50.65(4)(a) (a) The pain clinic is licensed as a pharmacy under s. 450.06.
50.65(4)(b) (b) The pain clinic is treating an individual under ch. 102 for a condition or complaint reasonably related to a condition for which the individual claims worker's compensation under ch. 102.
50.65(5) (5)Applicability. This section does not apply to any of the following:
50.65(5)(a) (a) A medical or dental school, nursing school, physician assistant training program, or outpatient clinic associated with any of the schools or training programs specified in this paragraph.
50.65(5)(b) (b) A hospital, as defined in s. 50.33 (2).
50.65(5)(c) (c) Hospice, as defined in s. 50.90 (1).
50.65(5)(d) (d) A nursing home, as defined in s. 50.01 (3).
50.65(6) (6)Rules. The department, after consulting with the medical examining board, may promulgate rules to govern the operation of pain clinics as the department finds necessary to provide safety to the public. The department may promulgate other rules it determines are necessary to implement this section.
50.65(7) (7)Regulation of professions. Nothing in this section confers authority on the department of health services to regulate the profession or practice of a health care provider whose profession is regulated by the department of safety and professional services or an examining board attached to the department of safety and professional services.
50.65 History History: 2015 a. 265.
subch. VI of ch. 50 SUBCHAPTER VI
HOSPICES
50.90 50.90 Definitions. In this subchapter:
50.90(1) (1) “Hospice" means any of the following:
50.90(1)(a) (a) An organization that primarily provides palliative care and supportive care to an individual with terminal illness where he or she lives or stays and, if necessary to meet the needs of an individual with terminal illness, arranges for or provides short-term inpatient care and treatment or provides respite care.
50.90(1)(b) (b) A program, within an organization, that primarily provides palliative care and supportive care to an individual with terminal illness where he or she lives or stays, that uses designated staff time and facility services, that is distinct from other programs of care provided, and, if necessary to meet the needs of an individual with terminal illness, that arranges for or provides short-term inpatient care and treatment or respite care.
50.90(1)(c) (c) A place, including a freestanding structure or a separate part of a structure in which other services are provided, that primarily provides palliative and supportive care and a place of residence to individuals with terminal illness and provides or arranges for short-term inpatient care as needed.
50.90(1m) (1m) “Managing employee" means a general manager, business manager, administrator, director or other individual who exercises operational or managerial control over, or who directly or indirectly conducts, the operation of the hospice.
50.90(2) (2) “Organization" means a public agency, as defined in s. 46.856 (1) (b), a nonprofit corporation, a for-profit stock corporation, a cooperative, an unincorporated cooperative association, a partnership, a limited liability company or a sole proprietorship.
50.90(3) (3) “Palliative care" means management and support provided for the reduction or abatement of pain, for other physical symptoms and for psychosocial or spiritual needs of individuals with terminal illness and includes physician services, skilled nursing care, medical social services, services of volunteers and bereavement services. “Palliative care" does not mean treatment provided in order to cure a medical condition or disease or to artificially prolong life.
50.90(3g) (3g) “Respite care" means care provided to a terminally ill individual in order to provide temporary relief to the primary caregiver.
50.90(3m) (3m) “Short-term care" means care provided to a terminally ill individual in an inpatient setting for brief periods of time for the purpose of pain control or acute or chronic symptom management.
50.90(4) (4) “Supportive care" means services provided during the final stages of an individual's terminal illness and dying and after the individual's death to meet the psychosocial, social and spiritual needs of family members of the terminally ill individual and other individuals caring for the terminally ill individual. “Supportive care" includes personal adjustment counseling, financial counseling, respite services, bereavement counseling and follow-up services provided by volunteers or other persons.
50.90(5) (5) “Terminal illness" means a medical prognosis that an individual's life expectancy is less than 12 months.
50.90 History History: 1989 a. 199; 1993 a. 112; 2003 a. 33; 2005 a. 441.
50.91 50.91 Departmental powers and duties. The department shall provide uniform, statewide licensing, inspection and regulation of hospices as specified in this subchapter.
50.91 History History: 1989 a. 199.
50.92 50.92 Licensing requirements.
50.92(1) (1) No person may conduct, maintain, operate or otherwise participate in conducting, maintaining or operating a hospice unless the hospice is licensed by the department.
50.92(2) (2) The department shall issue a license if the department finds that the applicant is fit and qualified and that the hospice meets the requirements of this subchapter and the rules promulgated under this subchapter.
50.92(3) (3) The department or the department's designated representative shall inspect or investigate a hospice prior to issuance of a license for the hospice except as provided in sub. (4) and may inspect or investigate a hospice as the department deems necessary, including conducting home visits or a review of health care records of any individuals with terminal illness served by the hospice, to determine if any person is in violation of this subchapter.
50.92(3m) (3m) The department may conduct plan reviews of all capital construction and remodeling of structures that are owned or leased for operation of a hospice. The department shall promulgate rules that establish a fee schedule for its services in conducting the plan reviews under this subsection.
50.92(4) (4)
50.92(4)(a)(a) In lieu of inspecting or investigating a hospice under sub. (3) prior to issuance of a license, the department may accept evidence that a hospice applying for licensure under s. 50.93 has been inspected under and is currently certified as meeting the conditions for medicare participation under 42 USC 1395 to 1395ccc. If a hospice fails to meet the conditions for medicare participation under 42 USC 1395 to 1395ccc, the department shall inspect or investigate the hospice under sub. (3) before initially issuing a license for the hospice.
50.92(4)(b) (b) In lieu of inspecting or investigating a hospice under sub. (3) prior to issuance of a license, the department may accept evidence that a hospice applying for licensure under s. 50.93 has accreditation as a hospice from an organization that is approved by the federal centers for Medicare and Medicaid services and that meets any requirements established by the department. A hospice shall provide the department with a copy of the report by the accreditation organization of each periodic review the organization conducts of the hospice.
50.92(5) (5) The past record of violations of applicable laws or regulations of the United States or of state statutes or rules of this or any other state, in the operation of any health-related organization, by an operator, managing employee or direct or indirect owner of a hospice or of an interest of a hospice is relevant to the issue of the fitness of an applicant for a license. The department or the department's designated representative shall inspect and investigate as necessary to determine the conditions existing in each case under this subsection and shall prepare and maintain a written report concerning the investigation and inspection.
50.92 History History: 1989 a. 199; 1997 a. 27; 2015 a. 55; 2017 a. 59.
50.925 50.925 Use of name or advertising prohibited. No entity that is not a hospice licensed under this subchapter or an applicant for a license or a provisional license under this subchapter may designate itself as a “hospice" or use the word “hospice" to represent or tend to represent the entity as a hospice or services provided by the entity as services provided by a hospice.
50.925 History History: 1989 a. 199.
50.93 50.93 Licensing procedure.
50.93(1) (1)Application. The application for a license or for a provisional license shall:
50.93(1)(a) (a) Be in writing on a form provided by the department.
50.93(1)(b) (b) Contain such information as the department requires.
50.93(1)(c) (c) Include licensing fee payment, unless the licensing fee is waived by the department on a case-by-case basis under criteria for determining financial hardship established in rules promulgated by the department. An initial licensing fee is $300, except that, for a hospice that is a nonprofit corporation and that is served entirely by uncompensated volunteers or employs persons in not more than 1.5 positions at 40 hours of employment per week, the initial licensing fee is $25. The annual fee thereafter is an amount equal to 0.15 percent of the net annual income of the hospice, based on the most recent annual report of the hospice under sub. (3m), or $200, whichever is greater, and if the amount equal to 0.15 percent of the net annual income of the hospice is greater than $1,000, the fee is $1,000, except that for a hospice that is a nonprofit corporation and that is served entirely by uncompensated volunteers or employs persons in not more than 1.5 positions at 40 hours of employment per week the annual fee is $10. The amount of the provisional licensing fee shall be established under s. 50.95 (2). The initial licensing fee for a hospice, including the initial licensing fee for a hospice that is a nonprofit corporation and that is served entirely by uncompensated volunteers or employs persons in not more than 1.5 positions at 40 hours of employment per week, issued after September 1 may be prorated.
50.93(2) (2)Issuance of license.
50.93(2)(a)(a) A hospice license is valid until suspended or revoked.
50.93(2)(c) (c) Each license shall be issued only for the applicant named in the application and may not be transferred or assigned.
50.93(2)(d) (d) Any license granted under special limitations prescribed by the department shall state the limitations.
50.93(3) (3)Provisional license. If the applicant has not been previously licensed under this subchapter or if the hospice is not in operation at the time that application is made, the department may issue a provisional license. Unless sooner suspended or revoked under sub. (4), a provisional license shall be valid for 24 months from the date of issuance. Within 30 days prior to the termination of a provisional license, the department shall fully and completely inspect the hospice and, if the hospice meets the applicable requirements for licensure, shall issue a regular license under sub. (2). If the department finds that the hospice does not meet the requirements for licensure, the department may not issue a regular license under sub. (2).
50.93(3m) (3m)Reporting. Every 12 months, on a schedule determined by the department, a licensed hospice shall submit an annual report in the form and containing the information that the department requires, including payment of the fee required under sub. (1) (c), evidence of current certification as meeting the conditions for medicare participation under 42 USC 1395 to 1395ccc and evidence of current compliance with the hospice requirements of the joint commission for the accreditation of health organizations. If a complete annual report is not timely filed, the department shall issue a warning to the licensee. The department may revoke the license for failure to timely and completely report within 60 days after the report date established under the schedule determined by the department.
50.93(4) (4)Suspension and revocation.
50.93(4)(a)(a) The department, after notice to the applicant or licensee, may suspend or revoke a license in any case in which the department finds that there has been a substantial failure to comply with the requirements of this subchapter or the rules promulgated under this subchapter. No state or federal funds passing through the state treasury may be paid to a hospice not having a valid license issued under this section.
50.93(4)(b) (b) Notice under this subsection shall include a clear and concise statement of the violations on which the revocation is based, the statute or rule violated and notice of the opportunity for an evidentiary hearing under par. (c).
50.93(4)(c) (c) If a hospice desires to contest the revocation of a license, the hospice shall, within 10 days after receipt of notice under par. (b), notify the department in writing of its request for a hearing under s. 227.44.
50.93(4)(d)1.1. Subject to s. 227.51 (3), revocation shall become effective on the date set by the department in the notice of revocation, or upon final action after hearing under ch. 227, or after court action if a stay is granted under ch. 227, whichever is later.
50.93(4)(d)3. 3. The department may extend the effective date of license revocation in any case in order to permit orderly removal and relocation of individuals served by the hospice.
50.93(5) (5)Inspection fee. If the department takes enforcement action against a hospice for a violation of this subchapter or rules promulgated under this subchapter, and the department subsequently conducts an on-site inspection of the hospice to review the hospice's action to correct the violation, the department may impose a $200 inspection fee on the hospice.
50.93 History History: 1989 a. 199; 1991 a. 39; 1997 a. 27; 2009 a. 28.
50.94 50.94 Admission to and care in a hospice for certain incapacitated persons.
50.94(1) (1) In this section:
50.94(1)(a) (a) “Hospice care" means palliative care, respite care, short-term care or supportive care.
50.94(1)(b) (b) “Incapacitated" means unable to receive and evaluate information effectively or to communicate decisions to such an extent that a person lacks the capacity to manage his or her health care decisions.
50.94(1)(c) (c) “Physician" means a person licensed to practice medicine and surgery under ch. 448.
50.94(1)(d) (d) “Terminal condition" means an incurable condition caused by injury, disease or illness that according to reasonable medical judgment will produce death within 6 months, even with available life-sustaining treatment provided in accordance with the prevailing standard of medical care.
50.94(2) (2) A person who is determined to be incapacitated under the requirements of sub. (8), does not have a valid living will or valid power of attorney for health care, and has not been adjudicated incompetent in this state may be admitted to a hospice under this section only if all of the following requirements are met:
50.94(2)(a) (a) An individual who is specified in sub. (3) signs all of the following:
50.94(2)(a)1. 1. On behalf of the person who is incapacitated, an informed consent for the receipt of hospice care by the person who is incapacitated.
50.94(2)(a)2. 2. A statement certifying that it is his or her belief, to the best of his or her knowledge, that, if able to do so, the person who is incapacitated would have selected hospice care.
50.94(2)(b) (b) A physician certifies that the person who is incapacitated has a terminal condition and that the physician believes that the individual under par. (a) is acting in accordance with the views or beliefs of the person who is incapacitated.
50.94(3) (3) The following individuals, in the following order of priority, may act under sub. (2) (a):
50.94(3)(a) (a) The spouse or domestic partner under ch. 770 of the person who is incapacitated.
50.94(3)(b) (b) An adult child of the person who is incapacitated.
50.94(3)(c) (c) A parent of the person who is incapacitated.
50.94(3)(d) (d) An adult sibling of the person who is incapacitated.
50.94(3)(e) (e) A close friend or a relative of the person who is incapacitated, other than as specified in pars. (a) to (d), to whom all of the following apply:
50.94(3)(e)1. 1. The close friend or other relative is aged at least 18 and has maintained sufficient regular contact with the person who is incapacitated to be familiar with the person's activities, health and beliefs.
50.94(3)(e)2. 2. The close friend or other relative has exhibited special care and concern for the incapacitated person.
50.94(4) (4) The individual who acts under sub. (2) (a) may make all health care decisions related to receipt of hospice care by the person who is incapacitated.
50.94(5) (5) The person who is incapacitated or the individual under sub. (4) may object to or revoke the election of hospice care at any time.
50.94(6) (6) A person who disagrees with a hospice decision made under this section may apply under s. 54.50 for temporary guardianship of the person who is incapacitated. In applying for the temporary guardianship, such a person has the burden of proving that the person who is incapacitated would not have consented to admission to a hospice or hospice care.
50.94(7) (7) The individual who acts under sub. (2) (a) shall, if feasible, provide to all other individuals listed under sub. (3) notice of the proposed admission of the person who is incapacitated to a hospice and of the right to apply for temporary guardianship under sub. (6). If it is not feasible for the individual to provide this notice before admission of the person who is incapacitated to a hospice, the individual who acts under sub. (2) (a) shall exercise reasonable diligence in providing the notice within 48 hours after the admission.
50.94(8) (8) A determination that a person is incapacitated may be made only by 2 physicians or by one physician and one licensed psychologist, as defined in s. 455.01 (4), who personally examine the person and sign a statement specifying that the person is incapacitated. Mere old age, eccentricity or physical disabilities, singly or together, are insufficient to determine that a person is incapacitated. Whoever determines that the person is incapacitated may not be a relative, as defined in s. 242.01 (11), of the person or have knowledge that he or she is entitled to or has claim on any portion of the person's estate. A copy of the statement shall be included in the records of the incapacitated person in the hospice to which he or she is admitted.
50.94 History History: 1999 a. 9; 2005 a. 387; 2009 a. 28.
50.942 50.942 Accompaniment or visitation. If a hospice has a policy on who may accompany or visit a patient, the hospice shall extend the same right of accompaniment or visitation to a patient's domestic partner under ch. 770 as is accorded the spouse of a patient under the policy.
50.942 History History: 2009 a. 28.
50.95 50.95 Rule-making authority. The department shall promulgate all of the following rules:
50.95(1) (1) Except as provided in s. 50.942, standards for the care, treatment, health, safety, rights, welfare and comfort of individuals with terminal illness, their families and other individuals who receive palliative care or supportive care from a hospice and the maintenance, general hygiene and operation of a hospice, which will permit the use of advancing knowledge to promote safe and adequate care and treatment for these individuals. These standards shall permit provision of services directly, as required under 42 CFR 418.56, or by contract under which overall coordination of hospice services is maintained by hospice staff members and the hospice retains the responsibility for planning and coordination of hospice services and care on behalf of a hospice client and his or her family, if any.
50.95(2) (2) Provisional hospice licensure fees or the methods of computation of those fees.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 135 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before December 14, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 14, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-14-17)