board, determines to appoint a committee under this section, the existing library board may serve as the county library planning committee. The county board shall notify the division immediately upon appointment of the committee.
The committee may prepare a new plan for the organization of a county or multicounty system, revise an existing plan or change the boundaries of a public library system. It shall conduct public hearings concerning these plans, revisions and changes to which representatives of all libraries in the county shall be invited.
The committee's final report, including a new plan, revisions to an existing plan or changes to the boundaries of a public library system and copies of any written agreements necessary to implement the proposal, shall be filed with the county board and submitted to the division. Plans for multicounty systems shall include a method for allocating system board membership among the member counties.
The plan of library service for a county, whether for a single county or a multicounty system, shall provide for library services to residents of those municipalities in the county not maintaining a public library under this chapter. The services shall include full access to public libraries participating in the public library system and the plan shall provide for reimbursement for that access. Services may include books-by-mail service, bookmobile service, the establishment of additional libraries or other services deemed appropriate by the committee. Services may be provided by contracting with existing public libraries in the county or in adjacent counties or with the public library system or by creating a county library organization under this chapter. The plan of library service for a county may provide for improving public library service countywide and in municipalities that have libraries. The plan shall specify the method and level of funding to be provided by the county to implement the services described in the plan, including the reimbursement of public libraries for access by residents of those municipalities in the county not maintaining a public library.
The plan of library services for a county may include minimum standards of operation for public libraries in the county. The county shall hold a public hearing on any standards proposed under this paragraph. The standards shall take effect if they are approved by the county and the public library boards of at least 50% of the participating municipalities in the county that contain, according to the most recent estimate prepared under s. 16.96
, at least 80% of the population of participating municipalities in the county.
The plan of library services for a county may require that a municipality located in whole or in part within the county that operates a public library compensate another municipality located in whole or in part within the county that operates a public library whenever the latter public library provides library services to residents of the municipality that operates the former public library. The plan's compensation for each loan may not exceed the actual cost of the loan, as defined by the department by rule.
County payment for library services. 43.12(1)
By March 1 of each year, a county that does not maintain a consolidated public library for the county under s. 43.57
and that contains residents who are not residents of a municipality that maintains a public library under s. 43.52
shall pay to each public library in the county and to each public library in an adjacent county, other than a county with a population of at least 500,000, an amount that is equal to at least 70% of the amount computed by multiplying the number of loans reported under sub. (2)
by the amount that results from dividing the total operational expenditures of the library during the calendar year for which the number of loans are reported, not including capital expenditures or expenditures of federal funds, by the total number of loans of material made by the public library during the calendar year for which the loans are reported. The library board of the public library entitled to a payment under this subsection may direct the county to credit all or a portion of the payment to a county library service or library system for shared services.
By July 1 of each year, each public library lying in whole or in part in a county shall provide a statement to the county clerk of that county and to the county clerk of each adjacent county, other than a county with a population of at least 500,000, that reports the number of loans of material made by that library during the prior calendar year to residents of the county, or adjacent county, who are not residents of a municipality that maintains a public library under s. 43.52
and the total number of loans of material made by that library during the previous calendar year.
A county may enter into an agreement with its participating municipalities or with a public library system to pay no less than the amounts determined under sub. (1)
to the public library system for distribution to the public libraries that participate in that system.
Upon request of a county clerk, a public library shall provide access to all books and records used to determine the amount computed under sub. (2)
Nothing in this section prohibits a county from providing funding for capital expenditures.