49.79 49.79 Food stamp administration.
49.79(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
49.79(1)(am) (am) "Able-bodied adult" means an individual who is not any of the following:
49.79(1)(am)1. 1. Younger than 18 years of age.
49.79(1)(am)2. 2. Fifty years of age or older.
49.79(1)(am)3. 3. Determined by the department to be medically certified as physically or mentally unfit for employment, as described in 7 CFR 273.24 (c) (2).
49.79(1)(am)4. 4. A parent of a household member who is younger than 18 years old, even if the household member who is younger than 18 years old is not eligible for food stamps.
49.79(1)(am)5. 5. Residing in a household that includes a household member who is younger than 18 years old, even if the household member who is younger than 18 years old is not eligible for food stamps.
49.79(1)(am)6. 6. Exempt from the work requirement under the food stamp program, as described in 7 CFR 273.24 (c) (5).
49.79(1)(am)7. 7. Pregnant.
49.79(1)(b) (b) "Controlled substance" has the meaning given in 21 USC 802 (6).
49.79(1)(c) (c) "Food stamp program" means the federal food stamp program under 7 USC 2011 to 2036.
49.79(1)(e) (e) "Multicounty consortium" has the meaning given in s. 49.78 (1) (br).
49.79(1)(f) (f) "Qualified alien" has the meaning given in 8 USC 1641 (b).
49.79(1)(g) (g) "Wisconsin Works employment position" has the meaning given in s. 49.141 (1) (r).
49.79(2) (2)Denial of eligibility. An individual who fails to comply with the work requirements of the employment and training program under sub. (9) is ineligible to participate in the food stamp program as specified under sub. (9) (b).
49.79 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 252, Wis. adm. code.
49.79(3) (3)Liability for lost food coupons.
49.79(3)(a)(a) A county, multicounty consortium, or federally recognized American Indian tribe is liable for all food stamp coupons lost, misappropriated, or destroyed while under the county's, consortium's, or tribe's direct control, except as provided in par. (b).
49.79(3)(b) (b) A county, multicounty consortium, or federally recognized American Indian tribe is not liable for food stamp coupons lost in natural disasters if it provides evidence acceptable to the department that the coupons were destroyed and not redeemed.
49.79(3)(c) (c) A county, multicounty consortium, or federally recognized American Indian tribe is liable for food stamp coupons mailed to residents of the county or counties that are in the multicounty consortium or members of the tribe and lost in the mail due to incorrect information submitted to the department by the county or tribe.
49.79(4) (4)Deductions from county income maintenance payments. The department shall withhold the value of food stamp losses for which a county, multicounty consortium, or federally recognized American Indian tribe is liable under sub. (3) from the payment to the county, multicounty consortium, or tribe under income maintenance contracts under s. 49.78 and reimburse the federal government from the funds withheld.
49.79(5) (5)Drug convictions.
49.79(5)(a)(a) The department shall require an applicant for, or recipient under, the food stamp program to state in writing whether the applicant or recipient or any member of the applicant's or recipient's household has been convicted, in any state or federal court of a felony that has as an element possession, use or distribution of a controlled substance. The department shall require an applicant or recipient, or member of the applicant's or recipient's household to submit to a test for use of a controlled substance as a condition of continued eligibility if, after August 22, 1996, but not more than 5 years prior to the date the written statement is made, the applicant or recipient or the member of the applicant's or recipient's household was convicted in any state or federal court of a felony that had as an element possession, use or distribution of a controlled substance. If the test results are positive with respect to any individual, the department may not consider the needs of that individual in determining the household's eligibility for the food stamp program for at least 12 months from the date of the test. The department shall, however, consider the income and resources of that individual to be available to the household.
49.79(5)(b) (b) If an individual whose needs are not considered under par. (a) submits to a test for use of a controlled substance at least 12 months after the date that the department first disregarded that individual's needs under par. (a), and if the test results are negative, the department shall consider the individual's needs in determining the eligibility of the individual's household.
49.79(6) (6)Ineligibility for fugitive felons. No person is eligible for the food stamp program in a month in which that person is a fugitive felon under 7 USC 2015 (k) (1) or is violating a condition of probation, extended supervision or parole imposed by a state or federal court.
49.79(7) (7)Simplified food stamp program. The department shall develop a simplified food stamp program that meets all of the requirements under P.L. 104-193, section 854, and shall submit the plan to the secretary of the federal department of agriculture for approval. If the secretary of the federal department of agriculture approves the plan, the department shall submit the plan to the secretary of administration for approval. If the secretary of administration approves the plan, the department may implement the plan.
49.79(8) (8)Benefits for qualified aliens. The department shall not provide benefits under this section to a qualified alien, except to the extent that federal food stamp benefits for qualified aliens are required by the federal government.
49.79(8m) (8m)Applicants from correctional institutions.
49.79(8m)(a)(a) The department shall allow a prisoner who is applying for the food stamp program from a correctional institution in anticipation of being released from the institution to use the address of the correctional institution as his or her address on the application.
49.79(8m)(b) (b) The department shall allow an employee of a correctional institution who has been authorized by a prisoner of the institution to act on his or her behalf in matters related to the food stamp program to receive and conduct telephone calls on behalf of the prisoner in matters related to the food stamp program.
49.79(9) (9)Employment and training program.
49.79(9)(a)1.1. The department shall administer an employment and training program for recipients under the food stamp program and may contract with county departments under ss. 46.215, 46.22, and 46.23, multicounty consortia, local workforce development boards established under 29 USC 2832, tribal governing bodies, or other organizations to carry out the administrative functions. A county department, multicounty consortium, local workforce development board, tribal governing body, or other organization may subcontract with a Wisconsin Works agency or another provider to administer the employment and training program under this subsection. Except as provided in subds. 2. and 3., the department may require able individuals who are 18 to 60 years of age who are not participants in a Wisconsin Works employment position to participate in the employment and training program under this subsection.
49.79(9)(a)2. 2. The department may not require an individual who is a recipient under the food stamp program and who is the caretaker of a child under the age of 6 to participate in any employment and training program under this subsection.
49.79(9)(a)3. 3. The department may not require an individual who is a recipient under the food stamp program to participate in any employment and training program under this subsection if that individual is enrolled at least half time in a school, as defined in s. 49.26 (1) (a) 2., a training program, or an institution of higher education.
49.79(9)(a)4. 4. The amount of food stamp benefits paid to a recipient who is a participant in a Wisconsin Works employment position under s. 49.147 (4) or (5) shall be calculated based on the pre-sanction benefit amount received under s. 49.148.
49.79(9)(a)5. 5. A participant in an employment and training program under this subsection administered by the department is an employee of the department for purposes of worker's compensation coverage, except to the extent that the person for whom the participant is performing work provides worker's compensation coverage. A participant in an employment and training program under this subsection administered by a Wisconsin Works agency or another provider is an employee of the Wisconsin Works agency or other provider for purposes of worker's compensation coverage, except to the extent that the person for whom the participant is performing work provides worker's compensation coverage.
49.79(9)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (c), an individual who fails to comply with the work requirements under par. (a) without good cause is ineligible to participate in the food stamp program as follows:
49.79(9)(b)1. 1. For the first occurrence of noncompliance, one month, or until the person complies with the work requirements under par. (a), whichever is later.
49.79(9)(b)2. 2. For the 2nd occurrence of noncompliance, 3 months, or until the person complies with the work requirements under par. (a), whichever is later.
49.79(9)(b)3. 3. For the 3rd and subsequent occurrences of noncompliance, 6 months, or until the person complies with the work requirements under par. (a), whichever is later.
49.79(9)(c) (c) If the department implements a policy under sub. (10), par. (b) does not apply to an individual who is required to fulfill the work requirement under sub. (10) (a).
49.79(10) (10)Eligibility and work requirements for able-bodied adults.
49.79(10)(a)(a) The department may implement a policy that complies with 7 CFR 273.24. If the department implements a policy under this paragraph, all of the following apply:
49.79(10)(a)1. 1. The department shall require an able-bodied adult who is participating in the food stamp program to fulfill the work requirement defined under 7 CFR 273.24 (a) (1).
49.79(10)(a)2. 2. If an able-bodied adult does not fulfill the work requirement, the department may limit the able-bodied adult's eligibility for food stamps to no more than 3 months during a 3-year period.
49.79(10)(a)3. 3. The department may exempt up to 15 percent of the able-bodied adults who are participating in the food stamp program from the time limit under subd. 2.
49.79(10)(b) (b) If the department determines that a waiver, or an amendment to a waiver, is necessary to implement a policy that complies with 7 CFR 273.24, the department shall request the waiver or the amendment to the waiver from the federal department of agriculture to permit the department to implement a policy that complies with 7 CFR 273.24 as provided under this subsection.
49.79 History History: 2001 a. 16 ss. 1656sy to 1656tjk, 1656tjm to 1656tp, 1656tr, 1656ts to 1656tx, 1838sb to 1838td.; Stats 2001 s. 49.79; 2003 a. 33; 2005 a. 25; 2005 a. 443 s. 265; 2007 a. 20 ss. 1397, 1399 to 1407, 1662 to 1669; 2011 a. 32; 2013 a. 20, 168.
49.793 49.793 Recovery of food stamps.
49.793(1) (1) The department or a county, a multicounty consortium, as defined in s. 49.78 (1) (br), or an elected governing body of a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band acting on behalf of the department, may recover overpayments that arise from an overissuance of food coupons under the food stamp program administered under s. 46.215 (1) (k) or 46.22 (1) (b) 2. d. Recovery shall be made in accordance with 7 USC 2022.
49.793(2) (2)
49.793(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), a county, multicounty consortium, as defined in s. 49.78 (1) (br), or governing body of a federally recognized American Indian tribe may retain a portion of the amount of an overpayment the state is authorized to retain under 7 USC 2025 that is recovered under sub. (1) due to the efforts of an employee or officer of the county, multicounty consortium, or tribe. The department shall promulgate a rule establishing the portion of the amount of the overpayment that the county, multicounty consortium, or governing body may retain. This paragraph does not apply to recovery of an overpayment that was made as a result of state, county, multicounty consortium, or tribal governing body error.
49.793(2)(b) (b) Any amount that Milwaukee County would otherwise be entitled to retain under par. (a) for the recovery of an overpayment due to the efforts of a department employee or officer, or a county employee or officer under the management of the department, shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.435 (4) (L).
49.793 History History: 2001 a. 16 ss. 1656ty, 1656tym; Stats. 2001 s. 49.793; 2009 a. 15; 2011 a. 32.
49.796 49.796 Food stamp reinstatement. A person may apply to a multicounty consortium, as defined in s. 49.78 (1) (br), or a federally recognized American Indian tribal governing body or, if the person is a supplier, as defined in s. 946.92 (1) (d), to the federal department of agriculture for reinstatement of benefits following a period of suspension imposed under s. 946.92, if the suspension is not permanent.
49.796 History History: 2013 a. 226 s. 43; Stats. 2013 s. 49.796.
49.797 49.797 Electronic benefit transfer.
49.797(1) (1) Definition. In this section, "food stamp program" means the federal food stamp program under 7 USC 2011 to 2029 or, if the department determines that the food stamp program no longer exists, a nutrition program that the department determines is a successor to the food stamp program.
49.797(2) (2)Delivery of food stamps.
49.797(2)(a)(a) Notwithstanding s. 46.028 and except as provided in par. (b) and sub. (8), the department shall administer a statewide program to deliver food stamp benefits to recipients of food stamp benefits by an electronic benefit transfer system. All suppliers, as defined in s. 946.92 (1) (d), may participate in the delivery of food stamp benefits under the electronic benefit transfer system. The department shall explore methods by which nontraditional retailers, such as farmers' markets, may participate in the delivery of food stamp benefits under the electronic benefit transfer system.
49.797(2)(b) (b) The department need not implement a program to deliver food stamp benefits by an electronic benefit transfer system if any of the following applies:
49.797(2)(b)1. 1. The department determines that the cost of the electronic benefit transfer system would be greater than the cost of another food stamp delivery system.
49.797(2)(b)2. 2. The department determines that the state may be liable under 12 CFR 205 for lost or stolen benefits.
49.797(4) (4)Duties. In administering a program to deliver benefits by an electronic benefit transfer system, the department shall do all of the following:
49.797(4)(a) (a) Consult with members of the following groups:
49.797(4)(a)1. 1. Benefit recipients.
49.797(4)(a)2. 2. Advocates for benefit recipients.
49.797(4)(a)3. 3. Financial institution personnel.
49.797(4)(a)4. 4. Appropriate county, state and tribal governing body employees.
49.797(4)(a)5. 5. Persons who sell goods or services to recipients for which payment may be made by use of an electronic benefit transfer system, including, as appropriate, retailers, landlords and public utilities.
49.797(4)(b) (b) Hold informational meetings at a variety of locations around the state.
49.797(4)(c) (c) To the extent possible, maximize the use of existing automated teller machines and point-of-sale terminals.
49.797(4)(d) (d) Authorize the use of cards that physically resemble financial transaction cards, as defined in s. 943.41 (1) (em).
49.797(5) (5)State agencies. The department may enter into an agreement with any state agency to deliver benefits paid by that agency by an electronic benefit transfer system.
49.797(6) (6)Administration; contracts. The department may enter into a contract with any financial institution, as defined in s. 705.01 (3), or other fiscal intermediary to administer a program to deliver benefits to recipients by an electronic benefit transfer system. The contract shall require the contractor to do all of the following:
49.797(6)(a) (a) Provide training on the use of the electronic benefit transfer system to the persons enumerated in sub. (4) (a).
49.797(6)(b) (b) Provide ongoing assistance, on a 24-hour basis, on the use of the electronic benefit transfer system.
49.797(7) (7)Rules. The department shall promulgate rules for the administration of the electronic benefit transfer system under this section. The rules shall include all of the following:
49.797(7)(a) (a) The liability, and limits on the liability, of a recipient for lost benefits after the loss or theft of a card issued to the recipient under sub. (4) (d).
49.797(7)(b) (b) The suspension from a program of recipients, retailers or other participants for fraudulent activity, as defined by the department.
49.797(7)(c) (c) A provision for confidentiality.
49.797(7)(d) (d) Measures to be taken by the department or the person with whom the department contracts under sub. (6) to ensure the security of card issuance and electronic transfer of benefits.
49.797(8) (8)County participation; exception. The department may not require a multicounty consortium, as defined in s. 49.78 (1) (br), or tribal governing body to participate in an electronic benefit transfer system under this section if the costs to the multicounty consortium or tribal governing body would be greater than the costs that the multicounty consortium or tribal governing body would incur in delivering the benefits through a system that is not an electronic benefit transfer system.
49.797 History History: 2001 a. 16 ss. 1656u to 1656ue, 1656uj to 1656ut; Stats. 2001 s. 49.797; 2009 a. 28; 2011 a. 32; 2013 a. 226.
49.797 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DHS 252, Wis. adm. code.
subch. VI of ch. 49 SUBCHAPTER VI
GENERAL PROVISIONS
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Sept. 3, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Sept. 3, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-3-14)