449.17(1m)(c)3. 3. Approve and administer an examination prepared and graded by or under the direction of the national board of examiners in optometry or another examination provider approved by the examining board.
449.17(1m)(d) (d) No fee may be charged for a certificate issued under this subsection. A certificate issued under this subsection or s. 449.17, 2003 stats., remains in effect while the optometrist's license to practice optometry remains in effect unless the certificate is suspended or revoked by the examining board.
449.17(2) (2)Plan. Topical ocular diagnostic pharmaceutical agents may be used only by optometrists who have established a plan for the referral of patients who experience adverse reactions from the application of such agents to appropriate medical services.
449.17(5) (5)The secretary shall, after consultation with the examining board, the medical examining board and the pharmacy examining board, promulgate rules specifying the topical ocular diagnostic pharmaceutical agents which optometrists may utilize in this state.
449.17(8) (8)Reimbursement prohibited. No optometrist may be reimbursed under s. 49.46 (2) (a) 3. or 49.471 (11) for any increase in charges or separate charge which is attributable to the use of topical ocular diagnostic pharmaceutical agents.
449.17 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. SPS 10, Wis. adm. code.
449.18 449.18 Removals from eyes; use of therapeutic pharmaceuticals.
449.18(1)(1)Applicability. No optometrist may use therapeutic pharmaceutical agents or remove foreign bodies from an eye or from an appendage to the eye unless one of the following applies:
449.18(1)(a) (a) The examining board initially issues a license to practice optometry to the optometrist on or after August 1, 2006.
449.18(1)(b) (b) The department issued a certificate to the optometrist under s. 449.18, 2003 stats.
449.18(1)(c) (c) The examining board issues a certificate under sub. (2) to an optometrist issued a license to practice optometry before August 1, 2006.
449.18(2) (2)Licenses issued before august 1, 2006.
449.18(2)(a)(a) The examining board shall certify an optometrist to use therapeutic pharmaceutical agents and remove foreign bodies from an eye or from an appendage to the eye if the optometrist was issued a license to practice optometry before August 1, 2006, and the optometrist satisfies all of the following:
449.18(2)(a)1. 1. The optometrist is certified under s. 449.17, 2003 stats., or s. 449.17 (1m) (a) to use topical ocular diagnostic pharmaceutical agents.
449.18(2)(a)2. 2. The optometrist has successfully completed 100 hours of approved study in the use of therapeutic pharmaceutical agents and the removal of superficial foreign bodies from an eye or from an appendage to the eye. The course of study shall be offered by an institution approved by the examining board and accredited by a regional or professional accrediting organization that is recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation or its successor or the federal department of education.
449.18(2)(a)3. 3. The optometrist has passed an examination conducted or approved by the examining board. The examining board shall periodically review the validity, reliability, and appropriateness of the examination that it conducts or approves under this subdivision.
449.18(2)(d) (d) No fee may be charged for the issuance of a certificate under par. (a).
449.18(2)(e) (e) A certificate issued under par. (a) or s. 449.18, 2003 stats., remains in effect while the optometrist's license to practice optometry remains in effect unless the certificate is suspended or revoked by the examining board.
449.18(5) (5)Removals from eyes. An optometrist who is allowed under sub. (1) to remove a foreign body from an eye or from an appendage to an eye may not remove a foreign body from an eye or from an appendage to an eye if the foreign body is deeper than Bowman's layer of the cornea or deeper than the conjunctiva.
449.18(6) (6)Use of therapeutic pharmaceuticals.
449.18(6)(am)(am) An optometrist who is allowed under sub. (1) to use therapeutic pharmaceutical agents may not do any of the following:
449.18(6)(am)1. 1. Prescribe or administer any therapeutic pharmaceutical agent that he or she is prohibited from prescribing or administering under the rules promulgated under par. (cm).
449.18(6)(am)2. 2. Dispense, as defined in s. 450.01 (7), other than by prescribing or administering. This subdivision does not prohibit the optometrist from doing any of the following:
449.18(6)(am)2.a. a. Providing a complimentary sample of a therapeutic pharmaceutical agent to a patient to whom the optometrist has rendered therapeutic care.
449.18(6)(am)2.b. b. Dispensing a contact lens that also delivers a therapeutic pharmaceutical agent, if the optometrist is authorized to prescribe or administer the therapeutic pharmaceutical agent under the rules promulgated under par. (cm).
449.18(6)(bm) (bm) An optometrist who is allowed under sub. (1) to use therapeutic pharmaceutical agents shall include with each prescription order all of the following:
449.18(6)(bm)1. 1. A statement that he or she is allowed under sub. (1) to use therapeutic pharmaceutical agents.
449.18(6)(bm)2. 2. The indicated use of the therapeutic pharmaceutical agent so prescribed.
449.18(6)(cm) (cm) The secretary shall, after consultation with the examining board, the medical examining board and the pharmacy examining board, promulgate rules specifying those therapeutic pharmaceutical agents that may or may not be prescribed or administered.
449.18 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. Opt 6 and SPS 10, Wis. adm. code.
449.19 449.19 Referral to other health care professionals. If, during the course of examining a person, an optometrist determines the existence of a pathological condition requiring treatment outside the scope of the practice of optometry, the optometrist shall so advise the person and shall refer the person to an appropriate health care professional, as defined in s. 180.1901 (1m), for further evaluation.
449.19 History History: 1977 c. 280; 1989 a. 31; 2005 a. 297.
449.20 449.20 Civil immunity. No optometrist shall be liable for any civil damages for either of the following:
449.20(1) (1)Reporting in good faith to the department of transportation under s. 146.82 (3) a patient's name and other information relevant to the vision of the patient which in the optometrist's judgment impairs the patient's ability to exercise reasonable and ordinary control over a motor vehicle.
449.20(2) (2)In good faith, not reporting to the department of transportation under s. 146.82 (3) a patient's name and other information relevant to the vision of the patient which in the optometrist's judgment does not impair the patient's ability to exercise reasonable and ordinary control over a motor vehicle.
449.20 History History: 1987 a. 215.
449.25 449.25 Informed consent.
449.25(1)(1)Any optometrist who treats a patient shall inform the patient about the availability of reasonable alternate modes of treatment and about the benefits and risks of these treatments. The reasonable optometrist standard is the standard for informing a patient under this section. The reasonable optometrist standard requires disclosure only of information that a reasonable optometrist would know and disclose under the circumstances. The optometrist's duty to inform the patient under this section does not require disclosure of any of the following:
449.25(1)(a) (a) Detailed technical information that in all probability a patient would not understand.
449.25(1)(b) (b) Risks apparent or known to the patient.
449.25(1)(c) (c) Extremely remote possibilities that might falsely or detrimentally alarm the patient.
449.25(1)(d) (d) Information in emergencies where failure to provide treatment would be more harmful to the patient than treatment.
449.25(1)(e) (e) Information in cases where the patient is incapable of consenting.
449.25(1)(f) (f) Information about alternate modes of treatment for any condition the optometrist has not included in his or her diagnosis at the time the optometrist informs the patient.
449.25(2) (2)The examining board shall promulgate rules implementing sub. (1).
449.25 History History: 2013 a. 345.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-19)