46.18(5) (5)Officers. The trustees shall elect a president. The superintendent of the institution shall be the secretary.
46.18(6) (6)Monthly audit; suits. At least once each month the trustees shall audit all claims against the county incurred on behalf of said institutions, when presented to them verified under oath by the claimant or the claimant's agent and, when allowed, the president and secretary shall certify such claims to the county clerk who shall thereupon issue county orders for their payment. The trustees may sue and defend in the name of the county any cause for action involving the interest of said institution and may employ counsel for that purpose. All receipts on account of said institutions shall be paid into the county treasury within one week after receipt.
46.18(7) (7)Fiscal year. The fiscal year of each institution shall commence July 1 and end June 30 of the following year.
46.18(8) (8)Bookkeeping. For the institutions listed in sub. (1), the department of health services shall formulate a system of keeping the books, accounts, and reports, and shall furnish forms for reports, and reports shall be made accordingly.
46.18(9) (9)Reports; accounts. The trustees shall install a system of accounting and reporting, under the supervision of the department of health services, and the trustees shall conduct business in conformity with that system. The department of health services may from time to time audit the books, records, documents, accounts and transactions of each institution.
46.18(10) (10)Annual report. On July 1 of each year the trustees shall prepare a report for the preceding fiscal year and shall transmit a copy to the department of health services and a copy to the county clerk, and keep a copy on file at the institution. The report shall be accompanied by an inventory of all properties on hand on the last day of the fiscal year, an estimate of the receipts and expenditures for the current fiscal year, and the reports of the superintendent and visiting physician, of the institution.
46.18(11) (11)County appropriation. The county board or, in Milwaukee County, the Milwaukee County mental health board, as applicable, shall annually appropriate for operation and maintenance of each such institution not less than the amount of state aid estimated by the trustees to accrue to said institution; or such lesser sum as may be estimated by the trustees to be necessary for operation and maintenance.
46.18(12) (12)Additional duties. The county board or the Milwaukee County mental health board, as applicable, may provide that the trustees and superintendent of any institution shall be the trustees and superintendent of any other institution.
46.18(13) (13)Building reserve fund. Except in Milwaukee County, the county board shall maintain as a segregated cash reserve an annual charge of 2% of the original cost of new construction or purchase or of the appraised value of existing infirmary structures and equipment. In Milwaukee County, the Milwaukee County mental health board, for mental health infirmary structures and equipment, shall ensure the maintenance, as a segregated cash reserve, of an annual charge of 2 percent of the original cost of new construction or purchase or of the appraised value of existing mental health infirmary structures and equipment. If the infirmary or any of its equipment is replaced, any net cost of replacement in excess of the original cost is subject to an annual charge of 2%. No contributions to the cash reserve in excess of the amount required under this subsection may be included in the calculation under s. 49.726 (1). The county board, except the Milwaukee County board, may from time to time appropriate from such reserve sums to be expended solely for the enlargement, modernization or replacement of such infirmary and its equipment. In Milwaukee County, the Milwaukee County mental health board may require to be appropriated from reserve sums for mental health infirmaries to be expended for the enlargement, modernization, or replacement of a mental health infirmary and its equipment.
46.18(14) (14)Incentive payments to patients in mental hospitals. The county board or, in Milwaukee County, the Milwaukee County mental health board may authorize the board of trustees of any county mental hospital to establish a program of incentive payments so as to provide incentive and encouragement to patients by the disbursement of small weekly payments but not restricted to work allowances. Incentive payments paid to inmates shall not be included as costs in arriving at the per capita rate for state aids or charges to other counties and the state for care of inmates.
46.18(15) (15)Joint operation of health-related service. If the county board of supervisors, or the Milwaukee County mental health board, as applicable, so authorizes, the trustees of the county hospital may, together with a private or public organization or affiliation, organize, establish and participate in the governance and operation of an entity to operate, wholly or in part, any health-related service, may participate in the financing of the entity and may provide administrative and financial services or resources for its operation on terms prescribed by the county board of supervisors or the Milwaukee County mental health board, as applicable.
46.18 Annotation The county board in a county having a county executive could require that 4 of 7 trustees be county supervisors. 70 Atty. Gen. 181.
46.18 Annotation The county board, not the board of trustees, determines the disposition of bequests made to an institution under this section. 73 Atty. Gen. 125.
46.19 46.19 Officers and employees of county institutions.
46.19(1)(1) The trustees shall appoint a superintendent of each institution and may remove the superintendent for cause, as defined in s. 17.001, on due notice in writing and hearing of the charges against the superintendent.
46.19(2) (2) The trustees shall prescribe the duties of the superintendent. The superintendent shall execute and file an official bond with sureties approved by the trustees.
46.19(3) (3) Subject to the approval of the trustees, the superintendent shall appoint and prescribe the duties of necessary additional officers and employees of the institution, and may remove them at the superintendent's discretion, subject to the county civil service law.
46.19(4) (4) The salaries of the superintendent, visiting physician and all necessary additional officers and employees shall be fixed by the county board. In Milwaukee County, the salaries of any superintendent of a mental health institution and the salaries of any visiting physician and necessary additional officers and employees whose duties are related to mental health shall be fixed by the county executive.
46.19 History History: 1991 a. 316; 2001 a. 103; 2013 a. 203.
46.20 46.20 Joint county institutions.
46.20(1) (1) Any 2 or more counties may jointly, by majority vote of all the members of each county board, provide for a county home, infirmary, hospital, or similar institution, or juvenile detention home, which shall be established, maintained and operated pursuant to all the statutes relating to the establishment, maintenance and operation of similar institutions, respectively, by any single county whose population is less than 250,000, except as otherwise provided in this section; and in all respects, except as herein specified, each such institution shall be the county institution of each of the counties so joining.
46.20(2) (2) The county board of each such county shall elect 3 of its members to represent the county in a joint committee to select the site, anywhere within either of said counties, and prepare the plans and specifications of the buildings, for such institution; and said joint committee shall be vested with all functions, relative to the establishment of such institution, possessed by the county board relative to like county institutions.
46.20(3) (3) Upon approval of the site, plans and specifications, as provided in ss. 46.17 and 301.37, as to other institutions, the joint committee shall report to the several county boards the estimated cost of the site and buildings, and the amount thereof chargeable to each county on the basis set forth in sub. (6) (a), appending to each report a copy of the plans and specifications and all matter relating to the site and buildings. If the report is approved by each county board, the joint committee shall purchase the site and cause the buildings to be erected in accordance with the plans and specifications.
46.20(4) (4) The functions of the joint committee shall terminate upon completion of said buildings; and the board of trustees thereupon elected shall be composed of 2 electors from each county when 2 counties join, and of one elector from each county in all other cases; which trustees, except those elected at first elections, shall hold during terms of 4 years in the former case, and as many years as there are counties joining in the other cases. Trustees elected at first elections shall hold for terms beginning at once and so ending that the terms of one member only will expire on the first Monday of each succeeding January, beginning with January of the second year thereafter; which terms shall be allotted to the respective trustees at their first meeting. The county board of each county joining shall at an annual meeting elect a successor to any trustee from such county whose term will expire on the first Monday of the next following January. The trustees shall have the qualifications and functions and be subject to the limitations and restrictions of trustees elected pursuant to s. 46.18. They shall be reimbursed their traveling expenses necessarily incurred in the discharge of their functions, and shall receive compensation similar to that of the trustees, respectively, of like county institutions; and if the county board is empowered to fix the latter, the compensation of the joint trustees shall be fixed by joint action of the county boards.
46.20(5) (5) All receipts on account of such institution shall be paid into the treasury of the county in which said institution is located.
46.20(6) (6) Prior to the election of the trustees the joint committee, and thereafter the board of trustees, shall audit all claims against said counties on account of such institution; and all such claims shall, in the first instance, be certified to and paid by the county in which said institution is located, subject to apportionment and adjustment among the several counties as follows:
46.20(6)(a) (a) All expenditures for the site, buildings, furniture, equipment, and permanent improvements, after deducting all receipts therefor except county appropriations, shall immediately upon payment be apportioned by the clerk of the county in which the institution is located and certified to the clerks of the other counties, on the basis of the percentage which the valuation of the taxable property in each county bears to the valuation of the aggregate taxable property in all said counties, as determined pursuant to s. 70.57.
46.20(6)(b) (b) All expenditures for repairs, maintenance, and operation, after deducting all receipts therefor except county appropriations, shall be so apportioned for each month, on the first day of the next succeeding month, on the basis of the percentage which the aggregate cost of keeping the inmates at public charge from each such county bears to the aggregate cost of keeping the inmates at public charge from all such counties, adopting as the unit of cost the total average cost per capita per week of keeping all the inmates, at public charge and otherwise, in said institution.
46.20(6)(c) (c) Immediately upon receipt of such certified apportionment each such other county shall pay over to the county in which said institution is located its proportion of said expense.
46.20(7) (7)
46.20(7)(a)(a) If any net profit shall arise from the operation of said institution it shall be apportioned among the several counties on the basis prescribed in sub. (6) (b); and the county in which said institution is located shall pay over to the other counties, respectively, their proportions of such profit.
46.20(7)(b) (b) The board of trustees shall maintain as a segregated cash reserve the 2% charge required under s. 46.18 (13). It may from time to time appropriate from such reserve sums to be expended solely for the enlargement, modernization or replacement of such infirmary and its equipment.
46.20(9) (9) At any time after the organization of any such institution, any additional county or counties may join in the support and conduct thereof upon payment of such equitable proportion of the original cost of its establishment, and any joint county may withdraw upon such terms, as may be agreed upon among the county boards of the counties interested; and thereupon the board of trustees of such institution shall be reorganized, in such manner as may be determined by the county boards of the participating counties, to conform to sub. (4).
46.205 46.205 County home in adjoining county. The county board of any county may by a majority vote of all of its members provide for a home for the aged and physically disabled in an adjoining county and all bonds heretofore issued for the construction or other acquisition of such a home in any county or an adjoining county are hereby validated and the proceeds from the bonds may be used in the construction or other acquisition of a home in such county or an adjoining county. When any county shall establish such home in an adjoining county it shall be maintained and operated under the same statutes which would be applicable to the maintenance and operation of the home if it were established in such first county.
46.205 History History: 1977 c. 83.
46.206 46.206 Welfare services; supervisory functions of state department.
46.206(1)(1)
46.206(1)(a)(a) The department shall supervise the administration of social services, except as provided under ch. 48 and subch. III of ch. 49 and except for juvenile delinquency-related services. The department shall submit to the federal authorities state plans for the administration of social services, except as provided under ch. 48 and subch. III of ch. 49 and except for juvenile delinquency-related services, in such form and containing such information as the federal authorities require, and shall comply with all requirements prescribed to ensure their correctness.
46.206(1)(b) (b) All records of the department and all county records relating to social services shall be open to inspection at all reasonable hours by authorized representatives of the federal government. Notwithstanding ss. 48.396 (2) and 938.396 (2), all county records relating to the administration of the services and public assistance shall be open to inspection at all reasonable hours by authorized representatives of the department.
46.206(1)(bm) (bm) All records of the department relating to aid provided under s. 49.46, 49.465, 49.468, 49.47, 49.471, or 49.77 are open to inspection at reasonable hours by members of the legislature who require the information contained in the records in pursuit of a specific state legislative purpose. All records of any county relating to aid provided under s. 49.46, 49.465, 49.468, 49.47, 49.471, or 49.77 are open to inspection at reasonable hours by members of the board of supervisors of the county or the governing body of a city, village or town located in the county who require the information contained in the records in pursuit of a specific county or municipal legislative purpose. The right to records access provided by this paragraph does not apply if access is prohibited by federal law or regulation or if this state is required to prohibit such access as a condition precedent to participation in a federal program in which this state participates.
46.206(1)(c) (c) The department may at any time audit all county records relating to the administration of the services and public assistance specified in this section and may at any time conduct administrative reviews of county departments under ss. 46.215 and 46.22. If the department conducts an audit or administrative review in a county, the department shall furnish a copy of the audit or administrative review report to the chairperson of the county board of supervisors and the county clerk in a county with a single-county department or to the county boards of supervisors and the county clerks in counties with a multicounty department, and to the director of the county department under s. 46.21 or 46.22.
46.206(2) (2) The county administration of all laws relating to social services, except with respect to the programs under ch. 48 and subch. III of ch. 49 and to juvenile delinquency-related programs, shall be vested in the officers and agencies designated in the statutes.
46.208 46.208 Relief block grants; functions of state department.
46.208(1)(1) All records of the county or tribal governing body relating to the administration of relief funded by a relief block grant, as defined in s. 49.001 (5p), shall be open to inspection at all reasonable hours by authorized representatives of the department.
46.208(2m) (2m) The department may at any time audit all records of the relief agency relating to the administration of relief funded by a relief block grant, as defined in s. 49.001 (5p), and may at any time conduct administrative reviews of a county department under s. 46.215, 46.22, or 46.23. The department shall furnish a copy of the county audit or administrative review report to the chairperson of the county board of supervisors and the county clerk in a county with a single-county department or to the county boards of supervisors and the county clerks in counties with a multicounty department, and to the county director of the county department under s. 46.215, 46.22, or 46.23.
46.21 46.21 Institutions and department of human services in populous counties.
46.21(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
46.21(1)(a) (a) "Administrator" means the administrator of the county hospital who is appointed under sub. (1m) (am).
46.21(1)(am) (am) "County board of supervisors" means the county board of supervisors in a county with a population of 500,000 or more.
46.21(1)(b) (b) "County department of human services" means the county department of human services that is created under sub. (2m) (a).
46.21(1)(c) (c) "Director" means the director of the county department of human services who is appointed under sub. (1m) (a).
46.21(1)(d) (d) "Human services" means the total range of services to people, including mental illness treatment, developmental disabilities services, physical disabilities services, income maintenance, youth probation, extended supervision and parole services, alcohol and drug abuse services, services to children, youth and families, family counseling, early intervention services for children from birth to the age of 3, and manpower services. "Human services" does not include child welfare services administered by the department of children and families under s. 48.48 (17).
46.21(1m) (1m)Director and administrator; appointments.
46.21(1m)(a)(a) The county executive shall appoint under ss. 63.01 to 63.17 a director of the county department of human services. The appointment shall be made on the basis of recognized and demonstrated public interest in and knowledge of the problems of human services, and with due regard to training, experience, executive and administrative ability and efficiency, and general qualifications and fitness for performing the duties of the office. The director shall file an official oath and bond in the amount determined by the county board of supervisors. The county board of supervisors may create a position of deputy director of the county department of human services. The director shall be appointed by the county executive in the unclassified civil service and is subject to confirmation by the county board of supervisors under s. 59.17 (2) (bm).
46.21(1m)(am) (am) The county executive shall appoint under ss. 63.01 to 63.17 an administrator of the county hospital. The appointment shall be made on the basis of recognized and demonstrated public interest in and knowledge of the problems of delivery of medical care and treatment, and with due regard to training, experience, executive and administrative ability and efficiency, and general qualifications and fitness for performing the duties of the office. The administrator shall file an official oath and bond in the amount determined by the county board of supervisors. The county board of supervisors may create positions to assist the administrator. The administrator shall be appointed by the county executive in the unclassified civil service and the appointment is subject to confirmation by the county board of supervisors under s. 59.17 (2) (bm).
46.21(1m)(b) (b) Provisions shall be made in the organization of the office of the director and in the office of the administrator for the devolution of the director's or administrator's authority in the case of his or her temporary absence, illness or other disability to act.
46.21(2) (2)Powers and duties of the county board of supervisors. The county board of supervisors:
46.21(2)(a) (a) Shall adopt policies for the management, operation, maintenance and improvement of the county hospital; the detention center; the probation section of the children's court center; the provision and maintenance of the physical facilities for the children's court and its intake section under the supervision and operation of the judges assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 and as provided in s. 938.06 (1); the county department of human services; the central service departments; and all buildings and land used in connection with any institution under this section except a mental health institution. The powers and duties of the county board of supervisors are policy forming only, and not administrative or executive. The county board of supervisors may not form policies regarding mental health or mental health institutions, programs, or services. The Milwaukee County mental health board shall adopt the policies under this paragraph regarding mental health and mental health institutions, programs, and services.
46.21(2)(b) (b) May make such arrangements with the University of Wisconsin-Madison Medical School or the Medical College of Wisconsin, or any other duly accredited medical colleges and medical societies for teaching and research in such institutions as in its judgment will best promote the purpose of hospitals and sanatoriums under sub. (4m).
46.21(2)(e) (e) May pay a reasonable fee and the actual travel expense of persons called into consultation by the county board of supervisors as to matters within the field of human services or health care delivery.
46.21(2)(i) (i) May designate an amount as and appropriate funds for a work allowance to inmates at its institutions. The county board of supervisors shall prescribe the amount of such work allowance after the director determines reasonable hours and health and other conditions, as shall be observed in connection with the employment. Such employment is not within the provisions of ss. 63.01 to 63.17 nor is it subject to ch. 102. Work allowances or wages paid to inmates shall not be included as costs in arriving at the per capita rate for state aids or charges to other counties and the state for care of inmates.
46.21(2)(j) (j) May exercise approval or disapproval power over contracts and purchases of the director that are for $50,000 or more, except that the county board of supervisors may not exercise approval or disapproval power over any personal service contract or over any contract or purchase of the director that relates to community living arrangements, adult family homes, or foster homes and that was entered into pursuant to a contract under s. 46.031 (2g) or 301.031 (2g), regardless of whether the contract mentions the provider, except as provided in par. (m). The county board of supervisors may not exercise approval or disapproval power over any contract relating to mental health or mental health institutions, programs, or services. This paragraph does not preclude the county board of supervisors from creating a central purchasing department for all county purchases that are not related to mental health.
46.21(2)(k) (k) Shall make sufficient appropriation annually for the support, maintenance, salaries, repairs and improvements to the county department of human services and the institutions, except for mental health institutions. The appropriations shall be used subject to the order of the director or administrator and as the policies adopted by the county board of supervisors provide. The director or administrator may not incur any expense or contract for new buildings, additions to present buildings or the purchase of land until the county board of supervisors, or the Milwaukee County mental health board, as applicable, has appropriated or provided for the money to defray such expense.
46.21(2)(L) (L) May establish and maintain a public health and medical dispensary and conduct same as may be proper and necessary for the preservation of the public health and the prevention of disease in the county.
46.21(2)(m) (m) May establish and maintain in connection with such county hospital, an emergency unit or department for the treatment, subject to such rules as may be prescribed by the county board of supervisors, of persons in the county who may meet with accidents or be suddenly afflicted with illness not contagious; provided that medical care and treatment shall only be furnished in such unit or department until such time as the patient may be safely removed to another hospital or to his or her place of abode, or regularly admitted to the county hospital. The county board of supervisors may also contract with any private hospital or nonprofit hospital within the county for the use of its facilities and for medical service to be furnished by a licensed physician or physicians to patients who require emergency medical treatment or first aid as a result of any accident, injury or sudden affliction of illness occurring within the county, except that reasonable compensation may only be authorized until the patient is regularly admitted as an inpatient or safely removed to another hospital or to his place of abode. In this paragraph, "hospital" includes, without limitation due to enumeration, public health centers, medical facilities and general, tuberculosis, chronic disease and other types of hospitals and related facilities, such as laboratories, outpatient departments, nurses' home and training facilities, and central service facilities operated in connection with hospitals. In this paragraph, "hospital" does not include any hospital furnishing primarily domiciliary care. In this paragraph "nonprofit hospital" means any hospital owned and operated by a corporation or association, no part of the net earnings of which inures, or may lawfully inure, to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.
46.21(2)(n) (n) May establish and maintain, in connection with the institutions and departments under the control of the county board of supervisors, a training school for nurses, to purchase and take over all property, to assume all obligations and to conduct any training school now operated in connection with those institutions or departments.
46.21(2)(nm) (nm) May, together with a nonstock corporation organized under ch. 181 that is a nonprofit corporation, as defined in s. 181.0103 (17), and that is organized solely for the purpose of operating duly accredited educational programs offering baccalaureate and associate degrees in nursing and allied health fields, maintain and fund the programs.
46.21(2)(o) (o) May establish and maintain in connection with or separate from the county hospital a unit or department for the treatment, subject to the adopted policies of the county board of supervisors, of persons in the county who may be afflicted with contagious diseases.
46.21(2)(p) (p) May, on such terms as it prescribes, make its land, buildings, facilities and supportive services available to organizations for the construction and operation of medical, hospital and health-related activities at the site of the institutions under this section.
46.21(2)(q) (q) May, together with a private or public organization or affiliation, organize, establish and participate in the governance and operation of an entity to operate, wholly or in part, any health-related service except a mental health-related service, may participate in the financing of the entity and may provide administrative and financial services or resources for its operation on terms prescribed by the county board of supervisors. The Milwaukee County mental health board may, together with a private or public organization or affiliation, organize, establish, and participate in the governance and operation of an entity to operate, wholly or in part, any mental health-related service, may participate in the financing of the entity, and may provide administrative and financial services or resources for its operation.
46.21(2m) (2m)County department of human services.
46.21(2m)(a)(a) Creation. The management, operation, maintenance and improvement of human services in a county with a population of 750,000 or more is vested in a county department of human services under the jurisdiction, as to policy, of the county board of supervisors or, as to mental health policy, the Milwaukee County mental health board. The county department of human services shall consist of the director appointed under sub. (1m), any division administrator appointed under sub. (4) or s. 51.41 (9), and necessary personnel appointed by the director or appointed by a division administrator and approved by the director.
46.21(2m)(am) (am) Multicounty department. A county board of supervisors may establish with one or more other counties a county department of human services on a multicounty basis. A multicounty department of human services established under this paragraph shall meet the requirements for a county department of human services under this section.
46.21(2m)(b) (b) Powers and duties.
46.21(2m)(b)1.1. The county board of supervisors or, in matters related to mental health, the Milwaukee County mental health board may transfer the powers and duties of any human services program under the control of the county and shall transfer all of the following to the county department of human services:
46.21(2m)(b)1.a. a. The powers and duties of the county departments under ss. 46.215, 51.42 and 51.437, including the administration of the long-term support community options program under s. 46.27, if the county department under s. 46.215 is designated as the administering agency under s. 46.27 (3) (b) 1.
46.21(2m)(b)1.b. b. The administration of the long-term support community options program under s. 46.27, if the director is designated as the administering agent under s. 46.27 (3) (b) 4.
46.21(2m)(b)1.c. c. The management, operation, maintenance and improvement of the county mental health complex under s. 51.08.
46.21(2m)(b)2.a.a. Any reference in any law to a county department under s. 46.215, 51.42 or 51.437 applies to the county department of human services under sub. (2m) in its administration of the powers and duties of the county department to which the reference is made.
46.21(2m)(b)2.b. b. Any reference in any law to a county director appointed under s. 51.42 (6m) (intro.) or 51.437 (10m) (intro.) applies to the director appointed under sub. (1m) (a) in his or her administration of the powers and duties of the county director to which the reference is made.
46.21(2m)(b)2.c. c. Any reference in any law to the county board appointed under s. 51.42 (4) (a) 2. or 51.437 (7) (a) 2. is limited, with respect to the county department of human services under this subsection, to the powers and duties of the county board to which the reference is made.
46.21(2m)(c) (c) Exchange of information. Notwithstanding ss. 46.2895 (9), 48.78 (2) (a), 49.45 (4), 49.83, 51.30, 51.45 (14) (a), 55.22 (3), 146.82, 252.11 (7), and 253.07 (3) (c), a subunit of a county department of human services or tribal agency acting under this subsection may exchange confidential information about a client, without the informed consent of the client, with any other subunit of the same county department of human services or tribal agency, with a resource center, a care management organization, or a long-term care district, with an elder-adult-at-risk agency, an adult-at-risk agency, or any agency to which referral for investigation is made under s. 46.90 (5) (a) 1. or 55.043 (1r) (a) 1g., or with a person providing services to the client under a purchase of services contract with the county department of human services or tribal agency or with a resource center, a care management organization, or a long-term care district, if necessary to enable an employee or service provider to perform his or her duties, or to enable the county department of human services or tribal agency to coordinate the delivery of services to the client. An agency that releases information under this paragraph shall document that a request for information was received and what information was provided.
46.21(2m)(d) (d) Limitation. The powers and duties of the county department of human services under s. 46.23 do not apply to this section.
46.21(3) (3)Powers and duties of the director. All of the administrative and executive powers and duties of managing, operating, maintaining and improving the county department of human services and other institutions and departments that the county board of supervisors or, in matters of mental health, the Milwaukee County mental health board may place under the jurisdiction of the director are vested in the director, subject to the policies and in accordance with the principles adopted by the county board of supervisors or, in matters of mental health, the Milwaukee County health board.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)