The board may certify as a respiratory care practitioner any individual who completes an application, meets the qualifications for certification under s. 448.05 (5r)
, and passes the examination required under s. 448.05 (6)
The board may, by rule, provide for a temporary certificate to practice respiratory care to be granted to any individual who completes an application and meets the requirements of s. 448.05 (5r)
but has not passed the examination required by s. 448.05 (6)
. Temporary certificates under this subdivision may be issued for a period not to exceed one year and may not be renewed.
The board may issue a temporary certificate to practice respiratory care to an individual who submits to the board an application, the fee specified in s. 440.05 (1) (a)
, written verification that the applicant has passed the national board for respiratory care's certified respiratory therapy technician examination, evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant meets the requirements of s. 448.05 (5r)
, and evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant is certified to practice respiratory care in another state. The board may not issue a temporary certificate under this subdivision to an individual who has previously been issued a temporary certificate under this subdivision. If an applicant for a temporary certificate under this subdivision has been subjected to professional discipline as a result of the applicant's practice of respiratory care, the applicant shall submit to the board a description of the circumstances of the discipline. A temporary certificate under this subdivision may be issued for a period not to exceed 3 months and may not be renewed.
See also ch. Med 20
, Wis. adm. code.
(2) Certificate of licensure.
Each license granted by the board shall be attested by a certificate of licensure.
Any person holding a license or certificate granted under this subchapter, which is lost, stolen or destroyed, may apply to the board for a duplicate thereof. Such application shall be made in such manner as the board may designate and shall be accompanied by an affidavit setting out the circumstances of loss. The board shall then issue a duplicate bearing on its face the word "duplicate".
Qualification for licensure or certification; examinations; application. 448.05(1)
To be qualified for the grant of any license or certificate by the board, an applicant must:
Meet the specific requirements as set out in this section for that class of license or certificate for which applying.
Achieve a passing grade in the examinations required in this section.
Be found qualified by three-fourths of the members of the board, except that an applicant for a temporary license under s. 448.04 (1) (b) 1.
, and (g)
must be found qualified by 2 members of the board.
(2) License to practice medicine and surgery.
An applicant for any class of license to practice medicine and surgery must supply evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant is a graduate of and possesses a diploma from a medical or osteopathic college approved by the board and has completed postgraduate training of 12 months in a facility approved by the board. If an applicant is a graduate of a foreign medical school which has not been approved by the board, and if such applicant has had postgraduate training in this country in a 12-month program approved by the board or has had other professional experience which the board deems has given the applicant the education and training substantially equivalent, and if such applicant has passed the examinations given by the educational council for foreign medical graduates or its successors, the board may make such additional inquiry including a personal interview as satisfies it that the applicant has had such education and training. If a majority of the board is so satisfied, the applicant may then be admitted to examination for a license to practice medicine and surgery. If an applicant is a graduate of a foreign medical school not approved by the board, and such foreign medical school requires either social service or internship or both of its graduates, and if such applicant has not completed such requirements but has completed a 12-month supervised clinical training program under the direction of a medical school approved by the board and has complied with all other requirements of this subsection for graduates of foreign medical schools not approved by the board, the applicant may then be admitted to examination for a license to practice medicine and surgery.
(3) License to practice perfusion.
An applicant for a license to practice perfusion must supply evidence satisfactory to the board that he or she has successfully completed an educational program in perfusion recognized by the board and accredited by the Accreditation Committee for Perfusion Education of the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs or its successor.
The board shall promulgate rules establishing licensing standards and practice standards for physician assistants and shall license persons under those rules. The board may not grant a license as a physician assistant to an applicant unless the applicant submits evidence satisfactory to the board of all of the following:
That the applicant has passed the certifying examination administered by the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants.
That the applicant has satisfactorily completed a physician assistant training program that is accredited by the American Medical Association's Committee on Allied Health Education and Accreditation or its successor.
See also ch. Med 8
, Wis. adm. code.
(5r) Certificate as respiratory care practitioner.
An applicant for a certificate or a temporary certificate to practice respiratory care shall submit evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant is a graduate of a school with a course of instruction in respiratory care approved by the commission on accreditation of allied health education programs of the American Medical Association.
See also ch. Med 20
, Wis. adm. code.
(5w) Anesthesiologist assistant license.
An applicant for a license to practice as an anesthesiologist assistant shall submit evidence satisfactory to board that the applicant has done all of the following:
Satisfactorily completed an anesthesiologist assistant program that is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs, or by a predecessor or successor entity.
Passed the certifying examination administered by, and obtained active certification from, the National Commission on Certification of Anesthesiologist Assistants or a successor entity.
Except as provided in pars. (am)
, the board shall examine each applicant it finds eligible under this section in such subject matters as the board deems applicable to the class of license or certificate which the applicant seeks to have granted. Examinations may be both written and oral. In lieu of its own examinations, in whole or in part, the board may make such use as it deems appropriate of examinations prepared, administered, and scored by national examining agencies, or by other licensing jurisdictions of the United States or Canada. The board shall specify passing grades for any and all examinations required.
When examining an applicant for a license to practice perfusion under par. (a)
, the board shall use an examination at least as stringent and comprehensive as the certification examination used by the American Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion or its successor.
See also ch. Med 22
, Wis. adm. code.
When examining an applicant for a license to practice as an anesthesiologist assistant under par. (a)
, the board shall use the certification examination administered by the National Commission on Certification of Anesthesiologist Assistants or a successor entity. The board may license without additional examination any qualified applicant who is licensed in any state or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia and whose license authorizes the applicant to practice in the same manner and to the same extent as an anesthesiologist assistant is authorized to practice under s. 448.22 (2)
The board may require an applicant who fails to appear for or to complete the required examinations to reapply for licensure or certification before being admitted to subsequent examinations.
An applicant who fails to achieve a passing grade in the required examinations may request reexamination, and may be reexamined not more than twice at not less than 4-month intervals, and shall pay a reexamination fee for each such reexamination. An applicant who fails to achieve a passing grade on the 2nd such reexamination may not be admitted to further examination until the applicant reapplies for licensure or certification and also presents to the board evidence of further professional training or education as the board may deem appropriate.
Application for any class of license or certificate shall be made as a verified statement in a form provided by the department and at such time and place as the board may designate, and shall be accompanied by satisfactory evidence setting out the qualifications imposed by this section. Application for any class of license to practice medicine and surgery also shall be accompanied by a verified statement that the applicant is familiar with the state health laws and the rules of the department of health services as related to communicable diseases.
See also ch. Med 1
, and 4
, Wis. adm. code.
An unlicensed 1st-year resident should be held to the standard of care applicable to an unlicensed 1st-year resident based on the unique restrictions applicable, in this case that he had no authority or privileges to provide primary obstetrical care and was not supposed to act as the primary attending physician, but was to assess and report findings and differential diagnoses to an upper level senior resident or to the attending obstetrician. Phelps v. Physicians Insurance Company of Wisconsin, Inc. 2005 WI 85
, 282 Wis. 2d 69
, 698 N.W.2d 643
License, certificate or limited permit granted, denied. 448.06(1)(1)
Grant of license, certificate or limited permit.
If three-fourths of the members of the board find that an applicant who has passed the required examinations is qualified, the board shall so notify the applicant and shall grant the license, certificate or limited permit.
(1m) Grant of limited license or certificate.
If the board finds, based upon considerations of public health and safety, that the applicant has not demonstrated adequate education, training or performance on examinations or in past practice, if any, to qualify for full licensure or certification under sub. (1)
, the board may grant the applicant a limited license or certificate and shall so notify the applicant.
(2) Denial of license or certificate.
The board may deny an application for any class of license or certificate and refuse to grant such license or certificate on the basis of unprofessional conduct on the part of the applicant, failure to possess the education and training required for that class of license or certificate for which application is made, or failure to achieve a passing grade in the required examinations.
See also chs. Med 9
and SPS 1
, Wis. adm. code.
Permanent license for certain professors.
A person who possesses a temporary license under s. 448.04 (1) (b) 2.
and who has practiced under such license for 4 or more years may apply for a license to practice medicine and surgery under s. 448.04 (1) (a)
. If the applicant achieves a passing grade in the examination for a license to practice medicine and surgery and three-fourths of the board find that the applicant is qualified, notwithstanding s. 448.05 (1) (b)
, the board may grant the license. The board may limit the license and, notwithstanding s. 448.02 (3) (e)
, may continue such limits indefinitely or may remove the limits when it is satisfied that the reasons for the limits no longer exist, except that the board shall remove any limitations on the geographical areas of this state in which the physician may practice and any limitations on the persons with whom the physician may associate, after a period of 5 years of continuous medical practice within this state by the physician.
Every person licensed or certified under this subchapter shall register on or before November 1 of each odd-numbered year following issuance of the license or certificate with the board in such manner as the board shall designate and upon forms the board shall provide. The secretary of the board, on or before October 1 of each odd-numbered year, shall mail or cause to be mailed to every person required to register a registration form. The board shall furnish to each person registered under this section a certificate of registration, and the person shall display the registration certificate conspicuously in the office at all times. No person may exercise the rights or privileges conferred by any license or certificate granted by the board unless currently registered as required under this subsection.
The board shall maintain the register required by s. 440.035 (4)
, which shall be divided according to the activity for which the registrant is licensed or certified. The board shall make copies available for purchase at cost.
Every registration made as provided in this section shall be presumptive evidence in all courts and other places that the person named therein is legally registered for the period covered by such registration, and shall be deemed to fulfill any statutory requirement for renewal of license or certificate.
No registration may be permitted by the secretary of the board in the case of any physician or perfusionist who has failed to meet the requirements of s. 448.13
or any person whose license, certificate, or limited permit has been suspended or revoked and the registration of any such person shall be deemed automatically annulled upon receipt by the secretary of the board of a verified report of such suspension or revocation, subject to the licensee's or permittee's right of appeal. A person whose license, certificate, or limited permit has been suspended or revoked and subsequently restored shall be registered by the board upon tendering a verified report of such restoration of the license, certificate, or limited permit, together with an application for registration and the registration fee.
The fees for examination and licenses granted under this subchapter are specified in s. 440.05
, and the renewal fee for such licenses is determined by the department under s. 440.03 (9) (a)
See also ch. Med 14
, Wis. adm. code.
Fee splitting; separate billing required, partnerships and corporations; contract exceptions. 448.08(1)(1)
As used in this section:
"Hospital" means an institution providing 24-hour continuous service to patients confined therein which is primarily engaged in providing facilities for diagnostic and therapeutic services for the surgical and medical diagnosis, treatment and care, of injured or sick persons, by or under the supervision of a professional staff of physicians and surgeons, and which is not primarily a place of rest for the aged, drug addicts or alcoholics, or a nursing home. Such hospitals may charge patients directly for the services of their employee nurses, nonphysician anesthetists, physical therapists and medical assistants other than physicians or dentists, and may engage on a salary basis interns and residents who are participating in an accredited training program under the supervision of the medical staff, and persons with a temporary educational certificate issued under s. 448.04 (1) (c)
"Medical education and research organization" means a medical education and medical research organization operating on a nonprofit basis.
(1m) Fee splitting.
Except as otherwise provided in this section, no person licensed or certified under this subchapter may give or receive, directly or indirectly, to or from any person, firm or corporation any fee, commission, rebate or other form of compensation or anything of value for sending, referring or otherwise inducing a person to communicate with a licensee in a professional capacity, or for any professional services not actually rendered personally or at his or her direction.
(2) Separate billing required.
Any person licensed under this subchapter who renders any medical or surgical service or assistance whatever, or gives any medical, surgical or any similar advice or assistance whatever to any patient, physician or corporation, or to any other institution or organization of any kind, including a hospital, for which a charge is made to such patient receiving such service, advice or assistance, shall, except as authorized by Title 18 or Title 19 of the federal social security act, render an individual statement or account of the charges therefor directly to such patient, distinct and separate from any statement or account by any physician or other person, who has rendered or who may render any medical, surgical or any similar service whatever, or who has given or may give any medical, surgical or similar advice or assistance to such patient, physician, corporation, or to any other institution or organization of any kind, including a hospital.
(3) Billing for tests performed by the state laboratory of hygiene.
A person other than a state or local government agency who charges a patient, other person or 3rd-party payer for services performed by the state laboratory of hygiene shall identify the actual amount charged by the state laboratory of hygiene and shall restrict charges for those services to that amount.
(4) Professional partnerships and corporations permitted.
Notwithstanding any other provision in this section, it is lawful for 2 or more physicians, who have entered into a bona fide partnership for the practice of medicine, to render a single bill for such services in the name of such partnership, and it also is lawful for a service corporation to render a single bill for services in the name of the corporation, provided that each individual licensed, registered or certified under this chapter or ch. 446
that renders billed services is individually identified as having rendered such services.
(5) Contract exceptions; terms.
Notwithstanding any other provision in this section, when a hospital and its medical staff or a medical education and research organization and its medical staff consider that it is in the public interest, a physician may contract with the hospital or organization as an employee or to provide consultation services for attending physicians as provided in this subsection.
Require the physician to be a member of or acceptable to and subject to the approval of the medical staff of the hospital or medical education and research organization.
Permit the physician to exercise professional judgment without supervision or interference by the hospital or medical education and research organization.
If agreeable to the contracting parties, the hospital or medical education and research organization may charge the patient for services rendered by the physician, but the statement to the patient shall indicate that the services of the physician, who shall be designated by name, are included in the departmental charges.
No hospital or medical education and research organization may limit staff membership to physicians employed under this subsection.
The responsibility of physician to patient, particularly with respect to professional liability, shall not be altered by any employment contract under this subsection.
A medical professional service corporation may bill patients for services by both a physician and a physical therapist if billing states an accurate figure for the respective services. 71 Atty. Gen. 108
Penalties; appeal. 448.09(1)(1)
A person who violates s. 448.08 (3)
may be fined not more than $250. Except as provided in sub. (1m)
, a person who violates any other provision of this subchapter may be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both.
A physician who violates any provision of this subchapter, except s. 448.08 (3)
, or any rule promulgated under this subchapter may be fined not more than $25,000 or imprisoned not more than 9 months or both.
Any person aggrieved by any action taken under this subchapter by the board, its officers or its agents may apply for judicial review as provided in ch. 227
, and shall file notice of such appeal with the secretary of the board within 30 days. No court of this state may enter an ex parte stay of any action taken by the board under this subchapter.
Previous practice. 448.10(1)(1)
Osteopathy. Sections 448.02 (1)
, 448.03 (1)
shall not be construed to abrogate the existing rights, privileges and immunities of any person licensed to practice osteopathy and surgery, or osteopathy, who does not hold license to practice medicine and surgery.
(4) Massage and hydrotherapy.
Any person who, on July 11, 1953, was practicing massage and hydrotherapy in this state under a certificate of registration issued pursuant to s. 147.185
, 1951 stats., as it existed prior to July 11, 1953, or who had applied for a certificate of registration in massage and hydrotherapy before said date, shall have the right to continue to so practice under such certificate, and the term "massage and hydrotherapy" shall be deemed to include the use of galvanic generator, diathermy, infrared ray and ultraviolet light for massage purposes. Nothing contained in this subsection shall limit the existing authority of the board to revoke such certificate for cause, and in addition, the board may require the holder of such certificate to demonstrate by examination fitness to use the instrumentalities enumerated in this subsection. A lack of such fitness shall constitute cause for revocation of such certificate. No such certificate holder shall treat a specific disease except on the advice of a licensed physician.
Any person who, on May 7, 1953, was practicing midwifery in this state under a certificate of registration issued by the board may continue to so practice under such certificate but subject to the provisions of ch. 150
, 1951 stats., as in effect prior to such date and subject to the other provisions of this subchapter.
If it appears upon complaint to the board by any person or if it is known to the board that any person is violating this subchapter, or rules adopted by the board under this subchapter, the board or the attorney general may investigate and may, in addition to any other remedies, bring action in the name and on behalf of the state against any such person to enjoin such person from such violation. The attorney general shall represent the board in all proceedings.
History: 1975 c. 383
; 1997 a. 175
A physician who has reason to believe any of the following about another physician shall promptly submit a written report to the board that shall include facts relating to the conduct of the other physician:
The other physician is engaging or has engaged in acts that constitute a pattern of unprofessional conduct.